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Article

The Montessori Method of Education

Publication: Theosophy in New Zealand, vol. 11

Pages: 240-243

Asia, Australasia, Australia and New Zealand, India, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., New Zealand, Oceania, South Asia, Theosophical Society, Theosophy

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Language: English

ISSN: 0049-3708

Book

Montessori method of education [program]

Maria Montessori - Writings, Montessori method of education

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Language: English

Published: London: Philip & Tacey, [1946]

Doctoral Dissertation

A Comparison of Academic Achievement of Students Taught by the Montessori Method and by Traditional Methods of Instruction in the Elementary Grades

Available from: ProQuest Dissertations and Theses

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Abstract/Notes: The problem of this study was to determine if there is a significant difference between the academic achievement scores of students in grades 2 through 5 who are taught with the Montessori method of instruction and those students who are taught with traditional methods of instruction in the Helena Public Schools. Analyses used a two-way ANOVA; method and gender as well as method and aptitude were examined. The level of significance was set at alpha =.05. A matching technique was used to match Montessori students with students from traditional classrooms by the independent variables of grade, aptitude, gender, socioeconomic conditions, and handicapping conditions. The study also examined if there was a significant difference between the aptitude of all students in Montessori classrooms and all students in traditional classrooms. The population studied was second, third, fourth, and fifth grade students during the spring of 1996. A total of 120 students was used in the study of academic achievement. There were 145 F-tests conducted in this study. At the second grade level, students from traditional classrooms scored significantly higher than students in Montessori classrooms in mathematics computation and mathematics concepts and applications. Also at the second grade, when aptitude was taken into consideration, Montessori low aptitude students scored significantly higher in vocabulary than low aptitude students in traditional classrooms. There were no significant findings in any of the subtests at the third and fourth grade levels. At the fifth grade level, Montessori students scored significantly higher in language expression and social studies. Interaction was found with aptitude in language expression and with gender in science. A comparison of the aptitude of all Montessori students to all students from traditional classrooms revealed that Montessori students scored significantly higher. The overall results of this study show that the Montessori method of instruction and the traditional method of instruction provide students with comparable achievement test scores. A longitudinal study is recommended to examine the long-term effects of academic achievement of those students taught by the Montessori method of instruction.

Language: English

Published: Bozeman, Montana, 1997

Thesis

A Study of Parents’ Views and Choices Towards the Montessori Method

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Abstract/Notes: Dr. Maria Montessori established the Montessori Method in the early 1900s. Her first book ‘The Montessori Method’ was translated into English in 1912 and has since become a globally recognised form of education (Isaacs, 2012). This paper concentrates on the parents’ views and choices towards the Montessori Method as this particular subject remains largely unstudied, especially within the UK. The author of this thesis is qualified in Montessori early years practice and therefore has a personal interest in gaining an insight into the parents’ point of view. The thesis identifies and analyses the key aspects of the philosophy and curriculum within the Montessori Method. This was achieved by studying Dr. Montessori’s original ideas and recent supportive or critical reviews. To gain the perspective of the parents, questionnaires were designed to elicit answers to the following questions: What are the parent’s views of the Montessori Method? Do parents understand the Montessori Philosophy?; Do parents choose a nursery because it is using the Montessori Method? The study was conducted within two private Montessori Nursery schools: N:B and N:A. The questionnaire had a Likert 5 scale design, consisting of 16 questions and 1 open question giving the option of additional comments. 40 questionnaires were distributed in each setting. The response rate was: N:B: 23 (57.49%): and N:A: 16 (40%), with a total sample size of 39. The Likert scale results were processed into graphs and the displayed numerically. Additionally 26 participants provided extra information in the optional section, the results of which were organised into a graph of the five recurrent themes together with illustrative quotes. The results showed that even though the majority of the parents chose their nursery because it was using the Montessori Method and agreed with the philosophy, only a minority actually demonstrated a level of understanding of the method. The conclusion was that parents thought they know what Montessori education was but actually their understanding was superficial. The implication of this finding is that parents express a willingness to support the Montessori Method and Practitioners need to provide more information for them. However, the study was restricted due to the quantitative design of the questionnaire and the lack of academic sources to support findings. Parents’ participation was willingly given, suggesting further study in this area to be feasible.

Language: English

Article

Meningkatkan Kemandirian Anak melalui Pembelajaran Metode Montessori [Improving Children's Independence through Montessori Method Learning]

Available from: Jurnal Obsesi

Publication: Jurnal Obsesi: Jurnal Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini [Journal of Obsession: Journal of Early Childhood Education], vol. 4, no. 1

Pages: 463-470

Asia, Australasia, Indonesia, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Southeast Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui kemandirian anak setelah penerapan pembelajaran metode Montessori di Bright Star Makassar School. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian eksperimen dengan menggunakan desain pretest-posttest one group dengan subjek penelitian sebanyak lima belas anak. Data dikumpulkan menggunakan observasi dan wawancara. Instrumen pengumpulan data yang digunakan berupa skala observasi kemandirian (behavioral checklist pada kemandirian anak) dengan model skala likert dan guide interview. Data dianalisis menggunakan statistic non parametric Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test. Hasilnya menunjukkan p = 0.001 (p < 0.05), artinya penerapan metode Montessori signifikan meningkatkan kemandirian anak di Bright Star Makassar School. Keseluruhan sampel dalam penelitian ini semakin mandiri setelah diterapkan pembelajaran menggunakan metode Montessori dan tidak ada satu anak pun yang tidak mengalami kemajuan kemandirian. Begitu pula berdasarkan data statistik deskriptif ditemukan adanya perbedaan rata-rata skor kemandirian sebelum dengan rata-rata skor kemandirian sesudah perlakuan pembelajaran menggunakan metode Montessori. Penelitian ini membuktikan kemandirian anak dapat ditingkatkan melalui pembelajaran metode Montessori. [This study aims to determine the independence of children after the application of the Montessori method of learning at Bright Star Makassar School. This research is an experimental study using a one group pretest-posttest design with fifteen children as research subjects. Data were collected using observation and interviews. The data collection instrument used was an independent observation scale (behavioral checklist on children's independence) with a Likert scale model and an interview guide. Data were analyzed using non-parametric Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test. The results show p = 0.001 (p < 0.05), meaning that the application of the Montessori method significantly increases the independence of children at Bright Star Makassar School. The entire sample in this study became more independent after learning using the Montessori method was applied and there was not a single child who did not progress in independence. Likewise, based on descriptive statistical data, it was found that there was a difference in the average score of independence before and the average score of independence after learning treatment using the Montessori method. This research proves that children's independence can be increased through the Montessori method of learning.]

Language: Indonesian

DOI: 10.31004/obsesi.v4i1.333

ISSN: 2549-8959

Master's Thesis

Método “Montessori” y el aprendizaje de la lectoescritura en niños de 5 años de la institución educativa No. 437 del distrito de Santo Domingo de Acobamba 2019 [“Montessori” method and the learning of literacy in 5-year-olds of the educational institution No. 437 of the Santo Domingo de Acobamba district 2019]

Available from: Universidad César Vallejo - Institutional Repository

Americas, Latin America and the Caribbean, Montessori method of education, Peru, South America

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Abstract/Notes: La presente investigación plantea como problema ¿Cuál es la relación entre el método “Montessori” y el aprendizaje de la lectoescritura en niños de 5 años de la institución educativa Nº 437 del distrito de Santo Domingo de Acobamba 2019? La hipótesis, existe relación entre el método “Montessori” y el aprendizaje de la lectoescritura en niños de 5 años de la institución educativa Nº 437 del distrito de Santo Domingo de Acobamba 2019, el objetivo general fue determinar la relación entre el método “Montessori” y el aprendizaje de la lectoescritura en niños de 5 años de la institución educativa Nº 437 del distrito de Santo Domingo de Acobamba 2019. La investigación se desarrolló de acuerdo al método científico, como método específico al descriptivo estadístico. La investigación es no experimental, y su diseño correlacional. Considera una muestra censal de 36 alumnos entre varones y mujeres de cinco años. La técnica empleada fue la encuesta, se aplicaron dos instrumentos; un cuestionario sobre el método Montessori, y un test de lectoescritura. El método “Montessori presenta tres dimensiones; etapa de conversación, pre lectura, pre escritura. La variable lectoescritura estudia las dimensiones: habilidades de lenguaje, habilidades de lectura y habilidades de escritura. Aplicado los instrumentos de investigación, se realizó el procesamiento de datos mediante la prueba t de student para muestras relacionadas La investigación permitió determinar que existe diferencia significativa (p= 0.000) según el método Montessori en el aprendizaje de la Lectoescritura pretest y el aprendizaje de la Lectoescritura postest en los niños de 5 años de la institución educativa N° 437 del distrito de Santo Domingo de Acobamba 2019. [The present research poses as a problem: What is the relationship between the “Montessori” method and the learning of literacy in 5-year-old children of the educational institution No. 437 of the district of Santo Domingo de Acobamba 2019? The hypothesis, there is a relationship between the "Montessori" method and the learning of literacy in 5-year-old children of the educational institution No. 437 of the district of Santo Domingo de Acobamba 2019, the general objective was to determine the relationship between the "Montessori" method and the learning of literacy in 5-year-old children of the educational institution No. 437 of the Santo Domingo de Acobamba district 2019. The research was developed according to the scientific method, as a specific method to the statistical descriptive. The research is non-experimental, and its design correlational. Consider a census sample of 36 five-year-old boys and girls. The technique used was the survey, two instruments were applied; a questionnaire about the Montessori method, and a literacy test. The “Montessori method has three dimensions; stage of conversation, pre reading, pre writing. The literacy variable studies the dimensions: language skills, reading skills, and writing skills. Applying the research instruments, the data processing was carried out using the student's t test for related samples The research allowed to determine that there is a significant difference (p = 0.000) according to the Montessori method in the learning of Pretest Literacy and the learning of the Post-test literacy in 5-year-old children from educational institution No. 437 of the district of Santo Domingo de Acobamba 2019.]

Language: Spanish

Published: Trujillo, Peru, 2019

Book

Maria-Montessori-Bibliographie, 1896-1996: Internationale Bibliographie der Schriften und Der Forschungsliteratur

Bibliographies, Montessori method of education, Winfried Böhm - Writings

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Abstract/Notes: Das vorliegende Buch dokumentiert 100 Jahre Montessori-Literatur - von der Dissertation und der ersten gedruckten Schrift Maria Montessoris aus dem Jahre 1896 bis zu den rund 150 Büchern und Aufsätzen, die allein im Jahre 1996 zur Montessori-Pädagogik erschienen sind. Diese Jahrhundertpublikation umfaßt sowohl die Primär- als auch die Sekundärliteratur vollständig und übersichtlich. Sie stellt damit eine in Zukunft unentbehrliche Grundlage für die Montessori-Forschung und Diskussion dar.Aus dieser Literaturzusammenstellung gehen neue Erkenntnisse über die Entstehung und Entwicklung der Montessori-Pädagogik hervor, und zwar in doppelter Hinsicht: in Bezug auf die pädagogische Theorie Maria Montessoris und auf die im Anschluß daran erwachsene Montessori-Pädagogik in Theorie und Praxis. Selbst auf die spannungsreiche Wechselbeziehung zwischen der Pädagogik Maria Montessoris und der sog. Montessori-Pädagogik wirft diese Bibliographie Licht. [This book documents 100 years of Montessori literature, from Maria Montessori's doctoral dissertation and her first printed works from the year 1896, to the nearly 150 books and articles published in 1996 dealing with Montessori`s educational ideas. This publication, commemorating a century of Montessori pedagogy, includes both primary and secondary sources in an absolutely thorough and understandable format. As such, the work represents an indispensable basis for further Montessori research and discussion. This collection of literature offers new insights into the birth and development of the Montessori Method in at least two areas, first with regard to the educational theory underlying Montessori's original work, and second in the context of the theory and practice of the popular movement which her work engendered. This biography even illuminates the often tense relationship between Maria Montessori's educational doctrines and the so-called Montessori schools. Because this work represents the most complete Montessori bibliography ever published, the author and publisher are grateful for the help of attentive readers for bringing any and all texts on Montessori to our attention for inclusion in future editions. / Il presente volume documenta cento anni di letteratura montessoriana - dalla dissertazione e dai primi scritti di Maria Montessori del 1896, fino ai circa 150 volumi e saggi che solo nel 1996 sono stati pubblicati sulla pedagogia montessoriana. La bibliografia comprende integralmente sia la letteratura primaria che secondaria, offrendosi pertanto come essenziale punto di riferimento per la ricerca e la discussione sul pensiero e l'opera di Maria Montessori.Ne risulta una maggiore conoscenza dell'origine e sviluppo della pedagogia montessoriana, in particolare secondo due prospettive: da una parte la considerazione della teoria pedagogica di Maria Montessori e dall'altra della pedagogia montessoriana che ne è derivata, nei suoi riflessi teoretici e pratici. E'proprio sul controverso rapporto fra la pedagogia di Maria Montessori e la cosiddetta pedagogia montessoriana che questa bibliografia intende fare luce.Curatore ed editore ringraziano tutti coloro che volessero riferire eventuali errori o mancanze. / El presente libro documenta 100 años de literatura Montessori a partir de la tésis doctoral y los primeros escritos impresos de Maria Montessori en el año 1896, hasta los casi 150 libros y ensayos aparecidos tan sólo en el año 1996 dedicadas exclusivamente a la pedagogía Montessori. Esta publicación centenaria incluye tanto la literatura primaria como la secundaria en forma exhaustiva y comprensible. Se convierte así en un instrumento indispensable para toda investigación y discusión en torno a la pedagogía Montessori. Esta colección de literatura abre caminos para nuevas comprensiones y conocimientos sobre el origen y la evolución de la pedagogía Montessori en dos vertientes: en relación a la teoría pedagógica Montessori y en relación a la teoría y práctica del método Monetssori como resultante de la primera. La presente bibliografía ilustra también la relación recíproca y accidentada entre la pedagogía de María Montessoria y el referido método Montessori. El autor y la editorial agradecen al lector de esta primera bibliografía internacional y exhaustiva cualquier aviso sobre material faltante y/o errores.

Language: German

Published: Bad Heilbrunn, Germany: Klinkhardt, 1999

ISBN: 978-3-7815-0986-3 3-7815-0986-9

Article

La persistenza del movimento montessoriano / La persistencia del movimiento Montessori / The Persistence of the Montessori Movement

Available from: Universidade de Santiago de Compostela (Spain)

Publication: RELAdEI (Revista Latinoamericana de Educación Infantil), vol. 3, no. 3

Pages: 35-48

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Abstract/Notes: La storia del movimento montessoriano comincia in Italia con l’apertura della prima “Casa dei bambini” nel quartiere popolare di San Lorenzo a Roma. Maria Montessori ha raccontato la storia delle prime scuole che applicarono il suo metodo nei libri che hanno reso celebre il nome Montessori in molti paesi del mondo. Molto resta ancora da studiare nella storia del movimento montessoriano successiva alla morte della sua fondatrice. Anche le prime case dei bambini di Roma furono trasformate negli anni del regime fascista, chiuse e riaperte dopo la fine del regime. La vita stessa di Maria Montessori è stata ampiamente studiata, ma alcuni periodi della sua vita possono essere ancora approfonditi. La proposta educativa sulla quale il metodo Montessori è basato è stata arricchita nel corso del tempo; oggi le ricerche di Angeline S. Lillard hanno aggiornato la teoria dell’educazione montessoriana con importanti riferimenti alla psicologia dell’età evolutiva contemporanea. Lo studio della pedagogia Montessori richiede oggi una conoscenza approfondita del contesto storico di un secolo fa e della vita di Maria Montessori. La conoscenza adeguata della psicologia del bambino è fondamentale per l’uso efficace del metodo e dei materiali. Ciascun bambino è diverso e ha bisogno di insegnanti che conoscano adeguatamente i principi e i valori che orientano l’attività delle case dei bambini; l’applicazione del metodo deve essere legata allo stile educativo democratico e aperto che Maria Montessori ha posto alla base della sua teoria dell’educazione. / evolutiva contemporanea. Lo studio della pedagogia Montessori richiede oggi una conoscenza approfondita del contesto storico di un secolo fa e della vita di Maria Montessori. La conoscenza adeguata della psicologia del bambino è fondamentale per l’uso efficace del metodo e dei materiali. Ciascun bambino è diverso e ha bisogno di insegnanti che conoscano adeguatamente i principi e i valori che orientano l’attività delle case dei bambini; l’applicazione del metodo deve essere legata allo stile educativo democratico e aperto che Maria Montessori ha posto alla base della sua teoria dell’educazione. Montessori con importantes referencias a la psicología evolutiva contemporánea. El estudio actual de la pedagogía Montessori requiere de un profundo conocimiento del contexto histórico de hace un siglo y de la vida de María Montessori. El conocimiento adecuado de la psicología infantil es fundamental para el uso eficaz del método y los materiales. Cada niño es diferente y necesita de maestros que conozcan adecuadamente los principios y valores que orientan la actividaded de las “Casa dei Bambini”; la aplicación del método debe estar asociada con el estilo educativo democrático y abierto que Maria Montessori puso en la base de su teoría de la educación. / The history of the Montessori Movement began in Italy with the opening of the first children’s home in the popular area of San Lorenzo in Rome. Maria Montessori told the story of the first schools which applied her method in the books that have made famous her name in many countries around the world. Much remains to be studied in the history of the Montessori Movement after the death of its founder. Even the first houses of the children in Rome ceased their activities during the years of the fascist regime and reopened after the end of the regime. The life of Maria Montessori has been extensively studied, but some periods of her life may be further studied. The educational proposal on which the Montessori method is based has been enriched in the course of time; today, Angeline S. Lillard’s researches have updated the Montessori educational theory with important references to contemporary developmental psychology. The study of Montessori pedagogy today would require a thorough understanding of the historical context of a century ago and of the life of Maria Montessori herself. Adequate knowledge of child psychology is fundamental to the effective use of the method and materials; each child is different and needs teachers who know adequately the principles and values that guide the activities of the children’s homes; the application of the method must be linked to the democratic and open educational style that Maria Montessori made the basis of her theory of education.

Language: Italian

ISSN: 2255-0666

Thesis

Método Montessori: vida práctica para el desarrollo de la autonomía en preescolares de una institución de ventanilla, 2018 [Montessori Method: Practical Life for the Development of Autonomy in preschools of a Ventanilla institution, 2018]

Available from: Universidad César Vallejo - Institutional Repository

Americas, Autonomy in children, Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, Latin America and the Caribbean, Montessori method of education, Peru, Practical life exercises, South America

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Abstract/Notes: Esta investigación tituladam Método Montessori: Vida Practica para el desarrollo de la Autonomía en preescolares de una institución de Ventanilla, 2018, el cual fue fundamentado en la pedagogía Montessori para lograr el desarrollo de la autonomía de los niños del nivel inicial, a través del programa empleado para que los niños y niñas sean mas independientes, ya que se fomento la libertad, movimiento en el aula, potenciando las capacidades de toma de desciciones, el objetivo de esta investigación fue determinar la Influencia del método Montessori: Vida Practica para el desarrollo de la autonomía en niños de 3 años de una institución de ventanilla, 2018, esto fue evidenciado en la aplicación del programa Metodo Montessori: Vida Práctica Yo Puedo hacerlo sin tu ayuda, ya que la investigación es de tipo aplicada, con diseño cuasi experimental, lo que influyo la ejecución del pre y pos test en la muestra que fueron los niños y niñas de 3 años, la población fue constituida por 60 alumnos del nivel inicial, por el tipo de investigación la pueba realizada fue no paramétrica utilizando asi para los resultados la prueba estadisstica U de Man Whitney, en base a los datos recopilados a travez de la observación, se concluyo que el programa es efectivo para el desarrollo de la autonomía, por tanto la influencia del método Montessori es alta. [This research titled "Montessori Method: Practical Life for the Development of Autonomy in preschools of a Ventanilla institution, 2018, which was based on the Montessori pedagogy to achieve the development of the autonomy of the children of the initial level, through the program used for children to be more independent, since freedom is promoted, movement in the classroom, enhancing the abilities of decision making, the objective of this research was to determine the Influence of the Montessori method: Practical Life for the development of the autonomy in children of 3 years of a window institution, 2018, this was evidenced in the application of the program Montessori Method: Practical Life I can do it without your help, since the research is of applied type, with quasi-experimental design, that influenced the execution of the pre and post test in the sample that was the children of 3 years, the population was with It was constituted by 60 students of the initial level, for the type of research the study was non-parametric, using for this the Man Whitney U statistic test, based on the data collected through the observation, it was concluded that the program is effective for the development of autonomy, therefore the influence of the Montessori method is high.]

Language: Spanish

Published: Lima, Peru, 2018

Article

Pemikiran Ki Hajar Dewantara dan Maria Montessori tentang Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini [The Thoughts of Ki Hajar Dewantara and Maria Montessori About Early Childhood Education]

Available from: Universitas PGRI Semarang (Indonesia)

Publication: PAUDIA: Jurnal Penelitian dalam Bidang Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini [Research Journal in the Field of Early Childhood Education], vol. 9, no. 1

Pages: 17-35

Asia, Australasia, Indonesia, Ki Hadjar Dewantara - Philosophy, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Southeast Asia, Taman Siswa

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Abstract/Notes: Mendalami ilmu pendidikan anak usia dini tidak dapat dilakukan apabila hanya mengkaji pemikiran satu tokoh saja. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengetahui (1) pemikiran, (2) persamaan dan perbedaan pemikiran Ki Hajar Dewantara dan Maria Montessori tentang pendidikan anak usia dini. Metode yang digunakan kualitatif dengan jenis penelitian kepustakaan yang mengkomparasikan pemikiran kedua tokoh. Data dianalisis dengan pendekatan deskriptif. Penelitian dilaksanakan selama dua bulan mulai januari sampai februari 2020. Sumber data terdiri dari data primer dan sekunder. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan (1) pemikiran pendidikan anak usia dini menurut Ki Hajar Dewantara adalah pendidikan yang diberikan pada anak 0-7 tahun dengan pemberian pendidikan yang memperhatikan unsur alami anak dengan materi melatih panca indera menggunakan metode lahiriah dan batiniah dilakukan di lingkungan keluarga, sekolah dan masyarakat dengan tujuan mengembangkan cipta, rasa dan karsa pada anak. Menurut Maria Montessori pendidikan anak usia dini adalah pendidikan yang diberikan untuk anak 0-6 tahun dilakukannya dilingkungan sekolah dengan materi keterampilan sehari-hari menggunakan metode lahiriah dan batiniah yang memberikan kebebasan anak untuk memilih aktivitas dan media yang ingin digunakan. (2) persamaan dan perbedaan pemikiran Ki Hajar Dewantara dan Maria Montessori tentang anak usia dini terletak dari aspek nama dan filosofi sekolah, setting lingkungan, dasar pemikiran PAUD, metode dan tugas pendidik. [The science of early childhood education cannot be understood from one’s thought. This research intended to know (1) the thoughts (2) the similarities and differences of early childhood education thoughts by Ki Hajar Dewantara and Maria Montessori. The method used was qualitative with library research which compared two experts’ thoughts. The data was analyzed by descriptive approach. This research was done within two months, january to february 2020. The data were from primary and secondary data. The results revealed (1) Ki Hajar Dewantara states that early childhood education is an education given to 0-7 year old children and emphasizes on natural factors by training five senses through outward and inward method around family, school and community environments to develop creativity, feeling and intention. While Maria Montessori says that early childhood education is an education given to 0-6 year old children through daily skills in school environment and uses outward and inward method which let them choose activity and media they want. (2) the similarities and differences of Ki Hajar Dewantara and Maria Montessori thoughts were school’s name and philosopy, environment, ECE basic thoughts, learning method and educator’s duties.]

Language: Indonesian

DOI: 10.26877/paudia.v9i1.5610

ISSN: 2598-4047, 2089-1431

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