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1156 results

Article

Illustrative Descriptions of Two Early Childhood Education Programs

Available from: ASCD

Publication: Educational Leadership, vol. 28, no. 8

Pages: 821-826

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Language: English

ISSN: 0013-1784, 1943-5878

Report

Evaluation of Early Childhood Education: A Model Cities-Supported Preschool Program

Academic achievement, Americas, Child development, Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, North America, United States of America, Urban education

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Abstract/Notes: A Head Start Program operating in Kansas City since 1965 was viewed as inadequate because enrollment was limited to about 600 children per year. The Model Cities Agency determined to provide a program for the remainder of the children in the Model Cities neighborhoods. The programs developed were differentiated administratively for the purposes of this evaluation and the program considered a single entity and referred to as Early Childhood Education. These questions were developed as evaluation goals: What specific educational approaches were provided?; To what degree do the children grow to the stated objectives?; Do these programs meet the emotional, social, physical, and intellectual needs of the program's four-year-old children?; Do these children grow differentially?; Are specified goals reached as anticipated by staff?; What program differences account for student growth differences?; Do parents in the parent education component change relevant to their children's development?; Are these programs complementary with kindergarten programs of urban schools?; What are the effects of staff development activities?; Is program administration effective?; Are children with special problems provided assistance in achievement of program objectives?; And what program changes should be made? Each question is treated in succession and is detailed. Summaries giving the main thrust are provided after each section. (RC)

Language: English

Published: Kansas City, Missouri, Sep 1971

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Early Childhood Education According to Abdurrahman An-Nahlawi and Maria Montessori

Available from: Al-Athfal: Jurnal Pendidikan Anak

Publication: Al-Athfal: Jurnal Pendidikan Anak [Journal of Child Education], vol. 6, no. 2

Pages: 121-134

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Abstract/Notes: This research is motivated by the concept of Early Childhood Education offered by various educational figures to impact the emergence of increasingly dynamic educational theories. Issues on this concept did not escape the attention of Abdurrahman An-Nahlawi and Maria Montessori. The two figures have similarities and differences in their underlying points of view and approaches, and these cannot be separated from the philosophical study behind them. Based on the above, this study explores the two figures’ thoughts to give birth to a new paradigm of education for early childhood. The research method used was a literature study by collecting various references that can support research. From the research results, it can be found that, philosophically, the concept of Early Childhood Education, according to Abdurrahman An-Nahlawi, is attached to the perennial normative approach, while Maria Montessori’s notion is more towards a constructivism approach. The two approaches have different points of view in highlighting the educational side. The similarity in the points of view of these two figures is an understanding of the concept of education, which should be integrated and contextual, and position the child as the main subject in education.

Language: English

DOI: 10.14421/al-athfal.2020.62-03

ISSN: 2477-4189, 2477-4715

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Do Spatial Characteristics Influence Behavior and Development in Early Childhood Education and Care?

Available from: ScienceDirect

Publication: Journal of Environmental Psychology, vol. 67

Pages: 101385

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Abstract/Notes: There is increasing awareness that the physical environment plays a critical role in young children's cognitive and social development, by offering opportunities for exploration and interaction. In this article a narrative review is presented of 19 studies, published between 1987 and 2017, into the relation between spatial characteristics of the indoor play environment of center-based early childhood care and education settings and children's social and cognitive behavior and development. Studies involved children between six months and six years of age. Several studies reported consistent, interesting outcomes. A layout with an open-zoned arrangement, enabling children to keep eye contact with the caregiver was found to stimulate children to use the space more fully. Designated activity areas for activities such as pretend play and construction elicited different types of social and cognitive behaviors. However, the number of studies is small, and very diverse, both in content and in methodology. Suggestions for future research are discussed.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvp.2019.101385

ISSN: 0272-4944

Book Section

Discipline and Freedom in Early Childhood Education

Book Title: Disciplinarity: Functional Linguistic and Sociological Perspectives

Pages: 151-172

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Language: English

Published: New York: Continuum, 2011

Edition: 1st

ISBN: 978-1-4411-0885-2 978-1-4411-4281-8 978-1-4411-6924-2 978-1-4411-3180-5

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Montessori Early Childhood Education in NZ: Re-discovering the Spirit of Reflection and Inquiry Through Recent Policy Changes

Available from: SAGE Journals

Publication: Australasian Journal of Early Childhood, vol. 41, no. 2

Pages: 69-76

Australasia, Australia and New Zealand, Montessori method of education, New Zealand, Oceania

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Abstract/Notes: Montessori education arrived in New Zealand (NZ) in the early 1900s for children aged three to six years. Currently it is one of a diverse range of early childhood education options in a sector that has experienced huge policy changes aimed at enhancing quality early childhood provision. This paper positions the growth of Montessori early childhood services within discourses about early childhood quality in NZ and discusses how recent policy changes related to early childhood teaching qualifications, self-review and reflective practice have impacted on Montessori education. It argues that the current Montessori workforce is equipped as never before to reflect critically on the richness of Montessori philosophy and to innovate and experiment with Montessori practice.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1177/183693911604100210

ISSN: 1836-9391, 1839-5961

Article

Te Whaariki: Curriculum Document Points Way to Future of Early Childhood Education

Publication: Montessori NewZ, vol. 5

Pages: 1–2

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Language: English

Article

Montessori and Early Childhood Education: A Contemporary Perspective

Publication: The Child and You, vol. 11

Pages: 1-8

Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, Montessori method of education

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Abstract/Notes: Includes references.

Language: English

Book

Pioneers of Early Childhood Education: A Bio-Bibliographical Guide

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Language: English

Published: Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood publishing group, 1998

ISBN: 0-313-30404-1

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Creating High-Quality Early Childhood Education in Rwanda: Teacher Dispositions, Child-Centred Play, and Culturally Relevant Materials

Available from: Taylor and Francis Online

Publication: Early Child Development and Care, vol. 190, no. 15

Pages: 2437-2448

Africa, Culturally responsive teaching, East Africa, Rwanda, Sub-Saharan Africa

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Abstract/Notes: Overcoming challenges to quality early education in developing nations, TEACH Rwanda, one high-performing education system, offers a model of childhood learning through sensitive teacher dispositions, child-centred play, and culturally relevant materials. This manuscript provides a unique window into the practices of a quality early childhood system in Rwanda and articulates how these high-quality approaches to early childhood education can be executed successfully in developing nations with limited resources. The guidelines for practice and illustrations from real classrooms are relevant for a range of educators around the world. One key to success is the programmes’ homegrown professional development approach featuring Rwandans teaching Rwandans, which builds capacity within the system. The professional development description encourages administrators and directors to establish such programmes which can successfully build capacity and sustainability within their schools.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1080/03004430.2019.1578760

ISSN: 0300-4430, 1476-8275

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