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✓ Peer Reviewed

The New Curriculum of Education in Kenya: a Linguistic and Education Paradigm Shift

Available from: eRepository at University of Nairobi, Kenya

Publication: International Journal of Novel Research in Education and Learning, vol. 5, no. 1

Pages: 15-27

Africa, East Africa, Kenya, Sub-Saharan Africa

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Abstract/Notes: The current system of education in Kenya is the 8-4-4 structure, where children study for eight years of Basic (primary) education, four years of Secondary education and four years of University education. This system was introduced in 1985 to promote man-power capable of performing blue collar jobs, as compared to the former 7-6-3 system that targeted developing a local workforce to replace the British workforce who largely held white collar jobs in the new, independent Kenya. However, over the years, the 8-4-4 curriculum has been widely criticised for a myriad of reasons. The criticisms against this curriculum are that it is too heavily loaded with content, purely examinations-oriented, and generally violating the Rights of the Child by placing undue physical and psychological pressure on learners. In order to address this problem therefore, a new curriculum was hastily crafted and taken through a rushed pilot drive in April 2017 and is expected to replace the current 8-4-4 system by January 2018. Admittedly, this new education system addresses some of the weaknesses of the current 8-4-4 education system, since it is competency-based and focuses more on skills acquisition as opposed to a purely knowledge-based acquisition system. The issues addressed in this paper is how this new and hurriedly crafted curriculum (as well as the introduction of Free Secondary School Education) will be implemented by teachers who are yet to come to terms with the new paradigm shift of teaching and learning. The second issue addressed is whether the crafters of this system took into consideration children’s rights, or whether at all, the system was crafted from a child-centred perspective. The concerns are that apart from the manner in which this syllabus was been crafted and planned for implementation, if not reviewed comprehensively may not only violate the rights of future generations of children, but also enhance negative ethnicity from a linguistic perspective

Language: English

ISSN: 2394-9686


Zeitenwende – und nun? Gedanken zur Montessori-Pädagogik als Friedenserziehung [Turning point – what now? Thoughts on Montessori education as peace education]

Publication: Montessori: Zeitschrift für Montessori-Pädagogik, vol. 61, no. 1

Pages: 42-49

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Language: German

ISSN: 0944-2537


Appel aux Réformateurs de notre Education Nationale [Appeal to the Reformers of our National Education]

Available from: Bibliothèque Nationale de France (BNF) - Gallica

Publication: La Nouvelle Éducation, no. 133

Pages: 39-43

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Language: French

ISSN: 2492-3524


Old and New Ideals in Education [a lecture delivered to the Theosophical Fraternity in Education, London, September 26th, 1916]

Available from: HathiTrust

Publication: The Herald of the Star, vol. 5, no. 11

Pages: 485-496

Curuppumullage Jinarajadasa - Speeches, addresses, etc., England, Europe, Great Britain, New Ideals in Education, Northern Europe, Theosophical Society, Theosophy, United Kingdom

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Language: English


Education in Preschool Educational Organizations-the Importance of Using the Maria Montessori Method in the Process of Education

Available from: IndianJournals

Publication: ACADEMICIA: An International Multidisciplinary Research Journal, vol. 11, no. 4

Pages: 589-594

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Abstract/Notes: Modern educational space is "impregnated" with ideas of humanization and personality-oriented concept. In this regard, it becomes necessary to study and understand the potential of those pedagogical systems and techniques of a personal orientation that have taken their solid place in the educational space, having proved their importance, efficiency and productivity. One of the most striking representatives of ideas with a humanistic focus is the Italian teacher, psychologist, founder of the method of scientific pedagogy M. Montessori. The article discusses the positive and negative aspects of the developing method of M. Montessori.

Language: English

DOI: 10.5958/2249-7137.2021.01104.6

ISSN: 2249-7137


Official Program, Fifty-Third Annual Convention, National Education Association and Third International Congress on Education, Oakland, California, August 16 to 28, 1915 [program]

Americas, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Speeches, addresses, etc., Montessori Congress (Oakland, California, 1915), National Education Association (NEA), North America, United States of America

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Abstract/Notes: Includes information about all the sessions at the conference. Information regarding Montessori includes: 1. Katherine Moore, teacher of the Montessori classes in the public schools of Los Angeles and a graduate of the first class of Dr. Montessori, will conduct a demonstration Montessori class each forenoon [morning] from nine to twelve o'clock during the session of the National Education Association, in the Art Room, City Auditorium [Oakland Municipal Auditorium]. The model furniture will be furnishhed by Louise Brigham the inventor of box furniture, New York, N. Y. Teachers are invited to observe this class. (see p. 6-7) 2. General Sessions - International Congress on Education - Meetings in City Auditorium - August 16, 1915 - Afternoon Session, 2:30 O'Clock - "The Montessori System" by Maria Montessori (see p. 13). 3. Departmental Congress on Kindergarten Education - Sessions in Auditorium Theatre - August 17, 1915 - Afternoon Session, 2:30 O'Clock (Joint Session with the International Kindergarten Union) - "Imagination" by Maria Montessori (see p. 15). 4. Departmental Congress on Elementary Education - Sessions in City Auditorium - August 20, 1915 - Evening Session, 8:00 O'Clock - "Organization of the Intellectual Work in the School" by Maria Montessori (see p. 20). 5. Departmental Congress on Relationship Between the School and Co-operative Organizations - City Auditorium - August 23, 1915 - Evening Session, 8:00 O'Clock - "The Mother and the Child" by Maria Montessori, interpreted by Mariana Bertola, M.D. of San Francisco (see p. 25). 6. Montessori Congress - Sessions in Ballroom, Hotel Oakland - August 28, 1915 (see p. 42-43). This includes details regarding the itinerary for the Montessori Congress held in Oakland, 1915. The morning session began at 10:00 O'Clock and included: "Address of Welcome" by Philander P. Claxton (US Commissioner of Education, Washington, D.C.); "Possibilities and Opportunities of the Montessori Work for American Children" by E. L. Hardy (State Normal School, San Diego); "The Future of the Montessori School in America" by Arthur Chamberlain (Secretary, California Council of Education and California Teachers' Association, San Francisco); and "Address" by Maria Montessori. The afternoon session began at 2:00 O'Clock and included: "Round Table under the Auspices of the National Education Association and of the San Francisco Local Committee of Advisory Patrons" with David Starr Jordan (President, National Education Association, Stanford University, California) presiding over "Questions and Discussions by Leading American Educators and Dr. Montessori". The program indicates that the Round Table discussion was an invitation only affair - "Admission by Invitation".

Language: English

Published: 1915


Colegio Montessori-Palau de Girona: Educación primaria - la educación cósmica [Colegio Montessori-Palau de Girona: Primary Education - Cosmic Education]

Publication: Cuadernos de Pedagogía, no. 455

Pages: 23-24

Cosmic education, Europe, Southern Europe, Spain

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Language: Spanish

ISSN: 0210-0630


✓ Peer Reviewed

Implementasi Pendidikan Karakter Melalui Metode Montessori pada PAUD di Lingkungan Pesantren [Implementation of Character Education Through the Montessori Method in Early Childhood Education in Islamic Boarding Schools]

Available from: Journal of Instructional and Development Researches

Publication: Journal of Instructional and Development Researches, vol. 3, no. 3

Pages: 119-130

Asia, Australasia, Indonesia, Southeast Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Penelitian ini dilatarbelakangi Implementasi pendidikan karakter untuk mempersiapkan mereka kelak sebagai pribadi yang mempunyai identitas diri, melalui pembiasaan dan keteladanan. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui: (1) Bagaimana Implementasi Pendidikan Karakter Pada PAUD Melalui Metode Montessori menekankan proses belajar eksperiensial? (2) Bagaimana Implementasi Pendidikan Karakter Pada PAUD Melalui Metode Montessori menekankan proses belajar one-on-one lesson? (3) Bagaimana Implementasi Pendidikan Karakter Pada PAUD Melalui Metode Montessori menekankan proses belajar peace education?Penelitian  ini   menggunakan   pendekatan  kualitatif dan menggunakan penelitian jenis penelitian studi kasus. Teknik pengumpulan data yang digunakan adalah  observasi,  wawancara,  dan  dokumentasi.  Hasil penelitian: (1) Guru dalam proses belajar secara aktif sehingga peserta didik dapat memperoleh pengalaman langsung dan terlatih untuk dapat menemukan sendiri berbagai pengetahuan yang dipelajarinya. (2) Guru memberikan satu tema dan membimbing peserta didik dengan belajar langsung untuk menunjang kebutuhan belajar sehingga peserta didik dapat perhatian penuh dari guru dalam proses belajar (3) Guru membantu peserta didik untuk memiliki kemampuan mengatasi konflik dan masalahnya sendiri, tanpa kekerasan dan dengan cara yang kreatif 0 CITATIONS 0 Total citations 0 Recent citations n/a Field Citation Ratio n/a Relative Citation Ratio

Language: Indonesian

DOI: 10.53621/jider.v3i3.233

ISSN: 2807-5471, 2807-548X

Book Section

Montessori Lectures on Special Education: Summary of Lectures by Maria Montessori on Special Education to Teachers Attending the State Orthophrenic School in 1900

Available from: Books to Borrow @ Internet Archive

Book Title: Montessori and the Special Child

Pages: 201-224

Children with disabilities, Europe, Inclusive education, Italy, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Speeches, addresses, etc., Reginald Calvert Orem - Writings, Southern Europe, Special education

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Language: English

Published: New York: Capricorn, 1970

Doctoral Dissertation (Ed.D.)

Preschool STEM Education: Perspectives on the Education-Practice Gap and Professional Development

Available from: California State University - ScholarWorks

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Abstract/Notes: This research revolved around Johnson's (2013) definition of early childhood science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) education, emphasizing the integration of science and math instruction with scientific inquiry, engineering design, mathematical analysis, and 21st-century interdisciplinary skills. Johnson recommended using an approach called integrated STEM, which aims to create a meaningful integration of STEM disciplines in the context of real-world challenges and problems. Given the swift advancements in science and technology, early exposure to STEM concepts is crucial for children. Research has indicated introducing STEM in preschool equips children with foundational skills to explore complex concepts in elementary school. Early childhood experiences have a substantial impact on cognitive and academic development, fostering brain development and enhancing lifelong cognitive and academic outcomes. Young children naturally exhibit qualities like prediction, hypothesizing, analysis, and curiosity. They actively engage with their surroundings, constructing scientific and mathematical understanding through hands-on STEM activities, and developing competence, knowledge, and problem-solving skills. This study employed narrative inquiry and autoethnography to explore early childhood educators' needs, talents, and challenges in integrating STEM curricula. It addressed critical questions about STEM education, such as its ideal form, optimal introduction timing, and ensuring equitable access for all preschoolers. The research examined educators' STEM knowledge and identified implementation barriers that affect STEM self-efficacy. This research underscores the importance of introducing STEM education early in childhood and highlights the need for comprehensive policies and equitable funding. The study's results bridge the knowledge–doing gap and emphasized the significance of adequately preparing educators to provide STEM-related curricula.

Language: English

Published: San Francisco, California, 2023

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