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Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

The European Roots of Early Childhood Education in North America

Available from: Springer Link

Publication: International Journal of Early Childhood, vol. 18, no. 1

Pages: 6-21

Americas, Canada, Kindergarten (Froebel system of education) - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., North America

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Abstract/Notes: Early childhood education in North America is currently in a state of flux. While Piagetian approaches to early childhood education curricula seem to predominate in North America today, some of the influences of the other paradigms discussed below are still in evidence. The idea of nurturing children as well as educating them has endured, even with the new cognitive focus. The concept of curricula appropriate to a child’s developmental level, first introduced by Froebel, has remained an important idea. The Montessori method has enjoyed a renaissance in North America, and specially designed curricula for the disabled has been re-established as the norm, after Itard’s and Seguin’s pioneering examples. Yet, new issues in early childhood education have arisen in North America. There is a great debate on the effects of day care, the changing family, the possibility of “hurried children”, and the role of state support in a “universal” child care system. The recent Report of the task force on child care in Canada reviewed many of these issues, and used data on child care arrangements in a number of European countries compared to canada and the United States in much of its discussion. It is not surprising, given the history of models of child care which have come from Europe to North America, that North Americans are once again looking across the Atlantic for fresh ideas.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1007/BF03176578

ISSN: 0020-7187, 1878-4658

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

European Roots of the First Psychology Clinic in North America

Available from: Hogrefe

Publication: European Psychologist, vol. 1, no. 1

Pages: 44-50

Americas, Lightner Witmer - Biographic sources, North America, United States of America

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Abstract/Notes: Lightner Witmer (1867-1956) founded the first psychology clinic in Philadelphia 100 years ago, in March 1896. Even though he was an American, he readily acknowledged some European roots of his work. Witmer earned his Ph.D. at the University of Leipzig, Germany, under Wilhelm Wundt. He was encouraged by his Philadelphia mentor, James McKeen Cattell, to focus on individual differences in the tradition of Francis Galton of England. Witmer modeled his clinical interventions after the previous efforts of J.R. Pereira, J.M.G. Itard, and Edouard Seguin of France and Maria Montessori of Italy. The consequences for modern psychology of Witmer's idea that psychologists should use their knowledge to help people individually were noteworthy. Clinical psychology is today the most common psychology specialty in Europe and, indeed, in much of the world. However, Witmer's concept that clinical psychologists should be trained at the doctoral level is as yet far better accepted in North America than it is elsewhere.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1027/1016-9040.1.1.44

ISSN: 1016-9040, 1878-531X

Article

Influències de la pedagogia europea a Mallorca 1910-1920

Available from: Biblioteca digital de les Illes Balears

Publication: L'Arc, vol. 5

Pages: 29-32

Europe, Southern Europe, Spain

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Language: Catalan

ISSN: 1136-8969, 2659-4560

Article

Il pensiero di Maria Montessori e la scuola europea [part 1]

Publication: Vita dell'Infanzia (Opera Nazionale Montessori), vol. 20, no. 3

Pages: 3-6

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Language: Italian

ISSN: 0042-7241

Book

The Montessori Movement in Interwar Europe: New Perspectives

Available from: Springer Link

Austria, England, Europe, Great Britain, Holland, Italy, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Montessori method of education, Montessori movement, Netherlands, Northern Europe, Northern Ireland

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Abstract/Notes: Reframes the history of the Montessori movement within the wider cultural-political context. Examines the impact of Montessorism and how it lent itself to reinterpretation. Provides new insights into the problematic Montessori/Mussolini alliance

Language: English

Published: Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan, 2022

ISBN: 978-3-031-14071-6 978-3-031-14072-3

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