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Pengaruh Metode Montessori dalam Meningkatkan Pemahaman Konsep Matematika Anak Usia Dini di Banjarmasin [The Effect of the Montessori Method in Improving Understanding of Early Childhood Mathematics Concepts in Banjarmasin (Indonesia)]

Available from: Al-Athfal: Jurnal Pendidikan Anak

Publication: Al-Athfal: Jurnal Pendidikan Anak [Journal of Child Education], vol. 6, no. 1

Pages: 15-26

Asia, Australasia, Indonesia, Montessori method of education - Evaluation, Southeast Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh metode Montessori dalam meningkatkan pemahaman konsep matematika bagi anak usia dini khususnya usia 4-6 tahun di kota Banjarmasin. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode quasi eksperimen. Pengenalan matematika di kelas eksperimen menggunakan metode Montessori,sedangkan di kelas kontrol menggunakan metode konvensional. Hasil uji hipotesis menunjukkan implementasi metode Montessori berpengaruh signifikan dalam meningkatkan hasil belajar anak pada materi data dan grafik di kelas eksperimen. Nilai rata-rata N-Gain di kelas eksperimen adalah 95.61. Nilai rata-rata N-Gain kelas kontrol adalah 34.56. Metode Montessori 61.05% lebih efektif dalam meningkatkan hasil belajar anak pada materi data dan grafik daripada metode konvensional. Begitu pula hasil uji hipotesis pada materi pola ABCDE-ABCDE, implementasi metode Montessori berpengaruh signifikan untuk meningkatkan hasil belajar anak kelas eksperimen. Rata-rata N-Gain kelas eksperimen adalah 87.50. Nilai rata-rata N-Gain kelas kontrol adalah 31.24. Metode Montessori 56.26% lebih efektif dalam meningkatkan hasil belajar anak pada materi pola dari pada metode konvensional. [This study aims to determine the effect of the Montessori method in improving understanding of mathematical concepts for early childhood especially ages 4-6 years in the city of Banjarmasin. This study uses a quasi-experimental method. Introduction to mathematics in the experimental class uses the Montessori method, while the control class uses conventional methods. Hypothesis test results show that the implementation of the Montessori method has significant effects in improving children's learning outcomes in data and graphic material in the experimental class. The average value of N-Gain in the experimental class was 95.61. The average value of the N-Gain control class is 34.56. The Montessori method is 61.05% more effective in improving children's learning outcomes in material data and graphics than the conventional method. Similar to the results of hypothesis testing on the ABCDE-ABCDE pattern material, the implementation of the Montessori method has a significant effect on improving the learning outcomes of children in the experimental class. The average N-Gain of the experimental class is 87.50. The average value of the control class N-Gain is 31.24. The Montessori Method 56.26% is more effective in improving children's learning outcomes on material patterns than conventional methods.]

Language: Indonesian

DOI: 10.14421/al-athfal.2020.61-02

ISSN: 2477-4189, 2477-4715


Maria Montessori - Selbsttätige Erziehung im Frühen Kindesalter [Maria Montessori - Independent Education in Early Childhood] (Book Review)

Available from: Bibliothek für Bildungsgeschichtliche Forschung des DIPF (BBF)

Publication: Pharus, vol. 5 (Halbjahrband 1), no. 6

Pages: 570

Book reviews

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Language: German

Book Section

Rinascita di Maria Montessori [Rebirth of Maria Montessori]

Book Title: Maria Montessori, oggi: 1870-1970 [Maria Montessori, today: 1870-1970]

Pages: 43-60

Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Montessori method of education - History

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Language: Italian

Published: Firenze: Giunti-Bemporad Marzocco, 1970

Master's Thesis

El mètode Montessori a Catalunya a través de revistes i publicacions periòdiques (1911-2014) [The Montessori method in Catalonia through journals and periodicals (1911-2014)]

Available from: Universitat de Vic - Institutional Repository

Europe, Southern Europe, Spain

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Abstract/Notes: Maria Montessori (1870-1952), doctora i pedagoga, va dedicar la vida a l’estudi de l’infant. A partir de les seves observacions va elaborar un mètode pedagògic en el qual el centre era el nen i propiciava la resolució de les seves necessitats. El seu mètode va estendre’s per tot el món, arribant a Catalunya l’any 1911 a través d’un article a la revista Feminal. L’any 1914 es va dur a terme per primera vegada a la Casa de Maternitat de Barcelona una experiència d’aplicació del mètode Montessori. Des d’aquell moment l’ interès pel mètode va anar en creixement, sent molts els mestres i pedagogs interessats en ell. Aquest fet va provocar que fins i tot la mateixa Maria Montessori va viure durant un període a Catalunya. En aquest treball hem analitzat 95 articles publicats a Catalunya des del 1911 al 2014, any de celebració del centenari de la primera aula Montessori a Barcelona, per tal de valorar la repercussió que aquests articles podien haver tingut en la difusió i impuls del mètode a Catalunya. [Maria Montessori (1870-1952), a doctor and pedagogue, dedicated her life to the study of the child. From his observations he elaborated a pedagogical method in which the center was the child and favored the resolution of his needs. Her method spread all over the world, arriving in Catalonia in 1911 through an article in the magazine Feminal. In 1914, an experiment in the application of the Montessori method was carried out for the first time at the Barcelona Maternity Home. From that moment on, interest in the method grew, with many teachers and educators interested in it. This fact caused that even the same Maria Montessori lived during a period in Catalonia. In this work we have analyzed 95 articles published in Catalonia from 1911 to 2014, the year of the centenary of the first Montessori classroom in Barcelona, ​​in order to assess the impact that these articles could have had on the dissemination and promotion of the method in Catalonia.]

Language: Catalan

Published: Vic, Spain, 2017


New Montessori Video on Elementary Education [from The Montessori Foundation]

Publication: Tomorrow's Child, vol. 8, no. 3

Pages: 4

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Language: English

ISSN: 1071-6246

Book Section

Psychologische Beobachtungen in der Montessori-Grundschulklasse [Psychological Observations in the Montessori Elementary School Class]

Book Title: Psychologisches zur Montessori-Methode: Aus dem Montessori-Heft der Neuen Erziehung [Psychological information on the Montessori method: From the Montessori booklet of the New Education]

Pages: 1-17

Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, Montessori method of education, Montessori schools, Observation (Educational method), Teachers

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Language: German

Published: Berlin, Germany: Hensel and Co. Verlag, 1927

Doctoral Dissertation

Montessori yöntemine dayalı öğretim tasarımının birinci sınıf öğrencilerinin hazırbulunuşluklarına matematik ve okuma-yazma becerilerine etkisi / Effect of teaching design based on Montessori method on the readiness and mathematics, reading and writing skills of first class

Available from: Ulusal Tez Merkezi / National Thesis Center (Turkey)

Asia, Mathematics education - Achievement, Middle East, Montessori method of education, Preschool children, Reading - Academic achievement, Turkey, Western Asia, Writing - Achievement, Writing - Instruction and study

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Abstract/Notes: The purpose of this research is to investigate the effect of Montessori Method which is widely used among alternative training models, on the readiness, mathematics and reading and writing skills of first grade elementary students. As the research model, nested pattern being among mixed method research patterns has been preferred. In the quantitative side of the study, experimental design has been used and in the qualitative side, interview and observations have been used. Research study group was composed of 23 learners attending two different elementary schools in Burdur Altinyayla district within academic period of 2017-2018 as well as class teacher of experimental group and the parents. In the preparation of teaching design that is based on Montessori Method that is applied in the study, ADDIE approach has been taken as basis. In the first period of academic years of 2017-2018, in the experimental group Montessori Method has been applied and in the control group, MEB teaching program events have been applied. Quantitative data of research have been obtained by using 'Metropolitan School Maturity Test' (Oktay, 1980), 'Early Mathematics Skills Test (TEMA-3)' (Erdoğan, 2006) and reading and writing skills assessment forms developed by the researcher (reading speed, comprehension, writing speed, writing speed, legibility). "Metropolitan School Maturity Test' and 'Early Mathematics Skills Test" have been applied as pre-test and post-test, while reading and writing skills assessment forms have been applied as post-test and permanency test. In gathering qualitative data, teacher and parent interview forms, researcher observations (notes, photography and video records) and teacher diaries have been used. In the analysis of quantitative data, for dependent and independent samples groups, t-test, Mann Whitney U Test and Wilcoxon Marked Sequences Test have been used and impact sizes have been calculated. In the analysis of qualitative data, Miles and Huberman Model has been used. According to the quantitative results of research, Montessori Method improves readiness, mathematics and reading, writing skills. According to qualitative research results, it has been determined that the method enables easy and permanent learning with its integrated thematic approach and that it improved communication, creative thinking, decision taking skills as wells as hand skills of learners and that it improved collaboration of learner-learner and learner-teacher-parent. It has been seen that qualitative outcomes of research supported the quantitative results. It has been observed that Montesori Method has been effective in first class of elementary school. Longitudinal studies can be performed as relating with implementation of Montessori Method in elementary school. / Bu araştırmanın amacı, alternatif eğitim modelleri arasında yaygın olarak kullanılan Montessori Yöntemi'nin, ilkokul birinci sınıf öğrencilerinin hazırbulunuşluklarına, matematik ve okuma yazma becerilerine etkisini incelemektir. Araştırma modeli olarak karma yöntem araştırma desenlerinden iç iç geçmiş desen tercih edilmiştir. Çalışmanın nicel kısmında yarı deneysel desen, nitel kısmında ise görüşme ve gözlem kullanılmıştır. Araştırmanın çalışma grubunu 2017-2018 öğretim yılında, Burdur Altınyayla ilçesinde iki ayrı ilkokula devam eden 23 öğrenci ile deney grubu sınıf öğretmeni ve velileri oluşturmaktadır. Çalışmada uygulanan Montessori Yöntemi'ne dayalı öğretim tasarımının hazırlanmasında ADDIE yaklaşımı temel alınmıştır. 2017-2018 öğretim yılının birinci döneminde deney grubunda Montessori Yöntemi, kontrol grubunda MEB öğretim programı etkinlikleri uygulanmıştır. Araştırmanın nicel verileri, 'Metropolitan Okul Olgunluğu Testi' (Oktay, 1980), 'Erken Matematik Yeteneği Testi' (Erdoğan, 2006) ve araştırmacı tarafından geliştirilen okuma yazma becerileri değerlendirme formları (okuma hızı, okuduğunu anlama, yazma hızı, yazı okunaklılığı değerlendirme formu) kullanılarak elde edilmiştir. 'Metropolitan Okul Olgunluğu Testi' ile 'Erken Matematik Yeteneği Testi (TEMA-3)' ön test ve son test olarak, okuma yazma becerileri değerlendirme formları ise son test ve izleme testi olarak uygulanmıştır. Nitel verilerin toplanmasında öğretmen ve veli görüşme formları, araştırmacı gözlemi (notlar, fotoğraf ve video kayıtları) ve öğretmen günlüğü kullanılmıştır. Nicel verilerin analizinde bağımlı ve bağımsız örneklemler için t-Testi, Mann Whitney U Testi ve Wilcoxon İşaretli Sıralar Testi kullanılmış ve etki büyüklükleri hesaplanmıştır. Nitel verilerin analizinde Miles ve Huberman Modeli kullanılmıştır. Araştırmanın nicel sonuçlarına göre Montessori Yöntemi; hazırbulunuşluluğu, matematik ve okuma yazma becerilerini geliştirmektedir. Nitel araştırma sonuçlarına göre yöntemin bütünleştirilmiş tematik yaklaşımı ile kolay ve kalıcı öğrenme sağladığı, öğrencilerin iletişim, yaratıcı düşünme, karar verme becerileri ile el becerilerini geliştirdiği, öğrenci-öğrenci ve öğrenci-öğretmen-veli işbirliğini artırdığı belirlenmiştir. Araştırmanın nitel sonuçlarının nicel sonuçları desteklediği görülmüştür. İlkokul birinci sınıfta Montesori Yöntemi'nin etkili olduğu görülmüştür. Montessori Yöntemi'nin ilkokulda uygulanması ile ilgili boylamsal çalışmalar yapılabilir.

Language: Turkish

Published: Burdur, Turkey, 2019


Fundamente der Montessori-Pädagogik [Foundations of Montessori pedagogy]

Publication: Zeitschrift für Heilpädagogik, vol. 36, no. 12

Pages: 143-150

Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc.

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Language: German

ISSN: 0513-9066


Les précurseurs de Mme Montessori (part 1 of 3) [The precursors of Ms. Montessori]

Available from: Université Caen Normandie

Publication: Pour l'ère nouvelle: revue internationale d'èducation nouvelle, vol. 5, no. 21

Pages: 82-85

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Abstract/Notes: This is part 1 of a 3-part article.

Language: French


Modell Montessori: Grundsätze und aktuelle Geltung der Montessori-Pädagogik

Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Montessori method of education - Evaluation

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Abstract/Notes: Ziel des vorliegenden Buches ist es, an den Gegenwartsproblemen der Pädagogik die Aktualität des Montessori-Modells zu belegen: Schulprobleme von heute können durch Vorschulpädagogik so vorentschieden werden, dass Lernschwierigkeiten in der Schule weitesgehend vermieden werden können.

Language: German

Published: Freiburg im Breisgau, Germany: Herder, 2009

Edition: 15th ed.

ISBN: 3-451-27347-0 978-3-451-27347-6

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