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Master's Thesis

Comparing the Normalization of Children in Traditional and Montessori Kindergarten

Available from: University of Wisconsin

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Abstract/Notes: In this study, the author examined the level of Normalization kindergarten children display in a Montessori classroom and a traditional classroom. Normalization can be demonstrated through the child’s love of work, concentration, self-discipline and sociability. Data was gathered from the child and lead teacher through classroom observations, teacher questionnaires, child-interviews and a self-control test. Classroom observations in both environments gave insight into the child’s ability to focus and concentrate, as well as observable indications of a love of learning. Teacher questionnaire results were compiled and compared revealing children in Montessori classrooms have more room for choice, multi-sensory material use and more developed literacy skills. The child-interview results indicated that Montessori children were more sociable and self-reliant than traditional school children. Children attending Montessori kindergarten showed a greater level of self-discipline than traditional school children in the self-control test. Ideally, children attending a Montessori children’s house should continue their education for kindergarten into their third and final year. The discussion considers the ongoing benefits of staying in a Montessori environment for the kindergarten year.

Language: English

Published: River Falls, Wisconsin, 2014

Book Section

For the Trained Montessorian: Adjusting to the Montessori Kindergarten Classroom of All Five Year Olds

Available from: ERIC

Book Title: Implementing Montessori Education in the Public Sector

Pages: 268-271

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Language: English

Published: Cleveland, Ohio: North American Montessori Teachers' Association, 1990

Master's Thesis

A Study of Curriculum Development and Implementation in Kindergarten Using Montessori and Waldorf Approaches / การศึกษาการพัฒนาและการใช้หลักสูตรของโรงเรียนอนุบาลที่ใช้แนวคิดทางการศึกษาแบบมอนเตสซอรี่และวอลดอร์ฟ ในกรุงเทพมหานคร

Asia, Comparative education, Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Southeast Asia, Thailand, Waldorf method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc.

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Abstract/Notes: The purpose of this research was to study the curriculum development and implementation in kindergartens using Montessori and Waldorf approaches. The case studies were 3 kindergartens; one Montessori kindergarten and two Waldorf kindergartens. The data collection methods were participant observation, interview and documentation. The findings were: 1. Kindergarten using Montessori Approach The administrator played an important role in curriculum development and implementation. In curriculum development, the content of curriculum was adjusted to Thai contexts in sub-content of three main Montessori's contents for creating its material. In curriculum implementation, larning activities consisted of the set of Montessori activities and group activities which were a part of three main Montessori's contents, i.e., practical life or motor skill, sensory and academy. The group activities are also divided into 2 parts: one was content matter, and the other was a practice. 2. Kindergartens using Waldorf Approach The administrators played an important role in curriculum development and implementation. In curriculum development, the content of Waldorf curriculum was adjusted to Thai context by considering needs of children as well as the children cultural backgrounds. In curriculum implementation, learning activities comprised a play, a main activities, a circle and a story telling. A process of each kindergarten activity was different according to administrator's understanding, experiences and interpretation of Waldorf approach. / การวิจัยครั้งนี้มีวัตถุประสงค์เพื่อศึกษาการพัฒนาและการใช้หลักสูตรในโรงเรียนอนุบาลที่ใช้แนวคิดทางการศึกษาแบบมอนเตสซอรี่ และวอลดอร์ฟ กรณีศึกษา คือ โรงเรียนที่อนุบาลใช้แนวคิดทางการศึกษาแบบมอนเตสซอรี่ 1 แห่ง โรงเรียนอนุบาลที่ใช้แนวคิดทางการศึกษาแบบวอลดอร์ฟ 2 แห่ง เก็บข้อมูลโดยใช้เทคนิคการสังเกตอย่างมีส่วนร่วม การสัมภาษณ์ และการศึกษาเอกสาร ผลการวิจัยพบว่า 1. โรงเรียนอนุบาลที่ใช้แนวคิดทางการศึกษาแบบมอนเตสซอรี่ ผู้บริหารมีบทบาทสำคัญในการพัฒนาและการใช้หลักสูตร สำหรับการพัฒนาหลักสูตรผู้บริหารจะมีการปรับเนื้อหาให้สอดคล้องกับบริบทสังคมไทย ในส่วนเนื้อหาย่อยของกลุ่มเนื้อหาหลัก(3 กลุ่ม) ซึ่งเป็นแนวทางในการจัดทำชุดอุปกรณ์มอนเตอซอรี่ ในการใช้หลักสูตร มีการจัดกิจกรรมใน 2 ลักษณะ ได้แก่ กิจกรรมมอนเตอซอรี่ มีการจัดการเรียนการสอนตามหลักการแนวคิดมอนเตสซอรี่และกิจกรรมกลุ่มเป็นกิจกรรมที่จัดขึ้นโดยพิจารณาจากเนื้อหาหลัก (3 กลุ่ม) ซึ่งได้แก่ ประสบการณ์ชีวิต หรือทักษะกลไก ประสาทสัมผัส และวิชาการ มีการแบ่งการจัดการเรียนการสอนออกเป็น2 ส่วน คือ ภาคทฤษฎี มีครูเป็นผู้บรรยายความรู้ และภาคปฏิบัติ โดยเน้นให้เด็กลงมือปฏิบัติงานตามที่ได้รับมอบหมาย 2. โรงเรียนอนุบาลที่ใช้แนวคิดทางการศึกษาแบบวอลดอร์ฟ ผู้บริหารมีบทบาทสำคัญในการพัฒนาและการใช้หลักสูตร ในการพัฒนาหลักสูตรผู้บริหารจะมีการปรับเนื้อหาให้สอดคล้องกับบริบทสังคมไทย โดยพิจารณาจากความต้องการของเด็กและสภาพแวดล้อมรอบตัวเด็กเป็นสำคัญ จากนั้นจึงนำข้อมูลมาจัดเป็นเนื้อหากิจกรรมตามหลักการของแนวคิดทางการศึกษาแบบวอลดอร์ฟ ในการใช้หลักสูตร จะมีการจัดกิจกรรมการเรียนการสอนโดยผ่านกิจกรรมการเล่น กิจกรรมประจำวัน กิจกรรมวงกลม และการเล่านิทาน ซึ่งขั้นตอนในการจัดกิจกรรมแต่ละกิจกรรมของโรงเรียน จะแตกต่างกันไปตามความเข้าใจ ประสบการณ์ และการตีความหมายของผู้บริหารที่มีต่อแนวคิดทางการศึกษา

Language: Thai

Published: Bangkok, Thailand, 1999

Article

Influences of Balanced Language Approach Applied at Montessori Kindergarten on Children's Language Ability / 몬테소리 유치원에 적용한 균형적 언어 접근법이 유아의 언어능력에 미치는 효과

Available from: DBpia

Publication: 열린유아교육연구 / The Journal of Korea Open Association for Early Childhood Education, vol. 13, no. 4

Pages: 97-122

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Abstract/Notes: This study examined the influences of balanced language approach applied at Montessori kindergarten on children's language ability. This is a response to the need of diverse researches on Montessori language education and aims to provide basic materials to improve children's language ability. For the study, 60 children of five-year old participated for 8 weeks. The experimental group received Montessori language education with the balanced language approach program and the control group received general Montessori language education, The study found that the experimental group performing both Montessori language education and balanced language approach program showed significantly higher scores in language ability than the control group having Montessori language education. / 본 연구의 목적은 몬테소리 언어교육과 관련하여 다각적인 응용연구가 이루어져야 할 필요성에 따라 몬테소리 유치원에 적용한 균형적 언어 접근법이 유아의 언어능력에 어떠한 영향을 미치는지 알아봄으로써 유아의 언어능력을 향상시킬 수 있는 기초자료로 제공하고자 한다. 이를 위하여 유치원 만 5세 유아 60명을 대상으로 8주간의 실험처치로 실험집단에서는 몬테소리 교육의 언어활동과 균형적 언어 접근 프로그램을 병행하여 실시하고 비교집단에게는 일반적인 몬테소리 교육의 언어활동을 실시하였다. 연구결과, 몬테소리 교육의 언어활동과 균형적 언어 접근 프로그램을 병행한 실험집단이 몬테소리 교육의 언어활동만을 실시한 비교집단보다 언어능력의 점수에서 통계적으로 유의하게 높은 것으로 드러났다.

Language: Korean

ISSN: 1226-8119, 2734-0074

Article

Mothers' Opinions of Same-Age Group and Mixed-Age Group Composition in Montessori Kindergarten / 몬테소리 유치원에서 유아의 단일연령집단과 혼합연령집단 구성에 대한 어머니의 인식

Available from: RISS

Publication: 아동교육 [The Korean Journal of Child Education], vol. 13, no. 2

Pages: 87-109

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Language: Korean

ISSN: 1226-2722

Article

The Application and Impact of the Group Theraplay Program on Montesso Kindergarten Students with Child Aggression and Behavior Problems / 몬테소리 유치원에 적용한 집단치료놀이가 유아의 공격성 및 문제행동에 미치는 효과

Available from: RISS

Publication: Montessori교육연구 [Montessori Education Research], vol. 10

Pages: 141-180

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Language: Korean

ISSN: 1226-9417

Article

A Comparative Study of the 6th Kindergarten Curriculum and the Montessori Curriculum for Early Childhood Mathematics Education / 유아수학교육을 위한 유치원 6차 교육과정과 몬테소리교육과정의 비교연구

Available from: RISS

Publication: Montessori교육연구 [Montessori Education Research], vol. 10

Pages: 71-85

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Language: Korean

ISSN: 1226-9417

Article

An Analysis of the Children's Songs in 7th Kindergarten Teacher's Instruction Guide / 7차 유치원 지도서에 수록된 동요 분석

Available from: RISS

Publication: Montessori교육연구 [Montessori Education Research], vol. 14, no. 1

Pages: 73-103

Asia, Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, Attention-deficit-disordered children, Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, East Asia, Montessori method of education, South Korea

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Abstract/Notes: This study was performed to analyze the children's songs in the 7th kindergarten teacher's instruction guide published by Ministry of Education, Science and Technology (MEST) in 2009. total 89 children's songs were looked over about their subject and words, also their musical elements. The staple. theme lf children's songs were season., family and me, animals, plants, nature, environment and living. and the pattern of words. were more prosaic than questions and answers and repeated one. 4/4 were the major in meter, also 3/4 and 2/4were followemetin turn. The tonality of children's songs were various, although C major showed the highes aportion. Two par aform was the major form of children's songs, also notes with the simple rorthm and C-C¹tin vocal rage were the major than the other rorthm pattern and vocal range. / 본 연구는 7차 유치원 지도서에 나오는 노래악곡의 특석을 분석하였다. 지도서에 수록된 동요 89곡의 주제와 노랫말과 음악적 요소를 분석하였다. 본 연구의 결과는 다음과 같다. 1) 동요의 주제는 봄·여름·가을·겨울, 나와 가족. 동식물과 자연, 환경과 생활 등의 주제는 많이 나타났다. 2) 노랫말의 형식은 산문형, 문답형, 반복형의 순으로 나타났다. 3) 박자에서는 4분의 4박자 4분의 3박자, 4분의 2박자 순으로 나타났다. 4) 조성에서는 다양한 조성의 곡이 수록되어있지만 다장조가 가장 많은 비중을 차지하였다. 5) 형식에서는 두 도막 형식, 한도막 형식과 작은 세도막형식 순이었다. 6) 리듬에서는 단순한 리듬형이 많이 나타나며 □□과 같은 경쾌한 리듬의 사용도 나타난다. 7) 음역에서는 C-C¹(8도)의 음역구성이 가장 많았으며 다음으로 C-D¹와 C-A순이었다. 8) 음정에서는 유아가 노래부르기가 수월한 온음계적 음정이 많이 나타났다. 9) 가락에서는 도약 진행보다 순차 진행이 많이 나타난다.

Language: Korean

ISSN: 1226-9417

Article

Kindergarten's Actual Musical Education Field through Teachers' Voice / 교사의 목소리로 통해 본 유치원 현장의 음악교육

Available from: RISS

Publication: Montessori교육연구 [Montessori Education Research], vol. 17, no. 1

Pages: 55-75

Asia, Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, East Asia, Montessori method of education, South Korea

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Abstract/Notes: By monitoring kindergarten musical activities in-depth interviewing with four kindergarten teachers, this paper researched kindergarten teachers' attitudes toward musical educations, ways of their plan and implementing educations, thoughts about musical educations programed by private institutions and difficulties of educating musical educations to students. Thus, research topics were selected to improve understandings of musical educations, musical education practices' environments in kindergarten field regarding of three questions: First, how were actual educations like by a teacher's point of view?, Second, what were teachers' attitude toward on accepting musical educations programmed by private institutions? Third, what were teachers' difficulties for teaching musical educations? Based on the research result, answering the first question, "how were actual musical educations like by a teacher's point, musical educations were performing as subject of living discussion time and as the one of activities such as "Sing-Along". Answering the second question, what were teachers' attitude toward on accepting muscial educations programmed by private institutions?, the answer was found as the attitude was positive. Answering the third question, what were teachers' difficulties for teaching musical educations?, it was found that kindergarten teachers were struggling with advising musical education concepts due to a lack of confidence on educations and of applied ideas to musical educations. This research concluded that. However, by restraining the musical education, they were willing to teach musical educations to students systematically. Eventually, this research would challenged current kindergarten teachers to be suggested for needs of restraining musical education and systematic musical education. / 본 연구는 실제 유아교육현장에서 이루어지고 있는 음악교육을 통해 유아교사가 음악교육에 대해 어떠한 생각을 갖고 있으며, 교육현장에서 음악교육을 어떻게 계획하고 실행하는지, 유아교육현장에 들어오는 외부의 음악수업에 대한 교사의 생각은 어떠한지, 그리고 유아들에게 음악을 교육할 때 교사의 어려움이 무엇인지를 알아보고자 유치원 음악교육활동의 직접 관찰과 4명교사의 심층면담을 실시하였다. 본 연구에서 유아교육현장에서의 음악교육에 대한 이해와 유아들에게 실시되는 음악교육과 교사에게 필요한 음악적 환경, 교사들의 음악교육실행의 어려움에 대해 알아보기 위하여 다음과 같은 연구문제를 설정하였다. 첫째, 교사를 통해 본 유치원 현장의 음악 교육은 어떠한가? 둘째, 유치원에 들어오는 외부의 음악수업에 대한 교사의 생각은 어떠한가? 셋째, 음악교육을 통해 본 교사의 음악지도의 어려움은 무엇인가? 연구 결과 교사를 통해 본유치원의 음악 교육은 수업 속에 활용되는 음악으로 음악 교육이라기보다는 생활주제를 유아들에게 전달하는 방법으로 사용되고 있거나, ‘노래 부르기’와 같은 활동만으로 음악교육을 활용하고 있었다. 둘째, 교사들은 외부 음악 교육에 대해 긍정적으로 생각을 하였으며, 외부음악교육에 대해 그에 따른 교육상의 문제점에 대해서도 인지하고 있었다. 셋째, 교사를 통해 본 교사의 음악지도의 어려움은 음악적 자신감 결여와 지도방법의 연계방법 부족으로 인하여 음악적 개념지도의 어려움을 보여주고 있었다. 본 연구를 통해 현직교사들에게 음악 교육의 재교육의 필요성과 예비교사들을 위한 ‘유아음악교육전문 교사자격’ 체제를 실시하여 유아교육에서도 유아음악교육 전문성 교사 배출시스템 설계의 필요성을 제언하고자 한다.

Language: Korean

ISSN: 1226-9417

Book Section

Enrico Mayer e gli asili infantili [Enrico Mayer and kindergartens]

Book Title: Valore educativo e sociale della scuola materna: atti [Educational and social value of the nursery school: proceedings]

Pages: 263-286

Enrico Mayer - Biographic sources

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Language: Italian

Published: Roma, Italy: Vita dell'infanzia, 1963

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