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Doctoral Dissertation (Ed.D.)
Improving Montessori Teacher Effectiveness through a School-University Partnership
Available from: Wilmington University
Elementary education, Teacher education
Abstract/Notes: In an effort to improve the quality of education received by the nation’s children, research has been conducted to identify factors that contribute to student success. Research indicates that teacher training and credentials are related to higher student achievement. This paper explores the literature regarding teacher effectiveness and then compares practices of effective teachers with the training received by Montessori teachers. The results were used to identify a gap in the teacher-training program. This information was substantiated by data collected using an online survey. The survey also measured the percent of Delaware Montessori teachers who have their state teaching certification as well as their interest in a potential Montessori teacher education graduate program. With this information, a school-university graduate partnership was designed. The graduate program would result in educators becoming dual certified, both Montessori certified and state licensed and certified. This executive position paper advocates for the establishment of a school-university partnership between the Delaware Institute for Montessori Education (DIME) and the College of Education at Wilmington University for the purposes of creating a pathway to a graduate degree and dual certification for qualified Montessori educators.
Published: New Castle, Delaware, 2016
Doctoral Dissertations (Ed.D.)
The Impact of Montessori Practices
Available from: ProQuest Dissertations and Theses
Abstract/Notes: This mixed methods study examined the impact of School Y’s Montessori approach on their students’ academic achievement, perceptions of executive functioning skills, and the school’s culture. The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of length of enrollment on academic achievement in a Montessori upper elementary and middle school classroom. Administrator, parent, student, and teacher perceptions of the impact of School Y’s Montessori approach on students’ executive functioning were examined. The stakeholders’ perceptions of School Y’s culture were also identified. There were three main findings of the study: 1) there was no statistically significant relationship between the number of years students have been enrolled and their academic scores on both the Stanford Achievement Test and the OLSAT, 2) executive functioning skills were attributed to student success, and 3) cultural practices included individual instruction, mastery, real-life learning, positive discipline, peace education, a strong sense of community, parent education and support, mindfulness in the classroom, and an emphasis on environment. Additional findings showed the NCE results of both the Stanford and the OLSAT were above grade level expectations across all grade levels and subjects. These results could be an indication that the Montessori approach used by School Y was preparing the students for success in the subjects assessed. The findings were inconclusive because there was no statistically significant relationship between the number of years students have been enrolled and their academic scores on both the Stanford Achievement Test and the OLSAT. However, their results were above grade level expectations across all grade levels and subjects.
Published: Nashville, Tennessee, 2017
Doctoral Dissertation (Ed.D.)
Strategies to Support Classroom Integration Among New Elementary Montessori Students: Qualitative Case Study
Available from: ProQuest Dissertations and Theses
Abstract/Notes: Elementary students transferring from traditional education classrooms to a Montessori school lack executive function skills (EFS) and struggle with academic performance and disrupt classes. The specific problem is the lack of strategies and support from school administrators to address an overwhelming number of new elementary Montessori students needing EFS improvement. The purpose of this qualitative exploratory case study was to explore teachers' and school administrators' perceptions of strategies to support teachers regarding EFS development among new Montessori students in grades first through sixth in a single Southwestern Montessori school. The theoretical framework was primarily Vygotsky's social constructionism. The research question involved: What are teachers' and school administrators' perceptions regarding strategies used to support teachers in developing EFS among new Montessori students in grades first through sixth in a Southwestern Montessori school? The sample included four administrators, eight classroom teachers, and four student support teachers. Individual semi-structured interviews were conducted, and 2 focus groups were employed: 1 for administrators, and a separate 1 for teachers/support personnel. Findings indicated the need for improved vetting of potential students during the admission process, additional classroom resources, and improvements to the parental education module. Future research is needed to explore the potential for an issue-based strategic planning model to foster collaboration between school administration and teachers.
Published: Phoenix, Arizona, 2023
Islamic Religious Education in Montessori Preschool
Available from: European Union Digital Library
International Graduate Conference in Islam and Interdisciplinary Studies (IGCIIS)
Abstract/Notes: This research is based on the importance of developing Islamic Montessori model for religious education learning in Montessori Preschool. The aim of this research is to analyze Islamic religious Education in Montessori Preschool. This article is a preliminary research and development study that orch
Published: Matarma, Lombok, Indonesia (Oct 19-20, 2022): EAI, May 26, 2023
Pages: 9 p.
Implementation of Early Childhood Learning with the Montessory Method in TK IT Cendikia Purwakarta
Available from: State Islamic University of Prof. K. H. Saifuddin Zuhri
Publication: International Journal of Early Childhood Community Learning, vol. 1, no. 1
Abstract/Notes: Montessori is a teacher's method in facilitating students to explore their abilities and environment. Children are given the freedom to recognize their respective potentials by practicing at will and promoting independence in learning. The purpose of this study was to determine the application of learning with the Montessori Method in TK IT Cendikia and to find out the things supporting and inhibiting the Montessori method. The research method uses descriptive qualitative data collection through interviews, observation and documentation. The results of the study indicate that the implementation of the Montessori method in TK IT Cendikia has been carried out properly starting from planning with the design of the Daily Program (RPPH), Weekly Program (RPPM), Semester Program (PROMES) and Annual Program (PROTA), implementation of learning using the Montesssori method. , and evaluation of learning. The implementation of the Montessori method in Cendikia IT Kindergarten shows a fairly good implementation which is marked by the development of cognitive, affective, and psychomotor aspects of children
Psychology within Montessori pedagogy – theory and practice
Available from: dLibra
Publication: Pedagogika, vol. 27, no. 2
Abstract/Notes: In this paper titled Psychology within Montessori pedagogy – theory and practice the authors elaborate a current topic of access to upbringing and education, a theme that encompasses both psychology and pedagogy. Based on her experience as an assistant professor on the subject Educational anthropology and her experience as a pedagogue at a private preschool, which follows a Montessori approach, author Topic provides a theoretical approach to upbringing and education in the educational sector in the city of Mostar. Despite it being a review of a single city, the patterns and behaviors observed can be found in any other place or a city.By nurturing an individual approach to each child and taking into account their needs, children are encouraged to study by themselves, therefore allowing and supporting them to develop self confidence and self actualization. The example given is taken from a kindergarten provides an overview of practices which encourage the child towards healthy growth and development into a confident young people who will be able to form and make good choices in life.Through practical psychology, author Colak, provides us with an answer to the question why is all that important. Through her experiences in work with young people who suffer from consequences of, among other things, an inadequate approach to upbringing and education in their younger age.And to answer why this is important, psychology might have some cues. Author Čolak from her work experience with young people at Psychiatry Clinic in Mostar considers consequences that (according to literature, theory and practice) have some causes in upbringing approach at an earlier age and which behaviors were/are reinforced through evaluation systems and early messages from adults. Working with young people, author Čolak presents case study of female student with extremely low self-esteem and extremely high perfectionism in cognitive-behavioral therapy process. We discuss how and why those are so immensely pathologically connected. Some risk factors (following bio-psycho-social model of illness/wellness) are connected with psychological and social context. Thus, by educating parents and educators so we may have chance to improve mental health of children and later adults.As a conclusion, co-operation and multidisciplinary approach is suggested. Education, psychotherapy and prevention have much in common. Montessori approach is not the only one which deals with it, but in its foundations holds the bases to help us to react in time, both as a profession and as humans too. / W artykule niniejszym autorki odnoszą się do aktualnego problemu dostępu do wychowania i kształcenia, obejmującego zarówno psychologię, jak i pedagogikę. Opierając się na swoim doświadczeniu w zakresie antropologii edukacyjnej oraz jako pedagoga w prywatnym przedszkolu pracującym w oparciu o podejście M. Montessori, Kristina Topić zapewnia teoretyczne podejście do wychowania i edukacji w sektorze edukacyjnym w Mostarze (Bośnia i Hercegowina). Pomimo tego, że tekst dotyczy jednego miasta, zaobserwowane wzorce i zachowania można znaleźć w każdym innym miejscu. Pielęgnując indywidualne podejście do każdego dziecka i biorąc pod uwagę jego potrzeby, zachęca się je do samodzielnego uczenia się, umożliwiając i wspierając w rozwijaniu pewności siebie i samorealizacji. Podany przykład, pochodzący z przedszkola, zawiera przegląd praktyk, które zachęcają dziecko do prawidłowego rozwoju, aby stać się ludźmi, którzy będą w stanie tworzyć i dokonywać dobrych wyborów w życiu. Poprzez psychologię praktyczną, Iva Čolak, formułuje odpowiedź na pytanie, dlaczego wskazane wyżej praktyki są tak ważne. Poprzez swoje doświadczenia w pracy z młodymi ludźmi, którzy cierpią z powodu popełnianych błędów w wychowaniu i kształceniu. W celu odpowiedzi, dlaczego indywidualizacja podejścia, samodzielność w uczeniu się i wspieranie w rozwoju są ważne, psychologia może dostarczyć pewnych interpretacji. Iva Čolak z perspektywy swojego doświadczenia w pracy z młodzieżą w Klinice Psychiatrii w Mostarze rozważa konsekwencje, które (zgodnie z teorią i praktyką) mają pewne przyczyny w podejściu do wychowania młodych ludzi oraz w zachowaniach, które zostały (bądź są) wzmacniane poprzez systemy oceniania i wczesne informacje zwrotne od dorosłych. Pracując z młodzieżą, przedstawia ona case study studentki o skrajnie niskiej samoocenie i niezwykle wysokim perfekcjonizmie będących przedmiotem terapii poznawczo-behawioralnej. Omówione zostało, jak i dlaczego te zjawiska są powiązane. Niektóre czynniki ryzyka (zgodnie z biopsychospołecznym modelem choroby / dobrego samopoczucia) są powiązane z kontekstem psychologicznym i społecznym. W ten sposób, poprzez edukację rodziców i wychowawców, możemy mieć szansę na poprawę zdrowia psychicznego dzieci i dorosłych. Podsumowując, Autorki sugerują współpracę i interdyscyplinarne podejście. Edukacja, psychoterapia i profilaktyka mają ze sobą wiele wspólnego. Podejście Montessori nie jest jedynym, które zajmuje się relacjami między tymi pojęciami, ale w jego fundamentach znajdują się podstawy, które pomagają reagować na czas.
The relationship between spatial form of interior learning space and children behavior
Available from: AIP Conference Proceedings
Publication: AIP Conference Proceedings, vol. 2560, no. 1
Date: May 22, 2023
Pages: Article 020020
Abstract/Notes: Schools as a microsystem are a critical part of a child’s life at every stage of development. School building research demonstrates that attributes of the facility are linked to critical student outcomes (Maxwell, 2018a). Kindergarten space is one of the key interiors where children spend most of their time out of their homes. Children need a physical environment presenting rich opportunities where they can discover experiences, and stimulate their senses (Yalçın, 2017). This research is generated from the question for the interior design of the earning environment affects the children’s development. To be more precise, which elements affect children’s cognitive development. The theories that dealt with this idea clarified disconnected analysis which produces a knowledge gap. The problem statement of the research is represented by the lack of knowledge that is concerned with the effect of spatial forms in the learning environment on cognitive development. The study came up of researching the characteristics and role of spatial form, including identifying key factors from spatial forms and their visual perception, in creating the physical environment of classroom interior space in-depth to analyze its influence on childrchildren’stive development from 3 to 5 years ago. Document analysis has been applied as the main method of this study. from seven preschools (three Montessori preschools, one Reggio Emilia preschool, one Pikler preschool, and others (Audrey Migliani, 2020, 2021). The designs will be analyzed and summarized to analyze spatial forms which are selected by architects and designers in designing preschool spaces as well as their influences on children’s behavior. Finally, the result of this study could provide educators and designers with significant insight to design priorities of the physical classroom environment of early children space.
Nature-Based Education in the Light of Montessori Philosophy: Meaning, Principles and Practices
Available from: European Journal of Alternative Education Studies
Publication: European Journal of Alternative Education Studies, vol. 8, no. 1
Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Nature education
Abstract/Notes: The subject of the article is the role of nature in learning as an essential part of the Montessori Philosophy in early childhood education. This article highlights the use of nature-based activities within Montessori’s pedagogical perspective for including content about the natural world in early childhood settings. In this paper, it is aimed to increase the awareness of learning through nature on child development and to disseminate nature-based practices used in line with the Montessori approach in preschools. Firstly, the role of nature as an educational tool is described, followed by an understanding of nature pedagogy and its educational value according to Maria Montessori. Additionally, the article reviews the implementation of nature-based learning activities as an integral part of the educational work in Montessori schools. In this educational stream, nature-related work stands as the main methodical means for early childhood education and supporting the development of children. Nature in itself serves as a kind of special resonance and restorative effect that can help children understand the world and impart meaning to their lives. Subsequently, recommendations for nature-based practices that can be applied in preschools were presented in light of the Montessori philosophy. Article visualizations:
Eksistesialisme Menurut Maria Montessori Dalam Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini [Existentialism According to Maria Montessori in Early Childhood Education]
Available from: Universitas Nahdlatul Ulama Purwokerto (Indonesia)
Publication: Jurnal Tumbuh Kembang Anak Usia Dini [Journal of Early Childhood Development], vol. 1, no. 1
Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, Existentialism, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education
Abstract/Notes: Little humans have great potential, develop optimally by involving teachers, parents and children. Teachers and parents contribute to early childhood education (PAUD) services applying various lessons and curricula according to their basis. In this study, it examines the idea of existentialism according to Maria Montessori in Early Childhood Education. This study used a library research method which refers to the data sources on Montessori existentialism in early childhood education. Research is empirical and theoretical by examining theories on objects and phenomena that are the focus of research from rational expressions of ideas. The results of the study describe the thoughts of children that have an impact on the training of daily life skills, sensory training, and children's language development. then in the concept of PAUD existentialism according to Maria Montessori emphasizes learning and curriculum through children's experiences that naturally involve the roles of teachers, students, and parents. The impact of Montessori existentialist thinking is respect for the child, the mind that absorbs the child, and the environment that is ready. This has an impact on the substance of Montessori-based existentialism.
Achieving Inclusive Education in Early Childhood: From the Viewpoint of an Affinity Between Inclusive Education and Montessori Education
Publication: Montessori Kyōiku / モンテッソーリ教育 [Montessori Education], no. 49
Asia, East Asia, Inclusive education, Japan, Montessori method of education
Abstract/Notes: This is an article from Montessori Education, a Japanese language periodical published by the Japan Association Montessori.
Doctoral Dissertation (Ph.D.)
Architecture and Students' Physical Activity in Learning Environments
Available from: University of Notre Dame Australia
Published: Fremantle, Western Australia, Australia, 2022
Master's Thesis (Action Research Report)
Efficacy of Community Building in Adult Online Learning Environments
Available from: St. Catherine University
Action research, Montessori method of education - Teacher training, Online learning
Abstract/Notes: This qualitative research study was conducted during synchronous class sessions with adult learners enrolled in an online Montessori teacher education program. The aim was to determine which techniques were being used to facilitate adult learning in an online learning environment. The research collected data through data tools designed to record the observed behaviors of participants engaged in online synchronous class sessions. The data revealed the use of learning techniques beneficial to developing self-confidence, community building, and knowledge acquisition by utilizing qualitative and quantitative research methods. This study can serve as a framework for future research projects focusing on adult learning methods and techniques that will positively impact adult learners’ experience in online learning environments. This study provided evidence that supports techniques that focus on supporting and encouraging adult learners to build self-confidence while cultivating a supportive community of learners. Overall, having synchronous class sessions appear to be beneficial to the building of community, self-confidence of the adult learners, and worthwhile use of time to evaluate the effectiveness of learning in online environments. Synchronous class sessions, accompanied by asynchronous activities of adult learners, are a very effective way of educating future teachers in the Montessori method.
Published: St. Paul, Minnesota, 2022
Adaptiivisuus oppimisympäristön rakentessa ja interaktiossa [Adaptability in learning environment's structure and interactions]
Published: Kajaani, FInland: Kajaaani opettajankoulutuslaitos, 1995
Series: Olulun yliopiston Kajaanin opettajankoulutuslaitoksen julkaisuja
Waseca's Focus: Building Better Biomes [Sharon Duncan and Frrieda Hammett of Waseca Learning Environments]
Available from: University of Connecticut Libraries - American Montessori Society Records
Publication: Public School Montessorian, vol. 12, no. 1
Date: Fall 1999
Learning Environments That Enhance Students’ Cognitive Functioning
Available from: Firenze University Press
Publication: Formare [Form@re], vol. 22, no. 1
Academic achievement, Classroom environments, Learning environments, Prepared environment
Abstract/Notes: A general rethinking of the school system is underway. Today, the purpose of school is to prepare students for rapid change and the complexity of reality so that they are not overwhelmed. Executive cognitive functions have been shown to be fundamental to this purpose, specifically thoughtful planning of an idea, reflexivity, systematic approach to a task/problem, and the ability to stay focused. These are the skills that tomorrow's leaders will need (Diamond and Lee, 2011). But what theoretical and instructional models exist that aim to develop the cognitive skills necessary to succeed in school and in life? How and to what extent are the pedagogical principles of these models reflected in the organization of the physical learning space? This paper aims to trace some of the methods that promote the development of executive cognitive skills and examine how they organize the learning space. Ambienti di apprendimento che potenziano il funzionamento cognitivo degli studenti. È in atto un ripensamento generale del sistema scolastico. Oggi la finalità della scuola è di preparare gli studenti ai rapidi cambiamenti e alla complessità del reale in modo che non ne siano travolti. Fondamentali a questo scopo si sono rivelate le funzioni cognitive di tipo esecutivo, in particolare la pianificazione mentale di un’idea, la riflessività, la sistematicità nell’affrontare un compito/problema e la capacità di rimanere concentrati. Queste sono le competenze di cui avranno bisogno i leader di domani (Diamond & Lee, 2011). Ma quali sono i modelli teorici e didattici che si propongono di sviluppare le competenze cognitive necessarie per avere successo a scuola e nella vita? Come e in che misura i principi educativi di questi modelli si riflettono sull’organizzazione dello spazio fisico di apprendimento? Questo contributo si propone di ripercorrere alcuni tra i metodi che favoriscono lo sviluppo di competenze cognitive di tipo esecutivo e di indagare come organizzano lo spazio formativo.
Differences in the Development of Creative Competencies in Children Schooled in Diverse Learning Environments
Available from: ScienceDirect
Publication: Learning and Individual Differences, vol. 18, no. 4
Comparative education, Efficacy, Executive function, Self-determination
Abstract/Notes: Studies on the development of creativity have highlighted the impact of learning environments. In particular, pedagogical approaches are hypothesized to differ concerning their emphasis on individual initiative, and action-based learning. A semi-longitudinal study was conducted during two consecutive years with 210 children in elementary schools with traditional and alternative pedagogical approaches. Our results highlight (1) an influence of pedagogy on children's creative performance; (2) a positive influence of alternative pedagogy on creative development from year 1 to year 2 mainly for Montessori school. Children's creative performance was influenced not only by the type of task but also by the type of school.
Exploring the Social Logic of Preschool Environments Structured with Waldorf, Montessori, and Reggio Emilia: A Semantic and Syntactic Study on Preschool Environments
Available from: ResearchGate
Space Syntax Symposium (13th, 20-24 June 2022)
Abstract/Notes: Kindergartens are socio-spatial organizations with their social and cultural as well as their spatial structures which prepare children to be responsible members of the society. In the ear ly years of the twentieth century, the issue of how to raise new generations was one of the primary research areas of many educational scientists, especially in Europe, and therefore different progressive pedagogical methods were generated. Among these views, the Waldorf pedagogical approach developed by Rudolf Steiner, Montessori pedagogical approach developed by Maria Montessori, and Reggio Emilia pedagogical approach developed by Loris Malaguzzi became prominent. Although these three pedagogical approaches have a common view that the child should be accepted as an individual with his/her rights, each of them involved different physical environment requirements in the context of their educational philosophies. The projects obtained in an architectural design studio course constitute the focus of this paper and it aims to decipher the semantic and syntactic characteristics based on twelve student projects. The semantic dimension of the study was revealed by coding the related themes through students' project reports while the syntactic dimension of the study demonstrated the prioritized social interaction area through isovist area and variance values. Considering the semantic results, it was revealed that the students not only comprehended the spatial requirements of a specific educational pedagogy but also grasped the transformative power of the methods, in terms of physical, social, and natural characteristics. Considering the syntactic results, the fact that the mean isovist area value was higher in Reggio Emilia schools showed that the piazza dominates the physical setting. The fact that the school cluster with the highest variance value emerged in Montessori draws attention to the changeability of isovist perimeter value within the interiors to orientate the individuals to the classroom units.
Published: Bergen, Norway: Western Norway University of Applied Sciences, 2022
Pages: 25 p.
A Research Initiative on the Construction of Innovative Environments for Teaching and Learning. Montessori and Munari based Psycho-pedagogical Insights in Computers and Human Behavior for the “New School”
Available from: ScienceDirect
Publication: Computers in Human Behavior, vol. 66
Date: Jan 2017
Information and communications technology (ICT), Technology and children
Abstract/Notes: Italians children-students live a strong technological gap among different education instances: on the one hand, they are attending schools technologically still to the '80 years, on the other hand, they can rely on hyper-technological domestic-family environments where videogames, smartphones, internet are always available. In the school, all learnings take place under the supervision of the teacher that stimulates, directs and corrects these important steps in the basic training. On the contrary, in the domestic environment the presence of technology is increasingly pervasive. These new technologies cognitively stimulate the children, but they entertain the little ones often alone and without the participation and supervision of an adult audience. Thus, the technology gap results in a pedagogical clash among different educational instances and this is the “space” addressed by our research initiative whose objective is the construction of innovative teaching and learning environments for children between 3 and 6 years of age. The specific quantitative outcomes can be defined with respect to three main families of indicators: measures to detect the use of learning environments; indicators of the level of satisfaction and involvement of the various involved actors; real impact on the socio-cognitive development of children produced by the introduction of methodologies and technologies.
The Design of Learning Experiences: A Connection to Physical Environments.
Available from: ERIC
Annual GASCD Conference (Athens, Georgia, April 26, 1996)
Abstract/Notes: The school environment must create a rich, beautiful, dynamic, meaningful experience for students to learn; however, architects, school boards, and the state focus almost exclusively only on the building when making design decisions. This document lists specific aspects to developing a visionary campus: one that provides a three-dimensional educational experience. Characteristics of the visionary campus include smaller size campuses, multi-age groupings, decentralized buildings, information access that goes beyond written or digital form, and sustainable architecture that is ecologically sound. (GR) Georgia Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (GASCD)
The Application of Student Portfolios in Primary/Intermediate and Self-Contained/Multi-Age Team Classroom Environments: Implications for Instruction, Learning, and Assessment
Available from: ERIC
Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association
Abstract/Notes: Portfolios have gained wide acceptance as a learning and assessment tool. Yet, little research has been reported on the practices of teachers who are actually using portfolios within their classrooms and how those practices are moderated by contextual variables. This research examined the instructional, learning, and assessment roles of student portfolios, and explored, from the perspective of the classroom teacher, variations in portfolio applications associated with teaching level (primary versus intermediate) and classroom environment (self-contained versus multiage/teaming). Teachers for kindergarten through grade 5 in 3 elementary schools (n=314) completed a survey questionnaire regarding the instructional and assessment uses to which portfolios are put within their classrooms. To further examine patterns of portfolio use, a subset of 44 teachers was interviewed to explore teacher perceptions about the impact of student portfolios on themselves and their students. Results suggest that these teachers make deliberate decisions regarding uses of their students' portfolios, decisions that appear heavily impacted by the maturity or skill level of the child, the purposes of the application, and the classroom environment within which the application occurs. They also depend on whether the portfolio product is in a formative state (working portfolio) or final state (performance portfolio). (Contains 7 tables and 14 references.) (Author/SLD)
Published: Montreal, Canada, Apr 19-24, 1994