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Article

Yanzheng haishi zhiyi: Meiguo jiaoyu xuejie dui meng tai suo li jiaoyu de pipan / 验证还是质疑:美国教育学界对蒙台梭利教育的批判 [Verification or Questioning: American Educational Circles’ Criticism on Montessori Education]

Publication: Xueqian jiaoyu yanjiu / 学前教育研究 [Studies in Preschool Education], vol. 2019, no. 10

Pages: 24-31

Americas, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., North America, United States of America, ⛔ No DOI found

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Abstract/Notes: At the beginning of the 20th century, Montessori’s educational thought and practice disseminated to the United States in a short and concentrated way. This process was always accompanied by the questioning and criticism of Montessori education in the American educational circles. The in-depth analysis and inspiration of the questioning and criticisms are currently lacking in domestic and foreign research. Most of the educational psychologists, progressive education scholars, and Froebelians who dominated the American educational community were critical of Montessori education. American education scholars criticized Montessori education on two levels: fundamentals of philosophy and psychology, curriculum system. They believed that Montessori's education theory lagged behind the times, and the curriculum system ignored young children’s sociality, imagination and freedom. These criticisms reflected the cautious attitude of the American educational scholars who didn’t blindly follow the imported theory, and promoted the Americanization of Montessori education. At present, China’s educational academics are keen to interpret and verify when introducing western educational theories. This situation is not conducive to the creation of original educational theories. In order to change this situation, the Chinese educational scholars should first establish cultural self-confidence, treating western educational theories with an equal mindset and perspective; second discriminate and absorb the foreign educational theories on the basis of reflective criticism; third, root in China’s educational practice. In this way can the scholars better absorb western educational theories’ essence and promote the creation of original educational theories.

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 1007-8169

Doctoral Dissertation

An Exploration of Quality Matters in a Montessori Pre-School Setting in Oman

Available from: British Library - EthOS

Asia, Middle East, Oman, Western Asia

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Language: English

Published: Sheffield, England, 2011

Conference Paper

Exploring the Role of Montessori Pedagogy on Students in Early Childhood Schools with Saudi Arabia

Available from: IATED Digital Library

11th International Conference on Education and New Learning Technologies

Asia, Middle East, Saudi Arabia, Western Asia

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Abstract/Notes: This study explores the role of Montessori pedagogy for early childhood pupils in Saudi Arabian. In order to fulfil this aim, this study collected data from a sample of 12 teachers in different five schools in order to explore their attitudes towards the adoption of Montessori pedagogy in early childhood schools. Two types of data collection methods (i.e. interviews and questionnaire) were used in this study. The numeric data collected from the questionnaire was analysed statistically and the textual data collected from interviews were analysed using thematic analysis. The findings indicate that teachers believe that using Montessori Pedagogy can help students in early childhood as it enhances their learning quality and performance. Furthermore, using Montessori pedagogy is preferable among teachers of younger ages. However, an efficient adoption of Montessori pedagogy requires sufficient experience from the teachers in using this pedagogy. Other factors that influence the attitudes of teachers towards using Montessori pedagogy include availability of specialist support and the existence of training courses for teachers. In regard to limitations, the results of this study cannot be generalized to the whole population due to the small size of sample adopted in this research.

Language: English

Published: Palma, Spain: International Academy of Technology, Education and Development (IATED), 2019

Pages: 5362-5362

DOI: 10.21125/edulearn.2019.1316

ISBN: 978-84-09-12031-4

Article

Cultural Determinants Within the Design Set Up of Kindergarten and Preschool Interiors: Assessment of Four Typologies in Terms of Their Spatial Formation [Anaokulu ve Kreşlerin İç Mekan Tasarım Kurgusu İçerisindeki Kültürel Belirleyiciler; Mekansal Oluşumlarının Dört Tipolojisi üzerinde Analizi]

Available from: Megaron Journal

Publication: Megaron: Yıldız Technical University, Faculty of Architecture E-Journal, vol. 16, no. 2

Pages: 130-144

Architecture, Asia, Middle East, Turkey, Western Asia

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Abstract/Notes: The dynamic and complex nature of children’s sense of physical environment (Lim, Barton, 2010) with respect to the location of the space concerning cultural conditions, relations, and parameters direct design criteria to meet pedagogic, physiologic, and biological needs and requirements of the children in the preschool interiors. This enquiry has grown out of the desire to examine the parameters, cultural aspects, dimensions, or contexts affecting the built environment in the preschool interiors where children spend most of their time out of their home. Conceptual components affecting the interior space of pre-school education centers are identified and based on literature review, interviews, surveys, observational data, and statistical concepts such as education models, socio-economic conditions, appreciation of adults, child–teacher–parent relations, and location related to culture. These contextual connections and relations with the interior environment shaped the body of the study. Based on the above-mentioned items, a research questionnaire was used in centers located in the Çankaya and Çayyolu regions of Ankara. Subjects were randomly selected from among the parents of these preschools’ students. Accordingly, the research questionnaire was directed to a total of 200 respondents from 15 pre-school centers; these preschool education centers are the ones applying the Montessori education model, providing education in English and highlighting features like physical space comfort, etc. Those centers have maintained their corporate identity thanks to the above-counted features. Consequently, data has shown that the education model, socio-economic conditions, appreciation of adults, child–teacher–parent relations, and location have an indirect and direct bearing on parent perception of the preschool centers which affects the centers’ formation of Interior spatial design. [Anaokullarının mekansal oluşumu,çocuğun,değişen fiziksel çevre koşullarına bağlı olarak gelişen karmaşık ve dinamik bir etkileşim sürecidir. Farklı kültürel koşullar, ilişkiler ve parametreler bu mekanlarda pedagojik, psikolojik ve biyolojik gereksinimleri doğurmaktadır. Bu çalışmanın amacı çocukların ev dışında en çok vakit geçirdiği ana okullarının mekan oluşumunda etkili olan kültürel parametrelerin, boyut ve bağlamını ortaya koymaktır. Literatür taraması, mülakat ve istatistiksel araştırma sonucunda elde edilen verilere göre; Eğitim Modeli, Socio-Ekonomik koşullar, Yetişkin ölçütü, Çocuk-Eğitim-Ebeveyn İlişkileri ve Konum Kültür ile ilişkilidir. Bu kavramsal İlişkiler çalışmanın gövdesini oluşturmaktadır. Yukarıda belirtilen unsurlarla ilişkili olarak Ankara Çankaya ve Çayyolu semtlerinde yer alan anaokullarında anket çalışması yapılmıştır. Anketler, bahsi geçen bölgede 15 Anaokulunda 200 katılımcıya uygulanmıştır. Anaokulları Montessori eğitim modeli uygulayan, İngilizce eğitim veren, fiziksel şartları ile öne çıkan ve bir markanın zinciri olmak üzere sınıflandırılmıştır. Sonuç olarak, yapılan farklı sınıflandırmalara bağlı olarak, değişen kültürel parametrelerin Anaokullarının mekansal oluşumunda direk ve dolaylı etkisi bulunmaktadır.]

Language: English

DOI: 10.5505/megaron.2017.49469

ISSN: 1309-6915

Article

Relationship of Montessori Approach with Interior Spaces in Preschools and Physical Set-up [Montessori Yaklaşımının Anaokulu İç Mekanları ve Fiziksel Oluşumu ile İlişkisi]

Available from: Megaron Journal

Publication: Megaron: Yıldız Technical University, Faculty of Architecture E-Journal, vol. 16, no. 2

Pages: 451-458

Architecture, Asia, Middle East, Turkey, Western Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Montessori education gathers around two purposes: biological and social purposes. Helping natural development of an individual is targeted in the biological part, and preparation of an individual for the environment is targeted in the social part (Montessori, 1947). Fundamental element of Montessori approach is to form the space. Although there are plenty of studies present in the literature on this subject, it was noted that studies on interior spaces, with which people have quite intensive and higher level of relationship, turned out to be very few. Thus, in this study, in the context of findings determined by conceptual components affecting physical characteristics in the formation of interior spaces, particularly in kindergartens applying Montessori education model, which has become widespread in preschool educational institutions in Turkey during the past ten years; For this reason five (all) institutions in Ankara were selected as the area of study with more than one data collection technique, and survey with quantitative approach, and document investigation with qualitative approach and monitoring (mechanical) techniques were used. In the applied study, characteristics making up the interior space in preschool educational institutions were studied in the content of the titles of Properties of Interiors, General Spatial Standards of Day Care Centre, Atmospheric Properties Floor, Wall, Furnishings etc...), Furniture and Equipment, and the sample interior- space forming model for design setting was suggested. [Montessori eğitimi iki amaç etrafında toplanır: biyolojik ve sosyal amaçlar. Bir bireyin doğal gelişimine yardımcı olmak biyolojik yönünü hedef alırken ve çevre için bireyin hazırlanması toplumsal yönünü hedefler (Montessori, 1947). Montessori yaklaşımının temel unsuru mekanı oluşturmaktır. Bu konuda literatürde çok sayıda çalışma olmasına rağmen, insanların oldukça yoğun ve yüksek düzeyde ilişkilere sahip olduğu iç mekanlarla ilgili çalışmaların çok az olduğu ortaya çıkmıştır. Bu nedenle, bu çalışmada, özellikle son on yılda Türkiye’de okul öncesi eğitim kurumlarında yaygınlaşan Montessori eğitim modelini uygulayan anaokullarında iç mekan oluşumunda fiziksel özellikleri etkileyen kavramsal bileşenler tarafından belirlenen bulgular bağlamında; Ankara’da beş (tüm) kurum birden fazla veri toplama tekniği ile çalışma alanı olarak seçilmiş, niceliksel yaklaşımla anket, nitel yaklaşım ile izleme (mekanik) teknikleriyle belge araştırması kullanılmıştır. Uygulamalı çalışmada, İç Mekanların Özellikleri, Anaokulunun Genel Mekansal Standartları, Atmosferik Zemin Kat, Duvar, Mobilyalar vb. Başlıkları kapsamında, okul öncesi eğitim kurumlarındaki iç mekanı oluşturan özellikler incelenmiştir. Ayrıca, Mobilya, Ekipman ve tasarım ortamı için örnek iç mekan oluşturma modeli önerilmiştir.]

Language: English

DOI: 10.5505/megaron.2018.93276

ISSN: 1309-6915

Article

Preschool Children's School Adjustment: Indicators of Behaviour Problems, Gender, and Peer Victimisation

Available from: Taylor and Francis Online

Publication: Education 3-13, vol. 43, no. 6

Pages: 630-640

Asia, Middle East, Turkey, Western Asia

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Abstract/Notes: The relationships among school adjustment, victimisation, and gender were investigated with 284 Turkish children aged between five and six years. Teacher Rating Scale of School Adjustment, The Preschool Behaviour Questionnaire, and Peer Victimisation Scale were used in this study. Analyses indicated that children's behaviour problems and victimisation variables were significant predictors of the school adjustment of children while controlling for gender.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1080/03004279.2013.848915

ISSN: 0300-4279, 1475-7575

Article

Views on Montessori approach by teachers serving at schools applying the Montessori approach [Montessori yaklaşımını uygulayan okullarda çalışan öğretmenlerin Montessori yaklaşımına ilişkin görüşleri]

Available from: Eurasian Journal of Educational Research

Publication: Eurasian Journal of Educational Research [Egitim Arastirmalari], no. 66

Pages: 123-138

Asia, Middle East, Turkey, Western Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Problem Statement: Further studies on Montessori teachers are required on the grounds that the Montessori approach, which, having been applied throughout the world, holds an important place in the alternative education field. Yet it is novel for Turkey, and there are only a limited number of studies on Montessori teachers in Turkey. Purpose of Study: The aim was to investigate views on the Montessori approach by the teachers who serve at the schools applying the Montessori approach. Methods: Research data was collected by the basic qualitative research, one of the qualitative research methods. Descriptive analysis method was used in analysis of the qualitative data. Nine teachers serving at three different schools in Ankara province applying Montessori approach were interviewed. Findings and Results: Eight main themes were determined upon data analysis; namely, education on Montessori approach, basic qualities required for teachers applying Montessori approach, adequacy of education on Montessori approach, in-service training on the challenges experienced by Montessori teachers, plans of teachers for self-development, following existing studies in Turkey on Montessori approach, views on studies on Montessori approach, and views on the criticisms towards Montessori approach. Conclusions and Recommendations: All teachers confirmed that they internalized the approach upon training in line with Montessori philosophy. They emphasized that they received training covering all the educational fields, yet the implementation dimension was inadequate due to training without the involvement of children. Furthermore, they suggested that all the schools in Turkey were opened by commercial motives, and as such these schools failed to comply with the standards of the institutions providing education on the basis of Montessori approach. They asserted that all criticisms towards Montessori approach would be proved to be groundless upon implementation of the approach. It was seen that experienced supervisors, in-service training, and scientific studies on Montessori approach were required.

Language: English, Turkish

ISSN: 1302-597X, 2528-8911

Article

A Triumph for Montessori [Muraikh Independent Primary School, Qatar]

Publication: Montessori International, vol. 81

Pages: 20–21

Asia, Middle East, Qatar, Western Asia, ⛔ No DOI found

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Language: English

ISSN: 1470-8647

Article

Teachers’ Perceptions of Supporting Pre-School Children in Self-Learning in Montessori Classrooms: A Case Study of Three Saudi Pre-Schools

Available from: Multi-Knowledge Electronic Comprehensive Journal for Education and Science Publications

Publication: Multi-Knowledge Electronic Comprehensive Journal for Education and Science Publications, no. 37

Pages: 1-21

Asia, Middle East, Montessori method of education, Saudi Arabia, Preschool children, Saudi Arabia, Teachers - Attitudes, Western Asia, ⛔ No DOI found

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Abstract/Notes: Teaching at pre-school in Saudi Arabia can involve the use of many types of teaching methods, and the Montessori educational system is one approach that can be used. Over time, this method has gained value and popularity due to its promotion of a self-learning strategy. This current study aims to explore the perceptions of Montessori teachers working in Saudi Arabia about their role in supporting a self-learning strategy for pre-school children. The research sample comprised Montessori teachers working at three schools in Saudi Arabia. Data was collected by undertaking qualitative semi-structured interviews and using an unstructured questionnaire. The interviews was piloted in advanced. The findings show that most of the Saudi pre-school teachers who participated are knowledgeable about teaching the Montessori system in the classroom, and have knowledge of applying the self-learning strategy. However, in practice, their role in supporting children to achieve self-learning is affected by various factors, including: the overall ethos of the Saudi education system, the Ministry of Education’s perceptions about teaching pre-school children using the Montessori system, the teacher’s background and their years of experiences working with pre-school children, and the use of individual education plans for each child.

Language: English

ISSN: 2617-9563

Article

Examining the Effects of the Montessori Approach on Children’s Concept Acquisition

Available from: İlköğretim Online

Publication: İlköğretim Online [Elementary Education Online], vol. 13, no. 1

Pages: 223‐234

Asia, Middle East, Turkey, Western Asia, ⛔ No DOI found

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Abstract/Notes: The main purpose of this research is to examine the effect of Montessori education approach on 4-6-year-old children’s concept acquisition such as school readiness, direction/position, self/social awareness, texture/material, quantity and time/sequence. The method of this research was pre-test/post-test, experimental and control group. Pre-test/post-test was carried out to examine the effect of the Montessori education on 4-6 year-old children who are the experimental group and the control group was formed to compare the effect of Montessori education on the experimental group. Sample of research consisted of 24 children who were educated with Montessori education at Gazi University Faculty of Vocational Education Department of Child Development and Education Application Preschool and 24 children who were educated at Ankara University Application Preschool and Child Club, where MoNE’s curriculum was carried out. For children’s acquisition of concepts such as school readiness, direction/position, self/social awareness, texture/material, quantity and time/sequence Bracken Basic Concept Scale-Revised was used as data collecting instruments. Comparing both groups for pre-test and post-test mean score obtained from Bracken Basic Concept Scale-Revised results show that statistical differences were found between the experimental and the control group and these differences were in favor of the experimental group. There are differences between children who got education through Montessori approach and MoNE’s curriculum in school readiness, direction/position, self/social awareness, texture/material, quantity and time/sequence areas.

Language: English

ISSN: 1305-3515

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