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475 results

Doctoral Dissertation

Where Have All the Children Gone? A Case Study of Three American Preschools

Available from: ProQuest - Dissertations and Theses

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Abstract/Notes: In sociological investigation, Weber (1968) believes that concrete historical events can be interpreted in terms of social action. These patterns of action differ from historical accounts, which explore the importance of causal explanation of individual events. Entwistle and Alexander (1993) contend that sociologists of education have paid little attention to patterns of class interaction and inequality in preschools. Adding to Hartley's (1993) work on nursery schools in Scotland, and using an organizational model with a sociohistorical standpoint, this ethnographic case study helps to bridge that gap by concentrating on the historical and ecological contexts of (1) a Laboratory school; (2) a Montessori school; and, (3) a Head Start center. The central problem of the study seeks an answer to the question "If inequalities in preschools exist, what do they look like?" This study assumes that historically educational systems have exerted a form of social control over children in order to transmit cultural values. Part I of the study examines ancient and modern societies, their cultures and their philosophical grounding to reveal the values and trends that contribute to social change in the early education of children. Part II adds a triangulation strategy to explore the ecology (environment and culture) of the three schools in the study. These strategies include archival content analysis of the preschool organizations, nonparticipant observation of the classrooms (Bell, 1993), intensive interviewing of the staff and administration members and a brief survey of the preschool parents. This study draws from the sociology of Weber's "ideal bureaucracy," Berger's "bureaucratic cognitive style," Elias' "civilizing process," Bernstein's "visible and invisible" pedagogy, Bourdieu's "cultural capital" and Anyon's "biased ideological messages." In this exploratory study, the data analysis uses a descriptive methodology, not to draw conclusions, but similar to Glaser and Strauss' "grounded theory" to introduce questions to be explored further by researchers. A final section on policy recommendations is included.

Language: English

Published: Boston, Massachusetts, 2000

Article

Maria Montessori e la scuola americana

Publication: Vita dell'Infanzia (Opera Nazionale Montessori), vol. 35, no. 11-12

Pages: 50-53

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Language: Italian

ISSN: 0042-7241

Article

News from America: Montessori: Outdated Cult or Modern Innovation?

Publication: The Bulletin (English Montessori Society), vol. 3, no. 33

Pages: 6-7

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Language: English

Article

[Report on June, 1994, American Montessori Society National Seminar]

Publication: El Boletin [Comité Hispano Montessori], no. 18

Pages: 1

American Montessori Society (AMS), Comité Hispano Montessori - History, Comité Hispano Montessori - Periodicals, Conferences

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Language: English

Article

Montessori Introduced to America: The McClure Magazine Articles, 1911-1912

Publication: The National Montessori Reporter, vol. 3, no. 1

Pages: 3

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Language: English

Article

The American University Commences Montessori Program [Washington, DC]

Publication: The National Montessori Reporter, vol. 1, no. 1

Pages: 1–2

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Language: English

Article

The Future of Montessori in America

Publication: NAMTA Quarterly, vol. 5, no. 2

Pages: 34-44

Americas, North America, North American Montessori Teachers' Association (NAMTA) - Periodicals, United States of America

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Language: English

Article

American Montessori Society, Inc. 1990 Annual Financial Report

Publication: Montessori Life, vol. 3, no. 2

Pages: 20

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Language: English

ISSN: 1054-0040

Article

The Future of the Montessori Method in America

Publication: Freedom for the Child, vol. 1, no. 2

Pages: 13

Americas, Montessori Educational Association (USA) - Periodicals, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Montessori method of education - History, North America, Philander P. Claxton - Biographic sources, United States of America

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Abstract/Notes: This brief entry (consisting of 1 paragraph) includes a quote from Dr. Philander P. Claxton, US Commissioner of Education and first Vice President of the Montessori Educational Association regarding his thoughts on the lasting impact of the Montessori method.

Language: English

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