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Doctoral Dissertation

Skolans Levda Rum och Lärandets Villkor: Meningsskapande i Montessoriskolans Fysiska Miljö [The School's Living Space and the Conditions of Learning: Creating Meaning in the Montessori School's Physical Environment]

Available from: DiVA Portal

Architecture, Design, Environment, Europe, Northern Europe, Scandinavia, Sweden

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Abstract/Notes: This study examines the school’s physical environment as a place of learning, and takes its starting point in the phenomenology movement, inspired both by Merleau-Ponty’s thesis of man’s physical relation to the world and by the existential analysis represented by Heidegger which implies a mutual relationship between man and the world. Such a view rejects a standpoint which describes man as being divided between a material body and a thinking soul. Instead, there emerges an embodied self which engages in meaningful interaction with its surroundings. The choice of this standpoint has implications for the design of the school’s physical environment. Montessori pedagogy is one of the activity-based pedagogies which have designed the physical environment in line with this theory. The purpose of the study is to understand, but further to visualise, the way in which the conditions for learning for children and adolescents are created in schools, from pre-school to lower secondary level, which follow the Montessori pedagogy. The material for the empirical study has been gathered from Europe and the US and from differing social contexts. The reason for this is to discover what distinguishes the prepared environment. The study also discusses the way in which the argument for a form of schooling which is based on activity, from the early 20th century to the present day, has been addressed through the architectural design of schools. The thesis shows that the rich array of didactic material in the schools observed offers pupils the opportunity to perform activities which create meaning. The organisation of the environment provides the pupils with the necessary conditions to concentrate fully on their work and to complete their tasks without interruption. I see the didactic continuity which prevails from pre-school to the lower secondary school in the Montessori schools studied as a prerequisite if the pedagogical activity is to offer meaning and create the conditions for learning in the way demonstrated by the empirical studies.

Language: Swedish

Published: Stockholm, 2012

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

The Efficacy of Memory Training Using Montessori Philosophy-based Activities in Mild Dementia Elderly

Available from: Thai Journals Online

Publication: Journal of the Psychiatric Association of Thailand, vol. 54, no. 2

Pages: 197-208

Alzheimer's disease, Asia, Dementia, Gerontology, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education, Montessori therapy, Montessori-based interventions (MBI), Southeast Asia, Thailand

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Abstract/Notes: AbstractObjective: To compare the memory scores in mild dementia elderly who attended Montessori-based Memory training with the control group who did not.Method: The Solomon four-group design was used to test the memory of the subjects. The subject of the study consisted of 40 elderly at Banbanglamung Social Welfare Development Center for Older Persons. Participants were divided to 2 experimental and 2 control groups by random sampling technique. Mini mental status Exam-Thai 2002 and Thai Geriatric Depression scale were used as a tool in selecting the subject and a tool to differentiate the mild dementia elderly group from the depressed group. The digit span and digit symbol subtests of The Wechsler Intelligence scale were used in memory testing. The data obtained was analyzed by means of descriptive statistics, t-test and one-way ANOVA.Results: The average scores of the digit span and digit symbol of the experimental groups and the controlled groups were significantly different (p<0.05). After 4 weeks of training, the average scores ofthe experimental groups increased more than that of the controlled group. After training, the average scores of memory of the four groups were significantly indifferent (p<0.05). Digit symbol scores of the experimental groups were higher than of the controlled groups by using LSD method.Conclusion: After memory training, the average scores of the digit span and digit symbol of the experimental groups were significantly higher than the controlled group. This differentce still persistedat the 12th week of training. Therefore, this memory training should be used with the elderly to prevent and delay dementia.

Language: Thai

ISSN: 2697-4126

Article

The Montessori Philosophy

Publication: Theosophy in New Zealand, vol. 20, no. 2

Pages: 31

Asia, Australasia, Australia and New Zealand, India, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., New Zealand, Oceania, South Asia, Theosophical Society, Theosophy

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Abstract/Notes: Includes an analysis or interpretation of the Montessori philosophy with particular focus and explanation of how it aligns with the core tenets of Theosophy.

Language: English

ISSN: 0049-3708

Article

New Developments in Neuroscience Supports [sic.] Montessori Under Three Philosophy

Publication: Montessori NewZ, vol. 20

Pages: 7

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Language: English

Article

Montessori Elementary Philosophy Reflects Current Motivation Theories

Available from: ProQuest

Publication: Montessori Life, vol. 23, no. 1

Pages: 22-33

⛔ No DOI found

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Abstract/Notes: Montessori's theories, developed more than 100 years ago, certainly resonate with current psychological research on improving education. Autonomy, interest, competence, and relatedness form the foundation for three contemporary efforts to organize the vast literature on motivation into a parsimonious theory. These four elements also comprise fundamental aspects of Montessori elementary educational practice. By integrating modern motivation theory development with well-established Montessori practice, one could argue that Maria Montessori was a woman before her time. She was passionate in the early 1900s about the importance of students becoming actively engaged in their own learning. Montessori schools around the world today live that vision through practices that are beginning to be recognized as crucial to the formation of internal motivation. (Contains 1 figure.)

Language: English

ISSN: 1054-0040

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

The Moral Philosophy of Maria Montessori

Available from: Cambridge University Press

Publication: Journal of the American Philosophical Association, vol. 7, no. 2

Pages: 133-154

Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Moral education

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Abstract/Notes: This paper lays out the moral theory of philosopher and educator Maria Montessori (1870–1952). Based on a moral epistemology wherein moral concepts are grounded in a well-cultivated moral sense, Montessori develops a threefold account of moral life. She starts with an account of character as an ideal of individual self-perfection through concentrated attention on effortful work. She shows how respect for others grows from and supplements individual character, and she further develops a notion of social solidarity that goes beyond cooperation toward shared agency. Partly because she attends to children's ethical lives, Montessori highlights how character, respect, and solidarity all appear first as prereflective, embodied orientations of agency. Full moral virtue takes up prereflective orientations reflectively and extends them through moral concepts. Overall, Montessori's ethic improves on features similar to some in Nietzschean, Kantian, Hegelian, or Aristotelian ethical theories while situating these within a developmental and perfectionist ethics.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1017/apa.2019.41

ISSN: 2053-4477, 2053-4485

Master's Thesis

A Comparison of the Philosophy of Maria Montessori to Current Research on the Educational Practices of Developmentally Delayed and At Risk Students

Available from: Lynn University - Electronic Theses and Dissertations

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Language: English

Published: Boca Raton, Florida, 2002

Book

The Philosophy of Maria Montessori: What it Means to be Human

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Language: English

Published: [S.I.]: Xlibris, 2009

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Introduction of philosophy for children into the Montessori curriculum

Available from: Philosophy Documentation Center

Publication: Thinking: The Journal of Philosophy for Children, vol. 15, no. 1

Pages: 22-29

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Language: English

DOI: 10.5840/thinking20001516

ISSN: 0190-3330, 2380-6370

Article

The Lonely Prophet: The Origins and Develeopment of Maria Montessori's Peace Philosophy

Publication: M: The Magazine for Montessori Families, vol. 1, no. 1

Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education - History, Peace education

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Language: English

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