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915 results

Article

The Dynamic Interactions Among Beliefs, Role Metaphors, and Teaching Practices: A Case Study of Teacher Change

Available from: Wiley Online Library

Publication: Science Education, vol. 75, no. 2

Pages: 185–199

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Language: English

DOI: 10.1002/sce.3730750204

ISSN: 1098-237X

Article

School Enrolment and Executive Functioning: A Longitudinal Perspective on Developmental Changes, the Influence of Learning Context, and the Prediction of Pre-Academic Skills

Available from: Taylor and Francis Online

Publication: European Journal of Developmental Psychology, vol. 8, no. 5

Pages: 526-540

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Abstract/Notes: The present two-year longitudinal study addressed developmental changes in different aspects of executive functioning (i.e., inhibition, updating, and cognitive flexibility) in a sample of 264 children aged between 5 and 7 years. Of special interest were issues of developmental progression over time, the influence of learning context and the predictive power of executive functions and school context for emerging academic skills. The results revealed pronounced improvements in all executive measures, both over time and as a function of age. For the learning context, small and age-dependent effects on executive skills were found. Inhibition uniquely contributed to the prediction of aspects of emerging academic skills, over and above chronological age and language skills.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1080/17405629.2011.571841

ISSN: 1740-5610, 1740-5629

Article

‘Herstories’: Using an Historical Lens to Examine Continuities and Changes in Early Childhood Teacher Education

Available from: SAGE Journals

Publication: Australasian Journal of Early Childhood, vol. 38, no. 4

Pages: 116-123

Australasia, Australia, Australia and New Zealand, Oceania

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Abstract/Notes: This article situations the Child Care Act (1972) in a broader account of early childhood education and care, teacher education and the dynamics of inequality over the past century. Our specific focus is the preparation of early childhood educators to work with ‘other people's children’ (Delpit, 2006) both historically and in contemporary times. We describe Marjorie Hubbe's studies at the Adelaide Kindergarten Training College from 1911–13 before exploring the raft of policy decisions in the 1970s which have led to the current integration of early childhood education and care in Australia. The impact of these changes is highlighted in our discussion of ‘Joanne's' preparation to teach other people's children in the twenty-first century.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1177/183693911303800416

ISSN: 1836-9391, 1839-5961

Article

The Egg Man and the Empress

Available from: ProQuest

Publication: Montessori Life, vol. 17, no. 3

Pages: 50-54

Educational change, Educational history, Educational philosophy, Educational Philosophy, Experiential learning, Montessori method of education, Social Class, Teaching methods, ⛔ No DOI found, Teaching Methods, Thinking Skills

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Abstract/Notes: In this article, the author compares the legacies of two remarkable educators--John Dewey and Maria Montessori. These include changes in education now so commonplace that is accepted as traditional. Both Montessori and Dewey lived long enough to see their ideas receive worldwide recognition and acceptance, along with a share of misunderstanding and rejection. Over 50 years after their death, both are enjoying renewed popularity. The differences in their thought lie in the philosophical and educational thinking which are reflected in their different milieus. Dewey was a thorough American secular Democrat with egalitarian values and ideals while Montessori reflected the class consciousness and noblesse-oblige of Italian Catholic society. However, both of them share a primacy in the idea of the role of "the hand" in education. For Dewey, it represents the importance of always trying initial learning to hands-on experience. Similarly, Montessori believed that all learning should start with concrete hands-on experience and progress to abstraction. Both Montessori and Dewey recognized the value and importance of manual labor. Also, the role of memorization in education receives an equal lack of plaudits from both Montessori and Dewey. The former clearly separated memorization from abstraction. She considered it more as a necessary means to other ends, without much inherent interest. While the steps to abstraction gave form to the Montessori curriculum, the process of problem solving was essential to Dewey's "projects education." Memorization and recitation only took meaning as a helpful part of this process.

Language: English

ISSN: 1054-0040

Article

Da Ellen Key a Maria Montessori: La Progettazione di Nuovi Spazi Educativi per l’Infanzia [From Ellen Key to Maria Montessori: Planning New Educational Spaces for Childhood]

Available from: Università di Bologna

Publication: Ricerche di Pedagogia e Didattica / Journal of Theories and Research in Education, vol. 5, no. 1

Ellen Key - Biographic sources, Ellen Key - Philosophy, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education

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Abstract/Notes: In questa prima fase della ricerca - ancora in itinere - si compie un’analisi storico-pedagogica del rapporto infanzia/famiglie/istituzioni. L’indagine si focalizza sulle trasformazioni dei modelli familiari, visti nella loro interdipendenza con l’elaborazione di nuove pratiche educative. Al riguardo, l’avvento del’900 si profila come un passaggio importante, che trova un suo esito nel volume di Ellen Key, Il secolo dei fanciulli. Proprio in quest’opera, la scrittrice svedese elabora una nuova idea di “maternità” e di “paternità” che pone al centro i bisogni e le esigenze infantili. La sua prospettiva diventa oggetto di dibattito, agli inizi del secolo scorso, sia in campo pedagogico, sia in campo femminista, soprattutto in merito al dilemma per la donna di coniugare insieme sfera pubblica e sfera privata, maternità e autonomia individuale. Secondo l’ipotesi qui evidenziata è in particolare Maria Montessori a raccogliere la sfida di Ellen Key, con il suo esperimento pedagogico della “Casa dei bambini”, in cui lo spazio domestico, “privato” si trasforma in uno spazio scolastico, “pubblico”, a misura di “bambino” (valenza estetica degli ambienti, cura delle relazioni umane, ecc.). [In the first phase of research it conducts an historical and pedagogical analysis on the relationship between childhoods, families and institutions, identifying family-models changes and their interdependence with the elaboration of new educative practices. At the beginning of twentieth century, Ellen Key wrote the famous book The century of children. Following the introduction of Modernity age, the author defined a new idea of “motherhood” and “fatherhood” which focused on childish subjects’ needs and requirements. Her prospective became item of debate both in pedagogic and in feminist fields, especially in regard to women’s dilemma on how to combine public and private life, motherhood and individual autonomy. In particular, Maria Montessori took up the Ellen Key challenge, in fact she made the pedagogical experiment of Children’s House, where domestic space became institutional space (settings’ aesthetic quality, human relationships’ care).]

Language: Italian

DOI: 10.6092/issn.1970-2221/1767

ISSN: 1970-2221

Doctoral Dissertation

A Study of the Development of the Educational Views of Dr. Maria Montessori Based on an Analysis of her Work and Lectures While in India, 1939-1946

Available from: ProQuest Dissertations and Theses

Asia, India, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., South Asia

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Abstract/Notes: The highlights of Montessori's accomplishments are embodied in her cosmic views and organized into a Cosmic Plan of Education while she worked in the hills of Kodaikanal, India. The fruition of these cosmic views came late in her life and appeared to be synonymous with the development of her relationships with the warm and accepting Indian people. During this periodi Montessori devoted her energies to understanding how children naturally unfold into purposeful, yet interdependent individuals. Through all the professional challenges that Montessori faced in her lifetime as an educator of young children, her focal point continued to be 'the child'. This was especially true in connection with children during their transitional stage of growth from five- to seven-years of age when the acquisition of social, spiritual and cultural values are so strong. Montessori not only shared her methods and ideas with the people of India, but these people, in turn, influenced her views significantly enough to have caused her to formulate The Cosmic Plan of Education. This plan was designed especially for the transitional-age children but incapsulated within it was Montessori's own new-found East-West Cosmology. Through primary sources such as interviews, unpublished books and lectures, the dissertation gives the historical backdrop of the emergence of Montessori's cosmic views in the beginning five chapters. A description of the operation of the Cosmic Plan of Education during its conception is given in Chapter Six. The final chapters deal with how these views weathered the changes within the Indian society over the period of forty years.

Language: English

Published: Manoa, Hawaii, 1984

Book

Free Way to Learning: Educational Alternatives in Action

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Abstract/Notes: Is school really deaad? It seems not. So does our present system offer all there is to know about enabling children to learn of themselves, their worlds, their possibilities? 'Free Way to Learning' is put together by a number of people who think not. IN different ways they have created learning stiuations which break down established ideas about teacher authority, about compulsory learning, about how the process of education can change society. Separately the have: established an urban free school, developed a small rural community, operated a family learning network, offered an inner-city supplementary programme, and participated in the rise of a street school. Together they testify to the challenges, problems and, above all, the excitement encountered by those who attempt to do it a new way - a free way.

Language: English

Published: Harmondsworth, England: Penguin Books Ltd., 1974

Article

Maria Montessori: An Italian Educational Reformer

Publication: Catholic Educational Review, vol. 50

Pages: 416

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Language: English

ISSN: 0884-0598

Article

What Is Essential to Educational Reform?

Publication: NAMTA Journal, vol. 16, no. 2

Pages: 96–107

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Abstract/Notes: Presented at NAMTA conference on educational reform, Washington, DC, February 28-March 3, 1991

Language: English

ISSN: 1522-9734

Article

Montessori Educational Association

Publication: Beinn Bhreagh Recorder, vol. 15

Pages: 229

Montessori Educational Association (USA)

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Language: English

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