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1645 results

Article

The Comparison of the Intuitive Mathematic Skills of Preschool Children Who Take Education According to Ministry of National Education Preschool Education Program and Montessori Approach

Available from: IISTE - International Knowledge Sharing Platform

Publication: International Journal of Scientific and Technological Research, vol. 6, no. 6

Pages: 167

Asia, Comparative education, Mathematics education, Middle East, Montessori method of education, Preschool children, Preschool education, Turkey, Western Asia

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Abstract/Notes: This study analyzed intuitive mathematics abilities of preschool children and to ascertain whether there was a difference between children who were educated according to the Ministry of National Education (MoNE) preschool education program and the Montessori approach. It was also examined whether the intuitive mathematics abilities of the children who were educated according to the MoNE program and Montessori approach showed a significant difference according to variables of gender, duration of pre-school education, and educational levels of parents. The study sample of the study consisted of 121 children (56 girls, 65 boys) aged between 60-72 months. The data was collected via “Personal Information Form” and “Intuitive Mathematics Ability Scale” developed by Güven (2001). Intuitive mathematical abilities of children who were educated according to the Montessori program were more developed compared to those of children educated according to MoNE program. There was no significant difference in intuitive mathematical abilities according to duration of preschool education, education levels of parents. As a result of the study, a significant difference was observed in the intuitive math abilities of the children trained according to the MoNE program in favor of the girls, whereas no significant difference was observed trained according to the Montessori approach. The results are discussed in light of the relevant literature.

Language: Turkish

DOI: 10.7176/JSTR/6-06-12

ISSN: 2422-8702

Doctoral Dissertation

Public Perceptions of Montessori Education

Available from: ProQuest Dissertations and Theses

Americas, Montessori method of education - Perceptions, North America, Public perception, United States of America

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Abstract/Notes: This study provides insight into the American public's perceptions of Montessori education one hundred years after its inception. The study is based on responses from an online survey with 1,520 members of an internet panel which was stratified to reflect the U.S. population based on age, ethnicity, gender, region, and income. The study answered research questions regarding how much the general public knows about Montessori education, perceptions of Montessori education and the attitudes and demographic characteristics that are associated with positive perceptions of Montessori education. The study found high awareness of the term "Montessori," but lower knowledge of the specifics of Montessori education. Generally favorable perceptions of Montessori education were also discovered along with less widespread evidence of commonly reported criticisms. Finally, and not surprisingly, familiarity with Montessori education led to more positive opinions of Montessori education as did stronger beliefs that schools should play a role in children's development beyond academics.

Language: English

Published: Lawrence, Kansas, 2008

Article

Parent Participation

Publication: AMI Elementary Alumni Association Newsletter, vol. 19, no. 3

Pages: 10

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Language: English

Master's Thesis (Action Research Report)

Montessori Family Education

Available from: St. Catherine University

Action research

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Abstract/Notes: Montessori family education is a stepping stone in forming a bridge between school and home. This action research is focused on increasing familial attendance in Montessori education classes. Using quantitative and qualitative research methods are important tools in discovering the needs of the school community. Attendance, Likert scales and feedback questionnaires were useful tools in reaching out to the familial community. Implementing the changes based on the research results showed a drastic increase in attendance. With families leading busy lives, the school meeting them half way showed positive quantitative and qualitative results. This study had a maximum of 28 families participating. Data was collected pre-and post-Montessori education classes. A total of three family education classes were used for this action research. The second and third family education classes were formed using the results of the Likert scales and feedback questionnaire. The initial family education class was in the format originally used at the school. With each progressing family education class, attendance increased as did familial participation. Families felt at ease and comfortable participating in the discussion

Language: English

Published: St. Paul, Minnesota, 2018

Article

Reshaping Early Childhood Intervention to Be a More Effective Weapon against Poverty

Publication: NAMTA Journal, vol. 19, no. 1

Pages: 107-119

Early childhood education, Educational change

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Abstract/Notes: Discusses successes and problems of Head Start. Suggests that Head Start's difficulties relate to its implementation, not its design. Proposes increasing the effectiveness of Head Start through a series of reform strategies that relate to interventions that address the needs of children in child care, preschool children, and school-age children.

Language: English

ISSN: 1522-9734

Master's Thesis (Action Research Report)

Developing Creative Thinking with Intentional Teaching Practices in Academic Subjects for Early Childhood Classrooms

Available from: St. Catherine University

Action research, Montessori method of education

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Abstract/Notes: This action research was conducted in an early childhood Montessori Primary classroom using intentional teaching practices with core curriculum materials to engage students in creative thinking. In the form of questions or suggestions, an open-ended inquiry was given to the ten participants, aged three to six years old, as they worked with Montessori materials in academic areas, including science, math, and language. The research utilized mixed methods of collection in the forms of quantitative and qualitative data and demonstrated successful intervention with a steady increase in work times of the students. A longitudinal study would contribute to this theory and provide further information regarding the increase of student understanding through creative thinking endeavors. This study provided evidence that intentional teaching practices can engage children in creative thinking, problem-solving, and collaborative learning while extending working times with materials, which contribute to a deeper level of comprehension of the direct curricular aims.

Language: English

Published: St. Paul, Minnesota, 2021

Master's Thesis (Action Research Report)

How Acts of Kindness Facilitate Prosocial Behaviors in an Early Childhood Montessori Classroom

Available from: St. Catherine University

Action research

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Abstract/Notes: This action research project examined how the implementation of Kindness Guidelines affected prosocial behavior among Early Childhood students. The setting was a private Montessori school, with 18 children ages two to five-years-old. Guidelines were developed using child-generated ideas on how to be kind to themselves, others, and the environment, along with teacher-made materials that illustrated acts of kindness and emotional awareness. Implementation of the intervention lasted six weeks with 20 days of data collected during two 15-20 minute observations per day. Positive and negative behaviors were recorded using tally sheets and an observation journal. Use of teacher-made materials was tracked using a materials log, and children expressed their ideas about kindness through drawings. Data analysis showed that positive behaviors increased and indicated the changes were related to the intervention. Ideas for further research include increasing emotional awareness in children and how the practice of observation affects children’s behavior.

Language: English

Published: St. Paul, Minnesota, 2017

Article

[The Effectiveness of a Training Program Based on the Montessori Method in Improving Reading Skills Among Pupils with Learning Difficulties in Early Childhood]فاعلية برنامج تدريبي قائم على طريقة منتسوري في تحسين مهارات القراءة لدي التلاميذ ذوي صعوبات التعلم بمرحلة الطفولة المبكرة

Available from: University of Palestine - Institutional Repository

Publication: [Palestine University Academy for Research and Studies] مجمة جامعة فمسطين لؤلبحاث والدراسات, vol. 10, no. 2

Pages: 397-439

Asia, Children with disabilities, Inclusive education, Middle East, Palestine, People with disabilities, Western Asia

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Abstract/Notes: هدفت الدراسة الحالية الي قياس مدي فاعلية برنامج تدريبي قائم على طريقة منتسوري في تحسين مهارات القراءة لدي التلاميذ ذوي صعوبات التعلم بمرحلة الطفولة المبكر [The current study aimed to measure the effectiveness of a training program based on the Montessori method in improving reading skills among pupils with learning difficulties in early childhood.]

Language: Arabic

ISSN: 2410-874X

Master's Thesis (Action Research Report)

Supporting Conflict Resolution in an Early Childhood Montessori Environment

Available from: St. Catherine University

Action research

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Abstract/Notes: The study aimed to determine in what way daily grace and courtesy lessons and more thoughtful, consistent adult intervention would affect children’s responses to conflict in an early childhood Montessori environment. There were 17 participants between the ages of three and six in an independent Montessori school in Northern Michigan. The researcher gave the children daily lessons on aspects of conflict resolution, used a scripted intervention strategy during conflict, and implemented three guided discussions throughout the course of the study. The researcher collected data by tallying number of conflicts, recording responses during guided discussions, recording details and language of each conflict, and reflecting in a journal. The study revealed that children knew many conflict resolution strategies before beginning the intervention, but they used more language from the lessons after the intervention and solved more conflicts independently. The number of conflicts decreased overall but did not consistency decline. The data shows further research is needed to support children to calm down before attempting to apply conflict resolution strategies and to determine the most effective waiting time before teacher intervention.

Language: English

Published: St. Paul, Minnesota, 2017

Master's Thesis (Action Research Report)

Purposeful Movement in an Early Childhood Classroom

Available from: St. Catherine University

Action research

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Abstract/Notes: The purpose of this action research was to determine the effects of physical activity through purposeful movement on behaviors and the ability to focus in a mixed-age Montessori Early Childhood classroom. The intervention took place over a period of six weeks in an independent school setting with 17 children ages 2.5 to 6. Data was collected using observation tallies and notes, a teacher journal, and interviews with the children. Results show some of the children’s behaviors were positively affected by the use of specific movement materials. Although there was not much change observed, the intervention appeared to help some children become less distracted and helped them with their ability to focus on lessons in the classroom. Movement lessons in the research that required focused attention for their use were seen to create feelings of calmness in the children. Further research might include the introduction of focused movement exercises such as yoga or the introduction of meditation.

Language: English

Published: St. Paul, Minnesota, 2016

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