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Book Section

An Approach to the Resolution of Conflicts in a Positive Way

Available from: ERIC

Book Title: The Relevance of Montessori Today: Meeting Human Needs-Principles to Practice: Proceeding of the AMI/USA National Conference, Bellevue, Washington, July 25-26, 1996

Pages: 46-49

AMI/USA National Conference (Bellevue, Washington, 25-26 July 1996), Americas, North America, United States of America

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Language: English

Published: New York: American Montessori Internationale of the United States (AMI/USA), 1997

Report

Hartford Early Childhood Program, Hartford, Connecticut: An Urban Public School System's Large-Scale Approach Toward Restructuring Early Childhood Education. Model Programs - Childhood Education

Available from: ERIC

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Abstract/Notes: The Hartford Early Childhood Program involves more than 4,500 children from 4 years old to first grade level in over 200 classrooms. Classrooms are designed to offer children an environment that encourages them to learn independently. Ideas have been borrowed from the Montessori approach and the British Infant Schools and fitted to the needs of the Hartford school district's urban students. The program philosophy embodies new approaches that can be used in old school buildings such as formal education beginning at 3 years, mixed-age "family" grouping, interest centers, and emphasis on intrinsic motivation toward personel success. Future plans call for extension of the program to all public school classes in grades K through 2. Sources of more detailed information are provided for this program, specifically, and for Model Programs Childhood Education, in general. (Author/WY)

Language: English

Published: Palo Alto, California, 1970

Article

Zoo-Phonics: A Phono-Visual, Tactile, Kinesthetic-Whole Brain Approach to Reading and Spelling

Publication: The National Montessori Reporter, vol. 17, no. 1

Pages: 3–4

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Language: English

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Acquisition of Reading and Writing Skills: Comparative Approach Between the Montessori Method and the Traditional Educational System

Available from: Educatia 21

Publication: Educatia 21, no. 16

Pages: 106-110

Comparative education, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc.

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Abstract/Notes: The microstudy presented is a psycho-pedagogical experiment, which consists in applying the Montessori-specific experimental factor to a group of pre-school children in the traditional system. The investigative approach is based on a comparative study, the results obtained being interpreted from both a quantitative and a qualitative point of view. In this paper we started from the premise that Montessori strategies foster the acquisition of reading and writing skills at pre-school age. The general objectives of the investigation are the introduction into the traditional experimental system of alternative methods of acquiring reading-writing skills specific to the Montessori system and the study of the Montessori system for the acquisition of reading and writing skills in methodical terms and from the point of view of the results obtained by applying these strategies.

Language: English

ISSN: 1841-0456, 2247-8671

Book

Montessori Education: A Humanistic Approach for the 1990s

Available from: ERIC

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Abstract/Notes: This study identifies philosophical and instructional values implicit in the educational thought of Maria Montessori and compares those values with Shapiro's (1986, 1987) set of humanistic value principles. Shapiro's 16 value principles, which are derived from an analysis of 100 works of 89 well-known writers who have been publicly associated with humanistic education, concern: (1) a process orientation; (2) self-determination; (3) interpersonal connectedness; (4) personal relevance; (5) integration of affect and cognition in a holistic approach; (6) consideration of context; (7) an affective, experiential bias; (8) innovation; (9) democratic participation; (10) orientation toward personal growth; (11) orientation toward the intrinsic value of persons; (12) individualism; (13) reality as concrete and pragmatic; (14) formative over summative evaluation; (15) encouragement of diversity and creativity; and (16) the cultivation of spiritual potential. A content analysis of Montessori's highly philosophical book, "The Secret of Childhood," yielded 156 value statements that were sorted using Shapiro's 16 value principles. Results demonstrate extensive similarity between Montessori's values and the values of humanistic educators. Each area of similarity is discussed.

Language: English

Published: California: [s.n.], 1987

Master's Thesis

A Comparison of Two Approaches Used Within a Multi-tiered System of Supports That Enhance Students' Academic Achievement

Available from: Bethel University - Institutional Repository

Academic achievement, Inclusive education, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Special education

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Abstract/Notes: While students are receiving a high-quality education within the classroom, some students face difficulty performing adequately on assessments. These students typically receive intervention support to assist in increasing their skill deficits. However, many schools are unaware of the different approaches they can implement within a Multi-Tiered System of Supports framework. While utilizing a standard protocol has been the preferred method, many schools are currently implementing the problem-solving approach because it targets one skill the student is struggling with. Little research has been conducted comparing or combining the two approaches leading schools to be clueless about which one will provide more positive results. A synthesis of articles implementing one or both approaches was conducted to determine which approach would work best in a Montessori school. Results showed an individualized approach might assist students more based on higher effect sizes. However, some researchers who compared the two approaches indicate both approaches are comparable in yielding positive results. To implement interventions effectively, educators must use an evidence-based intervention that’s explicit and structured, screen and monitor progress to make informed decisions, and implement the intervention with fidelity.

Language: English

Published: St. Paul, Minnesota, 2023

Conference Paper

A Comparison of Preschool Children in Observation Tasks From Two Programs: Montessori and Science - A Process Approach

Available from: ERIC

National Association for Research in Science Teaching (47th, Chicago, Illinois, April 15-18, 1974)

Conferences, Montessori method of education - Evaluation, National Association for Research in Science Teaching (47th, Chicago, Illinois, April 15-18, 1974)

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Abstract/Notes: The purpose of this study was to compare preschool children from classes using the Montessori method and Science-A Process Approach (S-APA) in the process skill of observation. The first stage of the study compared the programs with respect to (1) the sequential presentation, (2) the use of materials to provide sensory training, (3) practice acquired through activities, and (4) the role of the teacher. Conclusions were that because S-APA and Montessori seemed to have common elements and because both had taught the process of observation, there was a reasonable justification to compare student competence in observation. The second part of the study compared the competence on observational tasks of three groups of 25 children, ages 5 and 6. The first group received Montessori training for two years in preschool, the second group used S-APA for one year with background of another type of preschool that excluded Montessori, and the third group which served as a control had neither Montessori nor S-APA training in their two-year preschool experience. Students were tested on a set of observational tasks from the text, the Science Process Instrument. Findings showed no significant differences between the Montessori and the S-APA preschool students in regard to competence in observation. Both the Montessori and the S-APA groups scored higher than the control group. This work is based on the authors doctoral dissertation research.

Language: English

Published: Chicago, Illinois, Apr 1974

Article

The Slow Movement: A Need for a Holistic Approach in Primary Education

Available from: Research Gate

Publication: International Montessori Institute Working Paper Series, no. 2022-4

Pages: 46-52

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Language: English

Report

The Application of the Montessori Sensorimotor Approach to the Education of Brain-Injured Children

Available from: University of Connecticut Libraries - American Montessori Society Records

Fordham University

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Abstract/Notes: Report submitted to Fordham University in December 1972.

Language: English

Published: Bronx, New York, Dec 1972

Article

An Approach to Art in the Montessori Classroom

Publication: SNAPS News (St. Nicholas Association of Past Students News)

Pages: 4-5

Art, Montessori method of education

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Language: English

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