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1594 results

Book

Understanding Sustainability in Early Childhood Education: Case Studies and Approaches from Across the UK

Available from: Taylor and Francis Online

England, Europe, Northern Europe, Northern Ireland, Scotland, Sustainability, United Kingdom, Wales

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Abstract/Notes: This unique book explores research related to education for sustainability within early childhood education in the United Kingdom. Divided into the four home nations, it examines what education for sustainability looks like in practice, discusses the different application and positions of each region, and considers the contribution of early childhood education to support the Sustainable Development Goals. Each chapter considers the relevant early years framework and includes associated case studies which highlight connections between statutory guidance, policy and positive early years pedagogical practice. The authors use an education for sustainability lens to explore the critical issues and explicit and implicit links embedded in each of the curricula frameworks. Each chapter acknowledges the context of outdoor learning with discussion related to different interpretations of ecological sustainability. This exploration should help readers to consider the idea of sustainability within early childhood education. The book considers early childhood education as a distinct and valuable phase beyond the readiness for school discourse and recognises the importance of having skilful and knowledgeable adults to work with young children from birth. It offers a unique resource for students, practitioners, leaders and researchers engaged in the study of education for sustainability in early childhood and the importance of the early years for the development of life-long pro-environmental attitudes.

Language: English

Published: New York, New York: Routledge, 2017

Edition: 1st

ISBN: 978-1-315-64250-5

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Promoting a Person-Centered Approach to Strengthening Early Childhood Practices that Support Social-Emotional Development

Available from: Taylor and Francis Online

Publication: Early Education and Development, vol. 33, no. 1

Pages: 75-91

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Abstract/Notes: Research Findings: This paper presents findings from an exploratory study to define associations between social–emotional teaching practices and teacher characteristics through a person-centered approach. The sample consisted of 97 teachers working in center-based early childhood education settings with young children ages 2–5 in the U.S. Pacific Northwest. We analyzed teachers’ observed classroom social–emotional teaching practices and self-reported Professional Development (PD) experiences, job attitudes (e.g., job-related stress, satisfaction, and commitment), and disciplinary efficacy to identify profile membership of teachers. A latent profile analysis revealed 4 profiles: (a) higher practice quality, higher PD experience, higher job attitudes, and higher disciplinary efficacy, (b) higher practice quality, mixed PD experience, lower job attitudes, and lower disciplinary efficacy, (c) lower practice quality, mixed PD experience, higher job attitudes, and higher disciplinary efficacy, and (d) lower practice quality, mixed PD experience, mixed job attitudes, and lower disciplinary efficacy. Practice or Policy: The results suggest that a person-centered approach to understanding classroom quality might provide multiple dimensions to consider for quality improvement. Additionally, a tailored and tiered professional development approach to support the early childhood workforce is needed that considers the complex connections between teachers’ practices, beliefs, and job attitudes.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1080/10409289.2020.1857215

ISSN: 1040-9289, 1556-6935

Doctoral Dissertation

Montessori as Metonymy: How Montessori Early Childhood Teachers Approach Race in the Classroom

Available from: Bethel University - Institutional Repository

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Abstract/Notes: The purpose of this qualitative study was to examine how Montessori early childhood teachers approach teaching about race and racial bias in their classrooms. Twenty-four Montessori early childhood teachers participated in an open-ended survey, and five teachers of those 24 participated in a data-informed online semi-structured interview. The interviewees received an infographic with narrative and graphics in which themes of the survey were detailed, a form of graphic elicitation. Surveys and interviews were coded and analyzed for themes. Themes were verified through independent coding by an independent analyst. Several themes that emerged from the surveys and interviews indicated that 1) Montessori early childhood teachers generally hold a race neutral view of early childhood, 2) Most Montessori early childhood teachers believe that young children do not have bias, 3) Most Montessori early childhood teachers believe that teaching about race and racial bias is implicit in their Montessori training on culture, peace, and respect, 4) Montessori early childhood teachers did not receive explicit instruction from their Montessori training or education programs regarding teaching about race and racial bias, and 5) Most Montessori early childhood teachers supplemented their training with books or developed lessons outside of those obtained in training to teach about race. Reasons for participants' beliefs around race, racial bias, prejudice, young children, and teaching are discussed, as well as the implications of these outcomes. The results of this study were used to develop recommendations for Montessori teachers, Montessori teacher education programs, and national Montessori organizations. Recommendations for further research suggest that a broad examination of demographics along with data on how Montessori teachers are teaching about race and racial bias may yield pertinent information that could further guide educators and trainers.

Language: English

Published: St. Paul, Minnesota, 2018

Book

The Montessori Approach to the Education of the Exceptional Child, Early Childhood Through High School

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Language: English

Published: [S.I.]: s.n.], 1977

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Transforming theories of childhood and early childhood education: Child study and the empirical assault on Froebelian rationalism

Available from: Taylor and Francis Online

Publication: Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, vol. 45, no. 4

Pages: 585-604

Friedrich Fröbel, Positivism

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Abstract/Notes: This article considers the possibility that one of the defining characteristics of the New Education, as it related to children in their early years, was its epistemological break with rationalist forms of knowledge and its embrace of empiricism and positivism. It considers, briefly, social theories that identify a similar process at a societal level before examining some of the polemics directed against theories of education based on rational forms of knowledge and, in particular, Froebel’s system. This theme is then pursued through a detailed consideration of the child study movement in England and its promotion of an empiricist project concerned with the production of knowledge about the child which drew upon the emergent fields of physiology, educational psychology, education and statistics. It is argued that child study helped to create the conditions for these sciences to distinguish themselves from the older philosophical currents from which they emerged. Consideration is then paid to how these transformations reacted on child study and on the Froebel movement. The article concludes that a break did indeed occur in the ways in which education was legitimised and that through the arrival of a new empirically based, scientific approach it became more closely aligned to reforming impulses. Nevertheless, the old philosophical, metaphysical foundations were not vanquished as in a violent rupture but were articulated in a new dialectical synthesis.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1080/00309230903100965

ISSN: 0030-9230, 1477-674X

Article

The Place of the Outdoors in a Good Childhood: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives on Outdoor Provision in Early Childhood Education

Publication: Communications (Association Montessori Internationale, 195?-2008), vol. 2007, no. 1

Pages: 34–52

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Language: English

ISSN: 0519-0959

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Early Signs of Specific Learning Disabilities in Early Childhood

Available from: International Journal of Early Childhood Special Education (INT-JECSE)

Publication: International Journal of Early Childhood Special Education (INT-JECSE), vol. 12, no. 1

Pages: 84-95

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Abstract/Notes: Since comprehensive evaluation of academic skills cannot be extensively conducted in early childhood, specific learning disabilities cannot be diagnosed in preschool-aged children. To evaluate academic skills, children must be school-aged and interventions cannot begin in the preschool period. However, specific learning disabilities in children may also be noticed during preschool. Preschool teachers need to determine which kids are at risk of having specific learning disabilities so that they can be detected early and an intervention provided. Preschool teachers need to be aware of the early signs of specific learning disabilities to distinguish between typically developing children and those at risk of having specific learning disabilities. In this review, studies describing the preschool characteristics of students at risk of having specific learning disabilities are examined, and the early signs of specific learning disabilities and early intervention processes are described based on the literature. Research suggests that the signs of specific learning disabilities can be seen in early childhood. The need for preschool teachers and families to be sensitive to the characteristics of children at risk of specific learning disabilities in the context of early intervention is discussed.

Language: English

DOI: 10.20489/intjecse.722383

ISSN: 1943-023X

Book Section

Considerazioni di alcuni economisti del primo 800 sulla scuola per la prima infanzia [Considerations of some early 19th century economists on early childhood education]

Book Title: Valore educativo e sociale della scuola materna: atti [Educational and social value of the nursery school: proceedings]

Pages: 255-262

Conferences, Early childhood education - History - Nineteenth century

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Language: Italian

Published: Roma, Italy: Vita dell'infanzia, 1963

Article

Early Writing Ability for Early Childhood Education Using Metal Insets Media with Motor Sensory

Available from: International Journal of Social Science and Education Research Studies

Publication: International Journal of Social Science and Education Research Studies, vol. 3, no. 1

Pages: 190-198

Child development, Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, Montessori materials, Writing - Instruction and study

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Abstract/Notes: Language is a socially or conventionally accepted code used to express a concept through the use of the desired symbols and combinations of symbols arranged by words. Early childhood is in a sensitive period in language, language skills are very important, they have a vital role in all aspects of intellectual development, in this period children will continue to master and develop their language’s development, if no stimulus is given, children will have limited intellectual development. Early language development involves four skills: hearing, speaking, reading, and writing. Writing is a helpful approach to encourage children to use signs and symbols to communicate their ideas. The aims of this study are to describe and analyze the application of Metal Insets media with sensory motor for learning to write through literature studies, explain the characteristics of Metal Insets Media with sensory motor, analyze the advantages and disadvantages of Metal Insets Media with sensory motor. This research method is a qualitative with a literature study approach to describe and analyze. The results obtained that Metal Insets media is a writing aid to stimulate early writing ability childhood involving sensory motor it is related to Montessori’s research about humans control their surroundings with their hands and change it in accordance with the direction of their minds, which is inextricably linked to their body morphology and abilities, Metal Insets application take notice on Montessori approach, with the four pillars, such as sensitive periods, a prepared environment, sensory education and spontaneous activity through repetition.

Language: English

ISSN: 2770-2782, 2770-2790

Book

Understanding the Montessori Approach: Early Years Education in Practice

Available from: Taylor and Francis Online

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Abstract/Notes: Understanding the Montessori Approach is a much needed source of information for those wishing to extend and consolidate their understanding of the

Language: English

Published: New York, New York: Routledge, 2012

Edition: 1st

ISBN: 978-0-203-12480-2

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