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Master's Thesis

O projecto do espaço educativo. O Kindergarten na génese da escola contemporânea de Herman Hertzberger [The Design of the Educational Space: The Kindergarten in the Genesis of Herman Hertzberger's Contemporary School]

Available from: Universidade do Porto - Repositório Aberto

Architecture, Europe, Herman Hertzberger - Biographic sources, Herman Hertzberger - Works, Holland, Montessori schools, Netherlands, Western Europe

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Abstract/Notes: A presente Dissertação de Mestrado, O projeto do espaço educativo - O Kindergarten na génese da escola contemporânea de Herman Hertzberger, propõe uma análise e uma reflexão dos espaços escolares projetados pelo oarquiteto holandês Herman Hertzberger (1932- ), entre 1960 e 2007. No conjunto de obras analisadas, foram destacados alguns temas projetuais caraterísticos dos espaços escolares. Estes temas encontram a própriaorigem no modelo educativo desenvolvido pela médica italiana Maria Montessori (1879-1952) no início do século XX. Nesse contexto, destacam-se os seguintes temas: 1) A polivalência da sala de aula, sendo um dos temas baseado no modelo montessoriano e de relevância nas obras do arquiteto; 2) A função distributiva e social do espaço central, assemelhando-se à piazza de Malaguzzi (1920-1994), com influências de Froebel (1782-1852); 3) A ideia de "learning street" do corredor, assumindo-se como um espaço flexível. O estudo destes temas, entre outros, tornou-se essencial para a compre ensãodas escolas de Herman Hertzberger e, consequentemente, da sua obra em geral. [This Master Thesis proposes an analysis and a reflection of school spaces designed by Dutch architect Herman Hertzberger (1932- ), between 1960 and 2007. The set of works analyzed were assigned some design themes with typical interest in school spaces. These themes have origin in the educational model developed by Italian doctor Maria Montessori (1879-1952) at the beginning of the 20th century. In this context, stands out the following themes: 1) The versatility of the classroom, one of the themes based on the educational model proposed by Maria Montessori and one of the most relevant themes in the architect's work; 2) The distributive and social functions of the central space, similar to the piazza of Malaguzzi (1920-1994), with influences from Froebel (1782-1852); 3) The idea of "learning street" of the corridor, becoming a flexible space. The study of these subjects, among others, was essential to understand Herman Hertzbergers' schools and, consequently, his work in general.]

Language: Portuguese

Published: Porto, Portugal, Nov 15, 2016

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Managing the Use of Resources in Multi-Grade Classrooms

Available from: African Journals Online

Publication: South African Journal of Education, vol. 39, no. 3

Africa, Classroom environment, Montessori materials, Montessori method of education, Montessori schools, Nongraded schools, Prepared environment, South Africa, Southern Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa

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Abstract/Notes: This study examined how teachers in multi-grade classrooms manage and use available resources in their classrooms. The study focused on multi-grade classrooms in farm schools in the Free State province of South Africa that cover Grades 1 to 9. The concepts “multi-grade classrooms” and “resources” are explained below. The availability and utilisation of resources in multi-grade classrooms is discussed in some depth. A qualitative research design was used to collect data. Interviews were conducted with 9 teachers who worked in multi-grade classrooms. The data reveals that the availability of resources has improved somewhat in the multi-grade classrooms surveyed; however, textbooks specifically meant for multi-grade classrooms are still lacking. The data also points to several other trends. For example, most multi-grade schools in the sample have insufficient resources. Where available, the resources are either under-utilised or used improperly. Furthermore, it is usually the case that learners are required to share resources across various grades. Moreover, teachers often use their personal resources to get their work done, and in this regard, smartphones play an important part. Finally, the study also reveals that teachers do try to use various types of resources to cater for different learning styles.Keywords: activity centres; classroom organisation; Montessori educational theory; multi-grade classrooms; resource corners; resources

Language: English

DOI: 10.15700/saje.v39n3a1599

ISSN: 2076-3433

Article

In Memoriam [Dr. Herman Jordan]

Publication: Communications (Association Montessori Internationale, 195?-2008), vol. 1971, no. 4

Pages: 11

Herman Jordan - Biographic sources, Obituaries

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Language: English

ISSN: 0519-0959

Article

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Del Aula a la Ciudad: Arquetipos Urbanos en las Escuelas Primarias de Herman Hertzberger [From the Classroom to the City: Urban Archetypes in Herman Hertzberger's Primary Schools]

Available from: Universidad de Sevilla (Spain)

Publication: Revista Proyecto, Progreso, Arquitectura, vol. 17

Pages: 100-115

Architecture, ⚠️ Invalid DOI

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Abstract/Notes: Herman Hertzberger pertenece a ese grupo de arquitectos que, desde comienzos del siglo XX hasta nuestros días, han entendido el binomio arquitectura–pedagogía como indisoluble, como dos disciplinas complementarias en el proceso de aprendizaje que recrean un modelo de sociedad y, por ende, del espacio donde esta se desarrolla. Hertzberger entiende la arquitectura como instrumento pedagógico y como oportunidad esencial para la configuración de un espacio de relación. Su obra nos desvela una preocupación máxima por el usuario, por los valores colectivos, en un entendimiento de la arquitectura como soporte de libertad, cuyo antecedente inmediato fue el ideario de su maestro Aldo van Eyck. Pero es en su arquitectura escolar donde esto se observa de forma más radical. A través de los numerosos proyectos realizados vinculados a la educación, se recorren todas las etapas de aprendizaje del hombre desde la infancia hasta la universidad, en los cuales se desarrolla un amplio repertorio de estrategias proyectuales vinculadas a la Escuela Activa como modelo de aprendizaje y más concretamente al Método Montessori. Su dilatada obra vinculada a la enseñanza le permite ensayar en todos los registros posibles la idea de un edificio como ciudad, difuminando los límites entre espacios privados y públicos en todas las escalas entre la escuela y su entorno, en un recorrido que va del aula a la ciudad. [SUMMARY Herman Hertzberger belongs to a group of architects that understand the architecture-pedagogy binomial as indissoluble. Ever since the beginning of the 20th Century, they have embraced the complementarity of these two disciplines in the educational world, and have revealed the way architecture and pedagogy collaborate through the recreation of a model for society and therefore influence the place where education takes place. In this context, Hertzberger understands architecture as a pedagogical tool as well as an opportunity for the configuration of a space for interaction. Hertzberger´s work confirms a commitment with the child as the centre of the learning process. Moreover, the architect demonstrates major interest in collective values, together with an understanding of architecture as a basis-foundation for freedom. His direct precedents are the ideas of his teacher, Aldo van Eyck. However, it is in his educational architecture where these can be radically observed. The numerous projects that he has designed cover all the phases of the educational process: from those of early childhood to university studies. In these projects he has developed a wide repertoire of design strategies linked to the Active school and the Montessori Method. His extensive work allows him to try out the full scope of the idea of a building being like a city, by blurring the limits between public and private space, the school and its environment, in a journey that crosses from the classroom to the city.]

Language: Spanish

DOI: 10.12795/ppa2017.i17.07

ISSN: 2173-1616

Article

Dr. Montessori Will Lecture for Adults

Available from: NewsBank - San Diego Evening Tribune Historical

Publication: San Diego Evening Tribune (San Diego, California)

Pages: 8

Adelia Pyle - Biographic sources, Americas, Anna Fedeli - Biographic sources, Edith Little - Biographic sources, Helen Little - Biographic sources, Helen Parkhurst - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Mario M. Montessori - Biographic sources, North America, Panama-California Exposition (1915, San Diego, California), United States of America

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Abstract/Notes: Includes a list of individuals assisting Montessori with her work in San Diego. Also, reports on a 10-lecture series Montessori provided: "For the benefit of mothers, teachers and all others interested, Dr. Montessori has decided to offer a short course of ten lectures and two demonstrations of the use of the didactic appareatus, to begin Wednesday, July 7th, at 3:30 p.m. in the lecture room, at the normal school. Those interested in this course should make personal application on Monday and Tuesday, between the hours of 2 and 3, in the afternoon, in Dr. Montessori's office at the normal school, where they may learn the nature of the work and the requirements for admission. This short course has been arranged in response to the many requests that have been made for it by persons unable to take the advanced course which was begun in Los Angeles and will be continued in San Diego and, later, in San Francisco, for about four months. The first public address by Dr. Montessori will be given at the exposition on the afternoon of July 12, which has been set aside by the exposition management as 'Education Day.'"

Language: English

Article

La scuola di Amsterdam: Tracy Metz parla con Herman Hertzberger dellárchitettura per l;educazione / The Amsterdam School: Tracy Metz talks to Herman Hertzberger about the architecture of education

Publication: Domus, no. 832

Pages: 56-69

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Language: Italian

ISSN: 0012-5377

Article

Stedelijke Ruimte of Innovatief Panopticum: Montessori College Oost Van Herman Hertzberger in Amsterdam [Urban Space or Innovative Panopticon: Montessori College East by Herman Hertzberger in Amsterdam]

Publication: De Architect, vol. 31, no. 4

Pages: 74-82

Architecture, Europe, Holland, Netherlands, Western Europe, ⛔ No DOI found

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Language: Dutch

ISSN: 0044-8621

Thesis Project

Herman Hertzberger: Arquitectura y humanismo

Available from: Universitat Politécnica de Valéncia

Architecture, Europe, Herman Hertzberger - Biographic sources, Herman Hertzberger - Works, Holland, Netherlands, Western Europe

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Abstract/Notes: En un mundo como el de los arquitectos, fuertemente condicionado por normativas, leyes y, en la mayoría de los casos, excesiva premura en las fechas de entrega, es habitual olvidar que la arquitectura tiene un fin: la gente. En ese contexto, en la década de los 60, figuras como el holandés Herman Hertzberger, cuestionaron los procesos de proyecto existentes hasta la fecha, y mostraron su preocupación por aspectos relativos a las personas, como las relaciones sociales, la percepción espacial, o las necesidades variables de privacidad y colectividad. Acciones realizadas para determinar tipologías de edificios, como habitar, trabajar o estudiar, comenzaron a ser observadas desde un punto de vista diferente. El edificio de oficinas Centraal Beheer, en Apeldoorn, o la Montessori School en Delft , ambos diseñados por Hertzberger en 1967 y 1960 respectivamente, son sus dos mejores ejemplos. Estas obras reinventan e incentivan las posibilidades de relación de sus usuarios: multiplicando las funciones de objetos y lugares, dando un nuevo uso a las zonas de transición bajo el concepto de in-between, e incluyendo a las personas en el nacimiento de la arquitectura. Este es el punto de partida de este trabajo, que se inicia con una investigación sobre los conceptos clave de la metodología de Hertzberger y finaliza con una selección de sus obras. Los casos de estudio se apoyan con ejemplos actuales, con la intención de contrastar la evolución y pervivencia de sus arquetipos. / In the architect’s world, strongly conditioned by rules, laws and, in most of the cases, by unreasonable haste on the deadlines, it is often forgotten that architecture has a purpose: the people. In that context, in the 60s, architects like the Dutch Herman Hertzberger, questioned the existing project processes until then, and showed their concern about aspects related to persons, such as social relationships, space perception, or the variable needs of privacy and collectivity. Actions daily associated to determine building typologies, such as living, working, or studying, started to be perceived from a different point of view. The office building of Centraal Beheer, in Apeldoorn, or the Montessori School in Delft, both designed by Hertzberger in 1967 and 1960 respectively, are the two best examples. These pieces reinvent and stimulate the relationship opportunities of their inhabitants: they multiply the functions of objects and places, by offering a new use to the transition zones -with the “in-between” concept-, and by involving people in the birth of the architecture. This is the starting point of this dissertation, which begins with a research about the key concepts of Hertzberger’s methodology and ends up with a selection of his best buildings. Study cases are implemented with other contemporary cases, in order to confirm the evolution and permanence of his archetypes. / En un món com el dels arquitectes, fortament condicionat per normatives, lleis i, en la majoria dels casos, excessiva urgència en les dates de lliurament, és habitual oblidar que l’arquitectura té un fi: la gent. En aquest context, a la dècada dels 60, figures com l’holandès Herman Hertzberger, van qüestionar els processos de projecte existents fins a la data, i van mostrar la seva preocupació per aspectes relatius a les persones, com les relacions socials, la percepció espacial, o les necessitats variables de privacitat i col·lectivitat. Accions realitzades per determinar tipologies d’edificis, com habitar, treballar o estudiar, van començar a ser observades des d’un punt de vista diferent. L’edifici d’oficines Centraal Beheer, a Apeldoorn, o la Montessori School a Delft, tots dos dissenyats per Hertzberger en 1967 i 1960 respectivament, són els seus dos millors exemples. Aquestes obres reinventen i incentiven les possibilitats de relació dels seus usuaris: multiplicant les funcions d’objectes i llocs, donant un nou ús a les zones de transició sota el concepte d’in-between, i incloent a les persones en el naixement de l’arquitectura. Aquest és el punt de partida d’aquest treball, que s’inicia amb una investigació sobre els conceptes clau de la metodologia de Hertzberger i finalitza amb una selecció de les seves obres. Els casos d’estudi s’ajuden d’exemples actuals, amb la intenció de contrastar l’evolució i pervivència dels seus arquetips.

Language: Spanish

Published: Valencia, Spain, 2016

Article

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Transgresje w biograficznych doświadczeniach wybitnych pedagogów: Marii Montessori i Janusza Korczaka [Transgressions in the biographical experiences of outstanding educators: Maria Montessori and Janusz Korczak]

Available from: University of Gdańsk

Publication: Podstawy Edukacji [Fundamentals of Education], vol. 10

Pages: 13-32

Janusz Korczak - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources

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Abstract/Notes: Transgressions are innovative and creative activities. They allow people to go beyond the limits of their current functioning, thus gaining new areas of activity or creating new values. Motivation specific to transgression is hubristic motivation. The article analyzes the biographical experiences of outstanding pedagogues. – Maria Montessori and Janusz Korczak. Maria Montessori – Italian physician, education system creator and Montessori pedagogy based on the needs of the child. Transcendental biography of Janusz Korczak – doctor, pedagogue, writer, journalist, visionary. Biographies contain different spaces of transgressive activities: personal, professional, social, creative, literary. They concern the concept of education, methods of pedagogical work with the child. The accomplishments of outstanding pedagogues include immutable values.

Language: Polish

ISSN: 2081-2264

Article

In Memoriam [Eileen Roper Ast, Jane Dutcher, Hannelore Engelman, Dennis Schapiro, Hildegard Solzbacher]

Available from: ProQuest

Publication: Montessori Life, vol. 26, no. 3

Pages: 20

Dennis Schapiro - Biographic sources, Eileen Roper Ast - Biographic sources, Hannelore Engelman - Biographic sources, Hildegard Solzbacher - Biographic sources, Jane Dutcher - Biographic sources, Obituaries

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Language: English

ISSN: 1054-0040

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