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Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Research on the Impact of the Emotional Expression of Kindergarten Teachers on Children: From the Perspective of the Class Micro-Power Relationship

Available from: Frontiers in Psychology

Publication: Frontiers in Psychology, vol. 13

Pages: Article 808847

Asia, China, East Asia, Montessori method of education - Evaluation

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Abstract/Notes: During the preschool years, the socio-emotional responses children receive from interactions with teachers are incorporated into their own social behaviors. This is one of the key ways in which children acquire social and emotional skills. Based on field studies, it can be found that this learning process is not simple imitation of children, but of a more complex context of group interaction. To further clarify the impact of kindergarten teachers’ emotion on the sociometric status and behavior of 3–5 year-old children in their classes, the researchers chose a Montessori mixed-age kindergarten in Beijing as the field site and observed five classes within the kindergarten over a 2-month period in this ethnographic case study. The study found that the power gap between teacher and pupil spreads rapidly to all children in the classroom as a result of the teacher’s emotions, and even stimulates power stratification within the children. In addition, there are differences in the social behaviors between the children of different levels of power. As preschool children are in a critical developmental window when social knowledge is being accumulated and social skills are being acquired, using power relations within the kindergarten classroom as an entry point to analyze the impact of teachers’ emotions on children’s social behavior provides a new breakthrough for the professional development of early childhood education and the better achievement of educational goals.

Language: English

DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2022.808847

ISSN: 1664-1078

Article

[Section with Hindi Language Content]

Available from: Stadsarchief Amsterdam (Amsterdam City Archives)

Publication: Around the Child, vol. 10

Pages: 97-113

Asia, India, South Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Includes a number of photos of children performing various activities.

Language: Hindi

ISSN: 0571-1142

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Mathematics Learning Media and the Need for Montessori Media Development for Students with Mild Mental Retardation in Class IV at SLB Makassar City

Available from: Atlantis Press

Publication: Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research, vol. 657

Pages: 113-117

Asia, Australasia, Children with disabilities, Indonesia, Indonesia, Mathematics education, Montessori method of education, Southeast Asia

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Abstract/Notes: This research is motivated by problems in children with mild mental retardation 4th graders at SLB Makassar city who still do not understand basic mathematical concepts in calculating addition. This study aims to determine the needs of mathematics learning media to find out the learning media used in SLB Makassar and to find out the need for learning media based on the montessori method. This study uses a descriptive qualitative approach. Subjects studied in this study are 10 teachers who teach in several special schools in Makassar. The data collection technique used is a questionnaire with nine questions. This study uses a qualitative descriptive analysis technique. The results showed that the learning media used in schools still using 2D and 3D Montessori media and still requires Montessori-based media to be innovated and developed. So, can be concluded that the need for the development of learning media with media more modern, more interesting and keep up with technological developments and implemented with fun games and cognitively stimulating mild mentally retarded class IV students. Appears to be from a special issue of the journal dedicated to the, "International Seminar on Innovative and Creative Guidance and Counseling Service (ICGCS 2021)."

Language: English

DOI: 10.2991/assehr.k.220405.020

ISSN: 2352-5398

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

The Effect of Montessori Approach-based STEM Education on Pre-service Pre-school Teachers’ Self-directed Learning / Montessori Yaklaşımı Temelli STEM Eğitimlerinin Okul Öncesi Öğretmen Adaylarının Öz Yönetimli Öğrenmeleri Üzerindeki Etkisi

Available from: DergiPark Akademik

Publication: e-Uluslararası Eğitim Araştırmaları Dergisi / e-International Journal of Educational Research, vol. 13, no. 2

Pages: 142-162

Asia, Middle East, Montessori method of education - Evaluation, Turkey, Western Asia

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Abstract/Notes: The aim in the research was to investigate the effect of Montessori-based STEM education on the self-directed learning skills of pre-service pre-school teachers. A mixed method was employed in the research. The sample of the research consisted of 53 pre-service teachers enrolled in the Pre-school Teacher Education Programme at a mid-sized state university in northeast Turkey. During the research, Montessori-based STEM education was given to the pre-service teachers for two hours per week over 14 weeks. The Self-directed Learning Skills scale was applied to obtain the quantitative data and the Semi-structured Interview Form was used for the qualitative data in the research. After coding the data in content analysis, the themes of the coded data were written down. In order to contribute to the validity of the research, direct quotations from the participant group were included in the findings section and participant confirmation was carried out. In order to contribute to the reliability of the data analysis, the consistency of the results with each other was checked by five experts during the data analysis. The aim was to contribute to the reliability of the study by explaining the data collection and analysis sections in detail. At the end of the research, it was observed that there was a significant difference between the self-directed learning skills pre-test and post-test scores and that the qualitative analysis results supported this difference in direction with the development. These developments were determined from the statements by the pre-service teachers in their interviews stating that the training contributed greatly to their personal and social development and helped them gain learning and teaching skills about a subject. In line with the results obtained, it can be concluded that pre-school teacher candidates' self-directed learning skills such as self-confidence, perseverance, self-planned learning, and self-assessment were developed by Montessori approach-based STEM education. / Araştırmada Montessori yaklaşımı temelli STEM eğitimlerinin; okul öncesi öğretmen adaylarının öz yönetimli öğrenme becerileri üzerindeki etkisi incelenmiştir. Araştırmada karma yöntem kullanılmıştır. Araştırmanın örneklemini Doğu Anadolu’ nun orta ölçekli bir ilindeki devlet üniversitesinin Eğitim Fakültesi Okul Öncesi Öğretmenliği Bölümünde öğrenim gören 53 öğretmen adayı oluşturmuştur. Araştırmada öğretmen adaylarının öz yönetimli öğrenme becerilerindeki değişimi belirlemek amacıyla tek grup öntest sontest deseni oluşturulmuştur. Araştırmada nicel verilerin elde edilmesinde “Öz Yönetimli Öğrenme Becerileri” ölçeği ve nitel veriler için de “Yarı Yapılandırılmış Mülakat Formu” kullanılmıştır. Araştırma süresince toplamda 14 hafta boyunca haftada 2 ders saati olmak üzere adaylara Montessori yaklaşım temelli STEM eğitimleri verilmiştir. Araştırmada elde edilen nicel verilerin analizi ilişkili örneklem t testi ile nitel verilerin analizi ise içerik analizi ile yapılmıştır. İçerik analizinde verilerin kodlaması yapıldıktan sonra, kodlama yapılan verilerin temaları yazılmıştır. Araştırmanın geçerliliğine katkı sağlamak için, bulgular bölümünde katılımcı grubun doğrudan alıntılarına yer verilmiş ayrıca katılımcı teyidi gerçekleştirilmiştir. Veri analizinin güvenirliğine katkı sunmak için, veri analizi esnasında beş uzman tarafından sonuçların birbiri ile tutarlılığı kontrol edilmiştir. Araştırma sonucunda öz yönetimli öğrenme becerilerinin öntest ve sontest puanları arasında, anlamlı bir farklılık olduğu ve yapılan nitel analiz sonuçlarının da bu farkı gelişim yönünde desteklediği gözlenmiştir. Bu gelişimler öğretmen adaylarının mülakatlarında eğitimlerin kişisel ve sosyal gelişimlerine oldukça katkı sağladıklarını, bir konu hakkında öğrenme ve öğretme becerisi kazanma konusunda yardımcı olduğunu belirten ifadelerinden tespit edilmiştir. Elde edilen sonuçlar doğrultusunda Montessori yaklaşımı temelli STEM eğitimlerinin okul öncesi öğretmen adaylarının özgüven, sebat gösterme, kendi kendine planlı öğrenme, öz değerlendirme yapabilme gibi öz yönetimli öğrenme becerilerinin geliştiği yorumu yapılabilir.

Language: English

DOI: 10.19160/e-ijer.1038793

ISSN: 1309-6265

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Montessori in India 1915–2021: Adapted, Competing and Contested Framings

Available from: Cambridge University Press

Publication: History of Education Quarterly, no. FirstView

Pages: 31 p.

Asia, India, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Montessori method of education - History, South Asia

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Abstract/Notes: The long history of Montessori education in India dates to 1915, and it was expanded through Maria and Mario Montessori's work in India between 1939 to 1946 and 1947 to 1949. The article characterizes a century of Montessori education in India as a series of adapted, competing, and contested framings with key disputes over Montessori education's intended purpose, audience, and how much it could be adapted. First, from 1915 to 1939, Montessori education was connected to the Indian independence movement as nation-building education, but it was eclipsed by a parallel rise of elite, private Montessori schools, a framing reinforced by Maria Montessori's insistence on fidelity to her method. Starting in the 1950s, other Indian educators adapted Montessori for poor children, an emphasis that continues today with government and foundation-funded schools. Finally, in the last thirty years, India's new middle class has driven demand for early childhood education, leading to branded Montessori franchises, some bearing little resemblance to Montessori's original pedagogy.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1017/heq.2022.25

ISSN: 0018-2680, 1748-5959

Book Section

Scenario of Early Childhood Education in Rural India

Book Title: Handbook of Research on SDGs for Economic Development, Social Development, and Environmental Protection

Pages: 206-222

Asia, Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, India, Montessori method of education, Montessori schools, South Asia

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Abstract/Notes: SDG-4 is composed of seven outcome targets and three means of implementation, and early childhood education is one of them. It has been mentioned that by 2030, we should ensure that all children have access to quality early childhood upliftment, care, and pre-primary education so that children are p...

Language: English

Published: Hershey, Pennsylvania: IGI Global, 2022

ISBN: 978-1-66845-113-7

Article

現代におけるモンテッソーリ教育運動の動向とその課題 [A Study on the Montessori Movement: Its Trends and Problems in Our Age]

Available from: J-Stage

Publication: Kyoiku Hohgaku Kenkyu / 教育方法学研究 / Research Journal of Educational Methods, vol. 13

Pages: 77-84

Asia, East Asia, Japan, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Montessori method of education - History, Montessori movement

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Language: Japanese

DOI: 10.18971/nasemjournal.13.0_77

ISSN: 2189-907X, 0385-9746

Doctoral Dissertation

An Exploration of Quality Matters in a Montessori Pre-School Setting in Oman

Available from: British Library - EthOS

Asia, Middle East, Oman, Western Asia

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Language: English

Published: Sheffield, England, 2011

Article

News of the Montessori Movement

Publication: Around the Child, vol. 14

Pages: 92-104

Asia, India, South Asia

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Language: English

ISSN: 0571-1142

Book

The Child

Asia, India, Maria Montessori - Speeches, addresses, etc., Maria Montessori - Writings, South Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Reprinted from "The Theosophist," Dec 1941.

Language: English

Published: Adyar, Madras, India: The Theosophical Publishing House, 1965

Edition: 5th ed.

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