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952 results

Article

The Impact of Using Activities Based on the Montessori Approach in Science in the Academic Achievement of Fourth Grade Students

Available from: International Journal of Instruction

Publication: International Journal of Instruction, vol. 12, no. 2

Pages: 695-708

Academic achievement, Montessori method of education, Science - Study and teaching

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Abstract/Notes: This study investigated the effect of using activities based on the Montessori approach in science academic achievement of the fourth grade students. A quasiexperimental design was used wherein the students were equally divided into two groups: the experimental and the control group. Both groups consisted of 31 students. To achieve the aim of the study, Montessori Hall has been set up with six dimensions, and each corner has several shelves comprised different materials used for conducting the science activities. In addition, a teacher guide was prepared to be used by the teacher to implement the Montessori approach for the experimental group. Finally, an achievement test that consisted of seven multiple choice questions (MCQs) and five short answer questions was constructed and administered to both study groups. The results of the study indicated that there were statistically significant differences at the level of significance (P ≤ 0.05) between the mean values of the experimental and the control groups in the academic achievement in favor of the experimental group. In light of the study results, the study recommends holding training workshops for teachers on how to use the Montessori approach in teaching science classes.

Language: English

DOI: 10.29333/iji.2019.12244a

ISSN: 1308-1470, 1694-609X

Article

The Investigation of the Effect of Montessori Approach-based STEM Activities on the Problem-solving Skills of Pre-service Preschool Teachers

Available from: DergiPark Akademik

Publication: Kuramsal Eğitimbilim Dergisi / Journal of Theoretical Educational Science, vol. 14, no. 2

Pages: 93-119

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Abstract/Notes: This research was conducted to determine whether there is any effect of the Montessori approach-based STEM activities on the development of the problem-solving skills of pre-service preschool teachers or not. The mixed-method was employed in the research. The sample of the research consisted of 50 pre-service teachers, who were taking education in the Preschool Teacher Training Department of the Faculty of Education. A single grouped pretest-posttest pattern was created to determine the difference in the problem-solving skills of the pre-service teachers in the research. The quantitative data gathered during the process of the research were analysed with the statistical methods; the qualitative data were analysed with the content analysis. The “Problem Solving Scale” and the “Semi-structured Protocol Form” were used to collect the quantitative data in the research. Qualitative data prepared to support quantitative data consists of the open-ended semi-structured protocol form. The participants were educated with the Montessori approach-based STEM education for 14 weeks. In the results reached as a result of the research, it was observed that there was a significant difference between the pre-test and post-test scores of problem-solving skills and the qualitative analysis results supported the quantitative results.

Language: English

DOI: 10.30831/akukeg.824773

ISSN: 1308-1659

Article

Montessori Approach in Pre-School Education and Its Effects

Available from: The Online Journal of New Horizons in Education (TOJNED)

Publication: The Online Journal of New Horizons in Education, vol. 3, no. 3

Pages: 12-25

Asia, Cyprus, Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, Middle East, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Preschool children, Turkey, Western Asia

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Abstract/Notes: The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of Montessori Method on pre-school children. The effect of the worldwide Montessori Approach, that is amongst many contemporary education methods, is studied at an institution in the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC). The effect of this approach on social, cognitive and physical development of the children has been evaluated. The primary aim of Montessori approach is to enable the child explore him/herself and free that personality; thus, a convenient environment has to be set for the development of the child. How parents, teachers and pre-school institutions set such environments is also studied within this research. Additionally, the effect of the Montessori approach on children that is used by the teachers at school is also observed. The study, firstly, defines the following at the pre-school institution within the Montessori approach and then evaluates the effect of them on the children: Which principles are used; The role of the teacher; Tools used at school; The benefits. The theoretical framework of this approach is drawn at an pre-school institution where this approach is implemented in TRNC.

Language: English

ISSN: 2146-7374

Article

Montessori Approach in Character Education in Early Childhood Education

Available from: Journal of Positive School Psychology

Publication: Journal of Positive School Psychology, vol. 6, no. 6

Pages: 5936-5947

Asia, Australasia, Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, Indonesia, Montessori method of education, Southeast Asia, ⛔ No DOI found

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Abstract/Notes: Character education is an effort to form good values imprinted in a person and manifested in the form of behavior so they can distinguish themselves from others. This character education aims to form a strong and noble human being. All educational institutions realize how important the development of character education is for students in their institutions. However, the process of character education has not been fully able to run effectively in all educational institutions because schools emphasize more on increasing students' cognitive abilities. This study aimed to obtain an overview of the extent to which teachers understand the importance of character education in Early Childhood Education (ECE) and the Montessori Method in shaping the character of students. This study is quantitative with a descriptive approach. The sample in this study was ECE teachers in Panongan Sub-district, Tangerang Regency, totaling 112 people. The selection of samples was done using the Simple Random Sampling method. The instrument used was a survey distributed to respondents via Google form. The results of the study indicate that ECE teachers have understood the importance of character education and the Montessori Method which is integrated into 6 aspects of early childhood development through a character education process that is provided continuously at every level.

Language: English

ISSN: 2717-7564

Article

The Comparison of the Intuitive Mathematic Skills of Preschool Children Who Take Education According to Ministry of National Education Preschool Education Program and Montessori Approach

Available from: IISTE - International Knowledge Sharing Platform

Publication: International Journal of Scientific and Technological Research, vol. 6, no. 6

Pages: 167

Asia, Comparative education, Mathematics education, Middle East, Montessori method of education, Preschool children, Preschool education, Turkey, Western Asia

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Abstract/Notes: This study analyzed intuitive mathematics abilities of preschool children and to ascertain whether there was a difference between children who were educated according to the Ministry of National Education (MoNE) preschool education program and the Montessori approach. It was also examined whether the intuitive mathematics abilities of the children who were educated according to the MoNE program and Montessori approach showed a significant difference according to variables of gender, duration of pre-school education, and educational levels of parents. The study sample of the study consisted of 121 children (56 girls, 65 boys) aged between 60-72 months. The data was collected via “Personal Information Form” and “Intuitive Mathematics Ability Scale” developed by Güven (2001). Intuitive mathematical abilities of children who were educated according to the Montessori program were more developed compared to those of children educated according to MoNE program. There was no significant difference in intuitive mathematical abilities according to duration of preschool education, education levels of parents. As a result of the study, a significant difference was observed in the intuitive math abilities of the children trained according to the MoNE program in favor of the girls, whereas no significant difference was observed trained according to the Montessori approach. The results are discussed in light of the relevant literature.

Language: Turkish

DOI: 10.7176/JSTR/6-06-12

ISSN: 2422-8702

Article

Montessori Yaklaşımı Temelli STEM Etkinliklerinin Öğretmen Adaylarının Fene ve Fen Öğretimine Yönelik Tutumlarına Etkisi / The Effects of Montessori Approach Based STEM Activities on Pre-service Teachers' Attitudes Towards Science and Science Teaching

Available from: DergiPark Akademik

Publication: OPUS International Journal of Society Researches, vol. 17, no. 35

Pages: 1895-1924

Asia, Middle East, Montessori method of education, STEM education, Science - Study and teaching, Turkey, Western Asia

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Abstract/Notes: In this study, it was aimed to determine the effect of STEM activities prepared on the basis of the Montessori education approach philosophy on pre-school teacher candidates' attitudes towards science and science teaching. Mixed method was used in the study. The sample group consists of 50 pre-school teacher candidates in total. In the study, a single group pre-test post-test pattern was created to collect quantitative data. The study lasted 14 weeks in total. In the study, "Science Attitude Scale" and "Science Attitude Scale" were used as quantitative data collection tools. In order to collect the qualitative data of the study, the "semi-structured interview form" prepared by the researcher based on the items of the scales used in quantitative terms was used. The quantitative data obtained in the study were analyzed using the statistical (paired sample t test) method, and the qualitative data were analyzed by content analysis. In the results of working; It has been determined that STEM activities based on Montessori approach have a positive effect on pre-school teacher candidates' attitudes towards science and science teaching. The results obtained from the qualitative data showed that there were positive improvements in teacher candidates' attitudes towards science and science teaching and the quantitative results were of high quality.

Language: Turkish

DOI: 10.26466/opus.831879

ISSN: 2528-9527

Article

Montessori̇ Yaklaşimi ve Okul Öncesi̇nde fen Eği̇ti̇mi / Montessori Approach and Science Education in Pre-School

Available from: DergiPark Akademik

Publication: TÜBAV Bilim Dergisi / TÜBAV Journal of Science, vol. 5, no. 3

Pages: 19-25

Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Science - Study and teaching

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Abstract/Notes: Erken çocukluk dönemi, gelişimin en hızlı olduğu ve hızlı bir değişimin gerçekleştiği zamandır. Bu döneme özgü çocuğun gelişimini ve eğitimini açıklamaya çalışan pek çok kuram vardır. Okul öncesi eğitimde etkili olan kuramcılardan biri de Maria Montessori’dir. Montessori eğitimi, çocukları kişisel gelişimleriyle birlikte; uyumlu sosyal ilişki, doğa ile uyum ve son olarak güzel bir yaşam için bütünsel olarak geliştirmeyi hedeflemektedir. Montessori bu düşüncesini “Doğa hayatın öğretmenidir. Onun gittiği yolu izlemek gerekir.” sözüyle vurgulamaktadır. Ülkemizde Montessori Yöntemine karşı ilginin oldukça eskiye dayalı olduğu ancak yaygınlaşması açısından dünyanın diğer ülkeleriyle kıyaslandığında kısmen geç kalındığı söylenebilir. Okul öncesi fen öğretiminde Maria Montessori’nin görüşleri, materyalleri ve etkinlik örnekleri ile ilgili literatür araştırmasının alana katkı sağlayacağı düşünülmektedir. Bu nedenle bu çalışmada Montessori Yönteminde fen eğitimi ayrıntılarıyla incelenmiştir.

Language: Turkish

ISSN: 1308-4933

Archival Material Or Collection

Box 6, Folder 24 - Lecture Outlines, 1962-ca.1963 - “The Montessori Approach to Teaching Religion, The Liturgy Lecture II / The Liturgy and the Montessori Method: Two Movements Start in Rome”

Available from: Seattle University

Edwin Mortimer Standing - Biographic sources, Edwin Mortimer Standing - Writings

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Language: English

Archive: Seattle University, Lemieux Library and McGoldrick Learning Commons, Special Collections

Master's Thesis

Montessori and Religious Education in Western Cape Preschools

Available from: University of Cape Town

Africa, Catholic schools, Comparative education, Jewish religious schools, Montessori method of education, Montessori schools, Religious education, South Africa, Southern Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa

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Abstract/Notes: The debate about whether or not religious education should be included in early childhood education is a longstanding one. Even those who believe that Religious education should be included in early childhood programs cannot agree about the content or method for including it. The phenomenon of religious education in Montessori pre-primary schools in the Western Cape Province of South Africa is explored in this study, using a qualitative research approach. More specifically, the study explored the goals of their religious education; the level of awareness of Montessori's approach to religious education and finally looked at how they were implementing religion in their schools. A sample of 4 pre-schools were selected from the 90 Montessori pre-schools in the Western Cape. These included a Non-Denominational, Muslim, Christian and a Jewish School. The Muslim and Non-Denominational schools are full Montessori schools, while the Christian and Jewish schools have incorporated Montessori alongside other curriculums, namely the Jubilee Excellence School Curriculum and Reggio-Emilia approach, respectively. A collective case study approach was adopted and data was collected through observations and interviews. While the findings cannot easily be generalized, it is significant in providing a starting point to understanding the phenomenon of religious education in Montessori pre-schools in the Western Cape. The study highlighted Dr Montessori's personal and professional struggle with religion and found that the struggles Dr Montessori faced in terms of Religion have still not been resolved today. The schools in the Western Cape still grappled with the essence of Montessori's struggle, i.e. where to place religion and how to integrate it in the Montessori method and philosophy. Dr Montessori's beliefs about the importance of spirituality in the early years were found to be consistent with the contemporary views of scholars around the world. The religious schools followed guidelines of their own religions when deciding on which values to focus on. At the Jewish school, the focus was on the community, while at the Muslim school the focus was on the individual and selfetiquette. The focus of the Christian school was on discipline and obedience. The schools had various commitments to spiritual and ethical development of the children. Finally, the study found that the Montessori method was ideal for teaching the practices of religion, but when schools delved into issues of faith or love of God, they switched to other modes of teaching (e.g. preaching). This disjuncture between teaching faith and practices was ultimately Dr Montessori's reason for abolishing religious education from her method.

Language: English

Published: Cape Town, South Africa, 2017

Doctoral Dissertation

An Examination of Culturally Relevant Pedagogy and Antibias-Antiracist Curriculm in a Montessori Setting

Available from: Lynn University - Electronic Theses and Dissertations

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Abstract/Notes: The research consisted of a qualitative case study of three urban public Montessori schools with a population of 51% or more of students of color and a commitment of 2 years or more of CRP-ABAR within a Montessori setting. The theoretical framework used for the study was the critical race theory, which is the conceptual foundation for examining inequities in public education. This research dissertation had a focus on gaining an insight into the perceptions of administrators, teachers, and parents toward CRP-ABAR in Montessori schools by examining the practices in three public Montessori schools. The possible connections to student outcomes, such as behavioral referrals, suspension rates, and academic achievement for students of color were explored to determine if any connections exist between CRP-ABAR and outcomes for students of color within a public Montessori setting. Three major themes emerged of the perceptions of administrators, teachers, and parents about the impact of the CRP-ABAR in a Montessori setting. The CRP-ABAR could be delivered through a curriculum-oriented approach or a systemic-oriented approach and the CRP-ABAR connects to Montessori through peace-global education and the prepared teacher-environment. The CRP-ABAR practices impact students of color primarily through social emotional growth with limited academic outcomes. Even with an intentional focus and diversity training, many non-Black teachers’ perceptions of students of color included deficit theory thinking. Some parents believed racism is being dismantled through the curriculum and celebrations of diversity. Other parents identified some teachers-staff with underpinning instances of biases and insensitivity.

Language: English

Published: Boca Raton, Florida, 2020

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