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Book

Contemporary Critics of Education

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Language: English

Published: Danville, Illinois: Interstate Printers and Publishers, [1970]

Article

L'Education en Italie: l'Enfant Source Inépuisable de Révélations et d'Espoir

Available from: UNESDOC Digital Library

Publication: Le Courrier de l'UNESCO, vol. 2, no. 10

Pages: 17

Europe, Italy, Southern Europe

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Language: French

ISSN: 0304-3118, 1564-0574

Book

The Spiritual Regeneration of Man: An Address Given to the Montessori Society at the 22. Annual Conference of Educational Associations Held at University College, London, Jan. 1934

Maria Montessori - Writings

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Language: English

Published: Edinburgh, Scotland: [s.n.], 1934

Book Section

A Philosophical Perspective on the Purpose of Education in Indonesia

Available from: Springer Link

Book Title: Comparative and Decolonial Studies in Philosophy of Education

Pages: 51-71

Asia, Australasia, Comparative education, Friedrich Fröbel - Philosophy, Indonesia, Ki Hajar Dewantara - Philosophy, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Rabindranath Tagore - Philosophy, Southeast Asia

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Abstract/Notes: This chapter will look at the purpose of education in the context of Indonesia’s past and present. I will draw on the philosophy of Ki Hajar Dewantara (1889–1959), who is regarded as the father of Indonesian education. In conceptualising education, he was influenced by his upbringing, local culture, and international influences from various educators and philosophers such as Rabindranath Tagore, Maria Montessori, and Friedrich Fröbel. This chapter is particularly timely because the Indonesian government has started to critically re-examine two of the educational concepts proposed by Dewantara, which are “pendidikan karakter” (character education) and “merdeka belajar” (independent learning). The chapter will start with a discussion on the purpose of education before introducing Dewantara and his background. I will then offer two comparisons; First, between Dewantara’s purpose of education and the aims of Dutch schools during the colonial period in Indonesia, highlighting the importance of imparting local wisdom and values in Dewantara’s school which were ignored by the colonial schools. Second, between Dewantara’s purpose of education and the current government’s policies. By doing so, I will highlight the different purposes articulated for education in various contexts, from the colonial era to present-day Indonesia. The conclusion of this chapter is that there have been profound changes to the very purpose of education in Indonesia. Nevertheless, Dewantara’s philosophy is still very much relevant today and thus, the Indonesian government should revisit its conceptualisation of the foundations of education. Dewantara’s thought is also likely to see increased interest in other countries due to a growing global demand for awareness of non-Western educational philosophies.

Language: English

Published: Singapore, Singapore: Springer Nature, 2023

Edition: 1st ed.

ISBN: 978-981-9901-39-5

Article

Raising the Visibility of Montessori Education

Available from: ProQuest

Publication: Montessori Life, vol. 23, no. 3

Pages: 3-3,7

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Language: English

ISSN: 1054-0040

Article

Italian Educational Idealism

Available from: The Times Educational Supplement Historical Archive - Gale

Publication: The Times Educational Supplement (London, England)

Pages: 445-446

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Language: English

ISSN: 0040-7887

Article

Education for a Better Life [Summary of Renilde Montessori's address at 2001 refresher course]

Publication: AMI Elementary Alumni Association Newsletter, vol. 33, no. 3

Pages: 2

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Language: English

Article

Montessori Education and Empirical Research: Lecture Given at the Congress of the German Society for Educational Science (DGfE) in Dresden on 18th March 2008

Publication: MoRE Montessori Research Europe newsletter, no. 2

Pages: 11-19

Europe, Germany, Harald Ludwig - Writings, Western Europe

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Language: English

ISSN: 2281-8375

Report

Preschool Education for Inner-City Children: Preliminary Results of an Experimental Montessori Programme

Available from: ERIC

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Abstract/Notes: Early results from a Montessori nursery program initiated by Toronto, Canada, in 1971, to help inner-city children prepare for formal education indicate that the mothers of the 15 three- and four-year-old children were pleased with the program. Specifically, they felt that the children had increased their verbal skills, preparedness for junior kindergarten, and social maturity. However, not all mothers were pleased with the increased independence shown by some of the children. A study of the children's characteristics suggested that caution should be exerted in extrapolating the findings from other so-called disadvantaged children to inner-city children in one's own city. Other data are useful but the needs of a particular population must be carefully observed. When isolating deficiencies or identity needs, wholesale generalizations from superficial measures should not be made. Precise and explicit definitions should be made for such terms as deficient in language, intellectual motivation, or conceptual ability. Otherwise inadequate solutions are likely to result. (JS)

Language: English

Published: Toronto, Canada, Nov 1971

Book

Free Way to Learning: Educational Alternatives in Action

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Abstract/Notes: Is school really deaad? It seems not. So does our present system offer all there is to know about enabling children to learn of themselves, their worlds, their possibilities? 'Free Way to Learning' is put together by a number of people who think not. IN different ways they have created learning stiuations which break down established ideas about teacher authority, about compulsory learning, about how the process of education can change society. Separately the have: established an urban free school, developed a small rural community, operated a family learning network, offered an inner-city supplementary programme, and participated in the rise of a street school. Together they testify to the challenges, problems and, above all, the excitement encountered by those who attempt to do it a new way - a free way.

Language: English

Published: Harmondsworth, England: Penguin Books Ltd., 1974

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