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Book Section

Attention [3 April 1913]

Book Title: The 1913 Rome Lectures: First International Training Course

Pages: 183-194

International Montessori Training Course (1st, Rome, Italy, 1913), Maria Montessori - Speeches, addresses, etc., Maria Montessori - Writings

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Language: English

Published: Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Montessori-Pierson Publishing Company, 2018

Master's Thesis (Action Research Report)

The Effects of Mindfulness Practices and Activities on Student Attention and Work Engagement in a Multi-age 4th to 6th grade Montessori Classroom

Available from: St. Catherine University

Action research

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Abstract/Notes: The purpose of this research was to test whether the implementation of mindfulness exercises would increase focus and work engagement of students. This study incorporated breathing and visualization exercises three times a week. The 5-week study involved 44 children between the ages of 9 and 12 years in a private Montessori school in Northern Michigan. Data collection included daily tallies of on and off task behavior, daily observations of work engagement, pre and post questionnaires about mindfulness completed by each child, and oneon- one discussions with each participant. Results showed an increase in the number of students on task and more students engaged in work over time. The pre and post questionnaire showed an increase in the number of students who liked mindfulness exercises and thought they were helpful, but expressed mixed opinions related to statements regarding focus and distraction. Eighty-two percent of students responded that they found mindfulness exercises helpful. Thirtysix percent mentioned the words “focus” or “concentrate” in their descriptions of how the mindfulness exercises were helpful. Eighty percent responded that they would use the mindfulness techniques independently. The data showed a positive correlation between the implementation of mindfulness exercises and focus in children ages 9 to 12. Suggestions for further research include increasing conversations about ways students can practice mindfulness exercises independently and an extended research period.

Language: English

Published: St. Paul, Minnesota, 2016

Article

The Prospect for the Scientific Study of Kindergarten Education [with Critical Attention to the Methodology of Dr. Montessori]

Available from: HathiTrust

Publication: The Kindergarten and First Grade, vol. 2, no. 5

Pages: 189-194

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Language: English

Book Section

Attention

Book Title: The Advanced Montessori Method: Scientific Pedagogy as Applied to the Education of Children: Spontaneous Activity in Children

Pages: 115-126

Maria Montessori - Writings

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Abstract/Notes: First published in Italian in 1915, the English translation, titled The Advanced Montessori Method, vol. 1: Spontaneous Activity in Education, was first published in 1917.

Language: English

Published: Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Montessori Pierson Publishing Company, 2018

ISBN: 978-90-79506-27-9

Series: The Montessori Series , 9

Volume: 1 of 2

Presentation

Liberty, Discipline and Pedagogy: Mapping Pathways Towards Social and Cultural Independence Through the Regulation of Activity and Attention in a Montessori Classroom

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Abstract/Notes: The term discipline weaves together, through its etymology and use, both learning and regulation, suggesting that one cannot be achieved without the other. It is in this sense, that Dr Maria Montessori applied the term as she designed her distinctive pedagogy during the first half of the twentieth century. Her aim was for children to regulate their activity and their attention through interaction with meticulously designed objects combined with precise language, including the language of educational disciplines. What distinguishes Montessori pedagogy is that children’s liberty is identified as both the means and the end of this regulation. Liberty and discipline were considered by Dr Montessori (1998 [1939], p. 41) to be ‘two faces of the same coin, two faces of the same action’. Montessori’s emphasis on liberty locates her pedagogy in the Enlightenment tradition, but her simultaneous emphasis on discipline, in both senses, reveals an orientation out of step with the tradition of Rousseau, the tradition which remains in the foreground whenever pedagogy is linked with the legacy of the Enlightenment. This paper presents Montessori’s pedagogy of liberty and discipline as one realisation of another, less visible, Enlightenment tradition. This tradition comes into clearer view when human development is perceived as socially, and therefore, semiotically, mediated (Vygotsky 1986 [1934]) and pedagogy is perceived as discipline knowledge embedded in a regulating social order (Bernstein 2000).

Language: English

Presented: University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia: Disciplinarity, Knowledge and Language (Symposium), Dec 2008

Article

Attention School Administrators

Publication: AMI/USA Professional Bulletin, vol. 2, no. 2

Pages: 5

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Language: English

Article

The Application of The Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Rating Scale (DSM-IV) in Early Childhood Center / 유아교육기관에서 ADHD진단 척도의 실제 적용

Available from: RISS

Publication: Montessori교육연구 [Montessori Education Research], vol. 15

Pages: 23-35

Asia, Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, Attention-deficit-disordered children, Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, East Asia, Montessori method of education, South Korea

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Abstract/Notes: The purpose of this study was to investigate the reliability of the ADHD Rating Scale(DSM-IV) using teachers in Early Childhood Center. To do this, ADHD Scales using teacher was discussed with a specialist group consisting of 3 doctors in degree at Early Childhood Education and Child Development and 3 teachers of early childhood centers. And then the data was collected in 1 class(four-years) at early childhood center. So, the subjects of this study were 32 children(boy 18/girl 14) and their 2 teachers. Statistics used for data analysis were Frequency, t-test, inter-observer and test-retest reliability. The major findings of this study were as follows: First, the prevalence of children with ADHD based on teachers rating are 3(teacher1) and 4(teacher2). Second, according to the item analysis of ADHD, teachers are rating similar on children with ADHD Scale(DSM-IV). Third, inter-observer and test-retest reliability were significant. In conclusion, it is considered that the ADHD Rating Scale(DSM-IV) has validity using teachers in Early Childhood Center. / 본 연구에서는 ADHD진단 검사 중 오늘날 가장 널리 사용되고 있는 도구인 「정신장애진단 및 통계편람(DSM-IV)」을 유아교육기관에서 교사가 사용하였을 때, 타당도가 어떠한지 살펴보았다. 전문가와 교사집단과의 사전 연구를 통해 ADHD진단척도와 연구대상을 위한 기준이 제시되었고, 4세아 1개 반(유아 32명, 담임교사 2명)이 선정되었다. 교사들은 학기가 시작된 지 6개월과 9개월 이후 2회에 걸쳐 유아의 ADHD성향을 측정하였다. 그리고 평정자 간 신뢰도와 검사-재검사 신뢰도를 살펴보았다. 연구결과는 다음과 같다. 첫째, 한 교실에서 교사가 평가한 ADHD 성향유아는 3명(교사1)과 4명(교사2)으로 밝혀졌다. 둘째, ADHD에 대한「정신장애진단 및 통계편람(DSM-IV)」의 문항분석 결과, 교사들의 의견이 대부분 비슷하였다. 셋째, 교사들의 평정자 간신뢰도와 검사-재검사 신뢰도는 통계적으로 유의하였다.

Language: Korean

ISSN: 1226-9417

Article

Helping Children with Attentional Challenges in a Montessori Classroom: The Role of the Occupational Therapist

Available from: ERIC

Publication: NAMTA Journal, vol. 42, no. 2

Pages: 287-352

Autism in children, Children with disabilities, North American Montessori Teachers' Association (NAMTA) - Periodicals, People with disabilities

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Abstract/Notes: Barbabra Luborsky links the medical field and Montessori pedagogy to address atypical attention in children through the lens of the occupational therapist. She provides an overview of attention and sensory processing disorders and then informs about particular diagnoses, particularly ADHD and its comorbidity with other diagnoses. Her specific advice as to the role of a practitioner when faced with a struggling child is helpful to the individual teacher and to the entire school community, as addressing these challenges requires collaboration on the part of a number of adults. The second half of her article focuses on specific occupational therapy strategies to support children in a Montessori classroom and offers easily incorporated supplements and adaptations to the environment along with practical tools that can be used in any classroom by any practitioner. A bibliography is included. [This talk was presented at the NAMTA conference titled "Finding the Hook: Montessori Strategies to Support Concentration," October 6-9, 2016, in Columbia, MD.]

Language: English

ISSN: 1522-9734

Article

Helping Children with Attentional Challenges in a Montessori Classroom: The Role of the Physician

Available from: ERIC

Publication: NAMTA Journal, vol. 42, no. 2

Pages: 355-423

North American Montessori Teachers' Association (NAMTA) - Periodicals

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Abstract/Notes: Maureen Murphy-Ryan offers a clinical look at attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Her thorough definition of ADHD and the diagnoses that may occur simultaneously offer teachers an awareness of what this could look like in a classroom. However, it is only with professional medical input that a true diagnosis can be made and appropriate interventions can be put in place. Behavioral interventions are outlined, as well as the extremely sensitive issue of medication. By partnering these support systems with the Montessori environment and creating a conversation that includes the needs of the child and family, there is a greater chance to successfully help children find their focus. [This talk was presented at the NAMTA conference titled "Finding the Hook: Montessori Strategies to Support Concentration," October 6-9, 2016, in Columbia, MD.]

Language: English

ISSN: 1522-9734

Article

Attention to Detail: Lunch Beverages

Publication: Point of Interest, vol. 7, no. 2

Pages: 4

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Language: English

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