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1327 results

Book

Maria Montessori, 1870-1952: Kind ihrer Zeit, Frau von Welt [Maria Montessori, 1870-1952: Child of her Time, Woman of the World]

Maria Montessori - Biographic sources

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Abstract/Notes: Translated from the Dutch by Verena Kiefer.

Language: German

Published: Darmstadt, Germany: Primus, 2000

ISBN: 3-89678-220-7 978-3-89678-220-5

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Sulla genesi e lo sviluppo del pensiero matematico di Maria Montessori / Origins and Development of the Maria Montessori’s Mathematical Proposal

Available from: Rivista di Storia dell’Educazione

Publication: Rivista di Storia dell’Educazione, vol. 8, no. 2

Pages: 9-23

Child development, Cognitive development, Cognitive neuroscience, Geometry, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Mathematics education, Montessori method of education, Student-centered learning

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Abstract/Notes: The introduction of complex mathematical concepts through perceptual and sensorial hands-on experiences is one of the most relevant aspects of the Montessori method proposal. This article aims to investigate the origins of the Montessori’s profound interest for mathematics, studying the history of the education of mathematics, after the unification of Italy, in which her school education took place. Her key concepts and beliefs about the learning of mathematics and, furthermore, the evolution of her proposal will be illustrated through the analysis of her main publications, both the generalist and the specialized ones in the field of mathematics (Psicoaritmetica and Psicogeometria), and handwritten notes about the lessons of XVI° international course, held in Rome in 1931, which the Opera Nazionale Montessori acquired from her students’ archives. Finally, an overview of the actualization of the Montessori method in the contemporary research will be explained, particularly focusing on the neuroscientific discoveries which have proved the effectiveness of the Montessori proposal to empower the cognitive processes involved in the development of mathematical thinking.

Language: Italian

DOI: 10.36253/rse-10375

ISSN: 2532-2818

Book Section

Daten aus Leben und Werk von Maria Montessori / Important Dates in the Life and Work of Maria Montessori

Book Title: Montessori: Lehrmaterialien 1913-1935, Möbel und Architektur / Teaching Materials 1913-1935, Furniture and Architecture

Pages: 145-153

Maria Montessori - Biographic sources

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Language: German, English

Published: New York: Prestel, 2002

ISBN: 978-3-7913-2650-4 3-7913-2650-3

Article

Maria Montessori: 'Vaincre l'Isolement et l'Égoïsme' [Maria Montessori: 'Overcoming Isolation and Selfishness']

Available from: UNESDOC Digital Library

Publication: Le Courrier de l'UNESCO, vol. 17, no. 4

Pages: 16-20

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Language: French

ISSN: 0304-3118, 1564-0574

Article

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Dialectics, Esotericism and Evolutionism in 20th Century Pedagogy. On the Totalitarian Heritage in the Educational Concepts of Cultural Education, with Maria Montessori, Rudolf Steiner and Pavel Blonsky

Available from: Pedagógiatörténeti Szemle

Publication: Pedagógiatörténeti Szemle, vol. 4, no. 3-4

Pages: 1-22

Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., New Education Movement, Pavel Blonsky - Biographic sources, Pavel Blonsky - Philosophy, Rudolf Steiner - Biographic sources, Rudolf Steiner - Philosophy, Waldorf method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc.

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Abstract/Notes: In the following contribution it will be shown that and how the theocratic heritage has perpetuated itself in more or less changed form in newer educational theories. Its transformation can be understood as its secularization, which passes on the absolute as epistemological totalitarianism in the form of violence, provided that it was armed with power of action. As examples here serve the multifaceted cultural or humanistic pedagogy ("Kulturpädagogik" or "Geisteswissenschaftliche Pädagogik" - GP), which is still important today, as well as three important concepts of reform pedagogy (respectively the "New Education Movement"), namely those of Maria Montessori, Rudolf Steiner and Pavel Blonsky.

Language: English

DOI: 10.22309/PTSZEMLE.2018.3.1

ISSN: 2415-9093

Article

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Children’s Stories in the Educational Theories of Ellen Key, Rudolf Steiner, and Maria Montessori

Available from: Università di Bologna

Publication: Ricerche di Pedagogia e Didattica / Journal of Theories and Research in Education, vol. 11, no. 2

Pages: 47-66

Children’s Literature, Ellen Key - Philosophy, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Rudolf Steiner - Philosophy, Waldorf method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc.

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Abstract/Notes: The article explores the educational value that Ellen Key (1849-1926), Rudolf Steiner (1861-1925) and Maria Montessori (1870-1952) attributed to children's stories. In the late nineteenth and early twentieth century these three important authors contributed to the renewal of the educational theories and practices. They dedicated a part of their pedagogical reflections to the educational meanings of children's stories; consider, e.g., the many pages of Ellen Key on children's literature, the recommendations of Rudolf Steiner on the educational relevance of fairy tales and mythology or, finally, Maria Montessori's reflections on fairy tales. The article examines these ideas from a historical and pedagogical point of view.

Language: English

DOI: 10.6092/issn.1970-2221/6374

ISSN: 1970-2221

Article

La medichessa Maria Montessori: le sue strane vicende e le sue conferenze [The doctor Maria Montessori: her strange events and her conferences]

Publication: L'Illustrazione Popolare, vol. 36

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Language: Italian

Article

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I bambini alla conquista di sé con la vita pratica / Niños a la conquista de sí mismos con la vida práctica / Children conquering themselves with the practical life

Available from: Universidade de Santiago de Compostela (Spain)

Publication: RELAdEI (Revista Latinoamericana de Educación Infantil), vol. 3, no. 3

Pages: 75-96

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Abstract/Notes: L’autrice studia il campo di applicazione delle attività della «vita pratica» sviluppate da Maria Montessori, che costituiscono i fondamenti principali nella Casa dei Bambini (3-6 anni). Queste sono sovente considerate meno importanti delle altre attività in quanto non sono strettamente congiunte all’apprendimento accademico di base. Dopo averne spiegato le origini, l’autrice presenta varie definizioni, soffermandosi sulla differenza tra i «giochi di far finta» e le attività della vita pratica. Dopo aver commentato le classificazioni più importanti, presenta gli obiettivi che queste attività raggiungono affinché la personalità del bambino si sviluppi in maniera integrale. Ciò viene mostrato tramite numerosi esempi osservati in tutto il mondo. È dimostrato che le attività della «vita pratica» rispondo alle profonde necessità che il bambino ha di muoversi e lavorare facendo uso delle sue grossolane abilità motorie. Si sottolinea il nesso tra questo lavoro e lo sviluppo del pensiero matematico, che mostra come queste attività sviluppano le funzioni esecutive del cervello. Spesso l’adulto, cercando di evitare di far stancare il bambino, produce l’effetto contrario e dunque non gli permette di produrre lavori autentici, come al bambino piacerebbe. Vengono analizzate le preparazioni necessarie dell’ambiente e del modo di presentare queste attività. C’è un interesse particolare nell’analisi e nell’economia dei movimenti, temi prediletti da Maria Montessori. L’autrice descrive anche i principi più importanti che devono guidare la selezione dei materiali, che diversamente da altre aree del lavoro non sono scientifiche e dunque lasciano maggiori opportunità di creatività alle maestre. / La autora investiga el campo de aplicación de las actividades de la “vida práctica” desarrolladas por Maria Montessori, que constituyen la base fundamental en la Casa dei Bambini (3-6 años). Éstas son muchas veces consideradas menos importantes que otras actividades porque no están íntimamente ligadas al aprendizaje académico básico. Después de explicar sus orígenes, la autora presenta varias definiciones, para, a continuación, centrarse en las diferencias entre el “juego simbólico” y las actividades de la vida práctica. Después de comentar las clasificaciones más importantes, se presentan los objetivos que logran estas actividades para que la personalidad del niño se desarrolle de una forma integral. Se ilustra a través de numerosos ejemplos observados en todo el mundo. Está demostrado que las actividades de la “vida práctica” responden a las profundas necesidades que el niño tiene de moverse y trabajar usando sus habilidades motoras gruesas. Se hace hincapié en la conexión entre este trabajo y el desarrollo del pensamiento matemático, que muestra cómo estas actividades desarrollan las funciones ejecutivas del cerebro. Muchas veces el adulto, tratando de evitar cansar al niño, produce el efecto contrario y así, no permite al niño producir trabajos auténticos como al niño le gustaría. Se analiza también la preparación necesaria del ambiente y del modo de presentar estas actividades. Hay un interés particular en el análisis y la economía de movimientos, temas preferidos por Maria Montessori. La autora también describe los principios más importantes que deben guiar la selección de materiales que, en contra de lo que sucede en otras áreas de trabajo no son científicos, por lo tanto, dejan más oportunidades de creatividad a las profesoras. / The author investigates the scope of “Practical Life” activities developed by Maria Montessori that are mainly found in the Children’s House (3-6 years). These are often regarded less important than other activities because they are not closely linked to basic academic learning. After explaining their origin, the author presents several definitions, pausing to focus on the distinction between “pretend” games and practical life activities. After commenting on the major classifications, she presents the objectives that these activities accomplish so that the personality of the child is developed in an integral way. This is illustrated with numerous examples observed from around the world. It is shown that practical life activities respond to the deep needs that the child has to move and work using their gross motor skills. The link between this work and the development of mathematical thinking is also noted, showing how these activities develop the executive functions of the brain. Many times the adult, trying to avoid tiring out the children, produces the opposite effect and therefore does not allow the children to produce authentic work as they would have liked. The necessary preparations of the environment and the way of presenting these activities are analyzed. There is a particular appeal to the analysis and economy of movements, themes that are dear to Maria Montessori. The author also describes the main principles that should guide the choice of materials, which, unlike that of other areas of work, is not scientific and therefore leaves more opportunity for creativity to teachers.

Language: Italian

ISSN: 2255-0666

Book Section

Gesammelte Werke Maria Montessoris - Zum Projekt einer wissenschaftlichen Neuedition der Schriften Maria Montessoris in deutscher Sprache

Book Title: Montessori-Pädagogik als Modell 60 Jahre Montessori-Forschung und -Lehre in Münster: eine Dokumentation

Pages: 551-555

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Language: German

Published: Münster, Germany: Lit, 2017

ISBN: 978-3-643-12157-8 3-643-12157-1

Series: Impulse der Reformpädagogik , 20

Article

Die Pädagogik Maria Montessoris [Maria Montessori's pedagogy]

Publication: Katholische Frauenbildung, vol. 53

Pages: 241-249

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Language: German

ISSN: 0343-4613

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