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498 results

Article

Effectiveness of Montessori Sensorial Training Program for Children with Mild Intellectual Disabilities in Pakistan: A Randomized Control Trial

Available from: Taylor and Francis Online

Publication: International Journal of Disability, Development and Education

Pages: 1-11

Asia, Children with disabilities, Developmentally disabled children, Pakistan, Sensorial education, Sensorial materials, South Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Intellectual disability is a serious lifelong disability that places heavy demands on society and the health system. The study was designed to determine the extent to which the intellectually challenged children are capable of improving their cognitive abilities as well as adaptive functioning through the Montessori Sensorial Training program when introduced in a different setting (i.e. special education school system). With randomised control trial (RCT) of pre-and post-testing, 30 children with mild intellectual disabilities were randomly allocated to Montessori Sensorial Training intervention condition (n = 15) and waitlist control condition (n = 15). The intervention group showed significant improvement in cognitive abilities (i.e. classification, seriation, recognition, ordination, and visual and auditory discrimination) as compared to the control group at post-assessment. Children who received training also showed improvement in communication and self-care domain as compared to the control group. This study provides evidence that Montessori Sensorial Training is not only effective for children going to mainstream schools but also for children with intellectual disabilities. Despite some limitations, the results of the study are encouraging and suggesting that Montessori Sensorial Training is an effective intervention to facilitate self-based learning, independence, and decision-making skills in children with mild intellectual disabilities.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1080/1034912X.2021.2016657

ISSN: 1034-912X

Book Section

Gandhi and the Child

Available from: Internet Archive

Book Title: Mahatma Gandhi: Essays and Reflections on his Life and Work

Pages: 186-188

Asia, India, Mahatma Gandhi - Biographic sources, South Asia, South Asia

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Language: English

Published: London: George Allen and Unwin Ltd, 1939

Article

A Comparative Analysis Between Montessori and Al-Ghazali’s Perspectives on Child Education [Analisis Komparatif Terhadap Prinsip-Prinsip Al-Ghazali dan Montessori Dalam Pendidikan Kanak-Kanak]

Available from: International Islamic University Malaysia - Institutional Repository

Publication: Journal of Islam in Asia, vol. 15, no. 2

Pages: 453-476

Asia, Comparative education, Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, Ghazzālī - Philosophy, Malaysia, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Southeast Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Childhood education goes with a lot of innocence, searching and exploring the environment that surrounds the young learners. The amount of energy and inquisitiveness displayed by children at this tender age is a marble to many parents and teachers alike. This small-scale research represents a sincere attempt to contrastively analyze Montessori and Al-Ghazali’s ideas on child education. The ideas of the two scholars, one from the West and the other from the East, till these days have great significance to their respective communities. In a way, this study should be seen as an initiative undertaken in the absence of a study discussing the differences and commonalities found in the ideas of the two scholars pertaining to child education. By employing the textual analysis method and using Montessori’s principles of child education as the framework, the researchers conducted a comparative analysis. In the course of analyzing the data, the researchers had identified six emerging themes in the ideas of Montessori and Al-Ghazali. The findings have also indicated that the principles of these two prominent scholars either intersect with each other or stand in total isolation. ********************************************************* Pendidikan kanak-kanak berlakumalalui proses pencariandan penerokaanterhadap persekitaran mereka. Keceriaan dan sifat ingin tahu yang dipamerkan oleh kanak-kanak dalam proses tersebut amatlah penting bagi para ibubapa dan guru Pandangan-pandangan Montessori dan Al-Ghazali tentang pendidikan kanak-kanak telah meninggalkan kesan yang amat penting dalam komuniti Barat dan Timur hingga ke hari ini. Kajian ini dilakukanuntuk membandingkan pandangan kedua-dua cendekiawan ini tentang pendidikan kanak-kanak. Secara tidak langsung, ia boleh dilihat sebagai usaha untuk mengisi kekurangan dalam bidang kajian. Kajian ini menggunakan kaedah analisa tekstual dan prinsip pendidikan kanak-kanak Montessori sebagai rangka kajian. Daripada kajian ini, terdapat enam tema yang boleh digarapkan daripadapandangan kedua-dua cendekiawanyang didapati secara bersilang atau terpisah di antara satu sama lain.

Language: English

DOI: 10.31436/jia.v15i2.759

ISSN: 2289-8077

Article

The Effect of the Montessori Education Method on Pre-School Children’s Social Competence, Behaviour and Emotion Regulation Skills

Available from: Taylor and Francis Online

Publication: Early Child Development and Care, vol. 189, no. 9

Pages: 1-15

Asia, Efficacy, Middle East, Turkey, Preschool children, Social development, Social emotional learning, Turkey, Western Asia

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Abstract/Notes: This research aims to investigate the effect of Montessori method on social competence and behaviors of 3.5–5 years-old-children on their emotion regulation skills. Sequential Explanatory Design, one of the mixed method designs, was used in the study. The study group of the research consisted of 55 children attending two independent preschools in Eskişehir. Personal Information Form, Social Competence and Behavior Evaluation Inventory-Teacher and Parent Forms, Emotion Regulation Checklist and Parent Interview Forms for the Evaluation of Montessori Method have been used to collect the data. Friedman test used for data analysis. Post-hoc analysis with Wilcoxon signed-rank test and MannWhitney U were conducted to reveal the source of differentiation between the scores. It was determined that significant differences between Social Competence – Behavior and Emotion Regulation Skills sub-scale pretest and posttest mean scores of children in the study group. There are significant differences between the posttest scores of study and control groups.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1080/03004430.2017.1392943

ISSN: 0300-4430, 1476-8275

Article

The Effect of Montessori Method on Cognitive Tempo of Kindergarten Children

Available from: Taylor and Francis Online

Publication: Early Child Development and Care, vol. 188, no. 3

Pages: 327-335

Asia, Cognitive development, Middle East, Western Asia, Turkey, Western Asia

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Abstract/Notes: This study was undertaken to discover the effect of the Montessori Method on the cognitive tempo of 4–5-year-old children. Using an experimental pre-test–post-test paired control group design, the study sample included 60 children attending İhsan Doğramacı Applied Nursery School (affiliated to Selcuk University, Department of Health Sciences) in Konya during the 2015–2016 education year. The data of the study were collected using Kansas Reflection-Impulsivity Scale for Preschool – Form A. The tests were administered to children before and after the treatment and a follow-up test was administered to the treatment group six weeks following the completion of the treatment. The statistical analyses of the research data were done using Mann–Whitney U test and Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test. The results of the study indicated that the Montessori Method decreases the number of errors and extends the reflection time among the preschool children in the treatment group.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1080/03004430.2016.1217849

ISSN: 0300-4430, 1476-8275

Article

Performing Gender, Class and Nation: Rukmini Devi Arundale and the Impact of Kalakshetra

Available from: SAGE Journals

Publication: South Asia Research, vol. 39, no. 3_suppl

Pages: 61S-79S

Asia, India, Kalakshetra (Institute: Chennai, India), Rukmini Devi Arundale - Biographic sources, South Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Rukmini Devi Arundale, herself a choreographer and dancer, is considered one of the key figures in re-creating Bharatanatyam. Through her utopian arts colony, Kalakshetra, started during the movement towards Indian independence, she taught what she deemed to be a classical, religious and aesthetically pleasing form of dance. Her rejection of what she termed vulgarity and commercialism in dance reflects her Theosophical worldviews and her class position in a rapidly changing South India. The article examines the ways in which her understanding of Bharatanatyam developed in the context of contested forms of nationalism as a gender regime that contributed to creating proper middle-class, Hindu and Indian subjects. It also examines the impacts of this form of cultural heritage relating to gender, culture and nationalism in today’s globalised South Asian dance scenario.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1177/0262728019872612

ISSN: 0262-7280

Book Section

Learning to Write

Book Title: Creative Development in the Child: The Montessori Approach

Pages: 170-175

Asia, India, Maria Montessori - Speeches, addresses, etc., South Asia, South Asia, Writing

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Abstract/Notes: Maria Montessori lectured in Italian during the first International Montessori Course in 1939 at Madras, India. These 75 lectures were translated into English by her son Mario, as she spoke. And were taken down near verbatim in short hand, transcribed and set into galleys overnight. One such set of proofs forms the original manuscript for this book. For the most part, each chapter in this book encompasses a single lecture. The lectures are left in the same order as they were given, swinging between psychology and the use of the materials. India’s diversity of language, social custom and religious practice enriched her research. During this time, Dr. Montessori worked with children in Madras and put into practice her theories of adapting the environment, furniture and the Practical Life materials to local conditions. In these lectures, Maria Montessori speaks with the mature wisdom of a lifetime spent studying, not just early childhood, but human development as a whole and gives a complete, wonderful and colorful overview of her pedagogy and philosophy.

Language: English

Published: Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Montessori-Pierson Publishing Company, 2020

ISBN: 978-90-79506-52-1

Series: The Montessori Series , 24

Book

Age of Miracles

Available from: Indian Montessori Foundation

Asia, Ceylon, Maria Montessori - Speeches, addresses, etc., South Asia, South Asia, Sri Lanka

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Abstract/Notes: The 1944 lectures in Colombo, hitherto unpublished, are a treasure trove of the principles of the human science on which education should be based. Maria Montessori explains the child’s powers and points out the inability of the adult to recognise the child’s inherent capabilities. She makes some significant observations of the assimilation of languages by children and offers constructive ways of supporting their process. Conversational in tone, but yet profoundly moving the analogies and anecdotes weave a coherent narrative of child development. The historical document reaches Dr. Montessori’s voice to students across the years and are a clear call to awareness of the child’s needs and the true nature of his budding personality.

Language: English

Published: Chennai, India: Indian Montessori Foundation, 2019

ISBN: 978-81-936973-2-0

Book Section

Obedience and Discipline

Book Title: Creative Development in the Child: The Montessori Approach

Pages: 120-125

Asia, Discipline, India, South Asia, Maria Montessori - Writings, Obedience, South Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Maria Montessori lectured in Italian during the first International Montessori Course in 1939 at Madras, India. These 75 lectures were translated into English by her son Mario, as she spoke. And were taken down near verbatim in short hand, transcribed and set into galleys overnight. One such set of proofs forms the original manuscript for this book. For the most part, each chapter in this book encompasses a single lecture. The lectures are left in the same order as they were given, swinging between psychology and the use of the materials. India’s diversity of language, social custom and religious practice enriched her research. During this time, Dr. Montessori worked with children in Madras and put into practice her theories of adapting the environment, furniture and the Practical Life materials to local conditions. In these lectures, Maria Montessori speaks with the mature wisdom of a lifetime spent studying, not just early childhood, but human development as a whole and gives a complete, wonderful and colorful overview of her pedagogy and philosophy.

Language: English

Published: Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Montessori-Pierson Publishing Company, 2020

ISBN: 978-90-79506-52-1

Series: The Montessori Series , 24

Article

Design and Validation of Learning Sequences of PGSD Sanata Dharma University Student to Teach the Fraction Concept for Primary Student Using Montessori Manipulatives

Available from: Institute of Physics

Publication: Journal of Physics: Conference Series, vol. 1470

Pages: 012083

Asia, Australasia, Efficacy, Indonesia, Montessori method of education - Evaluation, Southeast Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Fraction concept is one of the learning problems that often occurs in elementary students. Elementary student’s misconceptions can be caused by teacher’s misconceptions. PGSD students are teacher candidates, so they must have the correct concept then they can teach the concept of fractions correctly too. Learning must be an inspiration for students when they become teachers later. One medium that can be used to teach fraction concepts is media based on Montessori. Local culture can support the use of Montessori media. This study aims to design and validate the learning sequence of PGSD Students in using Montessori media, to develop design principles to teach fraction concepts in elementary school students. The approach in this research is design research which includes three phases, namely design, trial and assessment. In the design phase, researchers formulate students’ prior knowledge and learning objectives. This is used as the basis for the sequence of learning. This stage of learning is evaluated in a repeat trial phases, the hypothesis design principle is developed and from which the learning stages are redesigned. The results of the assessment phase, together with the experience of the previous cycle and research review, are used to perfect the design principles of the student’s learning sequences so they can teach the concept of fractions correctly. From: The 7th South East Asia Design Research International Conference (SEADRIC 2019) 25-27 July 2019, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Language: English

DOI: 10.1088/1742-6596/1470/1/012083

ISSN: 1742-6596

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