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Outdoor Learning, A Pathway to Transformational Learning? Or Another Educational Gimmick?
Publication: International Journal for Cross-Disciplinary Subjects in Education, vol. 13, no. 1
Comparative education, Environmental education, Montessori method of education, Nature education, Outdoor education, Transformative learning
Abstract/Notes: Outdoor learning is one of the newest terminologies and implementations of using the outdoors as a part of education. This paper provides an in-depth overview to answer the question, is outdoor learning a pathway to transformational learning or another educational gimmick? To answer this question, this paper will focus on six fundamental sections. This paper begins by highlighting the ambiguity throughout history in defining education outside the classroom, with more than 75 different terminologies used to refer to education in the outdoors. The second theme is that despite this contemporary emergence, outdoor learning has a long and varied history within education, with modern elements of outdoor learning being traced back thousands of years in indigenous cultures. Then being refined throughout the 21st century before settling on the current contemporary form of outdoor learning. The third theme of this paper looks at the benefits of outdoor learning, summarized into six critical sections. These benefits include health and wellbeing, social-emotional and cognitive development, academic and behavioral benefits, memory benefits, increased positive attitudes towards the environment, and positive teacher benefits. The fourth theme of this paper reviews the barriers and challenges to implementing outdoor learning within schooling, with four primary barriers being identified. These barriers include outdoor learning having no formal status in teachers’ educational practice, a lack of teacher confidence in their outdoor teaching expertise, difficulty in starting an outdoor learning program, and physical restraints such as school grounds and weather. The penultimate theme of this paper reviews critical considerations that must be addressed when implementing an outdoor learning program; this includes cost, student numbers, transportation, insurance, time, framework, skills, assessments, the curriculum, and training. The final theme of this paper unpacks the effects of COVID-19 on outdoor learning within all levels of schooling. Initially seen as a method to return to school by being outdoors, outdoor learning has since demonstrated to educators worldwide that it deserves to be embedded as an everyday part of education even after the pandemic subsides.
Pedagogical Knowledge for Teaching Mathematics in Montessori Schools
Available from: International Electronic Journal of Mathematics Education
Publication: International Electronic Journal of Mathematics Education, vol. 16, no. 3
Date: Oct 2021
Pages: Article em0646
Abstract/Notes: Teacher knowledge needed for teaching is widely studied to characterize its key categories. We report findings from a study on teachers’ knowledge for mathematics in the Montessori schools. In Montessori accredited schools, teachers learn to teach mathematics in ways different from the teachers themselves experienced in non-Montessori schools. We ask: What knowledge do teachers learn? and how do they continue to refine this knowledge in teaching in classrooms? We draw from a teacher knowledge framework based on cross-national studies to interpret mixed data from a case study. We aim to inform research on teacher characteristics needed for consistent implementation of instructional reform. Major findings from this study are that for K-6 Montessori teachers to thrive in teaching mathematics in Montessori classrooms, they need teacher knowledge on Montessori materials, on lesson and the presentation of content according to Montessori’s philosophy and pedagogy; as well as on the process of independently understanding concepts to be presented. The findings contribute to further theorizing on teacher knowledge which has implications is designed to teacher training opportunities in three subcategories; namely teaching, learning, and professional competence knowledge.
Available from: Interdyscyplinarne Konteksty Pedagogiki Specjalnej
Publication: Interdyscyplinarne Konteksty Pedagogiki Specjalnej / Interdisciplinary Contexts of Special Education, no. 30
Eastern Europe, Europe, Montessori method of education, Poland
Abstract/Notes: The subject of the analysis is the reception of Montessori education in post-socialist Poland. The author focuses mainly on the models of pedeutological research to emphasise the important role played by the teacher as a professional, educator, but also a human being in this alternative upbringing and education. He recalls the most important results of research on the specificity of teaching work in Montessori institutions.
Um estudo sobre escolas com pedagogias diferenciadas: a pedagogia Waldorf, a pedagogia Montessori e a escola da ponte em foco
Available from: Interfaces da Educação
Publication: Interfaces da Educação, vol. 8, no. 23
Abstract/Notes: O presente estudo discorre sobre três pedagogias que apresentam projetos de ensino diferentes ao padrão escolar: Pedagogia Waldorf, Pedagogia Montessori e o projeto Fazer a Ponte. Alicerçados no referencial teórico da pedagogia diferenciada e concomitantemente, com uma educação que promova uma cultura científica básica a seus estudantes, este estudo de caráter teórico se faz sob o contexto do ensino de química estabelecido nestas instituições. Como base para essa abordagem tem-se uma pesquisa documental em sites de escolas que seguem as pedagogias investigadas, livros e artigos que discutem sobre as mesmas, bem como observação de três escolas - uma que segue a Pedagogia Waldorf, uma que segue a Pedagogia Montessori, ambas no Brasil, e ainda a observação na Escola da Ponte, localizada em Portugal. Este trabalho tornou-se significativo, na medida que trouxe discussões sobre temáticas ainda pouco familiares ao contexto das pesquisas educacionais e do próprio cotidiano dos professores em geral. Ademais abordou inspirações e discussões que possibilitaram uma reflexão acerca do ensino que se constitui atualmente nas escolas e como algumas mudanças de ideais, organizacionais e comportamentais podem modificar um espaço escolar.
Available from: University of Minnesota Libraries Publishing
Publication: Interdisciplinary Journal of Partnership Studies, vol. 9, no. 2
Pages: Article 16
David Loye - Biographic resources, Montessori method of education, Montessori schools
Abstract/Notes: This is a reflection, tribute, and appreciation for the contribution that David Loye made to partnership education, embodied in the community of more than 22,000 Montessori schools around the world. As the largest single international education reform movement, the collaboration among David, his wife, Riane Eisler, and Montessori Schools has been significant. It shows great promise for the years ahead to disseminate his findings and integrate them into mainstream education.
A Futuristic Design Vision of Tangible User Interfaces on Enhancing Montessori
Available from: Taylor and Francis Online
Publication: Interactive Learning Environments
Date: Oct 10, 2021
Abstract/Notes: Montessori considers as an effective method that is commonly used in nurseries to improve the mental performance and develop the cognitive skills toward children. Tangible user interfaces (TUI) is an effective tool that allows interaction with physical objects in a way that makes this interaction augmented through embedded computation. This paper proposed a new concept of Montessori, which is Interactive Technological Montessori (ITM) using TUI. It aims to measure the impact of using TUI on enhancing the effectiveness of Montessori and make a new futuristic design vision for Montessori activities to motivate children positively. The findings of this paper revealed that Merging TUI with ITM has a great potential to increase the efficiency of Montessori. In addition to considering the appropriate design principles and Multi aging group work help children to be motivated positively to interact with the Montessori activities.
Le identità pedagogiche e didattiche della scuola dell'infanzia
Publication: Infanzia: orientamenti, esperienze, discussioni sui problemi pedagogico-didattici e sulla gestione della scuola materna e degli asili nido, no. 6
In viaggio con... Maria Montessori
Publication: Infanzia: orientamenti, esperienze, discussioni sui problemi pedagogico-didattici e sulla gestione della scuola materna e degli asili nido, no. 8
Improving Outcomes for Refugee Children: A Case Study on the Impact of Montessori Education Along the Thai-Burma Border
Available from: IEJ Online
Publication: International Education Journal: Comparative Perspectives, vol. 14, no. 3
Asia, Burma, Displaced communities, Myanmar, Refugees, Southeast Asia, Thailand
Abstract/Notes: There are 25 million displaced children worldwide, and those receiving schooling are often educated in overcrowded classrooms. Montessori is a child-centred educational method that provides an alternative model to traditional educational approaches. In this model, students are able to direct their own learning and develop at their own pace, working with materials rather than in supervised groups or with direct teacher instruction. Because most children are working alone, teachers have more time to work one-on- one with children even when student-teacher ratios are quite large. This gives teachers increased opportunity to tailor their teaching to the specific needs and strengths of each student. We conducted an evaluation of Montessori classroom conversion for displaced students on the Thai-Myanmar border. We administered the Ages and Stages Questionnaire (ASQ) to 66 children before and after classroom conversion and across treatment and control classroom conditions. We then conducted difference in difference testing. All domains showed meaningful improvements in ASQ scores, with the Montessori students gaining 18 points relative to the traditional students (p = 0.33). However, only the personal-social domain of the ASQ was statistically significant (8.8 point gain for the Montessori students relative to the control, p < 0.05) in our underpowered sample.
ISSN: 1443-1475, 2202-493X
The Montessori Method: Some Recent Research
Available from: Springer Link
Publication: Interchange, vol. 2, no. 2
Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc.
Abstract/Notes: This paper on recent research with the Montessori method includes a brief review of this method for educating preschool-age children and criticisms leveled against it, and a review of comparative research studies in relation to several types of non-Montessori preschool programs with economically disadvantaged and middle-class populations. The comparative results are discussed in relation to three kinds of preschool experience: no schooling, traditional early childhoodoriented programs, and structured cognitive-oriented programs. The findings are interpreted in terms of Hunt's conceptual leel matching model.
ISSN: 0826-4805, 1573-1790