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Doctoral Dissertation (Ed.D.)
Improving Montessori Teacher Effectiveness through a School-University Partnership
Available from: Wilmington University
Elementary education, Teacher education
Abstract/Notes: In an effort to improve the quality of education received by the nation’s children, research has been conducted to identify factors that contribute to student success. Research indicates that teacher training and credentials are related to higher student achievement. This paper explores the literature regarding teacher effectiveness and then compares practices of effective teachers with the training received by Montessori teachers. The results were used to identify a gap in the teacher-training program. This information was substantiated by data collected using an online survey. The survey also measured the percent of Delaware Montessori teachers who have their state teaching certification as well as their interest in a potential Montessori teacher education graduate program. With this information, a school-university graduate partnership was designed. The graduate program would result in educators becoming dual certified, both Montessori certified and state licensed and certified. This executive position paper advocates for the establishment of a school-university partnership between the Delaware Institute for Montessori Education (DIME) and the College of Education at Wilmington University for the purposes of creating a pathway to a graduate degree and dual certification for qualified Montessori educators.
Published: New Castle, Delaware, 2016
Doctoral Dissertations (Ed.D.)
The Impact of Montessori Practices
Available from: ProQuest Dissertations and Theses
Abstract/Notes: This mixed methods study examined the impact of School Y’s Montessori approach on their students’ academic achievement, perceptions of executive functioning skills, and the school’s culture. The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of length of enrollment on academic achievement in a Montessori upper elementary and middle school classroom. Administrator, parent, student, and teacher perceptions of the impact of School Y’s Montessori approach on students’ executive functioning were examined. The stakeholders’ perceptions of School Y’s culture were also identified. There were three main findings of the study: 1) there was no statistically significant relationship between the number of years students have been enrolled and their academic scores on both the Stanford Achievement Test and the OLSAT, 2) executive functioning skills were attributed to student success, and 3) cultural practices included individual instruction, mastery, real-life learning, positive discipline, peace education, a strong sense of community, parent education and support, mindfulness in the classroom, and an emphasis on environment. Additional findings showed the NCE results of both the Stanford and the OLSAT were above grade level expectations across all grade levels and subjects. These results could be an indication that the Montessori approach used by School Y was preparing the students for success in the subjects assessed. The findings were inconclusive because there was no statistically significant relationship between the number of years students have been enrolled and their academic scores on both the Stanford Achievement Test and the OLSAT. However, their results were above grade level expectations across all grade levels and subjects.
Published: Nashville, Tennessee, 2017
Doctoral Dissertation (Ed.D.)
Strategies to Support Classroom Integration Among New Elementary Montessori Students: Qualitative Case Study
Available from: ProQuest Dissertations and Theses
Abstract/Notes: Elementary students transferring from traditional education classrooms to a Montessori school lack executive function skills (EFS) and struggle with academic performance and disrupt classes. The specific problem is the lack of strategies and support from school administrators to address an overwhelming number of new elementary Montessori students needing EFS improvement. The purpose of this qualitative exploratory case study was to explore teachers' and school administrators' perceptions of strategies to support teachers regarding EFS development among new Montessori students in grades first through sixth in a single Southwestern Montessori school. The theoretical framework was primarily Vygotsky's social constructionism. The research question involved: What are teachers' and school administrators' perceptions regarding strategies used to support teachers in developing EFS among new Montessori students in grades first through sixth in a Southwestern Montessori school? The sample included four administrators, eight classroom teachers, and four student support teachers. Individual semi-structured interviews were conducted, and 2 focus groups were employed: 1 for administrators, and a separate 1 for teachers/support personnel. Findings indicated the need for improved vetting of potential students during the admission process, additional classroom resources, and improvements to the parental education module. Future research is needed to explore the potential for an issue-based strategic planning model to foster collaboration between school administration and teachers.
Published: Phoenix, Arizona, 2023
Islamic Religious Education in Montessori Preschool
Available from: European Union Digital Library
International Graduate Conference in Islam and Interdisciplinary Studies (IGCIIS)
Abstract/Notes: This research is based on the importance of developing Islamic Montessori model for religious education learning in Montessori Preschool. The aim of this research is to analyze Islamic religious Education in Montessori Preschool. This article is a preliminary research and development study that orch
Published: Matarma, Lombok, Indonesia (Oct 19-20, 2022): EAI, May 26, 2023
Pages: 9 p.
Implementation of Early Childhood Learning with the Montessory Method in TK IT Cendikia Purwakarta
Available from: State Islamic University of Prof. K. H. Saifuddin Zuhri
Publication: International Journal of Early Childhood Community Learning, vol. 1, no. 1
Abstract/Notes: Montessori is a teacher's method in facilitating students to explore their abilities and environment. Children are given the freedom to recognize their respective potentials by practicing at will and promoting independence in learning. The purpose of this study was to determine the application of learning with the Montessori Method in TK IT Cendikia and to find out the things supporting and inhibiting the Montessori method. The research method uses descriptive qualitative data collection through interviews, observation and documentation. The results of the study indicate that the implementation of the Montessori method in TK IT Cendikia has been carried out properly starting from planning with the design of the Daily Program (RPPH), Weekly Program (RPPM), Semester Program (PROMES) and Annual Program (PROTA), implementation of learning using the Montesssori method. , and evaluation of learning. The implementation of the Montessori method in Cendikia IT Kindergarten shows a fairly good implementation which is marked by the development of cognitive, affective, and psychomotor aspects of children
Psychology within Montessori pedagogy – theory and practice
Available from: dLibra
Publication: Pedagogika, vol. 27, no. 2
Abstract/Notes: In this paper titled Psychology within Montessori pedagogy – theory and practice the authors elaborate a current topic of access to upbringing and education, a theme that encompasses both psychology and pedagogy. Based on her experience as an assistant professor on the subject Educational anthropology and her experience as a pedagogue at a private preschool, which follows a Montessori approach, author Topic provides a theoretical approach to upbringing and education in the educational sector in the city of Mostar. Despite it being a review of a single city, the patterns and behaviors observed can be found in any other place or a city.By nurturing an individual approach to each child and taking into account their needs, children are encouraged to study by themselves, therefore allowing and supporting them to develop self confidence and self actualization. The example given is taken from a kindergarten provides an overview of practices which encourage the child towards healthy growth and development into a confident young people who will be able to form and make good choices in life.Through practical psychology, author Colak, provides us with an answer to the question why is all that important. Through her experiences in work with young people who suffer from consequences of, among other things, an inadequate approach to upbringing and education in their younger age.And to answer why this is important, psychology might have some cues. Author Čolak from her work experience with young people at Psychiatry Clinic in Mostar considers consequences that (according to literature, theory and practice) have some causes in upbringing approach at an earlier age and which behaviors were/are reinforced through evaluation systems and early messages from adults. Working with young people, author Čolak presents case study of female student with extremely low self-esteem and extremely high perfectionism in cognitive-behavioral therapy process. We discuss how and why those are so immensely pathologically connected. Some risk factors (following bio-psycho-social model of illness/wellness) are connected with psychological and social context. Thus, by educating parents and educators so we may have chance to improve mental health of children and later adults.As a conclusion, co-operation and multidisciplinary approach is suggested. Education, psychotherapy and prevention have much in common. Montessori approach is not the only one which deals with it, but in its foundations holds the bases to help us to react in time, both as a profession and as humans too. / W artykule niniejszym autorki odnoszą się do aktualnego problemu dostępu do wychowania i kształcenia, obejmującego zarówno psychologię, jak i pedagogikę. Opierając się na swoim doświadczeniu w zakresie antropologii edukacyjnej oraz jako pedagoga w prywatnym przedszkolu pracującym w oparciu o podejście M. Montessori, Kristina Topić zapewnia teoretyczne podejście do wychowania i edukacji w sektorze edukacyjnym w Mostarze (Bośnia i Hercegowina). Pomimo tego, że tekst dotyczy jednego miasta, zaobserwowane wzorce i zachowania można znaleźć w każdym innym miejscu. Pielęgnując indywidualne podejście do każdego dziecka i biorąc pod uwagę jego potrzeby, zachęca się je do samodzielnego uczenia się, umożliwiając i wspierając w rozwijaniu pewności siebie i samorealizacji. Podany przykład, pochodzący z przedszkola, zawiera przegląd praktyk, które zachęcają dziecko do prawidłowego rozwoju, aby stać się ludźmi, którzy będą w stanie tworzyć i dokonywać dobrych wyborów w życiu. Poprzez psychologię praktyczną, Iva Čolak, formułuje odpowiedź na pytanie, dlaczego wskazane wyżej praktyki są tak ważne. Poprzez swoje doświadczenia w pracy z młodymi ludźmi, którzy cierpią z powodu popełnianych błędów w wychowaniu i kształceniu. W celu odpowiedzi, dlaczego indywidualizacja podejścia, samodzielność w uczeniu się i wspieranie w rozwoju są ważne, psychologia może dostarczyć pewnych interpretacji. Iva Čolak z perspektywy swojego doświadczenia w pracy z młodzieżą w Klinice Psychiatrii w Mostarze rozważa konsekwencje, które (zgodnie z teorią i praktyką) mają pewne przyczyny w podejściu do wychowania młodych ludzi oraz w zachowaniach, które zostały (bądź są) wzmacniane poprzez systemy oceniania i wczesne informacje zwrotne od dorosłych. Pracując z młodzieżą, przedstawia ona case study studentki o skrajnie niskiej samoocenie i niezwykle wysokim perfekcjonizmie będących przedmiotem terapii poznawczo-behawioralnej. Omówione zostało, jak i dlaczego te zjawiska są powiązane. Niektóre czynniki ryzyka (zgodnie z biopsychospołecznym modelem choroby / dobrego samopoczucia) są powiązane z kontekstem psychologicznym i społecznym. W ten sposób, poprzez edukację rodziców i wychowawców, możemy mieć szansę na poprawę zdrowia psychicznego dzieci i dorosłych. Podsumowując, Autorki sugerują współpracę i interdyscyplinarne podejście. Edukacja, psychoterapia i profilaktyka mają ze sobą wiele wspólnego. Podejście Montessori nie jest jedynym, które zajmuje się relacjami między tymi pojęciami, ale w jego fundamentach znajdują się podstawy, które pomagają reagować na czas.
The relationship between spatial form of interior learning space and children behavior
Available from: AIP Conference Proceedings
Publication: AIP Conference Proceedings, vol. 2560, no. 1
Date: May 22, 2023
Pages: Article 020020
Abstract/Notes: Schools as a microsystem are a critical part of a child’s life at every stage of development. School building research demonstrates that attributes of the facility are linked to critical student outcomes (Maxwell, 2018a). Kindergarten space is one of the key interiors where children spend most of their time out of their homes. Children need a physical environment presenting rich opportunities where they can discover experiences, and stimulate their senses (Yalçın, 2017). This research is generated from the question for the interior design of the earning environment affects the children’s development. To be more precise, which elements affect children’s cognitive development. The theories that dealt with this idea clarified disconnected analysis which produces a knowledge gap. The problem statement of the research is represented by the lack of knowledge that is concerned with the effect of spatial forms in the learning environment on cognitive development. The study came up of researching the characteristics and role of spatial form, including identifying key factors from spatial forms and their visual perception, in creating the physical environment of classroom interior space in-depth to analyze its influence on childrchildren’stive development from 3 to 5 years ago. Document analysis has been applied as the main method of this study. from seven preschools (three Montessori preschools, one Reggio Emilia preschool, one Pikler preschool, and others (Audrey Migliani, 2020, 2021). The designs will be analyzed and summarized to analyze spatial forms which are selected by architects and designers in designing preschool spaces as well as their influences on children’s behavior. Finally, the result of this study could provide educators and designers with significant insight to design priorities of the physical classroom environment of early children space.
Nature-Based Education in the Light of Montessori Philosophy: Meaning, Principles and Practices
Available from: European Journal of Alternative Education Studies
Publication: European Journal of Alternative Education Studies, vol. 8, no. 1
Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Nature education
Abstract/Notes: The subject of the article is the role of nature in learning as an essential part of the Montessori Philosophy in early childhood education. This article highlights the use of nature-based activities within Montessori’s pedagogical perspective for including content about the natural world in early childhood settings. In this paper, it is aimed to increase the awareness of learning through nature on child development and to disseminate nature-based practices used in line with the Montessori approach in preschools. Firstly, the role of nature as an educational tool is described, followed by an understanding of nature pedagogy and its educational value according to Maria Montessori. Additionally, the article reviews the implementation of nature-based learning activities as an integral part of the educational work in Montessori schools. In this educational stream, nature-related work stands as the main methodical means for early childhood education and supporting the development of children. Nature in itself serves as a kind of special resonance and restorative effect that can help children understand the world and impart meaning to their lives. Subsequently, recommendations for nature-based practices that can be applied in preschools were presented in light of the Montessori philosophy. Article visualizations:
Eksistesialisme Menurut Maria Montessori Dalam Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini [Existentialism According to Maria Montessori in Early Childhood Education]
Available from: Universitas Nahdlatul Ulama Purwokerto (Indonesia)
Publication: Jurnal Tumbuh Kembang Anak Usia Dini [Journal of Early Childhood Development], vol. 1, no. 1
Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, Existentialism, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education
Abstract/Notes: Little humans have great potential, develop optimally by involving teachers, parents and children. Teachers and parents contribute to early childhood education (PAUD) services applying various lessons and curricula according to their basis. In this study, it examines the idea of existentialism according to Maria Montessori in Early Childhood Education. This study used a library research method which refers to the data sources on Montessori existentialism in early childhood education. Research is empirical and theoretical by examining theories on objects and phenomena that are the focus of research from rational expressions of ideas. The results of the study describe the thoughts of children that have an impact on the training of daily life skills, sensory training, and children's language development. then in the concept of PAUD existentialism according to Maria Montessori emphasizes learning and curriculum through children's experiences that naturally involve the roles of teachers, students, and parents. The impact of Montessori existentialist thinking is respect for the child, the mind that absorbs the child, and the environment that is ready. This has an impact on the substance of Montessori-based existentialism.
Achieving Inclusive Education in Early Childhood: From the Viewpoint of an Affinity Between Inclusive Education and Montessori Education
Publication: Montessori Kyōiku / モンテッソーリ教育 [Montessori Education], no. 49
Asia, East Asia, Inclusive education, Japan, Montessori method of education
Abstract/Notes: This is an article from Montessori Education, a Japanese language periodical published by the Japan Association Montessori.
Creative Ability in Children
Publication: Around the Child, vol. 6
Conferences, Creative ability in children, International Montessori Congress (8th, San Remo, Italy, 22-29 August 1949), Maria Montessori - Writings
The Effects of the Montessori Sensory Education on Sensory Ability Development of the Children with Disability / 몬테소리 감각 교육이 장애아의 지각 향상에 미치는 영향
Publication: 韓國肢體不自由兒敎育學會誌 重複·肢體不自由兒敎育 / Korean Journal of Physical and Multiple Disabilities, vol. 40
Improving Creative Ability of Base of Pyramid (BOP) Students in India
Available from: ScienceDirect
Publication: Thinking Skills and Creativity, vol. 36
Date: Jun 2020
Action research, Asia, India, South Asia
Abstract/Notes: A study was undertaken to investigate how to prepare Base of Pyramid (BOP) children in India for creativity. The quasi-experiment study involved seventy 5th grade BOP students from two municipality schools in Mumbai, India. The training group students were given Design Thinking training spread over two action research cycles, while the control group received no intervention. The present study reports on findings from the second action research cycle during which the training group received training on divergent thinking skills—skills required for Design Thinking. The data was collected using classroom worksheets and intervention test sheets, and the objective was to find answers to how ideation took place during creative work and whether divergent thinking skills—as a part of Design Thinking training—helped in improving creative ability. The quantitative analysis of The Torrance Test of Creative Thinking (TTCT) inspired intervention test sheets indicated an overall significant difference in creative ability indicator scores of students who received intervention over those who did not. Furthermore, the significant difference was found for figural tasks but not for verbal tasks. The present study also showed how a mixed-method analysis can be useful for capturing socio-cultural elements, measuring relevant idea generation and identifying the need for different creative confidence-building strategies. The study identified language as a barrier for idea expression in the case of BOP students for whom language of instruction at school was different from language spoken at home. The study recommended socio-techno entrepreneurs to use this challenge as an opportunity for becoming stakeholders in creativity skilling for BOP students.
Creative Ability in Childhood
Book Title: La formazione dell'uomo nella ricostruzione mondiale: atti dell'8. Congresso internazionale Montessori presieduto da Maria Montessori, San Remo, 22-29 agosto 1949
Conferences, International Montessori Congress (8th, San Remo, Italy, 22-29 August 1949), Maria Montessori - Speeches, addresses, etc., Maria Montessori - Writings
Language: French, Italian
Published: Roma, Italy: Ente Opera Montessori, 1950
Creative Ability in Childhood
Publication: NAMTA Journal, vol. 20, no. 1
Creative ability in children, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Maria Montessori - Speeches, addresses, etc., Maria Montessori - Writings, Montessori method of education, North American Montessori Teachers' Association (NAMTA) - Periodicals, Teacher-student relationships
Abstract/Notes: This lecture discusses the creative ability of young children, asserting that educators must cultivate children's creative potential so that these abilities can develop and expand. Early childhood education also needs to take into account children's natural need for rules. (MDM)
Creative Center, Kenmore, New York [Kiddie Haven Creative Center]
Publication: Montessori Observer, vol. 5, no. 4
Date: Apr 1984
The Effectiveness of a Counseling Program Based on the Use of Montessori Method on Adaptive Environmental Behavior in a Sample of Children with Mild Intellectual Disability
Available from: The Egyptian Knowledge Bank
Publication: Journal of Environmental Science, vol. 49, no. 9
Date: Sep 2020
Africa, Children with disabilities, Counseling, Egypt, Middle East, Montessori method of education, North Africa
Abstract/Notes: The present study aims to identify the effectiveness of a counseling program based on the use of the Montessori method on the environmental adaptive behavior in a sample of children with mild intellectual disabilities, identifying also the differences in the level of behavioral adaptation in a sample of children on the adaptive behavior scale pre/post application of the program. The researchers define a sample of (40) items, applied to a sample consisting of (40) children with mild intellectual disabilities, aged between (10-12) years, selected from boys, divided equally to (20) experimental samples and (20) control samples, from Al-Ghafir Foundation for people with special needs. The researcher has used the (experimental) method and applied the scale of adaptive behavior. The research has come to several results, the most important of which is that there is a statistically significant correlation between the average scores of the control group and the experimental group, regarding the post application of the total adaptive behavior scale. There are statistically significant differences between the average scores of the experimental group, regarding the post/ follow up application of the adaptive behavioral scale. There are statistically significant differences between the average scores of the control group and the experimental group regarding the post-application of the total behavior scale, in favor of the experimental group. The research reached a set of recommendations, the most important of which are: the necessity of providing the necessary tools for developing skills for children with disabilities within government institutions, setting a special budget.
Freeing the child's response-ability: Celebrating the natural genius of children
Published: Boston, Massachusetts: AMI-USA, 2000
Form, Methods and Means of Forming Children's Musical Ability
Available from: NewJournal.org
Publication: Образование Наука и Инновационные Идеи в Мире [Education Science and Innovative Ideas in the World], vol. 19, no. 8
Music and children, Music education
Abstract/Notes: The Center for Music and Rhythm is a very interesting center. In this, children can enter the characters they want, sing songs if they want, and play music on musical instruments if they want. This center can also be used as a corner. But using it as a center gives more positive results.
Effectiveness of Two Instructional Methods on Reasoning Ability of Children with Hearing Impairment in Nigeria / Uticaj dva nastavna metoda na sposobnost rasuđivanja kod dece sa oštećenjem sluha u Nigeriji
Available from: SCIndeks
Publication: Specijalna Edukacija i Rehabilitacija [Special Education and Rehabilitation], vol. 17, no. 4
Abstract/Notes: Language has a noteworthy role in the cognitive development and social ability of an individual. However, a delay in language could affect an individual ability to think critically. Tis could be breached through impactful method of instruction from elementary school. Thus, this study examined the differential effectiveness of Montessori didactic and Direct Instructional methods on reasoning ability of children with hearing impairment in Lagos State. Te sample size was 29 pupils comprising 15 male and 14 female pupils with hearing impairment. Te Reasoning Ability Test was used to gather relevant data while mean, standard deviation, mean difference, Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) and Least Significant Difference (LSD) were the statistical tool used to analyse the data. The study found that both Montessori Didactic Material and Direct Instruction method were efficacious in teaching pupils with hearing impairment. However, the former was more effective. The teaching methods do not have significant gender effect on pupils with hearing impairment. It was recommended that Montessori didactic method should be employed in teaching elementary school pupils because it encourages active participation in learning process in form of self- direction and independence not minding gender, intellectual and economic disparities
ISSN: 2406-1328, 1452-7367