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Book Section

The Happiness of Achievement

Book Title: What You Should Know About Your Child

Pages: 47-51

Maria Montessori - Writings

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Language: English

Published: Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Montessori-Pierson Publishing Company, 2007

ISBN: 978-90-79506-24-8

Series: Montessori Series , 4

Report

The Effects of Multiage Grouping on Achievement and Self-Concept

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Abstract/Notes: The effects of multi-age grouping on achievement and self-concept were studied. The achievement variables examined were reading and mathematics achievement as measured by the Stanford Achievement Tests. The Piers-Harris Children's Self-Concept Scale was used to measure self-concept. The groups studied consisted of single-age and multi-age classrooms of children in grades one through five. No significant differences were found between children in multi-age and single-age classrooms on any of the achievement measures. The multi-age classrooms had significantly higher mean scores on one of the six factors in the self-concept scale--happiness and satisfaction. The multi-age classrooms had slightly but consistently higher mean scores on the other five factor scores and on the total self-concept score but the differences were not significant. (Author)

Language: English

Published: Cortland, New York, Apr 1979

Master's Thesis

A Study of the Effectiveness of Instruction in Multi-Age Grading vs. Traditional Single-Grade Level Organization on the Reading Achievement of Fourth Graders

Available from: ERIC

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Abstract/Notes: A study examined the effects of multi-age/grade instruction, compared to the traditional single-grade approach, on the reading achievement of fourth graders. Subjects, 22 fourth-graders in a single-grade class, were divided into instructional groups based on chronological age while the instructional grouping for 22 students in a combined fourth and fifth grade class at a neighboring school cut across age and grade levels. The Comprehensive Test of Basic Skills was used to measure the growth in "total reading" over a 1-year period. Results indicated no statistically significant difference between means of the two groups, although a positive mean score in favor of the multi-age instructional design was noted. (A 50-item bibliography, and the themes of study and sample lesson plans for both groups are attached.) (RS)

Language: English

Published: Danbury, Connecticut, 1989

Conference Paper

Promoting Achievement in Child Centered Education: Evaluation of a Non-Graded, Multi-age, Continuous Progress Primary School (K-3)

Available from: ERIC

American Education Research Association Annual Meeting (New Orleans, Louisiana, April 4-8, 1994)

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Abstract/Notes: An evaluation was conducted of a comprehensive plan to restructure a primary school in Candler County, Georgia, into a non-graded, multi-age, continuous progress learning center. The project entailed restructuring the classroom, implementing a shared decision-making structure, developing a learning curriculum, and using portfolio assessment to monitor student progress. The project was evaluated on three objectives: academic success, positive self-esteem and socialization, and the project's shared decision-making structure. These objectives were evaluated according to a case-study design, with the inclusion of quantitative and qualitative techniques. Academic success was examined through the following instruments: the Iowa Test of Basic Skills, portfolio writing, an informal reading inventory, and teacher ranking. Parent questionnaires, teacher questionnaires, and teacher interviews were used to evaluate positive self-esteem and socialization. Teacher interviews, teacher workshops,

Language: English

Conference Paper

The Effects of Nongrading, Team teaching and Individualizing Instruction on the Achievement Scores of Disadvantaged Children

Available from: ERIC

International Reading Association

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Abstract/Notes: In 1968, Clifton Hills Elementary School in Chattanooga, Tennessee, adopted the "Supermarket Idea of Learning." This learning theory provided for setting up a learning center in each instructional area with materials and machines of instruction accessible to all students. Additional features to implement the theory included; a) a daily teacher planning period, b) teaching teams, c) elimination of grade level expectation, d) individualization of instruction, e) multi-age and multi-grade grouping, f) large and small group instruction, g) independent study, and h) opportunities for student tutorials. The California Achievement Test was administered to the students every October for several years; it was possible to compare the test scores for fifth grade children in 1967 before the program was implemented with the test scores for fifth grade children in 1971 three years after the program was initiated. The direction and degree of change of mean CAT scores for the 60 children were

Language: English

Published: Atlanta, Georgia, Feb 1971

Article

Lifetime Achievement Awards

Available from: ProQuest

Publication: Montessori Life, vol. 22, no. 2

Pages: 9

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Language: English

ISSN: 1054-0040

Conference Paper

Bringing out the best in your child: Achievement begins at home

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Language: English

Published: Boston, Massachusetts: AMI-USA, 2000

Pages: 75-80

Book Section

Detecting the achievements in INVALSI National Surveys of students who followed educational innovations: a five steps method

Available from: Torrossa

Book Title: Use of INVALSI data in school. V seminar “INVALSI data: a tool for teaching and scientific research”

Pages: 41-59

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Abstract/Notes: The present paper proposes a method to isolate as much as possible the effects of the different educational innovations present in the Italian territory on the learning outcomes measured by the Invalsi National Surveys, to contribute to the debate on the effectiveness of such alternative approaches, such as “Avanguardie educative”, Montessori, “Senza Zaino”, “We Debate”, “Book in Progress”, etc. To illustrate the proposal, we take as an example the research that is taking place on Montessori teaching, in the framework of the PhD in Social & Developmental Psychology and Educational Research at Sapienza University of Rome. According to Cook, Campbell and Peracchio’s (1990) classification, the research design is a design with non-equivalent groups, with only post-tests,because there is no random assignment to experimental and control groups: the assignment takes place with the simple matching (precision control) method, which guarantees the greatest possible isolation of the effect of the independent variable, which keeps under control a) the effects of all the variables that we know affect dependent variables, and b) the effect of their interaction. The proposed method consists in five steps. The first step is about reconstructing the list of schools that follow a certain educational innovation. In the case of Montessori pedagogy, the list of 50 fifth primary classes active in Italy in 2013 and 2016 has been defined. The second step consists in reconstructing the school careers of the students attending the schools on the list. In the case of Montessori schools, for about half of the students of both cohorts, the number of years of Montessori school attended was defined through a meticulous collection of data from the secretariats of 12 Montessori schools in Italy. By this way, in addition to the experimental group of all those enrolled in the Montessori sections identified, there is an experimental group whose number of years of Montessori school attended is also known. The third step is about requesting, to the Statistical Office of Invalsi, the achievement in National Surveys of the students attending the list of identified classes. In the case of Montessori schools, on 24 November 2020 the list of sections and SIDI codes of students whose career was reconstructed was submitted, and between January and February 2021 the databases of the 2013 and 2016 National Surveys was returned, with the distinction between Montessori and non-Montessori students. The fourth step consists in defining the experimental group, made up in this case by the students who attended a Montessori school, and the control group, whose members are identified with the simple matching method (Bailey, 1982, p. 340). The last step consists in verifying, by ANOVA, any statistically significant differences between the distributions of the scores of the experimental groups and related control groups.

Language: English

Published: Milano, Italy: Franco Angeli, 2022

ISBN: 978-88-351-3917-1 88-351-3917-1

Doctoral Dissertation (Ph.D.)

A Comparison of the Achievement Test Performance of Children Who Attended Montessori Schools and Those Who Attended Non-Montessori Schools in Taiwan

Available from: ProQuest - Dissertations and Theses

Asia, China, East Asia, Taiwan

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Abstract/Notes: There are two purposes of the current study. First was to examine whether or not children in the elementary school in Taiwan who had received Montessori early childhood education obtain significantly higher scores on tests of language arts, math, and social studies than children who attended non-Montessori pre-elementary programs. Second one was to examine whether or not the number years of Montessori education has a positive impact on the students' scores when they are in elementary grades. According to Chattin-McNichols (1992b), children from Montessori education program are doing better in some respects than other programs. Some studies have found that in the United States, Montessori students have strong academic outcomes especially in language arts than non-Montessori students (Daux, 1995; Hobbs, 2008; Lillard & Else-Quest, 2006; Manner, 1999). The present study involved 196 participants from a private Catholic elementary school in Taipei City, Taiwan. Ninety-eight first, second, and third grade students had Montessori early childhood experience and 98 first, second, and third grade students did not have Montessori early childhood experience. Using one-way MANOVA as a statistical tool, there were mixed results in the present study. The results showed students who had Montessori early childhood education experience had higher test scores of language arts than the students who did not have Montessori education experience. In conclusion, the present study partially supports the findings of other studies and shows that Montessori education has some long-term impact on the students' language arts learning.

Language: English

Published: Terre Haute, Indiana, 2009

Doctoral Dissertation (Ed.D.)

The Influence of Montessori-Based Literacy Instruction and Methods on Reading Achievement of Students in Grades 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7

Available from: Seton Hall University eRepository

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Abstract/Notes: This study examines the influence of Montessori-based literacy curriculum and instruction on student achievement in Grades 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7. I studied 71 matched pairs of urban charter school students (n=142) to determine if there was a statistically significant difference in reading achievement, as measured by the Maryland School Assessment (MSA), between students who were instructed by their teachers in Montessori literacy methods and curriculum and students from a nearby charter school who were instructed by their teachers using a basal reading method. T-tests were used to compare the mean scores of the combined grade levels from each cohort on the 2011-2012 Maryland School Assessment (Reading section). The results of this study suggest that there was no significant difference in reading achievement between the two groups of students. There is very limited empirical research available examining reading achievement in Montessori public charter schools. Further research is recommended with similar groups of students from public Montessori school settings, or in this same setting with a different comparison group or a different evaluation tool.

Language: English

Published: South Orange, New Jersey, 2013

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