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617 results

Doctoral Dissertation (Ed.D.)

Using a Creativity-Focused Science Program to Foster General Creativity in Young Children: A Teacher Action Research Study

Available from: American Montessori Society

Action research

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Abstract/Notes: he importance of thinking and problem-solving skills, and the ability to integrate and analyze information has been recognized and yet may be lacking in schools. Creativity is inherently linked to problem finding, problem solving, and divergent thinking (Arieti, 1976; Csikszentmihalyi, 1990; Milgram, 1990). The importance of early childhood education and its role in the formation of young minds has been recognized (Caine & Caine, 1991; Montessori, 1967a, 1967b; Piaget, 1970). Early childhood education also impacts creativity (Gardner, 1999). The features of brain-based learning (Caine & Caine, 1991; Jensen, 1998; Sousa, 2001; Wolfe, 2001) have a clear connection to nurturing the creative potential in students. Intrinsic motivation and emotions affect student learning and creativity as well (Hennessey & Amabile, 1987). The purpose of this study was to discern if a creativity-focused science curriculum for the kindergarteners at a Montessori early learning center could increase creativity in students. This action research study included observations of the students in two classrooms, one using the creativity-focused science curriculum, and the other using the existing curriculum. The data collected for this interpretive study included interviews with the students, surveys and interviews with their parents and teachers, teacher observations, and the administration of Torrance's (1981) Thinking Creatively in Action and Movement (TCAM) test. The interpretation of the data indicated that the enhanced science curriculum played a role in enhancing the creativity of the children in the creativity-focused group. The results of the TCAM (Torrance, 1981) showed a significant increase in scores for the children in the creativity-focused group. The qualitative data revealed a heightened interest in science and the observation of creative traits, processes, and products in the creativity-focused group children. The implications of this study included the need for meaningful learning experiences, experiential learning opportunities, critical thinking and problem solving activities, and an emphasis on freedom, independence, and autonomy on the part of the learner. These elements, when combined with an integrated science curriculum, can foster creativity in young children.

Language: English

Published: Santa Barbara, California, 2005

Article

Guiding Children ‘Back from the Edge’

Publication: Montessori Insights

Pages: 4-11

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Language: English

Master's Thesis (Action Research Report)

The Effects of Using Nature-Based Space and Materials on the Children’s Concentration Levels in an Early Childhood Montessori Environment

Available from: St. Catherine University

Action research

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Abstract/Notes: This research study explored the effects of using nature-based space and materials on the children’s concentration levels in an early childhood Montessori environment. Nineteen 3-6-year-olds participated in the study for four weeks. The researcher designed and implemented two interventions, nature-based space and nature-based materials, inside an early childhood Montessori environment. The purpose was to holistically improve the children’s concentration levels by being exposed to a nature-based area and materials. The data collection process relied on four qualitative and quantitative data tools: tally sheets, general observational notes, rate sheets, and measurement notes. The data analyzed in this research study suggests exposing young children to both nature-based space and materials in the learning environment is beneficial to their concentration levels. Lastly, the researcher considers further investigation of the effects of being exposed to nature and technology on the children’s brain by using scientific devices to read and interpret the brain activity.

Language: English

Published: St. Paul, Minnesota, 2020

Article

Helpful Hints: Young Children Love Being Outside; Create with These Fun Activities

Publication: The National Montessori Reporter, vol. 17, no. 4

Pages: 13

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Language: English

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Development of Social, Personal and Cognitive Skills of Preschool Children in Montessori and Traditional Preschool Programs

Available from: Taylor and Francis Online

Publication: Early Child Development and Care, vol. 72, no. 1

Pages: 117-124

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Abstract/Notes: The relationship between time in Montessori and Traditional Preschool programs and the preschool child's develoment of [1] personal skills, [2] relationship with teachers, [3] peer relations, [4] behavioral control, and [5] cognitive skills with age controlled was used to compare the relative effectiveness of the programs. This design was necessary since it is likely that parents who select the Montessori program for their child are different from parents selecting traditional preschool programs for their children. Three Montessori programs [n = 108] and three traditional programs [n = 116] provided the subjects for the study. The Pre Kindergarten Scale [PKS], a multiple choice behavioral rating scale was completed by the programs’ teachers on each child. The results revealed that the only variable significant in predicting time in program for the traditional program, relationship with teacher, was the only variable insignificant in predicting length of time in program for the Montessori program. The strongest relationship was for length of time in the Montessori program and relationship with peers [18 percent of variance] with age controlled.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1080/0300443910720111

ISSN: 0300-4430, 1476-8275

Article

Maria Montessori: Advocate for Children

Publication: Communications (Association Montessori Internationale, 195?-2008), vol. 2006, no. 2

Pages: 4–9

White Cross (Croce Bianca)

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Abstract/Notes: Montessori's proposals for the White Cross, the Ministry for Children, and the Social Party of the Child

Language: English

ISSN: 0519-0959

Article

Helping Children to Help Themselves Dressing and Undressing

Publication: Tomorrow's Child, vol. 23, no. 5

Pages: 19–20

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Abstract/Notes: includes photo

Language: English

ISSN: 1071-6246

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Montessori Teachers’ Communication Effects on Cognitive Development of Children

Available from: Journal of Namibian Studies

Publication: Journal of Namibian Studies, vol. 33, no. Special Issue On Multidisciplanary Research

Pages: 115-131

Asia, Montessori method of education, Montessori method of education - Teachers, Montessori schools, Pakistan, South Asia, Teacher-student relationships, Teachers

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Abstract/Notes: Teachers' communication skills are one of the most critical aspects that must be considered in teaching-learning, especially in Montessori education, where the children are in the initial linguistic and cognitive development stage. Montessori classes provide designed environments, allowing children to exercise autonomy in selecting their tasks and actively engage in self-directed learning. If the teacher and children are not well prepared in the triangle of classroom environment, and management, it will be futile to teach the Montessori children. The study is designed to explore the Montessori teachers' effects on communication skills of the children's cognitive development. Private Montessori School of Karachi. This study uses the qualitative method for data collection and analysis. Semi-structured interviews with six teachers were conducted. The finding shows that Montessori teachers' communication skills are essential to students' cognitive and language development. Effective communication skills of teachers contribute to the holistic development of children. It is recommended that teachers be professionally trained, and a better classroom environment should be provided for self-learning based on auto-corrective strategies.

Language: English

DOI: 10.59670/jns.v33i.4413

ISSN: 1863-5954, 2197-5523

Master's Thesis

Background Music in a Montessori Classroom: Does Music Help Children Focus During the Work Cycle in an Early Childhood Montessori Classroom?

Available from: MINDS@UW River Falls

Classroom environments, Early childhood care and education, Learning environments, Montessori method of education, Music and children, Three-hour work cycle, Work periods

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Abstract/Notes: This action research project was created to study the different behaviors (focused and unfocused) that occurred when different types of music were played in the background of an early childhood Montessori classroom. The study took place at a private Montessori school located in the southeastern part of Wisconsin. There was a total of 26 children in the classroom which consisted of grades 3K through Kindergarten, with ages ranging between two and a half to six-years old. Over a six-week period, three different music conditions were implemented (two weeks at a time) into the background of the classroom environment; no music, classical music and Disney music. Focused and unfocused behaviors were observed and documented during each music condition. Quantitative and qualitative data collections were used and then analyzed to determine if music aids or deters a child’s focus. The results of the study showed that music does aid in helping a child focus during the work cycle of an early childhood Montessori classroom; specifically, the three-year olds showed the most increase in focused behavior when music played in the background. The effects of music on independent versus group work was also considered during this action research project as well as how to determine which music to include or avoid when playing music in the background of an early childhood classroom.

Language: English

Published: River Falls, Wisconsin, 2020

Article

Colegio Montessori-Palau de Girona: La casa de los niños Montessori [Colegio Montessori-Palau de Girona: The Montessori Children's Home]

Publication: Cuadernos de Pedagogía, no. 455

Pages: 16-22

Europe, Southern Europe, Spain

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Language: Spanish

ISSN: 0210-0630

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