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Master's Thesis

Montessori, Reggio Emilia ve MEB okul öncesi eğitim yaklaşımlarında aile katılımına yönelik öğretmen tutumlarının incelenmesi / Examining of teacher's attitudes to family participation in preschool education in Montessori, Reggio Emilia, and Ministry of National Education approaches

Available from: Ulusal Tez Merkezi / National Thesis Center (Turkey)

Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, Montessori method of education, Montessori method of education - Teachers, Parent participation, Reggio Emilia approach (Early childhood education), Teachers

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Abstract/Notes: The purpose of this study is to determine whether teachers' attitudes towards family participation in preschool education institutions that adopt the approaches related to Montessori, Reggio Emilia and MEB education programs differ. In addition, teachers' level of education, age, type of institution, professional qualifications and professional experiences are also considered as variables. In addition, the opinions of pre-school teachers about family participation were examined comparatively. The sample of the study consists of 81 preschool teachers working in the educational institutions that adopt the approaches related to Montessori, Reggio Emilia and MEB education programs in Kadıköy, Maltepe and Ataşehir districts of Istanbul province in the 2018-2019 Academic Year. The Attitude Scale on Family Participation Studies for Teachers and the Personal Information Form containing open-ended questions for family participation were simultaneously filled in order to reveal the similarities and differences in family participation studies. According to the results of the study; the attitude points of the teachers who work in preschool education institutions which adopt the approaches related to Montessori, Reggio Emilia and MEB programs have shown a significant difference. In this context, it was determined that the scores obtained from the attitude scale differed according to the approaches.The attitude scores of the teachers working in preschool education institutions, which adopted the Reggio Emilia approach, was higher than the attitude scores of the teachers working in preschool education institutions that adopted the Montessori and MEB educational approaches. In addition, the attitudes of pre-school teachers towards family participation showed statistically significant differences according to age and category of the institution they served. However, it was determined that the attitudes of pre-school teachers towards family participation did not show a statistically significant difference between the professional title and professional experience categories. At the same time, it was concluded that preschool teachers' views on family participation reflect the educational approaches adopted by preschools. / Bu çalışmanın amacı, Montessori, Reggio Emilia ve Milli Eğitim Bakanlığı eğitim programlarına ilişkin yaklaşımları benimseyen okul öncesi eğitim kurumlarında aile katılımına ilişkin öğretmen tutumlarının farklılık gösterip göstermediğini ortaya koymaktır. Ayrıca öğretmenlerin öğrenim düzeyi, yaşı, görev yaptıkları kurum çeşidi, mesleki ünvanları ve mesleki deneyimleri gibi özellikler de değişken olarak ele alınmıştır. Ayrıca okul öncesi öğretmenlerinin aile katılımına yönelik görüşleri karşılaştırmalı olarak incelenmiştir. Araştırmanın çalışma grubunu 2018-2019 Eğitim Öğretim yılında İstanbul iline bağlı Kadıköy, Maltepe ve Ataşehir ilçelerinde bulunan Montessori, Reggio Emilia ve MEB eğitim programlarına ilişkin yaklaşımları benimseyen eğitim kurumlarında görev yapan 81 okul öncesi öğretmeni oluşturmaktadır. Çalışma grubunu oluşturan okul öncesi öğretmenlerine "Öğretmenler İçin Aile Katılım Çalışmaları Hakkında Tutum Ölçeği" ile aile katılım çalışmalarındaki benzerlikleri ve farklılıkları ortaya koymak amacıyla demografik bilgileri ve aile katılımına yönelik açık uçlu soruları içeren "Kişisel Bilgi Formu" eş zamanlı olarak doldurtulmuştur. Araştırmanın sonucuna göre; Montessori, Reggio Emilia ve MEB programlarına ilişkin yaklaşımları benimseyen okul öncesi eğitim kurumlarında görev yapan öğretmenlerin aile katılımına yönelik tutum puanları anlamlı farklılık göstermiştir. Bu bağlamda tutum ölçeğinden alınan puanların yaklaşımlara göre farklılık gösterdiği tespit edilmiştir. Reggio Emilia yaklaşımını benimseyen okul öncesi eğitim kurumlarında görev yapan öğretmenlerin tutum puanları Montessori ve MEB eğitim yaklaşlarımını benimseyen okul öncesi eğitim kurumlarında görev yapan öğretmenlerin tutum puanlarından yüksek çıkmıştır. Ayrıca okul öncesi öğretmenlerinin aile katılımına yönelik tutumları yaş ve görev yaptıkları kurum çeşidi kategorilerine göre istatistiksel olarak anlamlı farklılık göstermiştir. Ancak okul öncesi öğretmenlerinin aile katılımına yönelik tutumlarının mesleki ünvan ve mesleki deneyim kategorilerinin istatistiksel olarak anlamlı farklılık göstermediği tespit edilmiştir. Bununla birlikte okul öncesi öğretmenlerinin aile katılımına yönelik görüşlerinin görev yaptıkları anaokulları tarafından benimsenen eğitim yaklaşımlarını yansıttığı sonucuna ulaşılmıştır.

Language: Turkish

Published: Istanbul, Turkey, 2019

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Montessori and Non-Montessori Early Childhood Teachers' Attitudes Towards Inclusion and Access

Available from: University of Kansas Libraries

Publication: Journal of Montessori Research, vol. 1, no. 1

Pages: 28-41

Children with disabilities, Comparative education, Inclusive education, Montessori method of education, Teachers - Attitudes

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Abstract/Notes: Montessori and non-Montessori general education early childhood teachers were surveyed about their attitudes towards including children with disabilities and providing access in their classrooms.  Both groups reported similar and positive supports for inclusion within their schools. Montessori teachers reported having less knowledge about inclusion and less special education professional development than their non-Montessori counterparts.   Implications for professional development and teacher preparation are described.

Language: English

DOI: 10.17161/jomr.v1i1.4944

ISSN: 2378-3923

Book

Together with Montessori: The Guide to Help Montessori Teachers, Assistant Teachers, Resource Teachers, Administrators and Parents Work in Harmony to Create Great Schools

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Language: English

Published: Minneapolis, Minnesota: Jola Publications, 2001

Edition: 2nd ed.

Book

Together with Montessori: The Guide to Help Montessori Teachers, Assistant Teachers, Resource Teachers, Administrators, and Parents Work in Harmony to Create Great Schools

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Language: English

Published: Minneapolis, Minnesota: Jola Publications, 1993

Doctoral Dissertation

Knowledge and attitudes of Montessori teachers of young children as a context for guiding normalization and self-construction process

Available from: ProQuest - Dissertations and Theses

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Abstract/Notes: The purpose of this study was (1) to investigate the degree of agreement between AMI trained Montessori teachers' knowledge and attitudes and Montessori's recommendations for guiding the process of normalization among young children and (2) to discover the reasons for differences from those recommendations. Normalization is the central process in the Montessori method. Except for a study by this investigator (Zener, 1993) guiding the process of normalization had not been researched since Montessori's work some forty-five to eighty-five years ago. Therefore, this investigation also provided current teacher experiences of guiding the process of normalization. One hundred sixty five Montessori teachers attending various regional and national conferences were surveyed with knowledge and attitude scales. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10% of the participants. Mean scale scores from 4.0 to 5.0 on a five degree Likert scale and a SD less than 1.0 were projected as satisfactory levels of agreement with Montessori's recommendations. Descriptive statistics were used to analyze the scales, and content analysis was used to analyze the interviews. T-tests and ANOVAS indicated that demographic variables were not significant to the results. The study concluded that AMI trained Montessori teachers reflected a satisfactory degree of agreement with the recommended knowledge and attitudes (M = 4.25, SD =.31 and M = 4.50, SD =.34 respectively). Knowledge and attitude correlated (p $<$.01). Reasons for differences among teachers' knowledge and attitudes about guiding the process included using other aspects of Montessori theory, disagreement with Montessori, difficulty in carrying out the theory in practice, misinterpretations of scale items, and misunderstandings about Montessori's recommendations for guiding the process of normalization. Implications for children, teachers, parents, school administration, and teacher education included validation of teachers for the high level of consistency in their reflections on guiding the process of normalization. Recommendations for future research included developing a more complete theoretical understanding of the process of normalization, particularly the importance of respecting children's spans of concentration.

Language: English

Published: College Park, Maryland, 1994

Master's Thesis

Attitudes of Iranian Teachers Toward Montessori Approach of Learning and a Proposal for an Elementary Teacher Training Program

Available from: University of Southern California - Digital Library

Asia, Iran, Middle East, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Perceptions, South Asia, Teachers - Attitudes, Trainings

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Language: English

Published: Los Angeles, California, 1979

Conference Paper

Is There a Need for Handicraft in Preschool? Attitudes of Preschool Teachers and Parents on Including Handicraft Activities in the Regular Preschool Program

Available from: IATED Digital Library

INTED2020 14th International Technology, Education and Development Conference

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Abstract/Notes: Alternative educational concepts evolved in response to classical educational methods in which children are placed in a passive position and the transfer of knowledge is cultivated as a form of teaching. Models of alternative pedagogy (Montessori, Waldorf, Reggio, Agazzi) advocate developmentally appropriate practices which Bredekamp (1993) describes as a presence of different strategies, i.e., child-oriented behaviours of teachers and responding to the child's individual needs. In order to help each child to grow into a universal and competent individual from preschool age, it is necessary to encourage their imagination and creativity, as well as to acquire habits of cooperation and coexistence with other children. One of the activities which promote these desirable characteristics in children is handicraft. Many studies and findings in the area of neuroscience, multiple intelligences theories, and the aforementioned alternative pedagogical concepts emphasize the importance of handicraft and point out its benefits not only for children but for the entire community. However, such an approach to children's learning and activity is poorly represented in educational institutions. Therefore, the aim of the study was to examine the views of preschool teachers and parents on handicraft activities and its more frequent use in regular preschool programs. The survey was conducted by an anonymous questionnaire on a sample of 316 respondents, preschool teachers (N=141) and parents (N=175). The results of the study show that both preschool teachers and parents agree that certain elements of alternative concepts such as handicraft have a positive impact on the overall development of the child and that they are useful and practical life skills. They also agree that handicraft activities should be used in educational institutions to a greater extent. [Conference Name: 14th International Technology, Education and Development Conference; ISBN: 9788409179398; Place: Valencia, Spain]

Language: English

Published: Valencia, Spain: International Academy of Technology, Education and Development (IATED), 2020

Pages: 1511-1519

DOI: 10.21125/inted.2020.0499

ISBN: 978-84-09-17939-8

A Midlands-Based Study Using Observation, Questionnaires and Interviews to Establish the Attitudes of Teachers and Pupils in a Steiner Waldorf School, a Montessori School and a Church of England School

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Language: English

Published: Warwick, England, 2001

Article

What Montessori Teachers Would Like You to Know: Resource Teachers

Available from: University of Connecticut Libraries - American Montessori Society Records

Publication: Public School Montessorian, vol. 4, no. 1

Pages: 8

Public Montessori

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Language: English

ISSN: 1071-6246

Article

Miami Teachers' Union Opts for Montessori [day care for teachers' children]

Available from: University of Connecticut Libraries - American Montessori Society Records

Publication: Public School Montessorian, vol. 11, no. 3

Pages: 30

Public Montessori

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Language: English

ISSN: 1071-6246

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