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1325 results

Doctoral Dissertation

A Study of the Development of the Educational Views of Dr. Maria Montessori Based on an Analysis of her Work and Lectures While in India, 1939-1946

Available from: ProQuest - Dissertations and Theses

Asia, India, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., South Asia

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Abstract/Notes: The highlights of Montessori's accomplishments are embodied in her cosmic views and organized into a Cosmic Plan of Education while she worked in the hills of Kodaikanal, India. The fruition of these cosmic views came late in her life and appeared to be synonymous with the development of her relationships with the warm and accepting Indian people. During this periodi Montessori devoted her energies to understanding how children naturally unfold into purposeful, yet interdependent individuals. Through all the professional challenges that Montessori faced in her lifetime as an educator of young children, her focal point continued to be 'the child'. This was especially true in connection with children during their transitional stage of growth from five- to seven-years of age when the acquisition of social, spiritual and cultural values are so strong. Montessori not only shared her methods and ideas with the people of India, but these people, in turn, influenced her views significantly enough to have caused her to formulate The Cosmic Plan of Education. This plan was designed especially for the transitional-age children but incapsulated within it was Montessori's own new-found East-West Cosmology. Through primary sources such as interviews, unpublished books and lectures, the dissertation gives the historical backdrop of the emergence of Montessori's cosmic views in the beginning five chapters. A description of the operation of the Cosmic Plan of Education during its conception is given in Chapter Six. The final chapters deal with how these views weathered the changes within the Indian society over the period of forty years.

Language: English

Published: Manoa, Hawaii, 1984

Doctoral Dissertation

Education of Tibetan Refugees in India: Issues of Culture, Ethnic Identity and Opportunity

Available from: Shodhganga: Indian Theses

Asia, Displaced communities, India, Refugees, South Asia, Tibet

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Abstract/Notes: The present study is an exploration of the situation of the education of Tibetan refugees in India and the interrelationship between issues of education, culture, ethnic identity and opportunity in exile. The central theme of this study is that education, economic opportunities and perceptions of ethnic identity of refugees in the host country are closely related with the experience of refugeeism and the entire gamut of pre- migrational and post-migrational experiences.

Language: English

Published: New Delhi, 2007

Doctoral Dissertation

Montessori in India: A Study of the Application of her Method in a Developing Country

Available from: University of Sydney Libraries

Asia, Ceylon, India, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., South Asia, Sri Lanka, Theosophical Society, Theosophy

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Abstract/Notes: In India the Montessori Method has survived in various forms for a continuous period longer than virtually anywhere else in the world. Its adoption coincided with a crucial period in the nation's history when a growing nationalist movement was seeking to rid the country of foreign domination and dependency. Although the Method was foreign, the emphasis on liberty and the development of individuals capable of independent thought and action appealed to elite groups and to elements of the nationalist movement. The Method was believed to be modern and scientific and was greeted with enthusiasm by those who sought modernization and progress in a traditional society. Late in life Maria Montessori, accompanied by her son Mario, visited India, and her presence over a period of almost nine years from 1939-46 and 1947-49 gave a boost to the growing Montessori movement. Whilst in India, Montessori gave full voice to the spiritualism inherent in her work. In the West she was considered eccentric and her Method out of date, but in India, where religion exerted a powerful and pervasive influence, she was consistent with an ancient tradition of religious educators. A sprinkling of Indians had always attended her international training courses abroad, and in India they flocked to hear her message of human regeneration through the child. The Montessori Method was largely patronized by a relatively affluent, Westernized and urbanized elite who could afford the expensive apparatus. Gandhi, however, had urged Montessori to devise materials in accordance with the economic and social conditions prevailing in India's villages. Although she found much time during the years in India to develop her Method further to cover the period from birth to three years and from six to twelve years, she appears to have given little thought to its application among the country's largely illiterate poor who comprised the bulk of the population. However, an "Indianized" Montessori movement emerged in Western India, allied to the Gandhian nationalist movement, which became concerned with "adapting" the Method according to Gandhian principles, and applying it in the villages. The resultant hybrid pre-primary education enjoyed widespread application in post-Independence India and received recognition at the national level by government and non-government agencies. Recently it has been afforded a crucial role in a major human resources development programme designed to alleviate the effects of poverty amongst women and young children. The present study has drawn on a wide range of primary and secondary sources including archival material, newspapers, journals, published and unpublished correspondence, and personal interviews to trace the history of the Montessori movement in India from the time of early interest in the Method in 1912. The early chapters provide an introduction to Montessori's life and work and an historical background to the adoption of the Method. The application of the Method and the expansion of the Montessori movement is explored in subsequent chapters and, finally, in chapters six and seven, the study discusses directions in the movement after the departure of Madame Montessori and her son in 1949.

Language: English

Published: Sydney, Australia, 1987

Article

The Place of Pre-Primary Schools in the Future Growth and Development of India

Available from: Stadsarchief Amsterdam (Amsterdam City Archives)

Publication: Around the Child, vol. 4

Pages: 25-27

Asia, Conferences, India, South Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Paper read at All-India Conference of Educational Associations, Madras [Chennai], 1957

Language: English

ISSN: 0571-1142

Article

My Visit to Yeotmal [Yavatmal, India]

Publication: Around the Child, vol. 1

Pages: 52-54

Asia, India, South Asia

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Language: English

ISSN: 0571-1142

Article

6th Jan. 1957 in India

Available from: Stadsarchief Amsterdam (Amsterdam City Archives)

Publication: Around the Child, vol. 2, no. 2

Pages: 73-76

Albert Max Joosten - Writings, Asia, India, South Asia

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Language: English

ISSN: 0571-1142

Article

The Impact of India

Publication: Around the Child, vol. 13

Pages: 9-12

Asia, India, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Mario M. Montessori - Biographic sources, Mario M. Montessori - Writings, Montessori method of education, South Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Describes the experiences of Maria Montessori and her son, Mario, during their internment in India during World War II. Discusses how their observations of communities of Buddhists, Christians, Hindus, Muslims, and Zoroastrians at the Theosophical Society contributed to ideas related to the absorbent mind, and enabled the extension of the Montessori approach to infants and toddlers.

Language: English

ISSN: 0571-1142

Article

Brief Report of the Montessori Movement in India 1972-1973-1974

Publication: Communications (Association Montessori Internationale, 195?-2008), vol. 1975, no. 3-4

Pages: 36-37

Asia, India, South Asia

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Language: English

ISSN: 0519-0959

Article

The Discovery of Hidden Riches and Talents in the Aboriginal Child through the Montessori Approach and Method [Gholeng, Madhya Pradesh, India]

Available from: Stadsarchief Amsterdam (Amsterdam City Archives)

, Albert Max Joosten (Contributor)

Publication: Around the Child, vol. 10

Pages: 32-39

Asia, India, Indigenous communities, Indigenous peoples, South Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Includes 9 photos of children working with Montessori materials. Also includes 3photos of adult women (Grihinis) participating in education programs.

Language: English

ISSN: 0571-1142

Article

A Dream Comes into Reality [House of Children in Patna, India]

Publication: Around the Child, vol. 12

Pages: 79-80

Asia, India, South Asia

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Language: English

ISSN: 0571-1142

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