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Article

New Trends in Early Childhood Education

Publication: Chinese Education Review, vol. 19, no. 2

Pages: 1-9

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Language: Chinese

Book Section

A Philosophical Perspective on the Purpose of Education in Indonesia

Available from: Springer Link

Book Title: Comparative and Decolonial Studies in Philosophy of Education

Pages: 51-71

Asia, Australasia, Comparative education, Friedrich Fröbel - Philosophy, Indonesia, Ki Hajar Dewantara - Philosophy, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Rabindranath Tagore - Philosophy, Southeast Asia

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Abstract/Notes: This chapter will look at the purpose of education in the context of Indonesia’s past and present. I will draw on the philosophy of Ki Hajar Dewantara (1889–1959), who is regarded as the father of Indonesian education. In conceptualising education, he was influenced by his upbringing, local culture, and international influences from various educators and philosophers such as Rabindranath Tagore, Maria Montessori, and Friedrich Fröbel. This chapter is particularly timely because the Indonesian government has started to critically re-examine two of the educational concepts proposed by Dewantara, which are “pendidikan karakter” (character education) and “merdeka belajar” (independent learning). The chapter will start with a discussion on the purpose of education before introducing Dewantara and his background. I will then offer two comparisons; First, between Dewantara’s purpose of education and the aims of Dutch schools during the colonial period in Indonesia, highlighting the importance of imparting local wisdom and values in Dewantara’s school which were ignored by the colonial schools. Second, between Dewantara’s purpose of education and the current government’s policies. By doing so, I will highlight the different purposes articulated for education in various contexts, from the colonial era to present-day Indonesia. The conclusion of this chapter is that there have been profound changes to the very purpose of education in Indonesia. Nevertheless, Dewantara’s philosophy is still very much relevant today and thus, the Indonesian government should revisit its conceptualisation of the foundations of education. Dewantara’s thought is also likely to see increased interest in other countries due to a growing global demand for awareness of non-Western educational philosophies.

Language: English

Published: Singapore, Singapore: Springer Nature, 2023

Edition: 1st ed.

ISBN: 978-981-9901-39-5

Article

A Study of Pedagogy and the Nature of Imagination in Montessori Education / 몬테소리 교육학에서 상상력의 성격과 교수론 고찰

Available from: RISS

Publication: Montessori교육연구 [Montessori Education Research], vol. 12

Pages: 121-139

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Language: Korean

ISSN: 1226-9417

Article

New Education in Texas [March, 1987 Conference]

Publication: Montessori Observer, vol. 8, no. 3

Pages: 1, 3

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Language: English

ISSN: 0889-5643

Article

M. Montessori’s Ideas in Preschool Education of Belarus and China

Available from: Vitebsk State University (Belarus)

Publication: Современное образование Витебщины [Modern Education in Vitebsk Region], vol. 2022, no. 1 [35]

Pages: 75-79

Asia, Belarus, China, Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, East Asia, Eastern Europe, Europe, Montessori method of education

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Abstract/Notes: The article is devoted to Montessori method and its analysis in the theory and practice of belarusian and chinese education. Studying the pedagogical heritage will help to choose the alternative program suitable for preschool education in modern times. / Статья посвящена методу Монтессори и его анализу в теории и практике белорусского и китайского образования. Изучение педагогического наследия поможет выбрать альтернативную программу, подходящую для дошкольного образования в современности.

Language: English

ISSN: 2706-8749, 2519-4534

Book

Contemporary Critics of Education

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Language: English

Published: Danville, Illinois: Interstate Printers and Publishers, [1970]

Article

Cattolici, educazione infantile e metodo montessoriano. La posizione della rivista "Pro Infantia" fra età giolittiana e fascismo / Catholics, early childhood education and the Montessori method. The position of the journal "Pro Infantia" across the Giolitti and Fascist Eras.

Publication: Nuova Secondaria, vol. 40, no. 4

Pages: 123-135

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Abstract/Notes: The essay examines the opinions formulated by the journal «Pro Infantia» about the Montessori method, within the lively debate that this approach elicited among both secular and Catholic groups. A review of the contents of the periodical – which was produced by La Scuola publishing house in Brescia – shows that after initially considering Montessori’s work with interest, the publication adopted a more prudent and critical attitude. This stance became more radically pronounced in the 1920s, when, despite growing attention to the Montessori method in some of the leading Catholic circles, «Pro Infantia» began to voice strong criticism of it. (English)

Language: Italian

ISSN: 1828-4582

Book

The Spiritual Regeneration of Man: An Address Given to the Montessori Society at the 22. Annual Conference of Educational Associations Held at University College, London, Jan. 1934

Maria Montessori - Writings

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Language: English

Published: Edinburgh, Scotland: [s.n.], 1934

Article

Montessori Education: A New Era?

Available from: ProQuest

Publication: Montessori Life, vol. 24, no. 4

Pages: 4-5

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Language: English

ISSN: 1054-0040

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Comparison of Academic Achievement Between Montessori and Traditional Education Programs

Available from: Taylor and Francis Online

Publication: Journal of Research in Childhood Education, vol. 20, no. 1

Pages: 5-13

Americas, Comparative education, Montessori method of education - Evaluation, North America, United States of America

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Abstract/Notes: The purpose of this study was to compare the academic achievement of 543 urban 4th- (n=291) and 8th- (n=252) grade students who attended Montessori or traditional education programs. The majority of the sample consisted of minority students (approximately 53 percent), and was considered low income (approximately 67 percent). Students who attended a public Montessori school were compared with students who attended structured magnet, open magnet, and traditional non-magnet public schools on standardized measures of math and language arts. Results of the study failed to support the hypothesis that enrollment in a Montessori school was associated with higher academic achievement. Implications and suggestions for future research are provided.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1080/02568540509594546

ISSN: 0256-8543, 2150-2641

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