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1319 results

Article

A Montessori-konduktív nevelési gyakorlat pedagógiai kísérlete 2000-2003 [A pedagogical experiment in Montessori-conductive education practice 2000-2003]

Available from: University of Debrecen Publishing Platform

Publication: Különleges Bánásmód - Interdiszciplináris folyóirat, vol. 4, no. 3

Pages: 11-23

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Abstract/Notes: Montessori pedagógiáját a kutatók nevezik fejlesztő vagy fejlődéspedagógiának. Magyarországon az utóbbi évtizedben a pedagógiai gyakorlatban fejlesztő pedagógiaként jelenítik meg. Mária Montessori módszerét fejlesztő pedagógiai módszernek tekinthetjük, mert sajátos nevelési szükségletű gyermekek fejlesztésére is alkalmas. Pedagógiai munkáját értelmi fogyatékos gyermekek körében kezdte el. A konduktív módszer a fejlesztés speciális komplex pedagógia módszerének tekinthető, mert a tervezésben és a megvalósításban sajátos nevelési szükségletet és a speciális nevelési igényeket veszi figyelembe. A Montessori fejlesztés a konduktív nevelés gyakorlatában nem fordult elő. A kutatással a Montessori módszer alkalmazását szélesíteni kívántuk a gyógy- és fejlesztő pedagógia gyakorlatában. Igazolni kívántuk a két orvos-pedagógus holisztikus szemléletéből adódó hasonlóságot és különbséget. Pető holisztikus szemléletével magyarázható, hogy az érzékelés, észlelés, beszéd, mozgás és kommunikáció zavarát okozó állapot befolyásolását nem a különböző helyen és időben dolgozó szakemberekre bízta. A Montessori konduktív nevelési gyakorlatot 2000-2003, 2007-2008 tanévben kísérleti céllal vezettük be a konduktor hallgatók főiskolai képzésével összhangban. A program kidolgozásának a célja volt, hogy a két módszer elemeinek alkalmazását, összehangolt működését a gyakorlatban igazoljuk. [Montessori’s pedagogy is called developmental or developmental pedagogy by researchers. In Hungary, it has been portrayed as a developmental pedagogy in pedagogical practice in the last decade. Maria Montessori's method can be considered a pedagogical method, because it is also suitable for the development of children with special educational needs. He began his pedagogical work among children with intellectual disabilities. The conductive method can be considered as a special complex pedagogy method of development, because it takes into account special educational needs and special educational needs in the planning and implementation. Montessori development has not occurred in the practice of conductive education. The aim of the research was to broaden the application of the Montessori method in the practice of therapeutic and developmental pedagogy. We wanted to demonstrate the similarities and differences arising from the holistic approach of the two physician-educators. Pető's holistic approach can be explained by the fact that he did not entrust the influence of the disturbance of perception, perception, speech, movement and communication to professionals working in different places and times. The Montessori conductive education practice was introduced on an experimental basis in the 2000-2003 and 2007-2008 school years in accordance with the college training of conductor students. The aim of the development of the program was to prove the application and coordinated operation of the elements of the two methods in practice.]

Language: Hungarian

DOI: 10.18458/KB.2018.3.11

ISSN: 2498-5368

Master's Thesis

Academic Achievement Outcomes: Montessori and Non-Montessori Public Elementary Students

Available from: ProQuest Dissertations and Theses

Academic achievement, Americas, Comparative education, Early childhood care and education, Elementary education, Montessori method of education, Montessori schools, North America, Public Montessori, United States of America

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Abstract/Notes: Within the realm of elementary public schools, several pedagogical models of early childhood education are practiced in the United States (Lillard, 2007). The constructivist approach to early childhood education is illustrative of best practices based on current theory. One model of constructivist early childhood education is the Montessori Method founded in the early twentieth century by Maria Montessori, an Italian physician (Montessori, 1912/1964). Though the Montessori Method is aligned with research-based best practices espoused by constructivism, there are relatively few public Montessori schools currently in the United States. A direct comparison is needed between the academic outcomes of public elementary school programs which implement the Montessori Method and those which implement a more traditional approach to early childhood education. The focus of this study is the academic achievement outcomes of Montessori public school students as compared to similar non-Montessori students.

Language: English

Published: Commerce, Texas, 2013

Article

Esensi Metode Montessori Dalam Pembelajaran Anak Usia Dini [The Essence of the Montessori Method in Early Childhood Learning]

Available from: Universitas Islam Negeri Ar-Raniry

Publication: Bunayya: Jurnal Pendidikan Anak [Journal of Children's Education], vol. 3, no. 1

Pages: 59-73

Asia, Australasia, Indonesia, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Southeast Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Artikel ini mengkaji tentang sejarah munculnya metode montessori dan esensi metode montessori dalam pembelajaran anak usia dini. Hasil kajian menunjukkan bahwa munculnya metode montessori bermula dari ketertarikan Montessori pada anak-anak idiot menjadikannya akrab dengan metode pendidikan khusus yang dirancang bagi anak-anak kecil. Selanjutnya metode khusus tersebut diterapkan kepada anak-anak normal. Adapun esensi metode montessori dalam pembelajaran anak usia dini adalah the absorbent mind, the conscious mind, the sensitive periods (sensitivity to order, sensitivity to language, sensitivity to walking, sensitivity to the social aspects of life, sensitivity to small objects, sensitivity learning through the senses), children want to learn, learning through play, stages of development, and encouraging independence. [This article examines the history of the emergence and essence of Montessori method Montessori methods in early childhood learning. The results showed that the appearance stems from the Montessori Method interest in children idiot making familiar with special education methods designed for small children. Furthermore, the specific methods applied to normal children. The essence of the method Montessori in early childhood learning is the absorbent mind, the conscious mind, the sensitive periods (sensitivity to order, sensitivity to language, sensitivity to walking, sensitivity to the social aspects of life, sensitivity to small objects, sensitivity learning through the senses), children want to learn, learning through play, stages of development, and encouraging independence.]

Language: Indonesian

ISSN: 2549-3329

Article

Mededeelingen van Dr. Montessori inzake de leermiddelen. Bespreking met Dr. Montessori gehouden op 18 oktober 1922, in de Toonkamer te 's Gravenhage. Vertaling van den Brief van Dr. Montessori dd. 15 oktober 1922, inzake Montessori leermiddelen

Publication: Montessori Opvoeding, vol. 6

Pages: 4-7

Maria Montessori - Writings

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Language: Dutch

Article

Montessori Education at a Distance, Part 1: A Survey of Montessori Educators’ Response to a Global Pandemic

Available from: University of Kansas Libraries

Publication: Journal of Montessori Research, vol. 7, no. 1

Pages: 1-29

Americas, COVID-19 Pandemic, Montessori method of education, North America, Remote learning, United States of America

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Abstract/Notes: The transition to distance learning in the spring of 2020 caused by COVID-19 was particularly challenging for Montessori educators and students because key elements of the Method were not directly transferable to this new and hastily designed format. Hands-on learning with Montessori materials and learning in a community, as well as careful teacher observation, could not be easily replicated when children were learning from home. To understand how educators applied Montessori principles to serve children and families in these highly unusual circumstances, we surveyed Early Childhood and Elementary Montessori teachers about how they translated core elements of Montessori education to a distance-learning environment. The overall results suggest that Montessori distance-learning arrangements balanced live videoconference experiences for children with offline hands-on activities, while also relying on parents’ and caregivers’ involvement. Teachers reported that they largely designed learning experiences themselves, without significant support or guidance from school leaders. Still, teachers reported that they were able to uphold Montessori principles to only a moderate degree under the circumstances. While teachers understandably hunger for support, professional connections, and a return to the classroom experiences that drew them to the field of Montessori education, this study highlights factors that may affect the transition back to school for teachers, parents and caregivers, and students when face-to-face instruction resumes for all children.

Language: English

DOI: 10.17161/jomr.v7i1.15122

ISSN: 2378-3923

Archival Material Or Collection

E. M. Standing Collection on the Montessori Method, 1895-1980

Available from: Seattle University Library

Asia, Edwin Mortimer Standing - Biographic sources, Edwin Mortimer Standing - Writings, India, Montessori method of education, South Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Edwin Mortimer Standing (1887-1967) was the primary compiler of this collection that became the basis for the Montessori Teacher Training Program at Seattle University from 1968 to 1986. William J. Codd, SJ was the first director of the program. The collection contains correspondence, lecture notes, manuscripts, essays, speech texts, photographs, files, clippings, ephemera, sound recordings and publications. Materials document the educational philosophy of Maria Montessori as seen through the writings and correspondence of E.M. Standing and reflect the growing interest in Maria Montessori's teachings and pedagogy from Europe and South Asia to the United States in the 1920s. Also documented is the historical development and establishment of Montessori-based schools and teacher training programs in Seattle, WA and the greater Pacific Northwest and western United States. The collection includes early administrative records and correspondence pertaining to the formation of Seattle University's Montessori Teacher Training Program. The bulk of the materials in this collection are from circa 1939 to 1970. The collection is primarily in English, with some material in Italian, French, Spanish, and Latin. The folder numbering sequence shown in the finding aid is not reproduced on the folders themselves. Series I: Correspondence - Includes incoming and outgoing general and subject correspondence primarily between Edwin Mortimer Standing (circa 1919-1967) and William J. Codd, S.J. (circa 1958-1980) and encompassing a wide variety of friends and associates. Correspondents include Mario Montessori (Maria's son), A.M. Joosten, Phyllis Wallbank, and Lady Carmen Bazely. Other correspondence relates to issues involving publishing royalty, reprint and citations between E.M. Standing, Fr. Codd (Standing’s literary executor) and various publishers. A portion of corrrespondence is between Mr. Standing and Donald Demarest, Academy Guild Press publisher (circa 1959-1962). The correspondence within this series is arranged chronologically by year. Series II: Literary Productions - Includes notes, drafts, essays, plays, poems and manuscripts primarily written by Standing. The series contains manuscript drafts of various religious and educational essays and draft chapters from two of Standing’s books, The Montessori Method and The Child in The Church. Also included within this series is Indian Twilight which is an unpublished 4-volume chronicle of Standing’s years as a Montessori tutor for the Saharabai family in India (circa 1920-1925). Included are reprints of Standing’s letters documenting his experiences, photographs of the people and architecture of India before its independence from England; and brief references to conversations with Mahatma Gandhi who was a close friend and neighbor of the Saharabai family. The items within this series are arranged by sub-series, by author and in chronological order. Series III: Lecture Transcripts - Includes transcripts of speeches given by Maria Montessori in London prior to World War Two. Documents are in Italian and English and are arranged chronologically as well as by lecturer. Series IV: Subject Files - Includes transcripts of speeches given by Maria Montessori in London prior to World War Two. Documents are in Italian and English and are arranged chronologically as well as by lecturer. Series V: Legal and Financial Documents - Documents within this series include publisher contracts, royalty statements, insurance policies, Standing’s will and passport Series VI: Datebooks and Address Books; Series VII: Article and Clipping Files - Includes copies of published articles written by Standing, Fr. Codd and their associates as well as news clippings of interest to Standing and Fr. Codd. Series VIII: Photographic Material - This series includes black and white original photographs of Maria Montessori and classroom activity in early Montessori schools. Also included in this series are early glass plate negatives depicting Montessori school scenes. The bulk of the materials within this series are uncredited and undated. Series IX: Religious, Instructional and General Ephemera; Series X: Sound Recordings; Series XI: Educational Pamphlets and Monographic Materials

Language: English, Italian, French, Spanish, Latin

Extent: 19.5 linear feet, (18 boxes and 1 oversized box)

Archive: Seattle University, Lemieux Library and McGoldrick Learning Commons, Special Collections (Seattle, Washington)

Article

Montessori Education at a Distance, Part 2: A Mixed Methods Examination of Montessori Educators’ Response to a Global Pandemic

Available from: University of Kansas Libraries

Publication: Journal of Montessori Research, vol. 7, no. 1

Pages: 31-50

Americas, COVID-19 Pandemic, Montessori method of education, North America, Remote learning, United States of America

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Abstract/Notes: This study offers a contextualized understanding of the distance-learning experiences of Montessori educators and students in the spring of 2020 in the wake of the COVID-19 global pandemic. In this article, we build on results reported in a separate article published in this issue of the Journal of Montessori Research. First, we analyzed qualitative data from social media and national virtual gatherings designed to support teachers as they faced the challenges created by the abrupt shift to distance learning. Second, we employed a convergent mixed-methods design to integrate these qualitative findings with the survey results reported in the previous article to provide a richer and more complete perspective on the situation. In our results, we found substantial evidence to support the resilience and durability of the Montessori Method, even in the face of adverse conditions created by a global pandemic. Despite the challenges of adaptation, Montessori educators demonstrated a commitment to the key tenets of Montessori philosophy, such as following the child and employing a holistic perspective on learning and development. While serving the whole child’s growth and development remained front and center, Montessori teachers’ approach to academics looked very different under distance learning. Still, the ongoing attention to children’s social-emotional needs will benefit both teachers and children when they return to the classroom, undoubtedly with lasting effects from pandemic-related isolation and hardship.

Language: English

DOI: 10.17161/jomr.v7i1.15123

ISSN: 2378-3923

Thesis

Výchova k míru v Montessori škole / Peace Education in a Montessori School

Available from: Univerzita Karlova Institutional Repository

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Abstract/Notes: Diplomová práce popisuje problematiku výuky výchovy k míru na Montessori škole, přičemţ komplexně charakterizuje pojem výchova k míru, mapuje obsah jejích lekcí a pomůcek, které tvoří připravené prostředí Montessori třídy. Zajímalo mě zařazení výchovy míru do Montessori kurikula a její důleţitá role ve vzdělání, jelikoţ Marie Montessori věřila, ţe mír začíná v dětech. Pro zpracování praktické části jsem si vybrala akční výzkum, který probíhal na Základní škole Duhovka v Praze v Oranţové třídě, kde působím jako třídní učitelka od září 2020. Výzkum probíhal ve věkově smíšené třídě (1.–3. ročník ZŠ). Zaměřovala jsem se zejména na vyzkoušení lekcí se třídou a tvorbu a vyuţití materiálů pro připravené prostředí Montessori třídy. V závěru zhodnotím přínos výchovy k míru pro třídní kolektiv a jeho dynamiku, dále zhodnotím lekce a napíšu doporučení pro učitele, kteří by si je chtěli odučit. / This diploma thesis describes the issue of teaching Peace Education in a Montessori School. It comprehensively characterises the concept of Peace Education, mapping the content of lessons and materials which form part of the prepared environment of a Montessori class. I was interested in the inclusion of Peace Education in the Montessori Curriculum because it has an important role in education as Marie Montessori believed that peace begins in children. For the elaboration of the practical part, I chose action research which took place in Orange Class at Duhovka Elementary School – Prague, where I have been working as a class teacher since September 2020. The research was conducted in a mixed age class of Gd 1-3 students aged 6-9 years. I focused mainly on trying out the lessons with my class having created the materials for the prepared environment. In conclusion, I will evaluate the contribution of Peace Education for the class team and the changes of dynamics within the students in terms of respecting others. In addition, I will also reflect on the lessons and write recommendations for teachers who would like to use them.

Language: Czech

Published: Prague, Czechia, 2021

Article

La didattica Montessori nella scuola dell’infanzia: Un metodo per programmare spazi e tempi a misura di bambino / La didáctica Montessori en la escuela infantil: Un método para programar espacios y tiempos a medida de los niños / The Montessori approach to the Early Childhood Education: A method to organize spaces and times that fits to children

Available from: Universidade de Santiago de Compostela (Spain)

Publication: RELAdEI (Revista Latinoamericana de Educación Infantil), vol. 3, no. 2

Pages: 81-93

Autonomy in children, Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, Montessori materials, Montessori method of education, Prepared environment

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Abstract/Notes: Nella consapevolezza che spazi e tempi costituiscono spesso il principale strumento educativo per coloro che frequentano la prima scuola a più livelli – tanto per i bambini, nei quali tali categorie contribuiscono a rafforzare il livello di familiarità con il contesto di apprendimento, quanto per gli educatori, che riconoscono spesso nell’organizzazione di spazi e tempi scolastici un fondamentale dispositivo didattico – il presente contributo intende focalizzare l’attenzione sul metodo Montessori, che rappresenta in tal senso un utile strumento per adattare spazi e tempi della programmazione educativa ai ritmi di apprendimento e ai livelli cognitivi dei bambini. Il principio 'dell’aiutami a fare da solo' alla base del metodo Montessori, che per i bambini presenta valenza emancipativa, in quanto dispositivo ideale per apprendere l’autonomia, può dunque diventare per gli educatori un utile strumento didattico per avviare un’azione trasformativa della propria esperienza professionale e per ripensare in termini progettuali il proprio agire formativo. / Los espacios y tiempos son, con frecuencia y desde diversas perspectivas, el principal instrumento educativo para los niños de Educación Infantil. Son importantes para los niños, porque contribuyen a reforzar el nivel de familiaridad con el contexto de aprendizaje, y lo son para los educadores porque la organización de los espacios y de los tiempos escolares resulta, para ellos, un dispositivo didáctico fundamental. El presente artículo quiere dirigir la atención al método Montessori que representa, en tal sentido, un instrumento útil para adaptar los espacios y los tiempos de la programación educativa a los ritmos de aprendizaje y a los niveles cognitivos de los niños. El principio de 'Ayúdame a hacerlo yo sólo' que está en la base del método Montessori, tiene para los niños un valor de emancipación en cuanto dispositivo ideal para aprender la autonomía y puede, por lo tanto, convertirse para los educadores en un instrumento didáctico útil para empezar una acción transformadora de su propia experiencia profesional y para repensar, en términos de proyecto, su propia acción educativa. / Space and time are often, and from different perspectives, the main educational tools for Early Childhood Education. They are very important for children because they help them to strengthen their level of familiarity with the context of learning, and so are for educators because the organization of space and school time acts as an essential teaching device. This article aims to draw attention to the Montessori method because it represents, in this sense, a useful tool to adapt the spaces and times of educational programming to the rhythms of learning and to cognitive levels of children. The principle of “Help me do it by myself”, which is one of the basis of the Montessori method, has a great value for emancipation as an ideal device for children to learn autonomy. This principle may, therefore, become a useful teaching tool for educators to transform their professional experience and to rethink, in terms of project, their own educational practices.

Language: Italian

ISSN: 2255-0666

Doctoral Dissertation

Habilidades de resolução de problemas: desenvolvimento de uma medida e relações com o Método Montessori [Problem-solving: development of a measure and relations with the Montessori Method]

Available from: Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora - Institutional Repository

Americas, Brazil, Comparative education, Creative thinking in children, Critical thinking in children, Latin America and the Caribbean, Montessori method of education, Problem solving in children, South America

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Abstract/Notes: Problemas dos mais simples aos mais complexos estão presentes no dia-a-dia das pessoas. Assim, diferentes áreas da Psicologia têm estudado os processos psicológicos relacionados à resolução de problema (RP), destacando-se a interface entre RP e processos educacionais. Embora as habilidades de RP sejam aspectos chave do processo educacional, há controvérsias sobre como promovê-las em ambiente escolar. O Método Montessori (MM) é uma das estratégias educacionais que têm como um de seus propósitos desenvolver essas habilidades em sala. Desse modo, esta Tese conduziu estudos com diferentes delineamentos – correlacional e quase experimental – com o objetivo de analisar se o MM promove habilidades gerais de RP. Devido à carência de instrumentos brasileiros que avaliam este construto, no primeiro capítulo é apresentado o processo de construção das Escalas de Resolução de Problema (ERP), incluindo elaboração de itens, grupos focais (N = 24) e análise por juízes (N = 23), bem como estudos (N = 767) para a obtenção de evidências de validade baseadas na estrutura interna e estimativas de fidedignidade para as ERP. Análises fatoriais confirmatórias evidenciaram que as ERP possuem duas escalas (Habilidades de Resolução de Problemas (HRP) e Orientação em Relação ao Problema (ORP)) com consistência interna satisfatória. As ERP foram utilizadas em um estudo (Capítulo 2) que teve como objetivo comparar as habilidades de RP de estudantes (N = 91) de escolas tradicionais e montessorianas, sendo que, no último caso, considerou-se a fidelidade de implementação (Montessori Clássico ou Montessori Suplementar), além de variáveis demográficas e educacionais. Não foram obtidas diferenças estatisticamente significativas entre os alunos dos dois tipos de escolas pesquisadas. ORP não se associou às variáveis demográficas e educacionais investigadas e, ao classificar HRP em níveis (baixo, médio e alto), observou-se um escore mais elevado de alunas com níveis médios. Com o objetivo de analisar os efeitos de um processo de educação matemática baseado em princípios do MM no desenvolvimento de habilidades de RP, conduziu-se um quase experimento (Capítulo 3) com alunos de quarto e quinto anos do Ensino Fundamental (N = 18). Após serem subdivididos em Grupo Montessori (GM) e Grupo Ensino Tradicional (GET), eles participaram de um processo de educação matemática. As ERP foram aplicadas pré e pós-educação matemática. Foram observados ganhos tanto em HRP quanto em ORP, ainda que limitados, no GM. Todavia, GM e GET não 5 diferiram quanto ao desempenho em matemática. É possível afirmar que, apesar de outras pesquisas serem necessárias para obter mais evidências de validade e estimar sua fidedignidade, as ERP possuem propriedades psicométricas satisfatórias. Também há evidências de que o MM pode contribuir para o desenvolvimento de habilidades de RP. Porém, no último caso, também são necessárias mais evidências empíricas, especialmente aquelas obtidas em salas de aula e não em experimentos. Desenvolver as habilidades de RP dos discentes é fundamental, pois elas são essenciais tanto no processo de ensino-aprendizagem quanto na vida. [Problems, from simple to complex ones, are present in people's daily lives. The way each person responds to them is related to several psychological correlates, such as better psychological adjustment. Thus, different areas of Psychology have studied the psychological processes related to problem-solving (PS), emphasizing the interface between PS and educational processes. Even though PS skills are key aspects of the educational process, there are controversies about how to promote them in the school environment. The Montessori Method (MM) is one of the educational strategies that has as one of its purposes to develop these skills in the classroom. Thus, this thesis has conducted studies with different designs - correlational and quasi-experimental - with the objective of analyzing whether the MM promotes general PS skills. Due to the lack of Brazilian instruments that assess this construct, the first chapter presents the construction process of the Problem-Solving Scales (ERP), including the elaboration of items, focus groups (N = 24) and analysis by judges (N = 23), as well as studies (N = 767) to obtain evidence of validity based on internal structure and reliability estimates for ERP. Confirmatory factor analyzes showed that the ERP have two scales (Problem Resolution Skills (PSS) and Problem Orientation (PO)) with satisfactory internal consistency. The ERP were used in a study (Chapter 2) that aimed to compare the PS skills of students (N = 91) of traditional and montessorian schools and, in the latter case, implementation fidelity was considered (Classic Montessori or Supplemented Montessori). Associations were also made between these skills and demographic and educational variables. There were no statistically significant differences between the students of the two types of schools researched. PO was not associated to the demographic and educational variables investigated and when PSS was classified in levels (low, medium and high), a higher score of students with average levels was observed. In order to analyze the effects of a mathematical education process based on MM principles on the development of PS skills, a quasi-experiment (Chapter 3) was conducted with students of fourth and fifth grades of Elementary School (N = 18). After subdividing them into Montessori Group (MG) and Traditional Schooling Group (TSG), they participated in a process of mathematical education. The ERP were applied pre and post-mathematical education. There were gains in both PSS and PO, albeit limited, in 7 the MG. However, MG and TSG did not differ in mathematical performance. It is possible to state that, even though other studies are necessary to obtain more evidence of validity and to estimate its reliability, the ERP have satisfactory psychometric properties. There is also evidence that the MM can contribute to the development of PS skills. However, in the latter case, more empirical evidence is also needed, especially those obtained in classrooms rather than in experiments. Developing the PS skills of the students is fundamental, since they are essential both in the teaching-learning process and in life itself.]

Language: Portuguese

Published: Juiz de Fora, Brazil, 2017

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