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Alternatives in Education: An Exploration of Learner-Centered, Progressive, and Holistic Education

Available from: ERIC

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Abstract/Notes: Based on a database of over 500 resources, this paper explores the educational alternatives that exist today between the cracks of mainstream education and culture. It presents information about the growing numbers of schools and education centers that call themselves learner-centered, progressive, and/or holistic. Sources of data for this summary report also include over 3 years of informal interviews with and observations of people at alternative schools. The paper begins by examining terminology issues, discussing qualities for distinguishing educational alternatives, and describing eight types of schools (democratic and free schools, folk education, Quaker schools, homeschooling/unschooling/deschooling, Krishnamurti schools, Montessori schools, open schools, and Waldorf schools). It also presents frameworks for education (maps for understanding the territories of alternatives), and it discusses the three orientations of a competency based education: transaction (progressive), self-directed (learner-centered), and transformation (holistic). After looking at political issues around school choice which could impact the growth of the various philosophical alternatives, the paper concludes that in a society where issues of pluralism and diversity are valued as part of creating a more sustainable world and just democracy, the diversity of philosophical perspectives in education needs to be acknowledged. (Contains 41 references.) (SM)

Language: English

Published: New Orleans, Louisiana, 2002


Éducation et Enseignement [Education and Teaching]

Publication: Pédagogie (Centre d'études Pédagogiques) [Pedagogy (Center for Pedagogical Studies)], no. 2

Pages: 157-162

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Language: French

ISSN: 0151-0258

Doctoral Dissertation (Ed.D.)

Searching for Equity in Education: A Qualitative Study Examining the Experiences of African American Families in Accessing and Financing Montessori Education

Available from: ProQuest - Dissertations and Theses

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Abstract/Notes: In this qualitative, interpretive study, I examine the experiences of African American families in accessing and financing Montessori education in the United States, including African American families who did or did not eventually enroll their child(ren) in Montessori schools. The extant literature notes that African American families are disproportionately underrepresented in Montessori schools, despite an interest in this form of education. Grounded in the theoretical framework of critical race theory, I analyze participants’ perspectives on the role of race, and relatedly class, on what helped or hindered their awareness of, access to, and financing of Montessori education. Through 45–60-minute interviews with 13 African American families characterized as interested in enrolling their children in Montessori education, I found the following themes in regard to my research questions. First, participants’ experiences were noted as the power of social capital, challenge of logistics, and competing tensions in enrollment decision making. Second, hindrances to participants’ access and financing of Montessori education included: financial and financial aid barriers, gaps in equitable communication and marketing strategies, and limited diversity & equity initiatives. Third, participants found sources of support for accessing and financing Montessori education through a guiding belief in the philosophy of Montessori education and external change agents. Implications for theory and practice are included.

Language: English

Published: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 2022


Science Education and Scientific Education

Publication: NAMTA Quarterly, vol. 1, no. 1

Pages: 24-27

North American Montessori Teachers' Association (NAMTA) - Periodicals

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Language: English

Doctoral Dissertation (Ed.D.)

Hybrid Montessori Education: Teacher Reflections on the Care and Education of Under-Served Black Children

Available from: DePaul University - Digital Commons

African American children, Americas, Culturally responsive teaching, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Montessori method of education - Evaluation, North America, Public Montessori, Social justice, United States of America

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Abstract/Notes: This qualitative case study explores how Montessori educators in a public charter Montessori school experience Montessori education for low-income Black children. Using the methodology of a qualitative intrinsic case study, semi-structured interviews were conducted with eighteducators (six teachers and two administrators). The participants are diverse in terms of age (26 to 54), race (three white, six African American), gender (two male and six female) and educational experience (2–25 years teaching). Education for Black children in the United States recounts histories of exclusion and segregation. Montessori education for children in the U.S. over the past 100 years shows a progression from exclusivity to inclusivity with the modern push for Montessori in the public sector. Neoliberal education reform is an important context to consider in the reproduction of injustice in American schools. This study’s findings show that participants are responding to this injustice. Negotiating tension, these educators draw onMontessori philosophy, culturally responsive teaching practices, and the tenets of an education for social justice to meet the unique needs of students who are impacted by trauma, inequity, and structural racism. Blending educational traditions to become more responsive to the conditions created by oppressive constructs has created a path through the tension. Prospect Montessori educators enact a hybrid Montessori program that focuses on relationships, communication, and social/emotional learning. This study’s educational implications stem from a call for Montessorieducation to examine its relevancy for under-served Black students.Keywords: Montessori, Neoliberal education reform, culturally responsive teaching, socialjustice

Language: English

Published: Chicago, Illinois, 2022

Book Section

Kosmische Erziehung zur "Bildung für nachhaltige Entwicklung" - Vordereitung auf das Leben im Klimawandel [Cosmic education for "Education for Sustainable Development": preparation for life in the face of climate change]

Book Title: 100 Jahre Montessori-Kinderhaus Geschichte und Aktualität eines pädagogischen Konzepts [100 Years of the Montessori Children's Home: History and Topicality of an Educational Concept]

Pages: 253-288

Cosmic education, Sustainability

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Language: German

Published: Berlin, Germany: LIT Verlag, 2009

ISBN: 978-3-8258-1650-6

Series: Impulse der Reformpädagogik , 24


✓ Peer Reviewed

Implementasi Pendidikan Karakter Melalui Metode Montessori pada PAUD di Lingkungan Pesantren [Implementation of Character Education Through the Montessori Method in Early Childhood Education in Islamic Boarding Schools]

Available from: Journal of Instructional and Development Researches

Publication: Journal of Instructional and Development Researches, vol. 3, no. 3

Pages: 119-130

Asia, Australasia, Indonesia, Southeast Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Penelitian ini dilatarbelakangi Implementasi pendidikan karakter untuk mempersiapkan mereka kelak sebagai pribadi yang mempunyai identitas diri, melalui pembiasaan dan keteladanan. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui: (1) Bagaimana Implementasi Pendidikan Karakter Pada PAUD Melalui Metode Montessori menekankan proses belajar eksperiensial? (2) Bagaimana Implementasi Pendidikan Karakter Pada PAUD Melalui Metode Montessori menekankan proses belajar one-on-one lesson? (3) Bagaimana Implementasi Pendidikan Karakter Pada PAUD Melalui Metode Montessori menekankan proses belajar peace education?Penelitian  ini   menggunakan   pendekatan  kualitatif dan menggunakan penelitian jenis penelitian studi kasus. Teknik pengumpulan data yang digunakan adalah  observasi,  wawancara,  dan  dokumentasi.  Hasil penelitian: (1) Guru dalam proses belajar secara aktif sehingga peserta didik dapat memperoleh pengalaman langsung dan terlatih untuk dapat menemukan sendiri berbagai pengetahuan yang dipelajarinya. (2) Guru memberikan satu tema dan membimbing peserta didik dengan belajar langsung untuk menunjang kebutuhan belajar sehingga peserta didik dapat perhatian penuh dari guru dalam proses belajar (3) Guru membantu peserta didik untuk memiliki kemampuan mengatasi konflik dan masalahnya sendiri, tanpa kekerasan dan dengan cara yang kreatif 0 CITATIONS 0 Total citations 0 Recent citations n/a Field Citation Ratio n/a Relative Citation Ratio

Language: Indonesian

DOI: 10.53621/jider.v3i3.233

ISSN: 2807-5471, 2807-548X

Master's Thesis (Action Research Report)

Effects of Peace Education and Grace and Courtesy Education on Social Problem-Solving Skills and Social Awareness

Available from: St. Catherine University

Action research, Grace and courtesy, Montessori method of education, Peace education

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Abstract/Notes: This action research studied the impact of peace education and portions of the Positive Discipline curriculum in a three-six primary Montessori classroom. During five weeks of implementing the research, sixteen students participated in class meetings for twenty minutes a day. The peace table activities and wheel of choice lessons were conducted individually and as a whole class. The peace table activities included a set of mini dishes on a tray, a rain stick, and a peace rose. The wheel of choice consisted of pictures and words of examples of what students could choose to help them solve problems. A few examples are count to ten, apologize, ask for help, and write your name on the agenda. Implementing the presentations into the classroom environment became a work for the students to use if needed and did not occur daily. As a work choice, the previous activities were available on tables and children were allowed to choose the work as many times as they felt was necessary. The research began with baseline data collection through SWIS (School Wide Information System) referral records, student interviews, and student surveys. Sources of data obtained during the study included interviews, surveys, observation tally sheets, and a field journal. The results presented an increase in social awareness and problem-solving skills through the class meetings. Students began acknowledging problems and brainstorming solutions. Class meetings will continue daily to extend the positive problem-solving capabilities and mindfulness students developed in their classroom community.

Language: English

Published: St. Paul, Minnesota, 2016

Book Section

Holistic Education: The Paradigm Shift You Have Been Looking For – Foundations of Whole Student Education K-12

Available from: IGI Global

Book Title: Multifaceted Strategies for Social-Emotional Learning and Whole Learner Education

Pages: 1-24

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Abstract/Notes: This chapter explores the theories and histories of the holistic educational paradigm. Beginning with a description of the theoretical structures that underpin the holistic educational viewpoint, it lays the groundwork to understand how pedagogies as diverse as Waldorf, Montessori, Democratic Free Schooling, and homeschooling are connected by a common set of paradigmatic assumptions. Following brief summaries of the origins of these traditions, key aspects of practice and highlights from research carried out in each pedagogy are discussed. Concluding remarks draw connections between the fundamental convictions that gave rise to these pedagogies and the needs of educators in diverse contexts today. DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-4906-3.ch001

Language: English

Published: Hershey, Pennsylvania: IGI Global, 2021

ISBN: 978-1-79984-906-3


A Theosophical Paradigm in Montessori Educational Thought: A Point of Contact with Steiner Educational Thought / モンテッソーリ教育思想にみる神智学的パラダイム--シュタイナー教育思想との接点 / A Theosophical Paradigm in Montessori Educational Thought: A Point of Contact with Steiner Educational Thought

Publication: Montessori Kyōiku / モンテッソーリ教育 [Montessori Education], no. 39

Pages: 50-68

Montessori method of education, Theosophy, Waldorf method of education

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Abstract/Notes: This is an article from Montessori Education, a Japanese language periodical published by the Japan Association Montessori.

Language: Japanese

ISSN: 0913-4220

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