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Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Frequency of Six Early Childhood Education Approaches: A 10-year Content Analysis of Early Childhood Educational Journal

Available from: Springer Link

Publication: Early Childhood Education Journal, vol. 34, no. 5

Pages: 301

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Abstract/Notes: The frequency of early childhood education approaches spanning 10 years of publications was investigated. A content analysis of publications (N = 492) from Early Childhood Education Journal was conducted. From a previous content analysis six approaches or search words were identified: Bank Street, Head Start, High/Scope, Montessori, Reggio Emilia, and Waldorf. Overall, the current content analysis demonstrated that the Head Start approach most frequently appeared. The results indicate that approaches vary as to their frequency of appearance and that contributors of Early Childhood Education Journal have investigated, reflected upon, and expanded upon approaches to educating young children to different degrees. This finding may be beneficial to future contributors of Early Childhood Education Journal. In addition, we have provided a brief overview of each approach that early childhood professionals may use to aid parents with their early childhood education enrollment decisions.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1007/s10643-006-0080-4

ISSN: 1082-3301, 1573-1707

Master's Thesis

Ortaokul Montessori fen eğitiminin Montessori fen bilgisi öğretmenlerinin görüşleri doğrultusunda incelenmesi / Investigation of Montessori science education in the secondary school according to the perspective of Montessori science teachers

Available from: Ulusal Tez Merkezi / National Thesis Center (Turkey)

Asia, Middle East, Montessori method of education, Montessori method of education - Teachers, Science - Study and teaching, Teachers, Turkey, Western Asia

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Abstract/Notes: The purposes of this study are to determine the views of teachers about Montessori science education, to discuss the Montessori approach in detail and make suggestions in this regard. The study was designed as a case study which is a qualitative research method. The participants were selected based on the criterion sampling method that is a purposive sampling method. In this regard, 7 upper elementary teachers and 8 middle school science teachers who are trained in Montessori teacher education programs participate in the study. Data is collected through a semi-structured interview. The collected data is analyzed with content analysis and descriptive analysis techniques from qualitative data analysis techniques. Findings suggest that the Montessori approach encourages children to work freely throughout the entire education but expects them to be responsible for their education. To achieve this, the learning environment, the teaching methods and techniques, and the assessment and evaluation methods take a highly flexible structure. This flexible structure of the approach allows individualization for each child. From the teachers' point of view, it is understood that the Montessori approach focuses on providing a nurturing environment where each child is respected and encouraged, where social interaction is intense, rather than focusing on academic education. In light of these findings, some suggestions for the implementation of the approach are presented. / Bu araştırmanın amacı, Montessori fen eğitimine ilişkin öğretmenlerin görüşlerini belirlemek, bu görüşler doğrultusunda Montessori yaklaşımını detaylı bir şekilde ele almak ve bu konuda önerilerde bulunmaktır. Çalışma nitel araştırma yöntemlerinden durum çalışması olarak desenlenmiştir. Katılımcılar, amaçlı örnekleme türlerinden ölçüt örnekleme göre belirlenmiştir. Bu doğrultuda araştırmaya uluslararası Montessori eğitmen eğitimi programlarına katılmış 7 ilkokul ikinci kademe (4,5 ve 6.sınıf) sınıf öğretmeni ve 8 ortaokul (7 ve 8.sınıf) fen bilgisi öğretmeni dâhil edilmiştir. Veriler yarı yapılandırılmış görüşme formuyla toplanmıştır. Toplanan verilerin analizinde nitel veri analiz tekniklerinden içerik analizi ve betimsel analiz kullanılmıştır. Bulgular Montessori yaklaşımının; çocukların tüm eğitim öğretim sürecinde özgür çalışmalarını teşvik eden fakat onlardan kendi eğitimlerinden sorumlu olmalarını bekleyen, bunu sağlayabilmek için öğrenme ortamını, öğretim yöntem ve tekniklerini ve ölçme ve değerlendirme yöntemlerini son derece esnek bir yapıya büründüren bir yaklaşım olduğunu ortaya koymaktadır. Yaklaşımın bu esnek yapısı her çocuk için bireyselleştirilmesine imkân tanımaktadır. Öğretmenlerin görüşlerinden Montessori yaklaşımının akademik eğitime odaklanmak yerine her çocuğun bireysel farklılıklara saygı duyulan ve teşvik edilen, sosyal etkileşimin yoğun olduğu besleyici bir ortam sağlamaya odaklandığı anlaşılmaktadır. Bu bulgular ışığında yaklaşımın uygulanabilmesine dair bazı öneriler sunulmuştur.

Language: Turkish

Published: Bolu, Turkey, 2019

Article

A New System of Education

Publication: The Highway

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Language: English

Book Section

Movement and its Part in Education

Book Title: Education for a New World

Pages: 37-42

Maria Montessori - Writings

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Language: English

Published: Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Montessori-Pierson Publishing Company, 2007

ISBN: 978-90-79506-12-5

Series: The Montessori Series , 5

Article

How We Value Education

Publication: Montessori NewZ, vol. 45

Pages: 8

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Language: English

Book

The Montessori Manual, in Which Dr. Montessori's Teaching and Educational Occupations Are Arranged in Practical Exercises or Lessons for the Mother or the Teacher

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Language: English

Published: London, England: Kegan and Co., 1914

Conference Paper

Montessori and Krishnamurti: A Comparison of Their Educational Philosophies and Schools in Practice in the U.S. and India

Available from: Research Gate

Annual Conference of the Australian Comparative and International Education Society (11th, Hamilton, New Zealand, August 21-24, 1983)

Americas, Annual Conference of the Australian Comparative and International Education Society (11th, Hamilton, New Zealand, August 21-24, 1983), Asia, Comparative education, India, Jiddu Krishnamuti - Biographic sources, Krishnamurti method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., North America, Peace education, South Asia

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Abstract/Notes: The educational philosophies of Maria Montessori and Jiddu Krishnamurti are compared and contrasted in this paper. The discussion is based on texts by both educators and direct observation of some of the schools (United States, Australia and India) where these ideas are being implemented. First, general principles of each educator are discussed. Both are said to have condemned traditional approaches to education and to have objected to the record of state involvement in education. The next three sections describe their ideas regarding: (1) how children learn and the role children should take in their own education; (2) the attributes, characteristics, and training of teachers, and the teacher-child relationship; and (3) the proper education environment, with focus on discipline, competition, evaluation, and the use of methods. In conclusion, it is said that Montessori's and Krishnamurti's philosophies have more similarities than differences. Children love being at both kinds of school. Their schools have successfully deinstitutionalized the learning process and made the teacher-pupil relationship a caring and loving one. The major difference between the two types of education is the approach to method: Krishnamurti scorns adopting a particular method while Montessori tried to design a method that was based on her observation of the "natural" child.

Language: English

Published: Bundoora, Victoria, Australia: Centre for Comparative and International Studies in Education, 1983

Book Section

A Survey of Modern Education

Book Title: The Advanced Montessori Method: Scientific Pedagogy as Applied to the Education of Children: Spontaneous Activity in Children

Pages: 21-50

Maria Montessori - Writings

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Abstract/Notes: First published in Italian in 1915, the English translation, titled The Advanced Montessori Method, vol. 1: Spontaneous Activity in Education, was first published in 1917.

Language: English

Published: Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Montessori Pierson Publishing Company, 2018

ISBN: 978-90-79506-27-9

Series: The Montessori Series , 9

Volume: 1 of 2

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Erica Moretti, The Best Weapon for Peace. Maria Montessori, Education, and Children's Rights

Available from: Giornale di Storia

Publication: Giornale di Storia, no. 40

Book reviews

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Abstract/Notes: Book review of: Erica Moretti, "The Best Weapon for Peace. Maria Montessori, Education, and Children’s Rights" (The University of Wisconsis Press, 2021). Included in a special monograph issue of the journal ("Scritture. Teorie e Prassi della Scrittura tra Filosofia, Scienza e Comunicazione").

Language: Italian

ISSN: 2036-4938

Article

The Doctor Who Opened a New Door to Education

Available from: UNESDOC Digital Library

Publication: UNESCO Courier, vol. 2, no. 12

Pages: 4

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Language: English

ISSN: 0041-5278

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