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A Comparison of Two Approaches Used Within a Multi-tiered System of Supports That Enhance Students' Academic Achievement
Available from: Bethel University - Institutional Repository
Abstract/Notes: While students are receiving a high-quality education within the classroom, some students face difficulty performing adequately on assessments. These students typically receive intervention support to assist in increasing their skill deficits. However, many schools are unaware of the different approaches they can implement within a Multi-Tiered System of Supports framework. While utilizing a standard protocol has been the preferred method, many schools are currently implementing the problem-solving approach because it targets one skill the student is struggling with. Little research has been conducted comparing or combining the two approaches leading schools to be clueless about which one will provide more positive results. A synthesis of articles implementing one or both approaches was conducted to determine which approach would work best in a Montessori school. Results showed an individualized approach might assist students more based on higher effect sizes. However, some researchers who compared the two approaches indicate both approaches are comparable in yielding positive results. To implement interventions effectively, educators must use an evidence-based intervention that’s explicit and structured, screen and monitor progress to make informed decisions, and implement the intervention with fidelity.
Published: St. Paul, Minnesota, 2023
A utilização do Método Montessori como ferramenta para contribuição do desenvolvimento socioemocional na primeira infância / The use of the Montessori Method as a tool to contribute to early childhood socio-emotional development
Available from: European Publications
Publication: Cuadernos de Educación y Desarrollo, vol. 15, no. 9
Abstract/Notes: When intrapersonal conflicts are observed in the resolution of everyday setbacks in most children who are experiencing early childhood (2 to 6 (two to six years)), there was a need to elaborate this research in order to find ways that can contribute to the processes of building socio-emotional knowledge. Therefore, we want to analyze whether and how the Montessori Method can contribute to this development of the subject when it needs to resolve conflicts. In view of this, the application of the Montessori method may be a methodology capable of helping to alleviate, or even to resolve, the problem. This method seeks to make children more independent as to the mastery of their emotional and social stability. The general objective of this article is to analyze the contribution of the Montessori Method to the independence of children, in the area of their socio-emotional aspects. The specific objectives are: to clarify what intrapersonal conflicts are and to exemplify situations; to understand the Montessori Method when it comes to autonomy and independence in childhood and to ratify the contribution of the method to socio-emotional development. The sequence of discussion sessions of the article deals with subjects that can clarify the aforementioned objectives, which are called: Intra-personal conflicts and example of situations; Montessori method - autonomy and independence of children and contribution of the Montessori method to socioemotional development in early childhood. The methodology used for this research is qualitative and bibliographic, since concepts and reflections that already exist on the theme will be analyzed. The expectation of the authors is that adults who read this article can promote actions and behaviors that contribute to the independence and autonomy of children, mainly in relation to the domain of emotional stability, so that children learn to deal with their intrapersonal conflicts in a natural, reflective, calm and direct way; demonstrating the possible contribution of the method in the maturation of this domain. / Ao serem observados conflitos intrapessoais na resolução de contratempos cotidianos em grande parte das crianças que estão vivenciando a primeira infância (2 a 6 (dois a seis anos)), houve a necessidade de elaborar esta pesquisa a fim de encontrar maneiras que possam contribuir para os processos de construção de conhecimentos socioemocionais. Portanto deseja-se analisar se, e como, o Método Montessori pode contribuir para este desenvolvimento do sujeito quando este necessita resolver conflitos. Em vista disso, a aplicação do Método Montessori pode ser uma metodologia capaz de contribuir para amenizar, ou até mesmo, para uma possível resolução da problemática. Este método procura tornar as crianças mais independentes quanto ao domínio de suas estabilidades emocionais e sociais. O objetivo geral deste artigo consiste em analisar a contribuição do Método Montessori para a independência das crianças, quanto ao domínio dos seus aspectos socioemocionais. Quanto aos objetivos específicos destaca-se: esclarecer o que são os conflitos intrapessoais e exemplificar situações; compreender o Método Montessori quando se trata de autonomia e independência na infância e ratificar a contribuição do método para o desenvolvimento socioemocional. A sequência de sessões de discussão do artigo trata de assuntos que possam esclarecer os objetivos supracitados, os quais são denominados: Conflitos intrapessoais e exemplo de situações; Método Montessori – autonomia e independência infantil e contribuição do Método Montessori para o desenvolvimento socioemocional na primeira infância. A metodologia utilizada para esta pesquisa é qualitativa e bibliográfica, pois serão analisados conceitos e reflexões que já existem a respeito do tema. A expectativa das autoras é que os adultos que lerem este artigo possam promover ações e condutas que contribuam para a independência e autonomia das crianças, principalmente, com relação ao domínio da estabilidade emocional, para que as crianças aprendam a lidar com seus conflitos intrapessoais de maneira natural, reflexiva, calma e direta; demonstrando a possível contribuição do método na maturação deste domínio.
Exploring New Approaches to Youth Sports Programs: Montessori Motor Development
Available from: Taylor and Francis Online
Publication: Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance, vol. 94, no. 7
Abstract/Notes: Children are being introduced to organized sports programs at younger ages today. The first experience sets the stage for how they may view their physical competency and acceptance within a group. In these experiences, frequently, the coach is a well-intended parent who may not have any background in coaching or physical education training. Dr. Maria Montessori is widely known for her contributions to experiential learning for young children. Although Montessori addressed motor development through her pedagogical approach, it is rarely associated with physical education or sports. This article aims to provide some insight to educators, physical education teachers, coaches, and parents with an alternative approach to sport introduction through a Montessori theoretical lens which may allow children to develop a love for physical activity and/or future athletes.
Montessori Educational Thought and Its Implications for Family Education
Available from: Clausius Scientific Press
Publication: Applied & Educational Psychology, vol. 4, no. 8
Abstract/Notes: The aim of this paper is to study and analyze Montessori's educational ideas and their implications for family education. Through the study of representative works such as The Complete Montessori Book of Early Education, The Montessori Handbook of Sensitive Periods for Children, The Montessori Family Program, The Montessori Method of Early Education, The Secret of Childhood and The Absorbent Mind, we have come to the following conclusions. Firstly, Montessori's educational philosophy emphasizes the creation of a home environment that matches the child. This includes providing an orderly, quiet, warm and inspiring environment, and parents should be supporters and observers of children's development, respecting their individual interests and needs. Secondly, Montessori emphasized grasping the child's sensitive periods. She observed that children are more sensitive to certain experiences and skills at certain ages and learn best during this period. Finally, Montessori's educational ideas provide theoretical and practical implications for preschool education. She emphasizes the development of children's self-discipline, self-confidence, independent thinking and problem-solving skills. Encouraging children to actively participate in daily life activities, developing good social skills and emotional development, and providing appropriate learning experiences lay a solid foundation for children's preschool education. In summary, Montessori's educational ideas give important insights in the area of family education. Creating a family environment adapted to children, grasping sensitive periods, and developing various abilities are insights that provide theoretical and practical implications for preschool education.
Investigating the Effect of Cognitive Rehabilitation on the Memory Improvement of Patients With Alzheimer
Available from: University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences (Iran)
Publication: Iranian Rehabilitation Journal, vol. 21, no. 2
Date: Jun 2023
Abstract/Notes: Objectives: Alzheimer's is the most prevalent cognitive disturbance, with a high spread among the elderly. The current research aims to investigate the impact of cognitive rehabilitation on the memory improvement of Alzheimer's disease patients. | Methods: The current research used a semi-experimental design with pre-test and post-test designs. The statistical population in Baghdad in 2021 included 60 patients with Alzheimer's illness, all considered a statistical sample and separated into two experimental and control groups (30 people in each group). The patient's cognitive abilities were assessed prior to the intervention (pre-test), straightly after the intervention (post-test), and two months later (follow-up). The experimental group had twenty-eight 45-minute sessions of training based on the Montessori Method (two sessions per week). The data were analyzed in SPSS version 19 using the independent t-test and repeated measures analysis of variance (ANOVA). The results have a P-value of less than 0.05. | Results: The findings of the independent t-test demonstrated that there is no significant differ between the scores of the both groups during the pre-test stage (P>0.05) but that this difference is significant during the post-test and follow-up stages (P<0.001). In addition, the findings of repeated measures ANOVA indicated a significant differ between the both groups' mean scores in post-test and follow-up (P<0.001). | Conclusion: Cognitive rehabilitation can help patients with memory disorders and positively affect their memory performance.
ISSN: 1735-3602, 1735-3610
Learning by Heart or with Heart: Brain Asymmetry Reflects Pedagogical Practices
Available from: MDPI
Publication: Brain Sciences, vol. 13, no. 9
Abstract/Notes: Brain hemispheres develop rather symmetrically, except in the case of pathology or intense training. As school experience is a form of training, the current study tested the influence of pedagogy on morphological development through the cortical thickness (CTh) asymmetry index (AI). First, we compared the CTh AI of 111 students aged 4 to 18 with 77 adults aged > 20. Second, we investigated the CTh AI of the students as a function of schooling background (Montessori or traditional). At the whole-brain level, CTh AI was not different between the adult and student groups, even when controlling for age. However, pedagogical experience was found to impact CTh AI in the temporal lobe, within the parahippocampal (PHC) region. The PHC region has a functional lateralization, with the right PHC region having a stronger involvement in spatiotemporal context encoding, while the left PHC region is involved in semantic encoding. We observed CTh asymmetry toward the left PHC region for participants enrolled in Montessori schools and toward the right for participants enrolled in traditional schools. As these participants were matched on age, intelligence, home-life and socioeconomic conditions, we interpret this effect found in memory-related brain regions to reflect differences in learning strategies. Pedagogy modulates how new concepts are encoded, with possible long-term effects on knowledge transfer.
"Follow Your Heart": Heart-to-Brain-Driven Interplay Relates to Self-Congruency
Available from: Research Square
Abstract/Notes: When emotions, thoughts, and actions align, this is referred to as “self-congruency”. Therefore, this study aimed to determine how temporal covariance of the heart and brain signals were related to self-congruency. Thirty-eight healthy adults underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging to obtain neural markers of variability, whereas heart rate variability (HRV) was measured using photoplethysmography. Participants were also asked to report their level of self-congruency with a graphic rating scale. A cross-covariance analysis (CCA) was performed to assess the temporal covariance of signals arising from both organs, which was then correlated with self-congruency scores. Overall, the CCA results revealed brain-to-heart-driven interplay in brain regions involved in the neurovisceral integration model (e.g., ventromedial prefrontal cortex) and in emotion regulation (e.g., anterior cingulate). However, higher self-congruency scores were related to heart-to-brain-driven interplay in brain regions involved in emotion regulation and empathy. Together, the present findings suggest that, while global brain-to-heart-driven interplay occurs on average, it is heart-to-brain-driven interplay that reflects higher self-congruency. Given the impact of heart-brain interplay and self-congruency on mental health, further investigations on each concept could be interesting in developing tools for early intervention.
Published: Aug 30, 2023
The Effects of Mild but Chronic Stress at School on Brain Development: A Comparative Morphometric Study Between Traditionally and Montessori-schooled Children
Available from: Research Square
Abstract/Notes: While many children suffer from stress due to school-related factors, some alternative schooling systems, such as the Montessori pedagogy, emphasize stress-free learning environments (e.g., no grades, no tests, peer-peer learning). This study compared brain markers of stress, i.e., hippocampus, amygdala, and medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) volumes, as a function of school experience. A cross-sectional comparative morphometric study was run between 45 traditionally schooled children and 44 Montessori-schooled children (3-12 years). While both groups were comparable in terms of cognitive abilities, socio-economic environment, and anxiety levels, volumetric values within their hippocampus and their mPFC differed. While there was hippocampal growth across development for all participants, there was a higher gain for Montessori-schooled children. Furthermore, female traditionally schooled children showed a loss in hippocampal and mPFC volume across age, while female Montessori-schooled children showed a gain. It seems that traditional pedagogical approaches induce mild but chronic stress, affecting underlying brain structures.
Published: Jun 22, 2023
Archival Material Or Collection
Grace Gallatin Seton-Thompson papers
Abstract/Notes: The collection includes biographical articles and clippings, correspondence, published writings and typescripts, memorabilia, notes, photographs, and organization files. Correspondence (1903-40) pertains to her travels, publications, and involvement in feminist and social organizations. Organizational files include minutes, agendas and reports relating to the International Council of Women (1915-26),the National Council of Women, and the Montessori Education Association of New York. Her work for the International Writers Conclave (Chicago, 1933) brought occasional correspondence from women authors around the world. Typescripts of articles and addresses including an essay on Chinese medicine and information on Dr. Mary Stone, medical missionary, China (n.d.). Material related to her world travels includes writings, correspondence, travel literature, maps and notes. Individuals represented include May Wright Sewall, Mary Eleanor Wilkins Freeman, Lena Madesin Phillips, and Kate Douglas Smith Wiggin.
The Urgent Need for an Early Years Workforce Strategy
Available from: MAG Online Library
Publication: Early Years Educator, vol. 24, no. 3
Date: Oct 2023
Abstract/Notes: Statistics published by the DfE in July show the proportion of staff working in the the early years sector with a relevant early years qualification has fallen since 2020. Dr Nathan Archer, director of the International Montessori Institute, outlines his thoughts on how the government could tackle the recruitment and retention crisis and the need for a workforce strategy.
ISSN: 1465-931X, 2052-4617
Pendampingan Pembelajaran Berbasis Metode Montessori Bagi Guru TK Kanisius Demangan Baru [Montessori Method-Based Learning Assistance for Kanisius Demangan Baru Kindergarten Teachers]
Available from: Universitas Sanata Dharma (Indonesia)
Publication: Abdimas Altruis: Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat, vol. 5, no. 1
Abstract/Notes: This community service activity aimed to assist teachers at Kanisius Demangan Baru Kindergarten about Montessori method-based learning so that teachers can apply it in their respective classes. The method applied in this service is the discussion method by explaining the material to be delivered, the question and answer method is used to explore the teacher's understanding of the material to be given and the workshop is used to train and guide teachers in compiling learning videos that are integrated into the classroom. The results showed that the Montessori method of teaching mentoring received a positive response. The teacher clearly understood the material presented, especially the daily life skills area and the sensorial area. For language and mathematics materials, teachers need to get further assistance. The data result also explains that the Montessori method is effective and can be developed in Kanisius Kindergarten, Demangan Baru. In addition, the Montessori method is also relevant to the learning process and curriculum used by Kanisius Demangan Baru Kindergarten in collaboration with reflective pedagogy.
Measuring Parent Perception and Understanding of Montessori Education in Three Massachusetts Montessori Schools
Available from: University of Pepperdine
Abstract/Notes: The Montessori method is a comprehensive, child-centered, developmentalist philosophy of education developed by Dr. Maria Montessori in Rome, Italy, in the early 1900s. The Montessori method differs from traditional approaches to education, and has had limited exposure in the U.S. until the last 20 years. Despite this growth, little research data exists on the effectiveness of the method or of parent understanding of the method. This research project attempted to determine parent understanding of the Montessori method of education at three Montessori schools in Massachusetts that educate children from toddlers to grade 8. The objective of the research was to design, implement, and analyze a survey that measured parent understanding of the Montessori principles and classroom practices. The survey was developed using the Montessori principles as the foundation. The goal was to determine both the extent of parent understanding of the Montessori principles and parent perception of how these principles are carried out in the Montessori classroom. Parents and guardians were asked a total of 10 questions, 7 of which were five-point Likert scales. The quantitative questions specifically addressed the six Montessori principles and were designed to test parents’ overall understanding of each principle. Responses ranged from a principle being not at all important to very important. The qualitative portion of the survey instrument utilized three open-ended, self-completed questions designed to reveal a range of parent perceptions about Montessori education and classroom practices. The surveys revealed that parent values and thinking do line up with some aspects of the Montessori method and philosophy. The surveys also revealed that parents seem to value classroom practices contrary to the founding principles. What parents value and what parents think about regarding concepts such as goal setting, achievement, competition with peers, and teachers preparing and presenting lessons is in direct contrast with some of the Montessori founding principles and intentions. If Montessori schools wish to remain viable, they will need to reconcile the Montessori principles with conflicting parent values and, further, determine how to better align their principles with parent views and desires for their children.
Published: Malibu, California, 2015
Montessori-Pädagogik und Gehirnforschung [Montessori education and brain research]
Book Title: Das Lernen in die eigene Hand nehmen: Mut zur Freiheit in der Montessori-Pädagogik [Taking learning into your own hands: Courage for freedom in Montessori pedagogy]
Published: Münster, Germany: LIT, 2008
Series: Impulse der Reformpädagogik , 19
Montessori-Pädagogik [Montessori Pedagogy]
Available from: SpringerLink
Book Title: Handbuch Bildungsreform und Reformpädagogik
Abstract/Notes: Maria Montessori (1870-1952) hat ausgehend von einer entwicklungspsychologisch, soziologisch und anthropologisch orientierten Analyse von Kindheit und Jugend ein Schul- und Bildungssystem entworfen, das diesen Ergebnissen auf der Basis der von ihr entwickelten Arbeitsmaterialien folgt. Das Lernen geschieht in vier aufeinanderfolgenden Entwicklungsstufen von jeweils fünf bis sieben Jahren, mit denen aufeinanderfolgende Erziehungspläne korrespondieren: das Montessori-Kinderhaus, die Montessori-Grundschule, der "Erdkinderplan" und die Universität. [Maria Montessori (1870-1952) designed a school and education system based on an analysis of childhood and youth based on developmental psychology, sociology and anthropology, which follows these results on the basis of the working materials she developed. Learning takes place in four successive developmental stages of five to seven years each, with which successive educational plans correspond: the Montessori children's home, the Montessori elementary school, the "Erdkinderplan" and the university.]
Published: Wiesbaden, Germany: Springer, 2018
Integration und Montessori-Pädagogik: Internationale Krimmler Montessori-Tage 1994, Symposium zum Thema Integration: die Vielfalt als Chance
Published: Freiburg im Breisgau, Germany: Herder, 1995
Conferenza di apertura della Dott. Maria Montessori all'8. Congresso internazionale Montessori
Publication: Scuola nostra: rivista quindicinale della scuola elementare del mezzogiorno, vol. 5, no. 1
L’arribada de Maria Montessori a Barcelona i el Curs Internacional de 1916 / The Arrival of Maria Montessori in Barcelona and the International Course of 1916
Available from: Hemeroteca Científica Catalana
Publication: Educació i Història: Revista d'Història de l'Educació, no. 40
Abstract/Notes: Dr. Maria Montessori is one of the most recognized women in the world for her work in educating children. Although there are many studies and writings on her work, there is still much to know about his career, especially in the years of the connection with Barcelona and Catalonia. In this paper I intend to provide some new data on the reasons and circumstances of her arrival and her first international course in Barcelona. The Mancomunitat of Catalonia organized around her educational proposal many of the projects to improve that Catalan society at the beginning of the century. Eladi Homs was one of the people in charge of managing these first years. The recovery of his personal correspondence has given birth to hitherto unknown information. Dr. Montessori’s collaboration with Catalan institutions was cut short in 1922 but she recovered much more strongly from 1929 when she returned to live in Barcelona. Knowing better the details and circumstances of her work and influence in Barcelona gives us clues to understand the subsequent evolution of the so-called Catalan pedagogical renewal that is still very much alive today / La doctora Maria Montessori és una de les dones més reconegudes mundialment per la tasca a favor de l’educació dels infants. Tot i que disposem de molts estudis i escrits sobre la seva obra, hi ha encara molt per conèixer sobre la seva trajectòria, especialment en els anys de la vinculació amb Barcelona i Catalunya. En aquest article pretenc aportar algunes dades noves sobre els motius i circumstàncies de la seva arribada i el primer Curs Internacional a Barcelona. Al voltant de la seva proposta educativa, la Mancomunitat va aglutinar molts dels projectes que tenia per millorar aquella societat catalana de principis de segle. Eladi Homs va ser un dels encarregats de gestionar aquests primers anys. La recuperació de la seva correspondència personal ha donat llum a molta informació fins ara desconeguda. La col·laboració de la doctora Montessori amb les institucions catalanes es veu estroncada el 1922, però es recupera amb molta més força a partir del 1929, quan torna a viure a Barcelona. El fet de conèixer més bé els detalls i circumstàncies de la seva obra i influència a Barcelona ens dona pistes per entendre l’evolució posterior de l’anomenada renovació pedagògica catalana, que encara continua ben viva avui. / La doctora María Montessori es una de las mujeres más reconocidas mundialmente por su labor a favor de la educación de los niños. Aunque disponemos de muchos estudios y escritos sobre su obra, queda todavía mucho por conocer sobre su trayectoria, especialmente en los años de la vinculación con Barcelona y Cataluña. En este artículo pretendo aportar algunos datos nuevos sobre los motivos y circunstancias de su llegada y su primer Curso Internacional en Barcelona. La Mancomunitat de Catalunya aglutinó muchos de los proyectos que tenía para mejorar aquella sociedad catalana de principios de siglo alrededor de su propuesta educativa. Eladi Homs fue uno de los encargados de gestionar estos primeros años. La recuperación de su correspondencia personal ha dado luz a mucha información hasta ahora desconocida. La colaboración de la doctora Montessori con las instituciones catalanas se ve truncada en 1922, pero se recupera con mucha más fuerza a partir de 1929, cuando vuelve a vivir en Barcelona. El hecho de conocer mejor los detalles y circunstancias de su obra e influencia en Barcelona nos da pistas para entender la posterior evolución de la llamada renovación pedagógica catalana, que aún continúa viva hoy.
ISSN: 2013-9632, 1134-0258
María Montessori: exposición y crítica de sus métodos de educación y enseñanza [Maria Montessori: exposition and criticism of her methods of education and teaching]
Available from: Biblioteca Digital del Patrimonio Iberoamericano
Abstract/Notes: Includes a section of blue-tone photographs at the end of the volume.
Published: Madrid, Spain: El Magisterio Español, 1915
Barnträdgården och Montessori [Kindergarten and Montessori]
Publication: Barnträdgården [The Kindergarten], vol. 2, no. 1-2
Maria Montessori und der Verein Montessori Pädagogik Deutschlands von 1926-1936
Book Title: Festschrift zum 100 [hundertsten] Geburtstag von Maria Montessori
Published: Frankfurt am Main, Germany: Deutsche Montessori Gesellschaft, 1970