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62 results

Article

The Child from Birth to Three

Publication: NAMTA Journal, vol. 15, no. 3

Pages: 9–15

Maria Montessori - Writings

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Abstract/Notes: Lecture given in Columbo, Sri Lanka, 10 July 1944.

Language: English

ISSN: 1522-9734

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Education for Tomorrow: The Vision of Rabindranath Tagore

Available from: Taylor and Francis Online

Publication: Asian Studies Review, vol. 40, no. 1

Pages: 1-16

Asia, India, Rabindranath Tagore, Rabindranath Tagore - Biographic sources, Santiniketan (India), South Asia, Sriniketan (India), Viśva Bhāratī

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Abstract/Notes: This article investigates Rabindranath Tagore’s educational vision, which underpinned the three institutions he set up in India – Santiniketan (1901), Visva-Bharati (1921) and Sriniketan (1922). It argues that this vision is still relevant for the world of today and tomorrow, and that it should be taken into account in designing any educational model for the future. Tagore rejected the modern mechanical learning that focuses merely on cultivation of the individual’s mind, in favour of learning that encourages the creativity, imagination and moral awareness of students. He believed that education should be not for mere “success” or “progress” but for “illumination of heart” and for inculcation of a spirit of sympathy, service and self-sacrifice in the individual, so that s/he could rise above egocentrism and ethnocentrism to a state of global consciousness or worldcentrism. In pursuing this argument, I refer to Tagore’s letters, lectures, interviews and essays, both in Bengali and in English, a body of his short stories, his novel The Home and the World and his allegorical poem “Two Birds”. I also explain his awareness of the educational movements of his time in the West, and draw brief parallels with selected Western luminaries in the field, such as Plato, Montaigne, Rousseau and John Dewey. My contention is that although some may dismiss Tagore’s educational principles as “rickety sentimentalism” in a world that is palpable and real, his ideas of human fellowship, unity and creativity, and kinship for nature seem irrefutable with the rise of multiculturalism and the looming ecological crisis threatening world peace.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1080/10357823.2015.1125441

ISSN: 1035-7823

Book

Montessori in India: 70 Years

Asia, India, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Montessori method of education - History, South Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Excerpt from this publication is available here: https://montessori-esf.org/sites/default/files/downloads/files/MontessoriIndia70Years.pdf

Language: English

Published: Chennai, India: Indian Montessori Foundation, 2009

Article

Montessori Pedagogika i Autizam [Montessori Pedagogy and Autism]

Available from: Hrčak - Portal of Croatian scientific and professional journals

Publication: Varaždinski učitelj: digitalni stručni časopis za odgoj i obrazovanje, vol. 3, no. 3

Pages: 75-81

Autism, Autism in children, Montessori method of education, Special education, ⛔ No DOI found

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Abstract/Notes: Različiti pedagoški sustavi i filozofije podučavanja djeci na jedinstveni način omogućuju stjecanje znanja i jačanje jakih područja. Jedno on njih je i Montessori pedagogika koja naglašava individualnost djeteta i koja se temelji na razvojnim potrebama djeteta. Njena značajka jest strukturirano okruženje u kojem se djeca ili učenik susreće s materijalima odnosno pomagalima pomoću kojih se stvaraju različita okruženja. Upravo to pripremljeno okruženje i strukturirani materijali slijede osobine djece sa smetnjama autističkog spektra. Svrha članka je prikazati značajke Montessori pedagogike i osobine odnosno funkcioniranje djece sa smetnjama autističkog spektra i na konkretnom primjeru odrediti zajedničke značajke. [Different pedagogical systems and philosophies of teaching children in a unique way enable the acquisition of knowledge and the strengthening of strong areas. One of them is Montessori pedagogy which emphasizes the individuality of the child and which is based on the developmental needs of the child. Its feature is a structured environment in which children or students encounter materials or aids that create different environments. It is this prepared environment and structured materials that follow the characteristics of children with autism spectrum disorders. The purpose of the article is to present the features of Montessori pedagogy and the characteristics and functioning of children with autism spectrum disorders and to determine common features on a concrete example.]

Language: Croatian

ISSN: 2623-7237

Article

Tak trochu jiná školka

Publication: Děti a my, vol. 34, no. 2

Pages: 28

Child development, Montessori method of education, ⛔ No DOI found

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Language: Czech

ISSN: 0323-1879

Article

The Common Vision: Parenting and Educating for Wholeness

Available from: ProQuest

Publication: Montessori Life, vol. 15, no. 1

Pages: 21–23, 25

⛔ No DOI found

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Abstract/Notes: Includes sidebar on Rudolf Steiner, Sri Aurobindo Ghose, and Hazrat Inayat Khan

Language: English

ISSN: 1054-0040

Doctoral Dissertation

Educational Ideas and Practices of Rabindranath Tagore and Maria Montessori: A Comparative Analysis

Available from: Shodhganga: Indian Theses

Asia, India, Rabindranath Tagore, South Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Rabindranath Tagore and Maria Montessori were two great educationists of the two continents of the world. This study compared the ideals and practices of both these pioneers in the field of education. The objectives of the study were to analyze the similarities and differences in the educational philosophies of Rabindranath Tagore and Maria Montessori, to study the aims, curriculum and methods of education as propounded by them and to find out the relevance of their educational doctrines in the present day education system. Methodology: A philosophical and historical research was conducted by the researcher. The data were collected from the various primary and secondary sources. The collected data were analyzed by ensuring the internal and external criticism of the various sources. Findings of the Study: Tagore and Montessori’s educational thoughts were inspired by the static conditions of the then prevalent traditional educational systems. Their pedagogical approaches stressed on the needs and interests of the child. Rabindranath Tagore’s approach towards evolution of an educational philosophy was his vision as a poet and his institution was an extension of his work of art. Maria Montessori’s educational theory was based on science and her institution was a pedagogical laboratory for her. Rabindranath Tagore’s poetic vision enabled him to devise a unique learning environment at Santiniketan based on the concept of ancient Indian ideals. Rabindranath asserted his mission to promote global peace and universal brotherhood through the creation of Visva-Bharati. Through Sriniketan Tagore tried to address the needs of rural India. Maria Montessori through scientific observation evolved learning materials in a classroom environment that fostered children’s natural desire to learn from ‘Children’s House’. She developed the Montessori Method, which was eventually adopted throughout the world. Living through the years of violent war and political upheaval, also inspired her to espouse the cause of peace education. The conclusion that the researcher could draw from the study was that though the educational practices of both these educators were different, there are many parallel ideas in their educational ideals and thoughts. Their innovative methods of teaching are still relevant in the present day education.

Language: English

Published: Kolkata, India, 2017

Article

A New Approach to Evaluation in a Montessori School

Available from: Stadsarchief Amsterdam (Amsterdam City Archives)

Publication: Around the Child, vol. 5

Pages: 69-70

⛔ No DOI found

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Language: English

ISSN: 0571-1142

Article

Shastra: An Aid to Yoga-Siddhi

Publication: The Child and You, vol. 3

Pages: 108

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Abstract/Notes: Source not specified

Language: English

Article

Homage to Dr. Rabindranath Tagore

Available from: International Association for the Preservation of Spiritualist and Occult Periodicals (IAPSOP)

Publication: The Theosophist, vol. 63, no. 1

Pages: 11-16

Asia, Curuppumullage Jinarajadasa - Writings, India, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., South Asia, Theosophical Society, Theosophy

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Language: English

ISSN: 0972-1851

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