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Article

Pemikiran Ki Hajar Dewantara dan Maria Montessori tentang Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini [The Thoughts of Ki Hajar Dewantara and Maria Montessori About Early Childhood Education]

Available from: Universitas PGRI Semarang (Indonesia)

Publication: PAUDIA: Jurnal Penelitian dalam Bidang Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini [Research Journal in the Field of Early Childhood Education], vol. 9, no. 1

Pages: 17-35

Asia, Australasia, Indonesia, Ki Hadjar Dewantara - Philosophy, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Southeast Asia, Taman Siswa

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Abstract/Notes: Mendalami ilmu pendidikan anak usia dini tidak dapat dilakukan apabila hanya mengkaji pemikiran satu tokoh saja. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengetahui (1) pemikiran, (2) persamaan dan perbedaan pemikiran Ki Hajar Dewantara dan Maria Montessori tentang pendidikan anak usia dini. Metode yang digunakan kualitatif dengan jenis penelitian kepustakaan yang mengkomparasikan pemikiran kedua tokoh. Data dianalisis dengan pendekatan deskriptif. Penelitian dilaksanakan selama dua bulan mulai januari sampai februari 2020. Sumber data terdiri dari data primer dan sekunder. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan (1) pemikiran pendidikan anak usia dini menurut Ki Hajar Dewantara adalah pendidikan yang diberikan pada anak 0-7 tahun dengan pemberian pendidikan yang memperhatikan unsur alami anak dengan materi melatih panca indera menggunakan metode lahiriah dan batiniah dilakukan di lingkungan keluarga, sekolah dan masyarakat dengan tujuan mengembangkan cipta, rasa dan karsa pada anak. Menurut Maria Montessori pendidikan anak usia dini adalah pendidikan yang diberikan untuk anak 0-6 tahun dilakukannya dilingkungan sekolah dengan materi keterampilan sehari-hari menggunakan metode lahiriah dan batiniah yang memberikan kebebasan anak untuk memilih aktivitas dan media yang ingin digunakan. (2) persamaan dan perbedaan pemikiran Ki Hajar Dewantara dan Maria Montessori tentang anak usia dini terletak dari aspek nama dan filosofi sekolah, setting lingkungan, dasar pemikiran PAUD, metode dan tugas pendidik. [The science of early childhood education cannot be understood from one’s thought. This research intended to know (1) the thoughts (2) the similarities and differences of early childhood education thoughts by Ki Hajar Dewantara and Maria Montessori. The method used was qualitative with library research which compared two experts’ thoughts. The data was analyzed by descriptive approach. This research was done within two months, january to february 2020. The data were from primary and secondary data. The results revealed (1) Ki Hajar Dewantara states that early childhood education is an education given to 0-7 year old children and emphasizes on natural factors by training five senses through outward and inward method around family, school and community environments to develop creativity, feeling and intention. While Maria Montessori says that early childhood education is an education given to 0-6 year old children through daily skills in school environment and uses outward and inward method which let them choose activity and media they want. (2) the similarities and differences of Ki Hajar Dewantara and Maria Montessori thoughts were school’s name and philosopy, environment, ECE basic thoughts, learning method and educator’s duties.]

Language: Indonesian

DOI: 10.26877/paudia.v9i1.5610

ISSN: 2598-4047, 2089-1431

Article

Effects of Montessori Teaching Method on Writing Ability of Iranian Male and Female EFL Learners

Available from: Global Talent Academy

Publication: Journal of Practical Studies in Education, vol. 2, no. 1

Pages: 8-15

Asia, Efficacy, Iran, Middle East, South Asia

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Abstract/Notes: This study was an attempt to find out the impact of Montessori teaching method on EFL learners’ writing achievement. To fulfill the purpose of the study, out of 150 students, 95 male and female students were selected randomly to participate in this study. All of them were given a pretest to find out their level of proficiency. They had no background knowledge of English and they had not studied English before. They were also divided randomly into two groups namely experimental and control. The experimental group consisted of 23 male and 27 female learners while the control group consisted of 21 male and 24 female learners. Experimental group members were instructed based on Montessori teaching method and their instruction was based on different Montessori materials. The control group members had a routine teaching process. Each group was a mixture of both male and female learners with the age range of 5-6. After 12 sessions, writing posttest was given to both groups to evaluate whether there is any significant difference between these two groups or not. The obtained data were analyzed both descriptively and inferentially. The data were analyzed by statistical tests such as one-way ANCOVA and one-sample t-test. The statistical analyses revealed that there was significant statistical differences between two groups mean scores on the writing posttest. Therefore, it can be argued that Montessori teaching method had significant impact on learners’ writing skill.

Language: English

DOI: 10.46809/jpse.v2i1.17

ISSN: 2634-4629

Master's Thesis

Attitudes of Iranian Teachers Toward Montessori Approach of Learning and a Proposal for an Elementary Teacher Training Program

Available from: University of Southern California - Digital Library

Asia, Iran, Middle East, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Perceptions, South Asia, Teachers - Attitudes, Trainings

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Language: English

Published: Los Angeles, California, 1979

Article

Membedah Pemikiran Maria Montessori Pada Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini [Dissecting Maria Montessori's Thought on Early Childhood Education]

Available from: Pedagogi: Jurnal Anak Usia Dini dan Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini

Publication: Pedagogi: Jurnal Anak Usia Dini dan Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini [Pedagogy: Journal of Early Childhood and Early Childhood Education], vol. 6, no. 2

Pages: 57-67

Asia, Australasia, Indonesia, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Southeast Asia, ⚠️ Invalid DOI

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Abstract/Notes: Artikel ini mengkaji tentang pendidikan anak usia dini berdasarkan pemikiran Montessori. Biografi, kurikulum, metode, lingkungan kelas Montessori menjadi pembahasan dalam artikel ini. Hasil penelitian studi literatur menunjukkan bahwa Montessori merupakan seorang wanita pertama Italia lulusan kedokteran. Montessori tertarik pada studi tentang penyakit mental dan gangguan psikologis terhadap anak. Ia membuka sebuah sekolah dengan murid-muridnya yang cacat mental, hingga ia meneliti bagaimana metode pendidikan untuk anak cacat mental. Montessori berkeyakinan bahwa metode yang telah dilakukannya pada anak cacat mental bisa dilakukan juga pada anak-anak normal. Menurut Montessori rentang usia anak 0 sampai 3 tahun merupakan usia dibawah sadar, dan rentang usia 4 sampai 6 tahun mengalami peningkatan ke usia sadar. Kurikulum Montessori terdiri dari tiga bagian yaitu lingkungan praktis, latihan sensorik motorik, dan perkembangan bahasa. Kebebasan, lingkungan yang terstruktur dan teratur merupakan elemen penting dalam metode Montessori. Dan lingkungan kelas Montessori yang terdiri dari prinsip kebebasan, ketertiban, kenyataan dan alam, suasana dan keindahan, bahan-bahan Montessori dan pengembangan kehidupan masyarakat. [This article examines early childhood education based on Montessori thinking. Biography, curriculum, methods, and the Montessori classroom environment are discussed in this article. The results of the literature study showed that Montessori was the first Italian woman to graduate from medicine. Montessori was interested in the study of mental illness and psychological disorders in children. He opened a school with mentally disabled students, so he researched educational methods for mentally disabled children. Montessori believes that the method he has done on mentally disabled children can also be applied to normal children. According to Montessori, the age range of children 0 to 3 years is a subconscious age, and the age range of 4 to 6 years has increased to the conscious age. The Montessori curriculum consists of three parts, namely the practical environment, motor sensory training, and language development. A free, structured and orderly environment is an essential element of the Montessori method. And the Montessori classroom environment which consists of the principles of freedom, order, reality and nature, atmosphere and beauty, Montessori materials and the development of people's lives.]

Language: Indonesian

DOI: 10.30651/pedagogi.v6i2.4950

ISSN: 2599-042X, 2599-0438

Article

Zilu zai meng shi jiaoyu zhong ziran chansheng / 自律在蒙氏教育中自然产生 [Self-discipline Produced Naturally in Montessori Education]

Publication: Jia zhi gong cheng / 价值工程 [Value Engineering], vol. 2013, no. 34

Pages: 274-275

Asia, China, East Asia, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., ⛔ No DOI found

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Abstract/Notes: The paper first expounds the produce of discipline in the Montessori education, then describes how Montessori education thought cultivates children's self-discipline. The article focuses on how the discipline of children naturally produced in the Montessori education, mainly discusses how to use the montessori education theory cultivate children's self-discipline.

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 1006-4311

Article

Iranian Embassy Hostage Siege [London, April, 1980]

Publication: Montessori International, vol. 70

Pages: 17

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Language: English

ISSN: 1470-8647

Article

Current Topics: Prohibition. IRA Outrages. Iran & USA. Deer in Burma.

Available from: ProQuest Historical Newspapers

Publication: Times of India (Mumbai, India)

Pages: 8

Asia, Gijubhai Badheka - Biographic sources, India, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, South Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Includes the section "Montessori Methods".

Language: English

Article

Preschool Educational Approaches: A Comparative Study

Available from: Comparative Education Society of Iran (CESIR)

Publication: Iranian Journal of Comparative Education, vol. 5, no. 2

Pages: 1898-1928

Comparative education, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Reggio Emilia approach (Early childhood education) - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Waldorf method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., ⚠️ Invalid DOI

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Abstract/Notes: The aim of research was a comparative study of preschool educational approaches. In this research, the components of goals, content, teaching method, educational atmosphere and evaluation in romantic, humanistic, Montessori, Waldorf and Reggio Emilia approaches have been compared. The method of data collection and analysis were documentary and Bereday’s four-step approach respectively. In dimension of goals, all approaches emphasize the enrichment of the child's imagination through the senses. In the activities dimension, all approaches emphasize the learning process. Montessori and Reggio Emilia's approach, more than other approaches, design activities in a more problem-oriented manner. In the Montessori, Reggio Emilia and Waldorf approaches emphasized the question-and-answer method and indirect transmission of material to the child. In particular, the Reggio Emilia and Waldorf approaches have made the learning method the basis of child-teacher interaction, and teaching means the process of helping children learn research. In the dimension of educational atmosphere, human interaction with the environment - through the senses - is the basis of education in all approaches. In the evaluation dimension - with the exception of the Montessori approach which focuses on the extent to which predetermined goals are achieved-, other approaches do not emphasize learning standards and the evaluation is not done in the traditional way. Iranian curriculum planners are encouraged to use the findings of the present study to develop a suitable approach for early childhood education

Language: English

DOI: 10.22034/ijce.2022.301204.1339

ISSN: 2588-7270

Article

Konsep Pendidikan Karakter Anak Usia Dini Menurut Kihajar Dewantara Dan Maria Montessori

Available from: Sekolah Tinggi Agama Islam Muhammadiyah Probolinggo (Indonesia)

Publication: Muaddib: Jurnal Kajian Ilmu Kependidikan, vol. 4, no. 1

Pages: 63-79

Asia, Indonesia, Southeast Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Tindakan yang dilakukan oleh seseorang yang bersifat nyata itu merupakan makna dari hasil pendidikan karakter yang dapat membentuk kepepribadiannya seseorang. Hal tersebut dilalui dengan pendidikan budi pekerti sehingga terbentuknya keperibadian di dalam diri seseorang. Seseorang akan bertinh laku dengan baik, bertanggung jawab, jujur, kerja keras, lemah lembut menghormati sesama dan juga penuh kasih saying. Hal itu dapat dilihat secara nyata pada tingkah laku seseorang. Konsep Pendidikan yang dimiliki oleh Ki Hajar Dewantara adalah bersifat pribumi. Sistem pendidikannya adalah system among dengan artian bersendikan kodrat alam dan merupakan system pendidikan yang bersifat kekeluargaan dan kemerdekaan terhadap anak supaya mereka dapat berkembang dan tumbuh dengan dasar kekuatannya sendiri Penyusunan metodenya Montessori merupakan sebuah metode pendidikan bagi anak-anak yang berdasar pada teori terhadap perkembangannya anak. Adapun metode tersebut berkarakteristik menekankan terhadap aktifitas anak dan adaptasi dilingkungan tempat belajarnya serta menyesuaikan terhadap level berkembangnya anak. Aktifitas fisik dan peran dalm menyerap kemampuan yang praktis dan konsep pembelajaran. Dari lingkungan sekolah konsep untuk Pendidikan anak diusia dini menurut Maria Montessori dan Ki Hajar dewantara juga ditemukan kesamaan dan juga ditemukan perbedaannya. Melihat persamaannya dilingkungan sekolah sama-sama mempunyai pendapat.Seprti halnya disekolah Casa Dei Bambini dan juga taman indria. Keduanya tersebut berpendapat sama bahwasanya media dalam pembelajaran menggunakan media dalam belajar yang bersifat alamiah dan pembelajaran nyata dari alam itu lebih menarik dibandingkan menggunakan media yang dibuat. Tempat dilaksanakannya pendidikan terhadap anak diusia dini dalam pemikiran Maria Montessori anak didik dfokuskan diruang kelas dan juga diditempatnya anak-anak pada saat bermain yang telah dirancangnya. Berdasarkan pemikiran Ki Hajar Dewantara bahwasanya tempat untuk dilaksanakannya Pendidikan terhadap anak tidak hanya dilingkungan sekolah. Mereka dapat melaksanakan pembelajarannya dilingkungan masyarakat dan juga dilingkungan keluarga. Jadi pemikirannya lebih meluas Pendidikan terhadap anak itu harus saling didukung oleh tiga lingkungan tersebut

Language: Indonesian

DOI: 10.46773/muaddib.v4i1.188

ISSN: 2685-9149

Article

Montessori Intervention for Individuals with Dementia: Feasibility Study of a Culturally Adapted Psychosocial Intervention in Pakistan (MIRACLE)

Available from: Cambridge University Press

Publication: BJ Psych Open, vol. 6, no. 4

Pages: e69

Alzheimer's disease, Asia, Dementia, Gerontology, Montessori method of education, Montessori therapy, Montessori-based interventions (MBI), Pakistan, South Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Globally, nearly two-thirds of people with dementia reside in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), yet research on how to support people with dementia in LMIC settings is sparse, particularly regarding the management of behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia. Understanding how best to manage these symptoms of dementia with non-specialist approaches in LMICs is critical. One such approach is a non-pharmacological intervention based on the Montessori method. To evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of a culturally adapted, group-based Montessori intervention for care home residents with dementia and their study partners, who were paid care workers in Pakistan. This was a two-stage study: a cultural adaptation of the Montessori intervention and a single-arm, open-label, feasibility and acceptability study of 12 participant dyads. Feasibility and tolerability of the intervention and study procedures were determined through the recruitment rate, adherence to the protocol and acceptance of the intervention. Qualitative interviews were undertaken with the study partners. A pre–post exploratory analysis of ratings of behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia, functional ability and quality of life were also conducted. The recruitment and retention rates of people with dementia were acceptable, and the intervention was well tolerated by participant dyads. Findings show a reduction in agitation levels and improvement in mood and interest for the activities. Feasibility studies of low-cost, easy-to-deliver and culturally adapted interventions are essential in laying the groundwork for subsequent definitive effectiveness and/or implementation trials for dementia in LMICs, where awareness and resources for dementia are limited.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1192/bjo.2020.49

ISSN: 2056-4724

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