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Pedagogía social de Maria Montessori [Maria Montessori Social Pedagogy]
Published: Barcelona, Spain, 1964
From Care of Others and the Environment to Community Service and Social Responsibility: The Emergence of the Social and Ethical Self in the Montessori School
Publication: NAMTA Journal, vol. 33, no. 1
Date: Winter 2008
Impegno educativo e sociale [Educational and social commitment]
Publication: Vita dell'Infanzia (Opera Nazionale Montessori), vol. 3, no. 1
Date: Jan 31, 1954
Proyecto Educativo de Innovación y Aporte Social como Enlace Urbano: 'Centro de exploración y creatividad Carimagua' [Educational project for Innovation and Social Contribution as an Urban Link: 'Center for Exploration and Creativity Carimagua']
Available from: Universidad Católica de Colombia - Repositorio Institucional
Abstract/Notes: Partiendo de la premisa del déficit de infraestructura educativa de la localidad de Kennedy y de la deserción escolar dentro de la misma, el proyecto busca contribuir a la solución del problema de oferta acrecentado por la implementación de la jornada única en algunas instituciones educativas, dando prioridad a la continuidad en el proceso educativo de niños y niñas , para ello se plantea a partir de la necesidad de infraestructuras que permitan desarrollar un modelo pedagógico que atraiga a niños y niñas durante sus primeros años de vida a la continuidad de sus saberes con entusiasmo y ánimo de emprendedores, por ello se propone el “modelo pedagógico de María Montessori”. Para finalizar lo que se espera del proyecto dentro del sector, es que se pueda implementar el modelo pedagógico mencionado y así se genere un impacto social que es medible en los siguientes aspectos: innovación, participación de la comunidad, incremento del interés en los procesos educativos, para que a partir de esto se vea reflejado en la mejoría de infraestructuras, aumento de cupos escolares mejorando así la calidad de la educación. [Starting from the premise of the deficit of educational infrastructure of the town of Kennedy and the school dropout within it, the project seeks to contribute to the solution of the supply problem enhanced by the implementation of the single day in some educational institutions, giving priority to the continuity in the educational process of boys and girls for it arises, from the need infrastructures that allow to develop a pedagogical model that attracts children during their first years of life to the continuity of their knowledge with enthusiasm and encouragement of entrepreneurs, for that reason the "pedagogical model of Maria Montessori" is proposed. To finish what is expected of the project within the sector is that the aforementioned pedagogical model can be implemented and thus generate a social impact that is measurable in the following aspects: innovation, community participation, increased interest in educational processes, so that from this it is reflected in the improvement of infrastructures, increase of school quotas thus improving the quality of education.]
Published: Bogotá, Colombia, 2019
Valore educativo e sociale della scuola materna [Educational and social value of the nursery school]
Publication: Vita dell'Infanzia (Opera Nazionale Montessori), vol. 10, no. 10
Archival Material Or Collection
Box 17, Folder 29 - Notes, ca. 1929-1948 - "The Social Party of the Child" / "The Social Problem and Work/Stage"
Available from: Seattle University
Archive: Seattle University, Lemieux Library and McGoldrick Learning Commons, Special Collections
L’impact de la pédagogie Montessori sur le développement cognitif, social et académique des enfants en maternelle [The impact of Montessori pedagogy on the cognitive, social and academic development of children in kindergarten]
Available from: HAL Theses - Online Theses
Abstract/Notes: La pédagogie Montessori est une méthode d’éducation qui a été mise au point au début du siècle dernier par Maria Montessori pour des enfants d’un quartier défavorisé de Rome en Italie. Depuis sa création, elle s’est développée à la marge de l’éducation nationale et se retrouve principalement dans des écoles privées. La pédagogie Montessori devient cependant de plus en plus populaire auprès des enseignants de l’école maternelle publique. Ce récent engouement apparaît fondé à la vue de plusieurs principes de cette méthode. En effet, elle promeut l’autonomie, l’auto-régulation, la coopération entre pairs d’âges variés et l’apprentissage à partir de matériels sensoriels et auto-correctifs. Ces caractéristiques sont plutôt en accord avec les connaissances scientifiques sur l’apprentissage et le développement de l’enfant. Cependant, à ce jour, les preuves expérimentales rigoureuses de son efficacité sont limitées. Dans cette thèse, nous avons mesuré les compétences langagières, mathématiques, exécutives et sociales d’enfants d’une école maternelle, repartis aléatoirement entre des classes appliquant la pédagogie Montessori ou une pédagogie conventionnelle. Nous avons suivi leurs progrès au cours des trois années de l’école maternelle (étude longitudinale) et avons comparé les performances des enfants en fin de Grande Section (étude transversale). Nous avons également élaboré une mesure pour évaluer objectivement la qualité d’implémentation de la pédagogie Montessori dans cette école, situé dans un quartier défavorisé. Nos résultats ne montrent pas de différences entre les groupes dans les domaines des mathématiques, des compétences exécutives et des compétences sociales. Cependant, les enfants issus des classes Montessori avaient de meilleures performances en lecture que les enfants issus des classes conventionnelles en fin de Grande Section. La pédagogie Montessori apparaît donc comme adaptée à l’apprentissage de la lecture chez le jeune enfant. [The Montessori method of education was created at the beginning of the last century by Maria Montessori to help children in a disadvantaged neighborhood of Rome in Italy. Although it is nowadays most commonly found in private schools, the Montessori method has gained popularity among teachers in public preschool and kindergarten in France and around the world. This popularity may appear legitimate with regards to the principles underlying the Montessori methods, which involve autonomy, self-regulation, cooperation between children from different age groups and learning with multi-sensorial and self-correcting materials. These characteristics are broadly in line with research on learning and development in young children. However, there is limited evidence for the effectiveness of the Montessori method in the scientific literature. In this thesis, we measured the linguistic, mathematical, executive and social skills of preschoolers and kindergarteners from a public school in which children were randomly assigned to classrooms in which the Montessori method was implemented or to classrooms in which a conventional teaching was used. We followed children from the first year of preschool to kindergarten (longitudinal study) and compared the performance of children at the end of kindergarten (cross-sectional study). We also developed a scale to evaluate the quality of implementation of the Montessori method in the school, located in a disadvantaged neighborhood. Our results do not show any difference between groups in terms of mathematical, executive and social skills. However, children from Montessori classrooms had better reading performance than children from conventional classrooms at the end of kindergarten. Therefore, the Montessori method appears to be well suited for developing reading skills of young children.]
Published: Lyon, France, 2019
Empathy, Social Problem-Solving, and the Social Behavior of Preschoolers
Available from: ProQuest - Dissertations and Theses
Abstract/Notes: A social skills intervention was implemented at two suburban preschools. The purpose of the intervention was to develop subjects' empathic and social problem-solving skills to test whether this training would increase prosocial behavior in class. In addition, the study compared the effectiveness of two teaching methods in promoting cognitive and affective skills: training using role playing and discussion-based training. The subjects were 45 children of both sexes between the ages of four-and-one-half to five-and-one-half years. At each school, teachers led one of three training groups: empathy and problem-solving using role playing; the same training using discussion; home and outdoor safety training, which served as an attention-control group. Training sessions were conducted for 15 to 20 minutes, three times a week for six weeks. Pre- and post-intervention empathy, role-taking, problem-solving scores, observational behavior ratings, and teacher ratings using the Devereux scales were administered. Results of pre-testing revealed expected, significant associations between cognitive and affective skills and between these abilities and subjects' social behavior, with empathy showing the strongest associations. Responses to affective measures, however, did not prove to be consistent across emotions. Empathic and role-taking responses to anger and fear stimuli were unrelated to responses to happiness and sadness stimuli, yet were associated most strongly with observed and rated social behaviors. No significant differences in gain scores emerged across the three treatment groups on outcome measures, although gains in cognitive and affective skills correlated significantly with behavioral improvement. The most likely reasons for this lack of training effects across groups were: all children were from a higher SES background and displayed fewer behavioral problems than subjects used by many other studies in this area; children at one setting (a Montessori program) were much less receptive to a group social skills approach; the small sample size provided insufficient statistical power to assess small effects. Implications of the study's findings for future measurement and training of empathy and social problem-solving skills were discussed.
Published: Ann Arbor, Michigan, 1983
Master's Thesis (Action Research Report)
Effects of Peace Education and Grace and Courtesy Education on Social Problem-Solving Skills and Social Awareness
Available from: St. Catherine University
Abstract/Notes: This action research studied the impact of peace education and portions of the Positive Discipline curriculum in a three-six primary Montessori classroom. During five weeks of implementing the research, sixteen students participated in class meetings for twenty minutes a day. The peace table activities and wheel of choice lessons were conducted individually and as a whole class. The peace table activities included a set of mini dishes on a tray, a rain stick, and a peace rose. The wheel of choice consisted of pictures and words of examples of what students could choose to help them solve problems. A few examples are count to ten, apologize, ask for help, and write your name on the agenda. Implementing the presentations into the classroom environment became a work for the students to use if needed and did not occur daily. As a work choice, the previous activities were available on tables and children were allowed to choose the work as many times as they felt was necessary. The research began with baseline data collection through SWIS (School Wide Information System) referral records, student interviews, and student surveys. Sources of data obtained during the study included interviews, surveys, observation tally sheets, and a field journal. The results presented an increase in social awareness and problem-solving skills through the class meetings. Students began acknowledging problems and brainstorming solutions. Class meetings will continue daily to extend the positive problem-solving capabilities and mindfulness students developed in their classroom community.
Published: St. Paul, Minnesota, 2016
L'éducation, problème social [Education, a social problem]
Available from: Bibliothèque Nationale de France (BNF) - Gallica
Publication: La Nouvelle Éducation, no. 109
Date: Nov 1932
Abstract/Notes: "Résumé de la belle conférence faite le 4 aout, en francais, au Congrés de Nice".