Quick Search
For faster results please use our Quick Search engine.

Advanced Search

Search across titles, abstracts, authors, and keywords.
Advanced Search Guide.

1649 results

Master's Thesis

Mississippi River Program: A Mixed-Method Examination of the Effects of a Place-Based Curriculum on the Environmental Knowledge and Awareness of Montessori Adolescents

Available from: ProQuest Dissertations and Theses

Comparative education, Mississippi River Program, Sustainability

See More

Abstract/Notes: The Mississippi River Program was an interdisciplinary environmental education curriculum implemented in La Crosse, Wisconsin. The program integrated theory and practice of experiential, environmental, adventure, and place-based education, and was designed, implemented and assessed by the researcher. Effects of the Mississippi River Program on the environmental knowledge and awareness of middle school adolescents were unknown at the onset of this study. This was a quasi-experimental design involving non-random sampling of a charter Montessori Middle School as the experimental group (n=17), and a sample of public middle school students as the comparison group (n=18). A mixed-methods approach entailed quantitative assessment of mean pretest and posttest scores on the Environmental Knowledge and Beliefs Questionnaire, and a qualitative analysis of reflective papers written by the Montessori group. The research instrument was drawn directly from the state standards for environmental education for middle school adolescents, published by the Wisconsin Department of Instruction (1998). Results of ANOVA indicated a significant improvement in mean scores from pretest to posttest for the experimental group, with no significant difference in scores for the comparison group (p=.0002). Quantitative results revealed that Item Six of the survey instrument contributed significantly to the increase in scores (p=.0000). This Item required knowledge of environmental agencies, which the experimental group gained during “Outdoor Careers Day.” Student reflective papers written about experiences during this event were qualitatively assessed using an emergent open coding method, which revealed five environmental learning themes. Qualitative findings reinforced the quantitative results, indicating that the program participants improved significantly in knowledge of environmental content areas; and awareness of a personal relationship with, and responsibility to, the environment. Further investigations are needed to increase the research base for programs that incorporate multiple outdoor education models. Innovative educational approaches would also benefit from research on the long term effects of participation in these programs.

Language: English

Published: Mankato, Minnesota, 2006

Book

Montessori Education: A Humanistic Approach for the 1990s

Available from: ERIC

See More

Abstract/Notes: This study identifies philosophical and instructional values implicit in the educational thought of Maria Montessori and compares those values with Shapiro's (1986, 1987) set of humanistic value principles. Shapiro's 16 value principles, which are derived from an analysis of 100 works of 89 well-known writers who have been publicly associated with humanistic education, concern: (1) a process orientation; (2) self-determination; (3) interpersonal connectedness; (4) personal relevance; (5) integration of affect and cognition in a holistic approach; (6) consideration of context; (7) an affective, experiential bias; (8) innovation; (9) democratic participation; (10) orientation toward personal growth; (11) orientation toward the intrinsic value of persons; (12) individualism; (13) reality as concrete and pragmatic; (14) formative over summative evaluation; (15) encouragement of diversity and creativity; and (16) the cultivation of spiritual potential. A content analysis of Montessori's highly philosophical book, "The Secret of Childhood," yielded 156 value statements that were sorted using Shapiro's 16 value principles. Results demonstrate extensive similarity between Montessori's values and the values of humanistic educators. Each area of similarity is discussed.

Language: English

Published: California: [s.n.], 1987

Book

Active Learning: Positive Impact for Schools and Democratic Society

See More

Abstract/Notes: The concept of active learning is analyzed in terms of its place in the democratic school. Defined is the meaning of an effective democracy and active learning. The relationship of participation to democracy is analyzed in terms of effectiveness. Ownership and empowerment are the keys to participatory democracy. Several educators' philosophies are examined: Maria Montessori, Benjamin Bloom, and J. Goodlad. Student preparation for a democractic society is one purpose for the active learning project. Appended are 14 references. ERIC Number ED307702

Language: English

Published: Ohio: [s.n.], 1989

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Beyond Biological Ties: Sibilla Aleramo, Maria Montessori, and the Construction of Social Motherhood

Available from: Taylor and Francis Online

Publication: Italian Culture, vol. 32, no. 1

Pages: 32-49

Feminism, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Sibilla Aleramo - Biographic sources

See More

Abstract/Notes: At the turn of the twentieth century, many Italian intellectuals opposed women’s participation in the public sphere, maintaining that women could not engage in politics due to their exclusive love for their biological children. Contemporary feminists countered this notion by promoting the idea of social motherhood. Sibilla Aleramo and Maria Montessori, better known for their work in feminist literature and early childhood education, respectively, made important contributions to this debate by implementing, theorizing, and popularizing the notion of social motherhood. This essay traces the strategies the two intellectuals used to demonstrate how women could act as political subjects via a socialization of the maternal functions. In her novel Una donna, Aleramo offered a fictional portrait of the social mother. Influenced by it and by the feminist debate on motherhood, Montessori conceptualized the notion of social motherhood as both a socialization of maternal duties and the expansion of women’s maternal virtues into the social world. Montessori also applied this notion to her first pedagogical experiments in San Lorenzo (Rome) and with the orphans of the 1908 Messina-Reggio earthquake. An analysis of these intellectuals’ formerly overlooked contributions provides a new understanding of the role of social motherhood in the contemporary feminist debate in Italy.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1179/0161462213Z.00000000022

ISSN: 0161-4622

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Intergenerational Montessori Program for Adults With Memory Concerns

Available from: ASHA Wire

Publication: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, vol. 30, no. 3

Pages: 1090-1099

Alzheimer's disease, Dementia, Gerontology, Montessori therapy, Montessori-based interventions (MBI)

See More

Abstract/Notes: This study evaluated the effects of an intergenerational Montessori after-school program on the engagement, affect, and quality of life of older adults with memory concerns and on the attitudes of children toward older adults. Eleven older adults were paired with 11 children to participate in a 45-min after-school activity program. Observations of engagement and affect during the interactions were collected 3 times a week for 4 weeks. The older adults' engagement and affect also were observed during 45-min planning/discussion sessions without the children present before their arrival to the program. Results revealed significant differences in older adults' engagement and positive affect when the children were present. Significant pre–post improvements in reported quality of life and maintenance of cognitive status were associated with program participation. Children demonstrated more active than passive engagement and more happy than neutral affect during activity sessions. Four of the seven children improved their positive ratings of older adults. This program documented success in improving engagement and affect in older adults with mild memory concerns while engaging with children. Future studies with a larger sample of participants with varying degrees of memory impairment are needed to investigate the potential of this promising program.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1044/2021_AJSLP-20-00259

ISSN: 1058-0360, 1558-9110

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Using the Montessori Approach for a Clientele with Cognitive Impairments: A Quasi-Experimental Study Design

Available from: SAGE Journals

Publication: International Journal of Aging and Human Development, vol. 71, no. 1

Pages: 23-41

Alzheimer's disease, Dementia, Gerontology, Montessori therapy, Montessori-based interventions (MBI)

See More

Abstract/Notes: The choice of activities responding to the needs of people with moderate to severe dementia is a growing concern for care providers trying to target the need for a feeling of self-accomplishment by adapting activities to the abilities of elderly patients. The activities created by Maria Montessori seem to be adaptable to this clientele. This study evaluates the short-term effects, as compared to regular activities offered in the milieu. This is a quasi-experimental study where each of the 14 participants was observed and filmed in two conditions: during Montessori activities, during regular activities, and one control condition (no activity). The results show that Montessori activities have a significant effect on affect and on participation in the activity. They support the hypothesis that when activities correspond to the needs and abilities of a person with dementia, these positive effects are also observed on behaviours. This study enabled its authors to corroborate the findings presented in the literature and to contribute additional elements on the positive effects of the use of Montessori activities and philosophy. Used with people with moderate to severe dementia these allow the satisfaction of their basic psychological needs, their well being, and hence, on their quality of life.

Language: English

DOI: 10.2190/AG.71.1.b

ISSN: 1541-3535, 0091-4150

Doctoral Dissertation

Tibetanization Project: Teachers' Meanings and Perspectives

Available from: University of Virginia

Asia, Displaced communities, India, Refugees, South Asia, Tibet

See More

Abstract/Notes: This study investigates meanings and perspectives of Tibetan elementary school teachers with regard to Tibetan medium education termed as the Tibetanization Project. It is a qualitative study in which assertions were generated based on common themes that emerged from the participating teachers' shared perspectives. The research questions that guided this study were: (a) What does Tibetanization mean to teachers in Tibetan Children's Village (TCV) schools in India? (b) How has the Tibetanization Project changed the instructional methods of teachers? (c) Has the Tibetanization Project made education more relevant for the Tibetan children? If so, how? If not, why not? (d) How do teachers perceive the Tibetan language and cultural acquisition among the children under the Tibetanization Project? and (e) How does Tibetan medium education affect the Tibetan people in exile? As a result of the research carried out: (1) The Tibetan teachers believe that although teaching of English as a subject is important, instruction solely in a foreign language at the primary school level can deter complete understanding of important concepts, and hinder acquisition of both languages, native and foreign. (2) In order to preserve the Tibetan language and give a quality education to Tibetan children, it is imperative to use the mother tongue as the medium of instruction at the primary school level. (3) The Tibetanization Project has encouraged active participation, critical thinking, and problem solving skills among Tibetan refugee students. (4) The Tibetanization Project has enriched Tibetan vocabulary both Tibetan teachers and students of elementary schools. (5) In spite of the above mentioned benefits, teachers still doubt the practicality of the Tibetanization Project in exile. (6) Teachers believe that a Tibetan medium education would be more practical if Tibet was a free country, but because that Tibetans live in exile, education in English medium is more vital for a successful life.

Language: English

Published: Charlottesville, Virginia, 2001

Report

An Analysis of Activities in Preschool Settings. Final Report

See More

Abstract/Notes: This research was aimed at an analysis of classroom activities which make up educational programs for young children. Its broad purpose was to analyze systematically and to make comparisons among six preschool programs in order to describe the patterns of activity settings used; the objectives activity settings were designed to reach from the point of view of their designers, classroom teachers; and the social behaviors of teachers and children which are shaped and molded by the requirements of settings and which have not necessarily been planned for or recognized by teachers. The six preschool settings used for the study include a Montessori nursery school, a Head Start program, two laboratory nursery school classrooms, a franchise day care center, and a community day care center. The first section of the report contains discussion of related research, a theoretical model, the six preschool classrooms, and the research procedures. The presentation of the results comprises the rest of the report. The findings are divided into three parts: a quantified picture of six classrooms in terms of activity characteristics and social interaction; an exploration of the relations between the activity and social interaction values; and an examination of the relationship of the personal characteristics of the children to activity participation and social interaction. (SDH)

Language: English

Published: Washington, D.C., 1973

Doctoral Dissertation

Formação de professores no contexto das propostas pedagógicas de Rudolf Steiner (pedagogia Waldorf), Maria Montessori e da experiência da Escola da Ponte [Teacher training in the context of the pedagogical proposals of Rudolf Steiner (Waldorf pedagogy), Maria Montessori and the experience of Escola da Ponte]

Available from: Universidade Estadual Paulista "Júlio de Mesquita Filho" - Institutional Repository

Americas, Brazil, Latin America and the Caribbean, Montessori method of education - Teacher training, Montessori schools, South America, Teacher training, Waldorf method of education - Teacher training, Waldorf schools

See More

Abstract/Notes: O objetivo desta pesquisa foi investigar como ocorre o processo de formação de professores para atuar no contexto das propostas pedagógicas Waldorf, Montessori e experiência da Escola da Ponte, com enfoque em cursos de formação para cada uma destas propostas. Os dados foram coletados através da participação da pesquisadora como aluna de cursos de formação para cada uma das propostas, ocorridos nos períodos de 2009 a 2013, trabalho de campo em escolas que adotam as propostas referidas, conversas com professores, sete entrevistas e um questionário, com professores e/ou formadores que atuam ou atuaram nestas propostas. Os dados foram registrados em notas de campo expandidas e as entrevistas foram gravadas em áudio e transcritas. O material foi interpretado e discutido de forma qualitativa, segundo um caráter etnográfico interpretativo. Todo esse processo foi apresentado através de narrativas que revelaram a experiência vivida pela pesquisadora tanto nos cursos de formação quanto nas escolas e, também, discussões que explicitaram como ocorre o processo de formação de professores para atuar nas três propostas, destacando como o ensino de Matemática foi abordado nestas formações. Foi realizada uma reflexão sobre os temas que emergiram. Na proposta Waldorf, destacamos os pressupostos teórico-filosófico-metodológicos que a embasam, o autoconhecimento (conhecimento de si mesmo), as artes e o professor de classe (professor generalista). No método de Maria Montessori salientamos os pressupostos teórico-filosófico-metodológicos que o embasam e sua consequente atualização, a importância da prática/estágio e o autoconhecimento. Na experiência da Escola da Ponte sobressaiu-se a formação centrada na escola (destaque para o círculo de estudos). A pesquisa contribui com discussões para a formação de professores que Ensinam Matemática, apontando, em especial, para a formação interior do professor através do conhecimento de si mesmo, vertente que é considerada nas propostas Waldorf e Montessori. [The aim of this research was to investigate how the process of teacher training occurs to act in the context of the Waldorf, Montessori and Escola da Ponte pedagogical proposals, focusing on training courses for each of these proposals. Data were collected through the participation of the researcher as a student of training courses for each of the proposals, which took place in the periods from 2009 to 2013, fieldwork in schools that adopt the aforementioned proposals, conversations with teachers, seven interviews and a questionnaire, with professors and/or trainers who work or have acted on these proposals. Data were recorded in expanded field notes and interviews were audio-recorded and transcribed. The material was interpreted and discussed qualitatively, according to an interpretive ethnographic character. This entire process was presented through narratives that revealed the experience lived by the researcher both in training courses and in schools, and also discussions that explained how the process of teacher training occurs to act in the three proposals, highlighting how the teaching of Mathematics was addressed in these trainings. A reflection was carried out on the themes that emerged. In the Waldorf proposal, we highlight the theoretical-philosophical-methodological assumptions that underlie it, self-knowledge (self-knowledge), the arts and the class teacher (generalist teacher). In Maria Montessori's method, we emphasize the theoretical-philosophical-methodological assumptions that underlie it and its consequent updating, the importance of practice/internship and self-knowledge. In the experience of Escola da Ponte, education centered on the school stood out (highlight for the study circle). The research contributes to discussions for the formation of teachers who Teach Mathematics, pointing, in particular, to the inner formation of the teacher through self-knowledge, an aspect that is considered in the Waldorf and Montessori proposals.]

Language: Portuguese

Published: São Paulo, Brazil, 2015

Advanced Search