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Report

Hartford Early Childhood Program, Hartford, Connecticut: An Urban Public School System's Large-Scale Approach Toward Restructuring Early Childhood Education. Model Programs - Childhood Education

Available from: ERIC

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Abstract/Notes: The Hartford Early Childhood Program involves more than 4,500 children from 4 years old to first grade level in over 200 classrooms. Classrooms are designed to offer children an environment that encourages them to learn independently. Ideas have been borrowed from the Montessori approach and the British Infant Schools and fitted to the needs of the Hartford school district's urban students. The program philosophy embodies new approaches that can be used in old school buildings such as formal education beginning at 3 years, mixed-age "family" grouping, interest centers, and emphasis on intrinsic motivation toward personel success. Future plans call for extension of the program to all public school classes in grades K through 2. Sources of more detailed information are provided for this program, specifically, and for Model Programs Childhood Education, in general. (Author/WY)

Language: English

Published: Palo Alto, California, 1970

Book

Early Childhood Education in Nigeria: Proceedings of the International Seminar on Early Childhood Education, Zaria, 4-8 July, 1983

Africa, Nigeria, Sub-Saharan Africa, West Africa

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Abstract/Notes: Proceedings of the Internationa Seminar on Early Childhood Education, held in Zaria [Nigeria], 4-8 July, 1983. "Organised by the Institute of Education, Ahmadu Bello University in Collaboration with the London Montessori Institute"--Title page verso. Early childhood education at the crossroads in Nigeria / Emmanuel U. Emovon (17 p.). -- Montessori philosophy in early childhood education / Sandra Nash Petrek (22 p.). -- Cultural roots of the child's moral and intellectual growth in Africa / Etim N. E. Udoh (40 p.). -- Implications of Piagetan theory to elementary education in Nigeria / O. M. Onibokun (24 p.). -- Headstart : assumptions and curriculum models--what relevance for Nigeria? / Eileen B. Wilson (20 p.). -- Classroom pedagogy: a case for the development of critical thinking / Rodney Burton (32 p.). -- Childhood education in Nigeria: A study of Ilorin schools / S. O. Medahunsi (32 p.). -- Day in a pre-school: A Nigerian experience / Kathleen Kano (20 p.). Early childhood education in two cultures: The U.S.A. and the Jamaican experience / Anne Lou Blevins (45 p.). -- Traditional factors in African education / D. O. Adewoye (27 p.). -- Moral development in the child through Christian education / J Idowu-Fearon (18 p.). -- Educating the teachers of children / Grace Alele Williams (19 p.). -- Child, the teacher and the classroom with relation to nursery education / Fola A. Fagbohun (16 p.). -- Child's socialization in Islam / Zainab Said Kabir (31 p.). -- Environment and the education of the child / J. M. Ibiwoye (24 p.). -- Environment and the education of the child / A. B. Ayanniyi (15 p.). -- Bilingualism in early childhood education in Nigeria: Problems and possibilities / Theresa T. Imasuen (15 p.). -- Comparative study of the role expectations of children's needs in the Carribean and Nigeria / S. U. Compton-Adegbite (15 p.). -- Teacher and the child with special educational needs / Karen Odock (13 p.). -- Special education for pre-primary children: Intervention and remediation / C. A. Sam (26 p.). -- Theory and practice of educating maladjusted children in Nigeria / J. A. Shindi (18 p.). -- Children with special educational needs: The case of bilingual children / R. A. Chijioke (30 p.).

Language: English

Published: Zaria, Nigeria: Institute of Education, Ahmadu Bello University, 1983

Doctoral Dissertation (Ph.D.)

Access to the General Early Childhood Curriculum: An Investigation of Participation in the Montessori Early Childhood Curriculum and Provided Instructional Supports

Available from: ProQuest - Dissertations and Theses

Work periods

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Abstract/Notes: This study investigated factors that affect access to the general early childhood education curriculum of 4 kindergarten-aged children with disabilities attending an inclusive Montessori program; it replicated with adaptations, components of a previous study on access. Factors included curriculum participation, engagement, type of involvement, and provided instructional supports. Quantitative and qualitative methods were employed to analyze video data of each child recorded during the daily open work period. The children in the present study exhibited slightly higher engagement and received more instructional supports than in the previous study. The general conclusions were that the 4 children participated in the Montessori curriculum to varying degrees due to a complex set of associated factors related to child characteristics, teacher skills, instructional support, and attributes of the Montessori educational approach.

Language: English

Published: Lawrence, Kansas, 2008

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Frequency of Six Early Childhood Education Approaches: A 10-year Content Analysis of Early Childhood Educational Journal

Available from: Springer Link

Publication: Early Childhood Education Journal, vol. 34, no. 5

Pages: 301

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Abstract/Notes: The frequency of early childhood education approaches spanning 10 years of publications was investigated. A content analysis of publications (N = 492) from Early Childhood Education Journal was conducted. From a previous content analysis six approaches or search words were identified: Bank Street, Head Start, High/Scope, Montessori, Reggio Emilia, and Waldorf. Overall, the current content analysis demonstrated that the Head Start approach most frequently appeared. The results indicate that approaches vary as to their frequency of appearance and that contributors of Early Childhood Education Journal have investigated, reflected upon, and expanded upon approaches to educating young children to different degrees. This finding may be beneficial to future contributors of Early Childhood Education Journal. In addition, we have provided a brief overview of each approach that early childhood professionals may use to aid parents with their early childhood education enrollment decisions.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1007/s10643-006-0080-4

ISSN: 1082-3301, 1573-1707

Article

Early Education in Houston, Texas [Miss Lucy's Early Childhood Education Center]

Publication: Montessori Observer, vol. 5, no. 7

Pages: 3

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Language: English

ISSN: 0889-5643

Article

Montessori Preschool Education: 유아교육에 관하여 [Montessori Preschool Education: About Early Childhood Education]

Available from: RISS

Publication: 人間理解 / Journal of Human Understanding and Counseling, vol. 3

Pages: 23-31

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Language: Korean

ISSN: 2005-0860, 2671-5821

Article

A Study on the Relationship Between Early Childhood Mathematical Content Knowledge and Mathematics Teaching Efficacy of the Early Childhood Pre-Service Teachers / 예비유아교사의 유아수학교육내용 지식과 수학적 교수효능감과의 관계

Available from: RISS

Publication: Montessori교육연구 [Montessori Education Research], vol. 17, no. 1

Pages: 1-18

Asia, Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, East Asia, Montessori method of education, South Korea

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Abstract/Notes: This study aims to examine relationship between early childhood pre-service teachers' early childhood mathematical content knowledge and mathematics teaching efficacy. This study's subjects are 73 early childhood pre-service teachers from two four-year universities, A and B, situated in Daejeon Metropolitan City. Their mathematical content knowledge and mathematics teaching efficacy were analysed using a concept map and a questionnaire, respectively. The results are as follows. First, there was static correlation between early childhood pre-service teachers' early childhood mathematical content knowledge and mathematics teaching efficacy. Second, relationship between early childhood pre-service teachers' early childhood mathematical content knowledge and outcome expectation was not statistically significant. Third, there was static correlation between early childhood pre-service teachers' early childhood mathematical content knowledge and efficacy expectation. The above results mean that pre-service teachers' good learning of a specific subject's content knowledge leads to their excellent teaching, and therefore good learning of content knowledge is crucial. / 본 연구의 목적은 예비유아교사들의 유아수학교육내용 지식과 수학적 교수효능감과의 관계를 알아보는 것이다. 본 연구의 대상은 대전광역시에 위치한 4년제 A, B 대학 예비유아교사 73명이다. 유아수학내용지식은 개념도를 통해, 수학적 교수효능감은 질문지를 통해 분석하였다. 연구결과, 첫째, 예비유아교사의 유아수학교육내용 지식과 수학적 교수효능감과는 정적인 상관이 있었다. 둘째, 예비유아교사의 유아수학교육내용 지식과 수학적 교수 효능감 중 결과기대 효능감과의 관계는 통계적으로 유의미하지 않았다. 셋째, 예비유아교사의 유아수학교육내용 지식과 수학 교수 능력신념 효능감과는 정적인 상관이 있었다. 이와 같은 결과는 과목 내용지식을 잘 배우면 앞으로 잘 가르칠 수 있게 된다고 볼 수 있기 때문에 내용지식을 잘 배우는 것은 매우 중요하다고 할 수 있다.

Language: Korean

ISSN: 1226-9417

Book Section

Early Childhood Montessori Mathematical Education: The Montessori Early Childhood Inclusive Classroom: Creating a Cherished Experience

Available from: Rowman and Littlefield

Book Title: The Inclusive Classroom: Creating a Cherished Experience through Montessori

Pages: 45-81

Children with disabilities, Inclusive education, People with disabilities

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Language: English

Published: Lanham, Maryland: Rowman and Littlefield Publishers, 2021

ISBN: 978-1-4758-5635-4

Doctoral Dissertation (Ph.D.)

Development of the Early Childhood Curricular Beliefs Inventory: An Instrument to Identify Preservice Teachers' Early Childhood Curricular Orientation

Available from: ProQuest - Dissertations and Theses

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Abstract/Notes: The aim of this study was to develop and field test an instrument that provides an efficient and scholarly tool for exploring curricular beliefs of preservice teachers in the area of early childhood education. The Early Childhood Curricular Beliefs Inventory (ECCBI) was developed through procedures that evaluated the content validity of identified statements, explored the criterion and construct validity, and assessed the internal reliability of the instrument. Through a literature review, four predominant approaches to early childhood education (Developmental Interaction, Cognitive Developmental, Behavioral, and Sensory Cognitive) and four associated models of implementation were identified (Developmental Interaction, HighScope, Direct Instruction, and Montessori). Six areas, in which each of the above differed, were identified: the view of the child, role of the teacher, resources utilized, curricular emphasis, assessment methodology, and characteristics of the learning environment. The aim of this study was to develop and field test an instrument that provides an efficient and scholarly tool for exploring curricular beliefs of preservice teachers in the area of early childhood education. The Early Childhood Curricular Beliefs Inventory (ECCBI) was developed through procedures that evaluated the content validity of identified statements, explored the criterion and construct validity, and assessed the internal reliability of the instrument. Through a literature review, four predominant approaches to early childhood education (Developmental Interaction, Cognitive Developmental, Behavioral, and Sensory Cognitive) and four associated models of implementation were identified (Developmental Interaction, HighScope, Direct Instruction, and Montessori). Six areas, in which each of the above differed, were identified: the view of the child, role of the teacher, resources utilized, curricular emphasis, assessment methodology, and characteristics of the learning environment. A panel of experts classified and sorted a total of 182 statements, and 72 items were subsequently organized into an instrument consisting of four subtests corresponding to the identified curricular models. Scoring of the instrument included recording Likert-scale responses for each statement to a score key divided into four sections, or subtests, representing each curricular model. Scores for each section were added and compared. The subtest with the lowest score was deemed most representative of a respondent's curricular beliefs. Data gathered through field testing of the instrument with practitioners were used to explore further content validity through a factor analysis, criterion validity, and construct validity. Results of a second field test of preservice teachers and the results of the first field test (practitioners) were used to assess internal consistency reliability. Analyses appeared to support content, criterion, and construct validity as well as reliability of the 72-item ECCBI. In an effort to reduce the length of the instrument and to make it less cumbersome, results of the factor analysis were used to create a 24-item shortened version of the ECCBI. Six items representing each of the four subtests having the strongest factor loadings were identified as appropriate statements and were then organized into an alternative instrument. Data gathered through field testing of the instrument with practitioners were used to explore further content validity through a factor analysis, criterion validity, and construct validity. Results of a second field test of preservice teachers and the results of the first field test (practitioners) were used to assess internal consistency reliability. Analyses appeared to support content, criterion, and construct validity as well as reliability of the 72-item ECCBI. In an effort to reduce the length of the instrument and to make it less cumbersome, results of the factor analysis were used to create a 24-item shortened version of the ECCBI. Six items representing each of the four subtests having the strongest factor loadings were identified as appropriate statements and were then organized into an alternative instrument.

Language: English

Published: Tallahassee, Florida, 2004

Doctoral Dissertation

An Examination of Three Early Childhood Programs in Relation to Early Childhood Music Education

Available from: University of Illinois - IDEALS

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Language: English

Published: Urbana-Champaign, Illinois, 1975

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