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Book

Dr. Maria Montessori 1870-1952: The Origins of Montessori

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Language: English

Published: [Amsterdam, The Netherlands]: Association Montessori Internationale, 1970

Doctoral Dissertation

An Investigation into the Nature and Extent to Which Methods Taught during Montessori Teacher Training in Bangalore Are Applied by Teachers in Montessori and Mainstream Schools

Asia, India, Montessori method of education - Study and teaching, Montessori method of education - Teachers, Montessori method of education - Teachers, Montessori schools, South Asia, Teachers

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Language: English

Published: Northampton, England, 2021

Article

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Da Ellen Key a Maria Montessori: La Progettazione di Nuovi Spazi Educativi per l’Infanzia [From Ellen Key to Maria Montessori: Planning New Educational Spaces for Childhood]

Available from: Università di Bologna

Publication: Ricerche di Pedagogia e Didattica / Journal of Theories and Research in Education, vol. 5, no. 1

Ellen Key - Biographic sources, Ellen Key - Philosophy, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education

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Abstract/Notes: In questa prima fase della ricerca - ancora in itinere - si compie un’analisi storico-pedagogica del rapporto infanzia/famiglie/istituzioni. L’indagine si focalizza sulle trasformazioni dei modelli familiari, visti nella loro interdipendenza con l’elaborazione di nuove pratiche educative. Al riguardo, l’avvento del’900 si profila come un passaggio importante, che trova un suo esito nel volume di Ellen Key, Il secolo dei fanciulli. Proprio in quest’opera, la scrittrice svedese elabora una nuova idea di “maternità” e di “paternità” che pone al centro i bisogni e le esigenze infantili. La sua prospettiva diventa oggetto di dibattito, agli inizi del secolo scorso, sia in campo pedagogico, sia in campo femminista, soprattutto in merito al dilemma per la donna di coniugare insieme sfera pubblica e sfera privata, maternità e autonomia individuale. Secondo l’ipotesi qui evidenziata è in particolare Maria Montessori a raccogliere la sfida di Ellen Key, con il suo esperimento pedagogico della “Casa dei bambini”, in cui lo spazio domestico, “privato” si trasforma in uno spazio scolastico, “pubblico”, a misura di “bambino” (valenza estetica degli ambienti, cura delle relazioni umane, ecc.). [In the first phase of research it conducts an historical and pedagogical analysis on the relationship between childhoods, families and institutions, identifying family-models changes and their interdependence with the elaboration of new educative practices. At the beginning of twentieth century, Ellen Key wrote the famous book The century of children. Following the introduction of Modernity age, the author defined a new idea of “motherhood” and “fatherhood” which focused on childish subjects’ needs and requirements. Her prospective became item of debate both in pedagogic and in feminist fields, especially in regard to women’s dilemma on how to combine public and private life, motherhood and individual autonomy. In particular, Maria Montessori took up the Ellen Key challenge, in fact she made the pedagogical experiment of Children’s House, where domestic space became institutional space (settings’ aesthetic quality, human relationships’ care).]

Language: Italian

DOI: 10.6092/issn.1970-2221/1767

ISSN: 1970-2221

Article

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Montessori yaklaşımının uygulandığı sınıflarda görev yapan okul öncesi öğretmenlerinin montessori yaklaşımının “farklı, güçlü ve zorlayıcı yanları”na ilişkin görüşleri: Amerika ve Türkiye örneği / Opinions of preschool teachers working in classrooms where the Montessori approach is applied on the "different, strong and challenging aspects" of the Montessori approach: The case of America and Turkey

Available from: DergiPark Akademik

Publication: Avrasya Sosyal ve Ekonomi Araştırmaları Dergisi / Eurasian Journal of Social and Economic Research, vol. 7, no. 10

Pages: 278-309

Americas, Asia, Comparative education, Middle East, Montessori method of education - Teachers, North America, Teacher attitudes, Turkey, United States of America, Western Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Bu çalışmada, Montessori sınıflarında görev yapan okul öncesi öğretmenlerinin Montessori yaklaşımına ilişkin görüşlerinin (Amerika ve Türkiye örneğinde) incelenmesi ve okul öncesi öğretmenlerinin görüşlerine göre Montessori yaklaşımının farklı, güçlü ve zorlayıcı olarak görülen yanlarının ortaya konması amaçlanmıştır. Çalışma grubu, Montessori sınıfında görev yapmakta olan Amerika (n=3) ve Türkiye (n=6) örneğindeki toplamda 9 okul öncesi öğretmeninden oluşmaktadır. Çalışma grubundaki öğretmenler Montessori eğitmenliği sertifikasına sahip, az 5 yıldır Montessori eğitimi uygulamakta olan öğretmenlerden oluşmaktadır. Çalışma verileri, çalışma grubunda yer alan öğretmenlerle araştırmacı tarafından hazırlanan üç maddelik açık uçlu sorular eşliğinde yapılan yüz yüze görüşmelerle elde edilmiştir. Çalışma kapsamında elde edilen verilerin analizinde betimsel analizden faydalanılmıştır. Çalışma sonucunda, çalışma grubundaki öğretmenlerin hepsinin Montessori yaklaşımını geleneksel yaklaşıma göre daha etkili bir yöntem olarak gördüğü saptanmıştır. Amerika ve Türkiye örneğindeki öğretmenlerin bir kısmının benzer bir şekilde Montessori yaklaşımının en çok hazırlanmış-özgür bir ortam sağlayan ve sonrasında öğretmenin rehber olarak yer aldığı bir yaklaşım olduğu ile ilgili durumlar üzerinde durduğu görülmüştür. Bununla birlikte, Amerika örneğindeki öğretmenlerin daha çok Montessori yaklaşımının süreç odaklı ilerleyen, özgür seçim sunan ve bağımsız çalışmalarla yürütülen bir yaklaşım olduğunu, Türkiye örneğindeki öğretmenlerin ise daha çok Montessori yaklaşımının çocuk merkezli bir düzene, keşfederek öğrenmeye dayalı çevreye ve ödül-ceza içermeyen uygulamalara sahip bir yaklaşım olduğunu vurguladığı tespit edilmiştir. Amerika örneğindeki grupta yer alan öğretmenler için yaklaşımda özellikle öğretmenin her zaman teşvik edici/rehber olması zorlayıcı bir durum olarak görülürken, Türkiye örneğindeki grupta yer alan öğretmenler için de sınıf düzeni, ortam koşulları ve aile desteği ile ilgili durumların zorlayıcı görüldüğü belirlenmiştir. Bu doğrultuda, okul öncesi eğitim kurumlarının benimseyecekleri eğitim yaklaşımları çerçevesinde ortam niteliği, sınıf mevcudu, aile katılımı gibi boyutlardaki özelliklerinin çocuk temelli bir eğitim anlayışıyla gözden geçirilmesi ve politikacıların teşvik ve desteği ile halihazırda okullarda uygulanmakta olan eğitim süreçlerinin güçlendirilmesi önemli görülmektedir. [In this study, it is aimed to examine the views of preschool teachers working in Montessori classrooms about Montessori approach (in the case of America and Turkey) and to reveal the different, strong and challenging aspects of Montessori approach according to the views of preschool teachers. The study group consists of 9 pre-school teachers working in the Montessori classroom, in the sample of America (n=3) and Turkey (n=6). The teachers in the study group consist of teachers who have a Montessori teaching certificate and have been practicing Montessori education for at least 5 years. The study data were obtained through face-to-face interviews with the teachers in the study group, accompanied by three-item open-ended questions prepared by the researcher. Descriptive analysis was used in the analysis of the data obtained within the scope of the study. As a result of the study, it was determined that all of the teachers in the study group saw the Montessori approach as a more effective method than the traditional approach. It was seen that some of the teachers in the USA and Turkey similarly emphasized the situations related to the Montessori approach being the one that provides the most prepared-free environment and then the teacher as a guide. On the other hand, it is stated that the Montessori approach of the teachers in the US sample is a process-oriented approach, offering free choice and carried out with independent studies, while the teachers in the Turkish sample mostly say that the Montessori approach has a child-centered order, an environment based on learning by discovery and practices that do not include reward-punishment. It has been determined that the approach has been emphasized. While it was seen as a challenging situation for the teachers in the group in the US sample, especially the teacher being an encourager/guide at all times, it was determined that the situations related to the classroom arrangement, environmental conditions and family support were found to be challenging for the teachers in the group in the Turkey sample. In this direction, it is considered important to review the characteristics of the dimensions such as the quality of the environment, class size, family participation, with a child-based education approach, within the framework of the educational approaches that pre-school education institutions will adopt, and to strengthen the education processes currently being implemented in schools with the encouragement and support of politicians.]

Language: Turkish

ISSN: 2148-9963

Article

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La Méthodologie Montessori Appliquée dans L'Enseignement des Langues aux Adultes [Montessori Methodology Applied in Language Teaching for Adults]

Available from: Central and Eastern European Online Library

Publication: Limba Și Literatura: Repere Identitare În Context European [Language and Literature: Identity Landmarks in a European Context], no. 20

Pages: 250-256

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Abstract/Notes: De nos jours, on vit dans un monde globalisant où les gens ont la liberté de mouvement, dans leur recherche d'avoir part d'une vie meilleure. L'apprentissage des langues étrangères est encore plus une nécessité évidente dans notre société moderne et les adultes se confrontent avec des blocages psychologiques, tout comme ceux de limite du temps, qui les empêchent à acquérir de nouvelles aptitudes de communication.

Language: French

ISSN: 1843-1577, 2344-4894

Article

Montessori School in New Brunswick, Canada [Fredericton Montessori School]

Publication: Montessori Observer, vol. 19, no. 1

Pages: 1

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Language: English

ISSN: 0889-5643

Article

Pedagogía científica y normalidad en Montessori [Scientific Pedagogy and Normality in Montessori]

Available from: Nano PDF

Publication: Logos, no. 20

Pages: 59-80

Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc.

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Abstract/Notes: Este artículo aborda la pedagogía científica de Montessori y cómo con sus investigaciones y la creación de las casas de niños se formalizan e instalan en la escuela moderna discursos y prácticas médicas, biológicas, antropológicas y psicológicas en el campo de la pedagogía. Influenciada por las teorías de Lombroso y de Darwin, consideraba que el ser humano no era más que una célula compuesta por protoplasma y núcleo del tamaño de una décima de milímetro del cual proceden individuos muy diferentes entre sí. Por tanto, para realizar y entender las investigaciones prácticas de la antropología con fines pedagógicos, se requieren suficientes nociones de biología y del aporte de otras disciplinas con las cuales la pedagogía tiene afinidad. De ahí la importancia de mostrar y cuestionar los efectos de estos discursos y prácticas sobre la concepción de una pedagogía activa, lejana ya de la preocupación por la formación del niño en su relación consigo mismo, con el saber y con el mundo, enunciados pedagógicos que pierden vigencia en el funcionamiento de la escuela propuesta por Montessori. Para tal fin se toman como referencia algunos conceptos de Foucault (población, políticas, normalización, prácticas de saber) en la perspectiva de la noción de biopolítica. [This article deals with Montessori’s scientific pedagogy and how his researches and the creation of houses for children become official, as well as how discourses and medical, biological, anthropological and psychological practices are installed in the pedagogy field in modern schools. Influenced by the theories of Lombroso and Darwin, he considered that human beings were no more than a cell composed by a protoplasm and nucleus the size of a tenth of a millimeter, from where individuals who are very different from each other come from. This is why, in order to understand and carry out the practical researches of anthropology with pedagogical purposes, enough notions of biology are required, as well as the collaboration of other disciplines that work side by side with pedagogy. Thus the importance to show and question the effects of these discourses and practices regarding the conception of an active pedagogy, far from the concern for the child’s education in terms of his relationship with himself, knowledge and the world, pedagogical statements that lose validity in the operation of the school proposed by Montessori. For such purpose, some concepts from Foucault are taken as reference (population, policies, normalization, knowledge practices) in the perspective of the notion of bio-politics.]

Language: Spanish

ISSN: 0120-6680

Article

Identifying the Montessori "Brand": How Do You Know If You've Found an "Authentic" Montessori School?

Publication: Tomorrow's Child, vol. 15, no. 5

Pages: 24–25

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Language: English

ISSN: 1071-6246

Undergraduate Thesis

Implementasi metode montessori dalam pembelajaran Matematika anak usia 3-4 tahun di PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi [Implementation of the Montessori method in learning Mathematics for children aged 3-4 years at PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi]

Available from: Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Ampel Surabaya Digital Library

Asia, Australasia, Indonesia, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Montessori method of education - Evaluation, Southeast Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Penelitian ini dilatar belakangi oleh kemampuan matematika anak usia 3-4 tahun di PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi, dengan kemampuan matematika yang dimiliki anak lain, secara umum anak masih bergantung pada orang tua atau guru dalam memahami pembelajaran yang diberikan guru. Jika dilihat pada anak usia 3-4 tahun yang ada di PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi, mereka sudah memperlihatkan kemampuan yang dimilikinya mulai dari mengenal bilangan melalui jumlah benda sampai dengan anak mampu menyelesaikan tugas yang diberikan guru. Pada dasarnya dengan memberikan kesempatan kepada anak untuk mencari pengalaman secara langsung dapat menambah kemampuan matematika pada diri anak. Maka metode pembelajaran seperti apakah yang dilakukan di PG-TK Ar-Raudhah sehingga kemampuan matematika anak usia 3-4 tahun dapat berkembang dengan baik. Rumusan masalah penelitian ini adalah (1) Bagaimana kemampuan matematika anak usia 3-4 tahun PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi Waru Sidoarjo, (2) Bagaimana Implementasi metode Montessori dalam kemampuan matematika anak usia 3-4 tahun di PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi Waru Sidoarjo. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dan pengambilan data dilakukan dengan menggunakan metode observasi, wawancara, dan dokumentasi. Analisa yang digunakan yakni model Miles dan Huberman dimana dalam proses analisanya dimulai dari mereduksi data, kemudian menyajikan dan verifikasi. Teknik keabsahan data yang digunakan yakni metode triangulasi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa implementasi metode Montessori dalam pembelajaran matematika khususnya di PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi berkembang cukup bagus karena anak mulai mampu mengenal bilangan sampai dengan memahami konsep dan mampu menyelesaikan tugas yang diberikan guru dengan sedikit atau tanpa bantuan sama sekali, hal ini menunjukkan bahwa startegi guru dalam menerapkan metode montessori dalam meningkatkan kemampuan matematika yang dimiliki anak sudah mulai berkembang dengan baik. Begitu juga dengan implementasi yang telah dilaksanakan di lembaga PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi sudah sesuai dengan tahapan yang ada pada metode Montessori mulai dari tahapan menunjukkan bilangan, tahapan mengenalkan dengan media pembelajaran kongkret sampai dengan tahapan mengingat kembali pembelajaran matematika yang sudah diberikan guru sebelumnya, sehingga anak dapat meningkatkan kemampuan matematika yang dimilikinya dengan baik. [This research is motivated by the mathematical ability of children aged 3-4 years in PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi, with the mathematical abilities of other children, in general children still depend on their parents or teachers in understanding the learning given by the teacher. If you look at children aged 3-4 years in PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi, they have shown their abilities ranging from recognizing numbers through the number of objects until the child is able to complete the tasks given by the teacher. Basically, by providing opportunities for children to seek direct experience, they can increase their mathematical abilities. So what kind of learning method is used in PG-TK Ar-Raudhah so that the mathematical abilities of children aged 3-4 years can develop well. The formulation of the research problem is (1) How is the mathematical ability of children aged 3-4 years at PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi Waru Sidoarjo, (2) How is the implementation of the Montessori method in the mathematical abilities of children aged 3-4 years at PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi Waru Sidoarjo. This study used a qualitative approach and data collection was carried out using the methods of observation, interviews, and documentation. The analysis used is the Miles and Huberman model where the analysis process starts from reducing data, then presenting and verifying. The data validity technique used is the triangulation method. The results showed that the implementation of the Montessori method in learning mathematics, especially in PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi developed quite well because children began to be able to recognize numbers to understand concepts and were able to complete tasks given by the teacher with little or no help, this shows that the teacher's strategy in applying the Montessori method in improving children's mathematical abilities has begun to develop well. Likewise, the implementation that has been carried out at the PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi institution is in accordance with the stages in the Montessori method starting from the stage of showing numbers, the stage of introducing concrete learning media to the stage of recalling mathematics learning that has been given by the previous teacher, so that children can improve their mathematical abilities well.]

Language: English

Published: Surubaya, Indonesia, 2020

Article

Das Montessori-System und die Blindenanstalt [The Montessori System and the Institution for the Blind]

Available from: The State Digital Library of Upper Austria

Publication: Zeitschrift für das Österreichische Blindenwesen, vol. 11, no. 5-9

Pages: 56-60

Austria, Blind, Blind children, Children with disabilities, Europe, Western Europe

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Language: German

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