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Master's Thesis

Poučevanje tujih jezikov v montessori in waldorfskih šolah ter v vrtcih v Sloveniji / Fremdsprachenunterricht an Montessori und Waldorfschulen und Kindergärten in Slowenien [Foreign language teaching at Montessori and Waldorf schools and kindergartens in Slovenia]

Available from: Digital Library of the University of Maribor (DKUM)

Comparative education, Europe, Language acquisition, Montessori method of education, Montessori schools, Second language acquisition, Slovenia, Southern Europe, Waldorf method of education, Waldorf schools

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Abstract/Notes: Magistrsko delo se posveča alternativnim šolam in vrtcem v Sloveniji na primeru pristopov montessori in waldorf. Ti dve vrsti šol, ki so ju običajno ustanovili starši, postajata v Sloveniji v zadnjih letih vedno bolj priljubljeni. Namen magistrskega dela ju je primerjati in analizirati, torej podrobneje preučiti filozofiji waldorf in montessori šol, njun položaj v svetu in v Sloveniji ter znotraj tega njuno poučevanje tujih jezikov. V nadaljevanju magistrskega dela sledi opis izobraževanja za učitelje pri enem in pri drugem sistemu, torej waldorf in montessori. Navajamo tudi, kdo so znane osebnosti obeh šol in kaj o njuni teoriji, razlikah in podobnostih ter primerjavi z ustaljenim šolskim sistemom ugotavljajo mednarodne in domače raziskave. Sledi opis organiziranosti teh šol in vrtcev v Sloveniji. V empiričnem delu se ukvarjamo s podobnostmi in razlikami obeh šol. Skušamo odgovoriti na vprašanje, kakšno vlogo igrajo te alternativne šole v našem šolskem sistemu. Primerjalno opišemo tudi učne načrte obeh šol s poudarkom na področju poučevanja tujih jezikov. S pomočjo intervjujev in opazovanj pouka tujega jezika skušamo predstaviti sliko realnega šolskega življenja v teh alternativnih šolah. / Die vorliegende Magisterarbeit widmet sich Alternativschulen und Kindergärten, und zwar den Montessori- und Waldorfschulen in Slowenien. In Slowenien bekommen diese aus Elterninitiativen entstandenen Schulen in letzter Zeit neuen Schwung. Der Zweck der Magisterarbeit ist die Montessori- und Waldorfschulen gegenüberzustellen und sie zu analysieren, insbesondere im Bereich der Fremdsprachen. Zuerst befasst sich die Magisterarbeit mit der Montessori-Schule und ihrer Philosophie, ihrer Lage weltweit und in Slowenien und mit dem dort ausgeführten Fremdsprachenunterricht. Im Weiteren wird untersucht, wie man ein Montessori- oder Waldorf-Pädagoge wird, wer bekannte Montessori- oder Waldorf Personen sind und was die Forschung empfiehlt. Es folgt die Beschreibung der Organisation der Montessori- oder Waldorfschulen und Kindergärten im slowenischen Raum. Der empirische Teil befasst sich mit den Ähnlichkeiten und Unterschieden der beiden Alternativschulen. Der Frage, welche Rollen diese beiden Alternativschulen in slowenischem Schulsystem spielen, wird ebenfalls nachgegangen. Die Lehrpläne der beiden Schulen wurden verglichen, insbesondere im Bereich der Fremdsprachen. Mit den Interviews und den Unterrichtsbeobachtungen wird ein Bild des realen schulischen Lebens in beiden Alternativschulen dargestellt. [This master’s thesis is dedicated to alternative schools and kindergartens, namely the Montessori and Waldorf schools in Slovenia. In Slovenia, these schools, which were created from parents' initiatives, have recently been gaining momentum. The purpose of the master’s thesis is to compare the Montessori and Waldorf schools and to analyze them, especially in the field of foreign languages. First, the master’s thesis deals with the Montessori school and its philosophy, its situation worldwide and in Slovenia and with the foreign language teaching carried out there. It also examines how to become a Montessori or Waldorf teacher, who are known Montessori or Waldorf people and what research recommends. The following is a description of the organization of the Montessori or Waldorf schools and kindergartens in the Slovenian region. The empirical part deals with the similarities and differences between the two alternative schools. The question of what roles these two alternative schools play in the Slovenian school system will also be investigated. The curricula of the two schools were compared, particularly in the field of foreign languages. With the interviews and the observation of lessons, a picture of the real school life in both alternative schools is presented.]

Language: Slovenian

Published: Maribor, Slovenia, 2017

Doctoral Dissertation

An Evaluation of the Effectiveness of the Korean Montessori Teacher Training Program as Perceived by Montessori Teachers and Parents of Montessori-Educated Children

Available from: ProQuest Dissertations and Theses

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Abstract/Notes: During the past ten years, a total of 3,642 teachers and administrators have attended the Korean Montessori Teacher Training Program (KMTTP). A sample of Montessori teachers (n = 261) and Korean parents (n = 375) from 32 Korean Montessori schools located in the major cities of Korea were surveyed in order to evaluate the effectiveness of this teacher preparation program. The EXPECTATIONS AND GOAL ATTAINMENT QUESTIONNAIRE (EGAQ), designed by the researcher, was the instrumentation used to conduct this study. Major findings demonstrated that 74.5 percent of the teachers surveyed indicated that their main reasons for attending the KMTTP were to increase their professional competency and their knowledge of child development through Montessori philosophy. The correlation between teachers' levels of satisfaction with their preparation and perceived effectiveness of the training program was higher (r =.29, p $<$.05) than between their levels of satisfaction with the program and their perceptions of their preparedness after completion of training (r =.18, p $<$.05). Significant differences existed between perceived effectiveness of the KMTTP and teachers' ages, positions, and years of experience. Older teachers and those with more advanced teaching positions expressed greater satisfaction with the program. Teachers indicated that, upon completion of the KMTTP, they felt more prepared in, than knowledgeable of, Montessori educational methodology. From the parent perspective, the most frequently cited reason (74.3%) for sending their child to a Montessori School was to provide a learning environment that nurtured their child's interpersonal growth. A majority of the parents (58.5%) were very satisfied with the Montessori experience; no parents were dissatisfied or very dissatisfied. In correlating the effectiveness of Montessori education with specific outcomes, parents indicated highest levels of satisfaction in the areas of "concentration" and "academic achievement." A majority of the teachers surveyed (52.8%) encouraged the implementation of the Montessori Teacher Training Program in neighboring countries, with 42.1 percent strongly encouraging implementation. This study demonstrated the need for further development and improvement in the area of Montessori teacher training in Korea.

Language: English

Published: San Francisco, California, 1994

Article

Les Écoles Montessori Dans le Monde: La Diversité Interne d’un Réseau en Expansion [Montessori Schools Around the World: The Internal Diversity of an Expanding Network]

Available from: Open Edition

Publication: Revue Internationale d’Éducation de Sèvres, no. 76

Pages: 51-62

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Abstract/Notes: Les écoles Montessori se multiplient dans tous les pays du monde. L’article s’appuie sur l’étude de l’auto-présentation d’une centaine d’écoles, pour montrer qu’elles sont très diverses. Dans un contexte d’accentuation du consumérisme scolaire et du développement de nouvelles classes moyennes des pays émergents soucieuses d’éducation, le succès international de cette pédagogie tient au fait qu’elle est fondée sur l’utilisation d’un matériel très concret qui la rend immédiatement compréhensible et qu’elle est, de toutes les pédagogies nouvelles, la moins subversive et la plus acceptable socialement. Surtout, cette pédagogie réussit à concilier des exigences qui semblent en partie contradictoires : en mettant à la fois l’accent sur les apprentissages académiques précoces et sur le bien-être et l’autonomie des élèves ; en se présentant aussi comme une pédagogie « de l’élite » mais accessible à tous et favorisant la réussite des plus défavorisés ; en conciliant enfin modernité et religion. [Montessori schools are multiplying in all countries of the world. The article is based on the study of the self-presentation of a hundred schools, to show that they are very diverse. In a context of accentuation of school consumerism and the development of new middle classes of emerging countries concerned with education, the international success of this pedagogy is due to the fact that it is based on the use of very concrete material which makes it immediately understandable and that it is, of all new pedagogies, the least subversive and the most socially acceptable. Above all, this pedagogy succeeds in reconciling requirements which seem in part contradictory: by emphasizing both early academic learning and the well-being and autonomy of the pupils; by also presenting itself as an “elite” pedagogy but accessible to all and promoting the success of the most disadvantaged; finally reconciling modernity and religion.]

Language: French

DOI: 10.4000/ries.6047

ISSN: 1254-4590

Article

Culturally Sustaining Practices in Public Montessori Schools: A Landscape of the Literature

Available from: Nipissing University (Canada)

Publication: Journal of Unschooling and Alternative Learning, vol. 16, no. 31

Pages: 20 p.

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Abstract/Notes: This literature review provides a broad examination of the importance of culturally sustaining practices in public Montessori schools. For the purpose of this paper, culturally sustaining practices refers to any pedagogical practice or framework that prioritizes the racial and social identities of children of color, and/or the work that educators must do to strengthen these culturally sustaining practices. Culturally sustaining practices include but are not limited to Culturally Sustaining Pedagogy, which Paris (2012) adapted from Ladson-Billings' (1995) Culturally Responsive Pedagogy. Specifically examining the experiences that children of color experience in public Montessori education in the U.S., the author proposes that culturally sustaining practices combined with the Montessori method will lead to more humanizing and uplifting school experiences for Montessori families and educators. The research questions guiding the review are: (1) How does public Montessori education intersect with racial justice, social justice, and CSP, specifically as it serves children of color? (2) What is the internal work required of adults who want to employ CSP in their practice with children? The themes that arose from the literature were: the racial and economic challenges facing public Montessori in the U.S.; the varied experiences of Montessori students of color; the need for more social justice and culturally sustaining practices; and the aspects of culturally sustaining practices already existing in Montessori. The paper ends with recommendations for schools and Montessori teacher preparation.

Language: English

ISSN: 1916-8128

Article

Four Montessori Schools to Start

Available from: ProQuest Historical Newspapers

Publication: San Francisco Chronicle (San Francisco, California)

Pages: 1

Americas, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, North America, United States of America

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Abstract/Notes: "Los Angeles, April 30 - With the intention of establishing four great Montessori schools in California, Dr. Maria Montessori, founder of the educational system that bears her name, today declared that Americas are more fitted for the word of advancing educational work than any other people. One of her schools will be in Pasadena, on in Los Angeles, one in San Diego, and the other in San Francisco. "Americans seem more interested in their young than do people of other countries," Madame Montessori declared, "and they are also more alert. It is for these reasons that they embrace and develop more quickly what is for the child's benefit. A child is born into the world good. What it develops of wrongdoing is taught it by adults. If left to follow its original instincts it would be and do only good.""

Language: English

Article

Studying Students in Montessori Schools

Available from: AAAS - Science

Publication: Science, vol. 315

Pages: 596-597

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Abstract/Notes: In their education forum "Evaluating Montessori education" (29 Sept., p. 1893), A. Lillard and N. Else-Quest do not consider that differential peer influences between their test and control groups of students may contribute to the differences they observed. The authors controlled for parental effects by examining only students whose parents had entered a lottery for entry into a Montessori school. However, the students who were unable to attend the Montessori school because their parents "lost" the lottery were dispersed to traditional schools, where they would have been educated with a majority of peers whose parents did not enter the lottery at all. The differences they found in the academic and behavioral performance of students in Montessori and traditional schools may not reflect the superiority of the former educational approach, but the negative effect of peer relationships in the latter.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1126/science.315.5812.596b

ISSN: 0036-8075, 1095-9203

Book

Design Guidelines for Montessori Schools

Available from: UWM Digital Commons

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Abstract/Notes: The purpose of this thesis is to provide architects, designers, and teachers with design guidelines they must be aware of when designing for the child's environment necessary to enhance the Montessori method of teaching. This thesis is based on three types of information gathering: 1) the reading and analyzing of books written by Montessori and her followers, 2) interviews and inventories done in six Montessori schools, and 3) existing environment-behavior criteria for early child care environments. The results of this research is analyzed and design guidelines for Montessori schools proposed.

Language: English

Published: Milwaukee, Wisconsin: Center for Architecture and Urban Planning Research, University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee, 1987

ISBN: 0-938744-55-0

Series: Center for Architecture and Urban Planning Research Books , 1

Article

Grassroots Montessori: Cincinnati's Groundswell to Create One of the Country's Few Public Neighborhood Montessori Schools

Available from: ProQuest

Publication: Montessori Life, vol. 22, no. 3

Pages: 4-7A,8A,9A,10A

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Abstract/Notes: In 2002, Cincinnati Public Schools (CPS) adopted a policy committing itself to develop all schools in the district as community learning centers. In Pleasant Ridge, one of Cincinnati's most racially and socio-economically diverse neighborhoods, the community set itself to the task of rebuilding what had been a failing school that reflected little of the neighborhood's diversity. After-school programming to provide extracurricular opportunities emerged as a top priority, as did health and wellness services. Another priority was the development of the Pleasant Ridge school facility as an environmentally sound and sustainable "green" building. Yet, despite the promise of an environmentally cutting-edge school and partnerships ranging from the YMCA to various health providers, all of this was not sufficient to attract new families to the school. And so, just as the environmental enthusiasts were leading a grassroots effort to dramatically change the plans for the physical facility, a group of young parents became involved in challenging the academic program. This group, mostly parents of infants and toddlers, asked themselves, "What would it take for us to send our children to this new school?" Their collective answer was a conversion to a Montessori program.

Language: English

ISSN: 1054-0040

Article

Music Education in Montessori Schools: An Exploratory Study of School Directors’ Perceptions in the United States

Available from: SAGE Journals

Publication: International Journal of Music Education, vol. 35, no. 2

Pages: 227-238

Americas, North America, Perceptions, United States of America

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Abstract/Notes: This exploratory study examined the changing role of music education and the availability of musical experiences for students attending Montessori schools in the Midwestern United States. On a survey instrument designed by the researcher, Montessori school directors (N = 36) from eight states shared descriptions of the current role of music at their schools, the challenges faced when teaching music, individual perceptions of the impact of music on development, and beliefs about music as a valuable component of the curriculum. Data included responses to Likert-scale items and open-ended questions in an online survey. Analyses revealed that while school directors believed music could be used to engage students in learning or to build upon issues of multicultural understanding, opportunities for musical engagement were limited as a result of stringent budget cuts or time restrictions in the classroom. Implications are discussed in terms of including music in the Montessori classroom in ways that align with Maria Montessori’s pedagogies situated within an international context.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1177/0255761416659508

ISSN: 0255-7614, 1744-795X

Master's Thesis

The Effect of Seesaw Technology on Parent Engagement at Private Montessori Schools

Available from: St. Catherine University

Action research

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Abstract/Notes: The researchers looked at how using Seesaw technology, in a six-week parent education intervention, would affect parent engagement with their children in learning at home as well as parent understanding of Montessori principles. The research participants were 31 parents and 2 teachers at two private, urban Montessori schools. Data was collected through pre and postintervention questionnaires, teacher logs of parent questions, and Seesaw usage data. Through the intervention, we saw parent knowledge of Montessori principles, parent engagement, parent efficacy, and parent confidence in Montessori education beyond preschool increase. Parents also enjoyed interacting with each other as a community of parents, building a school community. The research supports Seesaw as an effective tool for parent education in today’s digital world. Technology is something that is familiar to today’s parent and can be utilized more specifically and intentionally by schools to connect parents to student learning activities, to their community, and to encourage their own growth as parents. This growth was demonstrated by a shift in parents’ focus from the external (child’s behavior) to the internal (adult’s role in preparing the environment) consistent with Montessori’s prepared adult

Language: English

Published: St. Paul, Minnesota, 2018

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