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Master's Thesis

A Casa das Crianças: Três Modelos de Espaços Escolares Montessori [Children's Space: Three Models of Montessori Schools]

Available from: Universidade do Porto - Repositório Aberto

Europe, Montessori method of education, Montessori schools, Portugal, Southern Europe

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Abstract/Notes: A escola é um local de conexão do ser humano com o que o rodeia e, por isso é mais do que um espaço para educar. É o abrigo que acolhe e promove um processo educativo e de crescimento. A relação entre arquitetura e pedagogia, entende-se na medida em que o desenho do espaço é um instrumento pedagógico e, essa conexão entre as duas áreas é intensifcada pelas transformações na sociedade, que por sua vez têm infuenciado o desenho do espaço de ensino. A partir do século XIX e XX a introdução de novos métodos de ensino refetiu-se numa nova forma de olhar para as crianças e numa crescente preocupação com a pedagogia. Estes modelos inovadores distanciam-se da rigidez dos modelos tradicionais e, são ainda hoje pouco reconhecidos. As escolas Montessori representam essa nova forma de olhar para a educação e respondem às questões pedagógicas desenvolvidas por Maria Montessori, nas quais as crianças são seres independentes e são o centro de todo o processo educativo. Carateriza-se por ser uma pedagogia, que tal como o espaço a ela destinado, é complexa e pensada ao detalhe para satisfazer as necessidades de seres autónomos. Ao mesmo tempo, a principal caraterística da nova educação é a liberdade, que por sua vez se vê refetida no espaço arquitetónico, em espacialidades fexíveis e que permitem maior variedade de ocupação. Além disso, a pedagogia Montessori requer um ambiente de ensino estimulante à aprendizagem, que confere à criança a independência necessária na sociedade atual. Com isto, a presente Dissertação de Mestrado, "A casa das Crianças: Três Modelos de Espaços Escolares Montessori", pretende perceber de que forma a arquitetura responde ao próprio método Montessori, através de vários casos de estudo como por exemplo: A Casa das Crianças Viena (1922) de Franz Schuster, a Escola Montessori de Delft (1960/66) de Herman Hertzberguer e o Fuji Kindergarten projetado pelos Tezuka Architects (2007). A análise destes casos em detalhe, permitiu entender o espaço escolar Montessori através de temas comuns como: a relação ente a Escola e Cidade, o espaço de distribuição da escola, a sala Montessori e todos os espaços que a compõe, e o espaço exterior. / School is a connection place between humans and their surroundings, it is more than a place to teach. It is the shelter that welcomes and promotes both an educational and a growth process. The relation between architecture and pedagogy is understood as a pedagogical instrument and this relation is intensifed by changes in society, which in turn have infuenced the design of the teaching space. From the 19th and 20th century, the introduction of new teaching methods resulted in new ways of looking at children and in a growing concern with pedagogy. This happened as a reflection of introducing new teaching methods. These innovative models block the rigidity of traditional models and nowadays, they're not so recognized. Montessori schools represent this new way of looking at education created by Maria Montessori, where children are independent beings and are the center of the educational process. This pedagogy is known by being complex and designed to detail to satisfy the need of autonomous beings. Just like the space for them. At the same time, the main characteristic of the new education is freedom, that is refected in the architectural space too, with fexible spaces that allow childrens appropriation. Montessori Pedagogy requires a teaching environment that encourages learning, giving the child the independence needed in today's society. So, this master's thesis, Children's Space: Three Models of Montessori Schools, shows how architecture to the Montesssori Method principles, throught various study cases like: Children's House in Viena (1922) by Franz Schuster, a primary Montessori School in Delft (1960/66) by Herman Hertzberguer and the Fuji Kindergarten designed by Tezuka Architects (2007). The study of these and more cases, revealed the Montessori Spaces through themes like: The School and the City, The School distribution, The Montessory Classroom and The Outdoor Space.

Language: Portuguese

Published: Porto, Portugal, 2021

Article

Assessment and Accountability in Montessori Schools: Q and A with Dr. Kathy Roemer

Publication: Montessori Life, vol. 12, no. 3

Pages: 40–42

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Abstract/Notes: Includes results of school survey on standardized tests used

Language: English

ISSN: 1054-0040

Article

A Historical and Geographical Look at Montessori Schools of Ohio

Publication: Montessori Life, vol. 14, no. 3

Pages: 6–7

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Language: English

ISSN: 1054-0040

Article

Grassroots Montessori: Cincinnati's Groundswell to Create One of the Country's Few Public Neighborhood Montessori Schools

Available from: ProQuest

Publication: Montessori Life, vol. 22, no. 3

Pages: 4-7A,8A,9A,10A

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Abstract/Notes: In 2002, Cincinnati Public Schools (CPS) adopted a policy committing itself to develop all schools in the district as community learning centers. In Pleasant Ridge, one of Cincinnati's most racially and socio-economically diverse neighborhoods, the community set itself to the task of rebuilding what had been a failing school that reflected little of the neighborhood's diversity. After-school programming to provide extracurricular opportunities emerged as a top priority, as did health and wellness services. Another priority was the development of the Pleasant Ridge school facility as an environmentally sound and sustainable "green" building. Yet, despite the promise of an environmentally cutting-edge school and partnerships ranging from the YMCA to various health providers, all of this was not sufficient to attract new families to the school. And so, just as the environmental enthusiasts were leading a grassroots effort to dramatically change the plans for the physical facility, a group of young parents became involved in challenging the academic program. This group, mostly parents of infants and toddlers, asked themselves, "What would it take for us to send our children to this new school?" Their collective answer was a conversion to a Montessori program.

Language: English

ISSN: 1054-0040

Article

Children with Disabilities: Guidelines for Referral and Test Evaluation for Montessori Schools

Available from: ProQuest

Publication: Montessori Life, vol. 15, no. 2

Pages: 25–26

Children with disabilities, Inclusive education, Montessori method of education, People with disabilities

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Language: English

ISSN: 1054-0040

Article

The Montessori Schools in Rome

Available from: HathiTrust

Publication: Journal of Experimental Pedagogy and Training College Record, vol. 2, no. 3

Pages: 219-224

Europe, Italy, Southern Europe

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Language: English

Article

Guidelines for Referral and Test Evaluation for Montessori Schools

Available from: ProQuest

Publication: Montessori Life, vol. 15, no. 2

Pages: 25

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Language: English

ISSN: 1054-0040

Article

Outcome-Based Education and Montessori Schools

Publication: Montessori Life, vol. 10, no. 4

Pages: 38–41

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Language: English

ISSN: 1054-0040

Article

We Need More Montessori Schools in the World: A Young Boy's Point of View

Publication: Montessori NewZ, vol. 44

Pages: 20

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Language: English

Article

Montessori Myth 2: "You Can't Be Creative at Montessori Schools"

Publication: Montessori NewZ, vol. 47

Pages: 7

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Language: English

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