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Article

A Study on the Meaning of Occupational Therapy for Children with Disabilities in Montessori Education Through Work Activities / 작업활동을 통한 교육의 장애아 Montessori 작업치료로서의 의의

Available from: KOAJ - Korea Open Access Journals

Publication: 지체.중복.건강장애연구 / Korean Journal of Physical, Multiple, & Health Disabilities, vol. 57, no. 3

Pages: 1-21

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Abstract/Notes: The purpose of this study was to investigate the meaning of occupational therapy for children with disabilities in Montessori education. For this, the study examined the features of work activities in Montessori education, which focused on the meaning and property, preceding principles and laws, and work level and organization of work activities. As well, the study examined the principles of concentration and normalization education, self-correction and individualized learning, sensitivity and motor education, and free activity and inter-social relationship education in Montessori education. Education for children with disabilities, especially, ADL training and occupational training considered as main contents in remedial education for people with disabilities, especially, children with multiple disabilities are particularly focused in Montessori remedial education. Children in Montessori Education not only are self-satisfied, but also do actual experience through spontaneous activities by learning motor, coordination, independence, and so on. Montessori Education has the meaning of occupational therapy, the domain of which includes functional O.T., diversional O.T., and pre-vocational O.T.. Montessori work education through activities has the function of occupational therapy mentioned above. Especially, according to the principles of Montessori work education, children with disabilities are able to learn work attitude, work behavior, and work basic function necessary for pre-vocational education through work activities. / 본 연구의 목적은 작업활동을 통한 Montessori교육의 장애아 작업치료로서의 의의를 밝히는데 있다. 이를 위하여 Montessori교육에서 작업활동의 의미와 특성, 작업활동의 선행원칙과 법칙, 작업의 단계와 조직화를 중심으로 Montessori교육에서의 작업활동의 특성을 고찰하였다. 그리고 Montessori작업활동의 원리로서 집중화 및 정상화교육의 원리, 자기교정교육 및 개별학습의 원리, 감각 및 운동교육의 원리, 자유활동 및 사회성교육의 원리를 알아보았다. Montessori 교육은 장애아 직업전 작업치료로서의 의의를 지닌다. 작업(치료)교육의 영역에는 신체의 기능증진을 위한 작업치료(fuctional O.T.), 심리재활을 위한 작업치료(divertional O.T.) 및 직업재활을 위한 작업치료(prevocational O.T.)가 있다. 활동을 통한 Montessori 작업교육은 이상과 같은 작업치료의 기능을 한다. 특히 Montessori 작업교육의 원리에 따라 장애아동들은 직업교육이전에 필요한 작업에 임하는 자세, 태도, 행동 및 작업기초 기능을 작업활동을 통해서 학습할 수 있다.

Language: Korean

DOI: 10.20971/kcpmd.2014.57.3.1

Article

Occupational Therapy and Montessori - Kindred Spirits: Moving towards a Scientific and Medical Pedagogy

Available from: ERIC

Publication: NAMTA Journal, vol. 39, no. 3

Pages: 209-248

North American Montessori Teachers' Association (NAMTA) - Periodicals

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Abstract/Notes: Barbara Luborsky explores the commonalities between occupational therapists and Montessori guides, such as their focus on the prepared environment, following the child, task analysis, and multi-sensory learning. She describes many types of sensory processing disorders including their symptoms, treatment, and the many resources and adaptations that are available to help children succeed. When an OT is familiar with the Montessori philosophy and practice they can positively collaborate with the teacher and parents to develop strategies for the child's independence. [This talk was presented at the NAMTA conference titled "Building the Inclusive Montessori Community," Phoenix, AZ, January 16-19, 2014.]

Language: English

ISSN: 1522-9734

Book

Multiple and Variably Handicapped Children in the Montessori Small Group Therapy

International Montessori Congress

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Abstract/Notes: Paper presented at the 18th International Montessori Congress, Munich, Germany, July 1977.

Language: English

Published: [S.I.]: [s.n.], 1977

Bachelor's Thesis

Opas luovien menetelmien käyttöön montessoripäiväkodissa [A guide to using creative methods in a Montessori kindergarten]

Available from: Theseus (Finland)

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Abstract/Notes: The aim of this practice-based thesis was to create a guidebook for Montessori Droppen (kindergarten in Haparanda, Sweden), about how to use creative methods in their working environment. The guidebook provides tools for using creative methods through theory and exercises for three-to-five-year-old children. The development of the guidebook adapted the phases of a product development process, and the employees accompanied in its making. As a result of this practice-based thesis, the guidebook includes basic information about Montessori pedagogy, group dynamics, creative methods and pedagogical documentation. Additionally, the guidebook handles the basic principles of leading exercises in creative methods. The exercises in creative methods are themed under six main topics: play & imagination, movement and body awareness, strengthening of expression, development of self-esteem, group work and the child’s own strong points. The guidebook is illustrated with pictures and drawings that clarify how the exercises should be carried out. The guidebook is mainly designated for the employees of Montessori Droppen, but, since it is informative, it can also be used by trainees. Further development ideas for this guidebook were, for example, to do themed guidebooks that concentrate on one certain way to implement creative methods (music, arts, drama) or, for example, training projects, where the employees could test the guidebook’s exercises themselves. It would be also possible to extend the guidebook to include different age-groups. / Opinnäytetyöni tarkoituksena oli luoda opas luovien menetelmien käytöstä haaparantalaiselle Montessori Droppen –päiväkodille. Oppaan tarkoituksena on antaa valmiuksia teorian ja harjoitteiden kautta luovien menetelmien ohjaamiseen 3–5 -vuotiaille päiväkotiryhmässä. Oppaan syntyminen mukaili tuotekehitysprosessin vaiheita, ja sen luomiseen osallistuivat myös toimeksiantajan työntekijät. Toiminnallisen opinnäytetyön tuloksena syntynyt opas sisältää perustiedot montessoripedagogiikasta, ryhmädynamiikasta, luovista menetelmistä sekä pedagogisesta dokumentoinnista. Lisäksi siinä käsitellään luovien menetelmien ohjaamisen perusperiaatteita. Itse luovien menetelmien harjoitteet on jaoteltu kuuteen eri alakategoriaan, jotka ovat leikki & mielikuvitus, liike & kehon-tuntemus, ilmaisun vahvistaminen, itsetunnon kehittyminen, ryhmätyö sekä lapsen omat vahvat puolet. Lisäksi opas on kuvitettu harjoitteita havainnollistavilla kuvilla ja piirroksilla. Opas on tarkoitettu lähinnä Montessori Droppenin työntekijöille, mutta informatiivisuudeltaan sen käyttö on mahdollista myös esimerkiksi harjoittelijoille. Oppaasta syntyneitä jatkokehitysehdotuksia olivat esimerkiksi vain tiettyyn luovien toteuttamistapaan (musiikki, kuvataide, draama) syntyneet teemaoppaat tai esimerkiksi vaihtoehtoisesti koulutuskokonaisuudet, joissa työntekijät pääsisivät itse kokeilemaan oppaasta löytyviä harjoituksia. Lisäksi myös oppaiden laajentaminen eri ikäryhmiin olisi mahdollista.

Language: Finnish

Published: Joensuu, Finland, 2012

Bachelor's Thesis

Montessoripedagogiikka ja toimintaterapia muistisairaiden kuntoutuksessa [Montessori pedagogy and occupational therapy in the rehabilitation of memory patients]

Available from: Theseus (Finland)

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Abstract/Notes: Opinnäytetyömme aiheena oli kuvailevan kirjallisuuskatsauksen avulla löytää montessoripedagogiikan ja toimintaterapian kuntoutuskeinoja muistisairaiden kanssa työskenneltäessä. Tutkimuskysymyksemme olivat 1) Mitä Montessoripedagogiikan menetelmiä käytetään muistisairaiden kuntoutuksessa? 2) Mitä keinoja toimintaterapiassa käytetään muistisairaiden kuntoutuksessa MOHO-mallin kautta tarkasteltuna? 3) Voiko montessoripedagogiikan kuntoutuskeinoja hyödyntää toimintaterapiassa? Opinnäytetyömme toteutettiin kuvailevana kirjallisuuskatsauksena. Aineistoa hankittiin Cinhal, Pubmed, Cochrane library, ProQuest Central, Taylor & Francis, Ovid ja ScienceDirect tietokannoista. Kirjallisuuskatsaus koostui 12 aineistosta, jotka valikoituivat eksplisiittisesti. Aineiston analyysimenetelmänä käytettiin teemoittelua. Aineistoista esiin tulleiden tulosten mukaan muistisairaan kuntoutus koostuu ympäristön muokkauksesta, tehtävien ja toimintojen muokkauksesta, virheettömästä oppimisesta, hoitohenkilökunnan ja omaishoitajien kouluttamisesta ja muistisairaan henkilöhistoriaan tutustumisesta. Tulosten perusteella montessoripedagogiikan käyttämät kuntoutuksen keinot ovat samankaltaisia toimintaterapiassa käytettyjen kanssa, vaikkakin toimintaterapia tarjoaa laajemman valikoiman kuntoutuskeinoja. Montessoripedagogiikalle ominainen keino, jota toimintaterapian aineistossa ei mainittu oli ympäristön muokkaukseen liittyvä ympäristön valmistelu haluttua toimintaa varten. Opinnäytetyömme tulosten perusteella toimintaterapiassa ja montessoripedagogiikkassa käytetyt kuntoutuksen keinot ovat samankaltaiset keskenään. Tuloksia tarkastellessa huomaa toimintaterapian tarjoavan yksilöllistä ja ryhmämuotoista kuntoutusta. Toisin kuin montessoripedagogiikkassa, kuntoutus keskittyy kokonaisen yhteisön kuten vanhainkodin asukkaiden kuntoutukseen muuttamalla hoitohenkilökunnan työskentelytapoja. Toimintaterapiassa voidaan hyödyntää tiettyjä montessoripedagogiikan kuntoutuksen keinoja, kuten ympäristön valmistelua. Kuntoutuskeinojen ollessa hyvin samankaltaisia on jatkossa tärkeää tutkia montessoripedagogiikan ja toimintaterapian kuntoutuskeinojen vaikuttavuutta, jotta voidaan luoda ymmärrystä vaikuttavimmista kuntoutuksen muodoista muistisairaiden kanssa työskenneltäessä. [The topic of our thesis was to use a descriptive literature review to find rehabilitation methods of Montessori pedagogy and occupational therapy when working with memory patients. Our research questions were 1) What methods of Montessori pedagogy are used in the rehabilitation of memory sufferers? 2) What methods are used in occupational therapy in the rehabilitation of people with memory problems when viewed through the MOHO model? 3) Can the rehabilitation methods of Montessori pedagogy be used in occupational therapy? Our thesis was implemented as a descriptive literature review. Data were obtained from Cinhal, Pubmed, Cochrane library, ProQuest Central, Taylor & Francis, Ovid and ScienceDirect databases. The literature review consisted of 12 materials that were explicitly selected. Thematic analysis was used as the data analysis method. According to the results that emerged from the data, the rehabilitation of a person with memory loss consists of modifying the environment, modifying tasks and activities, error-free learning, training nursing staff and caregivers, and getting to know the personal history of the person with memory loss. Based on the results, the means of rehabilitation used in Montessori pedagogy are similar to those used in occupational therapy, although occupational therapy offers a wider range of rehabilitation means. A method characteristic of Montessori pedagogy, which was not mentioned in the occupational therapy material, was the preparation of the environment related to the modification of the environment for the desired activity. Based on the results of our thesis, the rehabilitation methods used in occupational therapy and Montessori pedagogy are similar. Looking at the results, you can see that occupational therapy offers individual and group rehabilitation. In contrast to Montessori pedagogy, rehabilitation focuses on the rehabilitation of an entire community, such as the residents of a nursing home, by changing the working methods of the nursing staff. In occupational therapy, certain rehabilitation methods of Montessori pedagogy can be used, such as preparing the environment. As the rehabilitation methods are very similar, it is important in the future to study the effectiveness of the rehabilitation methods of Montessori pedagogy and occupational therapy, in order to create an understanding of the most effective forms of rehabilitation when working with memory patients.]

Language: Finnish

Published: Helsinki, Finland, 2021

Bachelor's Thesis

O uso do método Montessori na prática terapêutica fonoaudiológica: um estudo de caso [The use of the Montessori method in speech therapy practice: a case study]

Available from: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina

Montessori method of education, Speech therapy, Speech therapy for children

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Abstract/Notes: This paper presents a case study, directed the area of speech therapy with a focus on the development of reading and writing based on the Montessori method. Children with difficulties in the writing process coming to a speech therapist, and often the trauma with reading and writing is so great that the therapeutic process does not have many results. The montessorian method aims education of will and attention with which the child is free to choose the material to be used, in addition to providing cooperation. Objective: To deepen the study of the Montessori method and analyze the contributions to this therapeutic practice in written language changes. Methodology: This research is a case study, with participation of a male subject 10 years and 11meses with reading and writing changes, attended at the Clinical School of Speech Therapy at the Federal University of Santa Catarina (UFSC). The study was submitted to the ethics committee in research of the University of the State of Santa Catarina (UDESC) and approved under number 1011754. The Montessori method was used during the therapeutic process in order to highlight the contributions to this speech. Results: We observed and analyzed the evolution of the patient in the development of self-correction, maturity and trust yourself, based on the stimulation of the sensory areas especially sight, touch and hearing, principles worked in Montessori method to improve the acquisition of reading and writing. F. presented a very major breakthrough and greater clarity about the sounds and the corresponding grapheme, managing to produce words correctly alone, important to emphasize that these are words that have inferences correctly, ie, correspondence grapheme-phoneme, which is easy to understand. Conclusion: The main difference with the Montessori therapy approach is the use of materials which are attractive and most often to stimulate sensory written by various directions and be obtained with greater ease. The research showed that it is important not to exceed the steps of the method that enables the development of self-knowledge and self-correction, so that the child acquires confidence to overcome the obstacles developing a sense of pride in their achievements. It was noticed that to use the Montessori method is necessary to know it, so its use permeates consider the maturational development of the child, which is presented individually, and stimulate it with diversified activities, in which the same feel will to carry them through the environmental stimuli, such practices can bring considerable development for speech therapy therapeutic practices. / O presente trabalho apresenta um estudo de caso, direcionado a área da fonoaudiologia com o foco no desenvolvimento da leitura e da escrita com base no método Montessori. As crianças com dificuldades no processo da escrita chegam ao fonoaudiólogo, e muitas vezes o trauma com a leitura e escrita é tão grande, que o processo terapêutico não tem muitos resultados. O método Montessoriano tem por objetivo a educação da vontade e da atenção, com o qual a criança tem liberdade de escolher o material a ser utilizado, além de proporcionar a cooperação. Objetivo: Aprofundar o estudo sobre o método Montessori e analisar as contribuições deste para a prática terapêutica nas alterações de linguagem escrita. Metodologia: Esta pesquisa é um estudo de caso, com participação de um sujeito do sexo masculino de 10 anos e 11meses com alterações de leitura e escrita, atendido na Clínica Escola de Fonoaudiologia na Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (UFSC). O trabalho foi submetido ao comitê de ética em pesquisa da Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina (UDESC), e aprovado sob o número 1.011.754. Foi utilizado o método Montessori durante o processo terapêutico a fim de evidenciar as contribuições deste para fonoaudiologia. Resultados: Foram observadas e analisadas as evoluções do paciente no desenvolvimento da autocorreção, maturidade e confiança de si mesmo, com base na estimulação das áreas sensoriais especialmente visão, tato e audição, princípios trabalhados no método Montessori para melhorar o processo de aquisição da leitura e escrita. F. apresentou um avanço muito grande e uma maior clareza quanto aos sons e os grafemas correspondentes, conseguindo produzir palavras corretamente sozinho, importante ressaltar que essas são palavras que tem inferências da forma correta, ou seja, correspondência de grafema-fonema, que é de fácil compreensão. Conclusão: O principal diferencial da terapia com a metodologia Montessoriana é a utilização de materiais que são atrativos e na maioria das vezes sensoriais para estimular a escrita por vários sentidos e ser adquiridos com maior facilidade. A pesquisa evidenciou que é importante não ultrapassar as etapas do método que possibilita o desenvolvimento do autoconhecimento e autocorreção, para que a criança adquira confiança para ultrapassar os obstáculos desenvolvendo o sentimento de orgulho pelas suas conquistas. Percebeu-se que para utilizar o método Montessori é preciso conhecê-lo, assim sua utilização perpassa por considerar o desenvolvimento maturacional da criança, que se apresenta de modo individual, além de estimulá-la com atividades diversificadas, na qual, a mesma, sinta vontade de executá-las, por meio dos estímulos do meio, tais práticas podem trazer um desenvolvimento considerável para as práticas terapêuticas fonoaudiológicas.

Language: Portuguese

Published: Florianópolis, Brazil, 2015

Book Section

Münchener Funktionelle Entwicklungsdiagnostik als Basis der Münchner Entwicklungstherapie [Munich functional developmental diagnostics as the basis of Munich developmental therapy]

Book Title: Die Montessori-Pädagogik und das behinderte Kind: Referate und Ergebnisse des 18. Internationalen Montessori Kongresses (München, 4-8 Juli 1977) [The Montessori System and the Handicapped Child: Papers and Reports of the 18th International Montessori Congress (Munich, July 4-8, 1977)]

Pages: 250-255

Conferences, Europe, Germany, International Montessori Congress (18th, Munich, Germany, 4-8 July 1977), Western Europe

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Language: German

Published: München: Kindler, 1978

ISBN: 3-463-00716-9

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