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81 results

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Education Shapes the Structure of Semantic Memory and Impacts Creative Thinking

Available from: npj Science of Learning

Publication: npj Science of Learning, vol. 6, no. 1

Pages: Article 35

Comparative education, Europe, Knowledge acquisition, Learning, Montessori method of education, Neuroscience, Switzerland, Western Europe

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Abstract/Notes: Education is central to the acquisition of knowledge, such as when children learn new concepts. It is unknown, however, whether educational differences impact not only what concepts children learn, but how those concepts come to be represented in semantic memory—a system that supports higher cognitive functions, such as creative thinking. Here we leverage computational network science tools to study hidden knowledge structures of 67 Swiss schoolchildren from two distinct educational backgrounds—Montessori and traditional, matched on socioeconomic factors and nonverbal intelligence—to examine how educational experience shape semantic memory and creative thinking. We find that children experiencing Montessori education show a more flexible semantic network structure (high connectivity/short paths between concepts, less modularity) alongside higher scores on creative thinking tests. The findings indicate that education impacts how children represent concepts in semantic memory and suggest that different educational experiences can affect higher cognitive functions, including creative thinking.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1038/s41539-021-00113-8

ISSN: 2056-7936

Article

La maison des petits in Genf [The Children's Home in Geneva]

Publication: Kindergarten, vol. 66

Pages: 19-20

Europe, Switzerland, Western Europe

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Language: German

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Emotion Recognition Development: Preliminary Evidence for an Effect of School Pedagogical Practices

Available from: ScienceDirect

Publication: Learning and Instruction, vol. 69

Pages: 101353

Comparative education, Europe, Neuroscience, Switzerland, Western Europe

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Abstract/Notes: While emotion recognition is shaped through social interactions from a child's early years through at least late adolescence, no emphasis has thus far been given to the effects of daily experiences at school. We posited that enriched, more diverse, and less competitive social interactions fostered by some pedagogical practices may contribute to emotion recognition processes in children. Here, we investigated differences in emotion recognition among schoolchildren experiencing the Montessori versus traditional practices. Children performed two tasks; one measuring the impact of social context on fear-surprise perception, and one measuring their bias toward happiness or anger. Results suggest that children experiencing traditional practices show a higher sensitivity to fear-recognition, while children attending Montessori schools show a higher integration of social cues and perceive expressions of happiness for longer durations. Such preliminary findings call for replication and further research to determine which pedagogical features from the Montessori method may explain these effects.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1016/j.learninstruc.2020.101353

ISSN: 0959-4752

Article

Maria Montessori nel Ticino [Maria Montessori in Ticino]

Publication: L'Àdula: Organo Ticinese di Cultura Italiana, vol. 10, no. 4

Europe, Italy, Southern Europe, Switzerland, Western Europe

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Language: Italian

Article

La Montessori e l'idealismo pedagogico

Publication: L'Àdula: Organo Ticinese di Cultura Italiana

Europe, Italy, Southern Europe, Switzerland, Western Europe

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Language: Italian

Blog Post

Montessori students exhibit a more richly connected semantic memory network

Cognitive development, Comparative education, Europe, Montessori method of education, Neuroscience, Switzerland, Western Europe

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Abstract/Notes: The type of education a child receives appears to influence how they represent knowledge in long-term memory, according to a new study published in the journal Science of Learning. The findings indicate that Montessori students tend to have a more richly connected network of semantic memories. ...

Language: English

Published: Mar 6, 2022

Article

News from the Training Centers

Publication: AMI Bulletin, no. 3

Pages: 4–5

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Abstract/Notes: Canada, Switzerland, UK

Language: English

Article

Dans les écoles Montessori

Available from: Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule (ETH) - e-Periodica

Publication: Berner Schulblatt / L'école bernoise, vol. 58, no. 44

Pages: 592-593

Europe, Switzerland, Western Europe

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Language: French

ISSN: 1661-268X, 2297-8054

Article

Other Reports

Publication: Communications (Association Montessori Internationale, 195?-2008), vol. 2005, no. 2-3

Pages: 56–70

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Abstract/Notes: Australia, Canada, France, Germany, Great Britain, Ireland, Pakistan, Sweden, Switzerland, United States

Language: English

ISSN: 0519-0959

Article

Other Reports

Publication: Communications (Association Montessori Internationale, 195?-2008), vol. 1995, no. 2/3

Pages: 17–36

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Abstract/Notes: from Canada, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, India, Ireland, Italy, Mexico, Pakistan, Southern Africa, Sweden, Switzerland, United States, United Nations.

Language: English

ISSN: 0519-0959

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