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Doctoral Dissertation

A institucionalização do método Montessori no campo educacional brasileiro (1914-1952) [The institutionalization of the Montessori method in the Brazilian educational field (1914-1952)]

Available from: Federal University of Santa Catarina - Institutional Repository

Americas, Brazil, Latin America and the Caribbean, Montessori method of education - History, South America

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Abstract/Notes: Montessori constituiu, em 1907, em Roma, uma escola pública para crianças em situação de risco, a Casa dei Bambini, embasada numa educação integral alicerçada na liberdade, na atividade e na individualidade. Durante aproximadamente quatro décadas, Montessori realizou pesquisas sobre o desenvolvimento infantil, cujos resultados foram difundidos transnacionalmente, configurando práticas e pensamento educacional inovadores fundamentados na relação entre o professor, o aluno e um ambiente de aprendizagem promotor da paz, da autoeducação, da autonomia, do respeito ao outro e do espírito científico e crítico. Com isso, também empreendeu uma didática para professores e a venda em série dos materiais que idealizou. O objeto desta narrativa historiográfica respaldada em Certeau (2014), Chartier (2010) e Magalhães (2004) foi a institucionalização do Método Montessori no Brasil, no âmbito cronológico das cinco primeiras décadas do século passado. Objetivou: reconhecer as formulações teóricas que permitiram identificar a origem do Método Montessori e cotejá-las com os projetos brasileiros desenvolvidos entre 1914-1952 apontando permanências e contribuições à educação brasileira; historicizar o processo de institucionalização da Pedagogia montessoriana no Brasil; problematizar a sua forma de apropriação na Educação Infantil e Ensino Primário, identificando por que o método é relacionado principalmente ao uso de materiais didáticos específicos e de mobiliário adequado ao tamanho das crianças. Foi constatado que a primeira escola montessoriana no Brasil, proveniente da vertente educacional estadunidense, atendeu ao público infantil, em São Paulo, no ano de 1915, num investimento particular de Ciridião Buarque e Mary Buarque. Esta pedagogia se irradiou por intermédio das apropriações realizadas pelos docentes da Escola Normal da Praça, em São Paulo, estado que possuía, desde 1924, legislação que indicava o uso de materiais didáticos de Montessori e de Froebel, mas de forma desarticulada dos princípios pedagógicos. No Paraná, a educação montessoriana foi institucionalizada na legislação educacional da Pré-escola em 1915 e investimentos foram realizados em 1924, quando Lysímaco Costa adquiriu os ?enxovais montessorianos? para quatro Jardins de Infância. Em Curitiba, em 1927, durante a Primeira Conferência Nacional da Associação Brasileira de Educação (ABE) foram apresentadas teses com base montessoriana. Ainda no Paraná, no final da década de 1940, a utilização do método ocorreu no ensino público no Programa da Pré-escola e do Ensino Primário e em 1952 foi inaugurada a Escola Experimental Montessoriana Rural para crianças do Ensino Primário, por iniciativa de Eny Caldeira. Ela e Piper de Lacerda Borges, presidente da Associação Montessori do Brasil, fizeram curso com Montessori, na Itália, em 1951. Já na Bahia, em 1927, efetivaram-se cursos de férias para formação de professores durante os quais foram disseminadas pelos docentes da Escola Normal de Salvador concepções montessorianas e a ressignificação dos materiais, tanto para a Pré-escola como para o Ensino Primário. O teor destes cursos foi divulgado por revistas pedagógicas. No mesmo local, em 1924, Alípio Franca traduziu o Livro Pedagogia Científica. No Rio de Janeiro, materiais e frações do método montessoriano se disseminaram para a Educação Infantil por meio da legislação educacional, em 1921 e em 1929. Evidências da utilização do Método Montessori em perspectiva não restrita ao uso de materiais didáticos foram encontradas nos programas infantis radiofônicos realizados por Mary Buarque, em São Paulo, a partir de 1936; no vínculo do método com a assistência social e teosófica, na década de 1950, disseminado por Piper de Lacerda Borges; no reuso dado ao método pelo lusitano Agostinho da Silva, também nos anos 1950, na criação de algumas universidades. Conclui-se que, entre 1914 e 1952, o processo de institucionalização do método Montessori no Brasil foi capitaneado por diversos sujeitos, em diferentes lugares do país, com apropriações e representações. [Abstract : Montessori established, in 1907, in Rome, a public school to children at risk, The Casa dei Bambini, which since then preserve the Montessori method characteristics, advocating the integral education based on freedom, action and on the individuality. For approximately four decades, Montessori researched about Children development, whose results were spread abroad, defining practices and innovative educational thoughts grounded on the relationship between teacher, the student and the learning environment advancing peace, self-education, self-correction with autonomy in sight, mutual respect, critic and the scientific spirit. The Objective of this study is the Montessori method establishment in Brazil, on the chronologic aspect along the first five decades from the last century. It?s a biographical research and documentary with a historical focus. The analysis is grounded in Certeau (2014), Chartier(2010) e Magalhães(2004). Objective: Recognize the formulation of the Montessori method in projects of its establishment in Brazil between 1914-1952; To Problematize political conditions, social, economical and cultural to set up the Montessori method in Brazil and its Educational applicability, questioning the reductionist mode relating to its use as specific materials and its adequate child-sized furniture. It has been verified that The First Montessori-based in Brazil served the children?s audience, in São Paulo, in the year of 1915, coming from the American strand, in a private enterprise of Ciridião Buarque e Mary Buarque. Such pedagogy irradiated by the mediation of these appropriation and representations made by teachers of the Escola Normal da Praça. São Paulo possessed, since 1924, laws that indicated the use of Montessori and Froebel?s course-ware, mas in a inarticulate way to the pedagogical principles. In Paraná, the Montessori-based education was established in the child education legislation in 1915 and investments were performed in 1924, when Lysímaco Costa acquired the ?montesorri layettes? to 4 Kindergarden. In Curitiba, in 1927, at the First National Conference of The Brazilian Association of Education (ABE), were presented thesis with Montessori bases. Still in Paraná, at the end of 40s, the method utilization occurred in the public education in the Preschool Program and Primary School and in 1952 was opened in Curitiba The Rural Montessori Experimental School to primary school, by the enterprise of Eny Caldeira.Piper Borges de Lacerda and Eny Caldeira speeches, whom realized in 1950 a course with Montessori in Perugia.In 1927, in Bahia, were realized vacation courses to teachers complementary training which were disseminated by the teacher of the Normal School of Salvador the Montessori concepts and the course-ware new meanings to the child education such as primary education. The matters discussed in these courses were spread by pedagogical magazines. In 1924, Alípio Franca translated The Method of Scientific Pedagogy applied to the Child Education at the Boys? House. In Rio de Janeiro, course-wares and parts of Montessori method were spread to Children education by education law, in 1921 and in 1929. Evidences of the Montessori use in perspective non-restricted to materials were found in children radio shows performed by Mary Buarque, in São Paulo, from 1936, whereupon self-education, the independence, the knowledge of child development phases, the singers freedom movement and the minimal intervention of the adult tutor made part of the proposal. In a mystic perspective, there was a link with the method and the social and theosophic assistance, in the 50 decade, disseminating in Rio de Janeiro and Paraná, by Piper Lacerda Borges and his husband. In the reuse given to the Agostinho da Silva method, also in the 1950, were present in the some universities creations, such as the Federal University of Santa Catarina as well from Paraíba and The University of Brasilia. Concluded that between 1914 and 1952, the establishment process of the Montessori method in Brazil was lead by several different individuals, from different parts of the country, with appropriations and personal representations.]

Language: Portuguese

Published: Florianópolis, Brazil, 2017

Article

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Montessori Eğitiminin Çocukların Gelişimine Etkisinin İncelenmesi / Investigation of the Effects of Montessori Education on Children's Development

Available from: DergiPark Akademik

Publication: Hacettepe Journal of Educational Research, vol. 1, no. 1

Pages: 32-52

Asia, Child development, Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, Middle East, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Montessori method of education - Evaluation, Turkey, Western Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Bu araştırmada, Montessori yaklaşımı doğrultusunda gerçekleştirilen öğretmen eğitimi ve eğitim ortamının düzenlenmesi sonucu üç, dört ve beş yaş (36-72 ay) grubundaki (deney ve kontrol grubu) çocuklara verilen Montessori yaklaşımına dayalı eğitimin çocukların gelişim alanları üzerindeki etkisini saptamak amaçlanmıştır. Araştırmada, Montessori yaklaşımına dayalı eğitimin çocukların gelişim alanlarına olan etkisini belirlemek amacıyla ön test ve son test kontrol gruplu deneysel desen kullanılmıştır. Ankara Üniversitesi Uygulama Anaokulu 1’e devam eden çocuklar deney grubunu, okul yöneticileri ile öğretmen görüşleri doğrultusunda benzer özelliklere sahip olduğu düşünülen bir üniversite anaokuluna devam eden çocuklar ise kontrol grubunu oluşturmuştur. Araştırmada demografik verileri toplamak amacıyla “Genel Bilgi Formu”, çocukların gelişim alanlarını değerlendirmek için Alpern (2007) tarafından geliştirilen Gelişimsel Profil 3 ile Mardell and Goldenberg (1998) tarafından geliştirilen Öğrenmenin Değerlendirilmesi için Gelişimsel Göstergeler 4 kullanılmıştır. Montessori yaklaşımına dayalı eğitim öncesinde ilk olarak Montessori eğitim ortamı oluşturulmuş ve gelişimsel değerlendirme labratuvarı hazır hale getirilmiştir. Ardından öğretmenler “Montessori Uygulayıcıların Eğitimi” kapsamında eğitim almışlardır. Çalışma sonucunda öğretmen görüşüne göre Öğrenmenin Değerlendirilmesi için Gelişimsel Göstergeler 4’den elde edilen bulgular incelendiğinde, deney ve kontrol grubundaki çocukların öz bakım becerileri ile sosyal duygusal gelişim alt boyutu puanlarında, ebeveyn görüşlerine göre öz bakım becerileri alt boyutu ile toplam gelişim puanlarında deney grubu lehine anlamlı farklılık olduğu saptanmıştır. Gelişim Profil 3‘e ait sonuçlar incelendiğinde de deney ve kontrol grubundaki çocukların öğretmen görüşlerine göre uyumsal davranış boyutunda; ebeveyn görüşlerine göre fiziksel gelişim, bilişsel gelişim, iletişim alt boyutları ile toplam gelişim puanlarında deney grubu lehine anlamlı farklılık olduğu belirlenmiştir. / The present study was aimed at determining the development levels of children aged three, four and five (36-72 months) attending Ankara University Practice Preschool 1, and the effect of Montessori educational approach on their areas of development. A pretest, posttest, retention test experimental design with control group was adopted in the study to determine the effect of Montessori educational approach on children’s areas of development. The experimental group consisted of children attending Ankara University Practice Preschool 1, while the control group consisted of attending a randomly selected university preschool with similar qualifications. The General Information Form was used for data collection purposes, while the Developmental Profile 3 (DP-3) developed by Alpern (2007) and the Developmental Indicators for the Assessment of Learning 4 (DIAL-4) developed by Mardell and Goldenberg (1998) whose validity and reliability studies were used as assessment tools to evaluate children’s areas of development. Prior to the implementation of Montessori education, Montessori educational environment was prepared and a developmental assessment laboratory was set up. Thereafter, teachers received the Montessori Practitioner Training. DIAL-4 results according to teachers’ opinions revealed significant differences between the children in experimental and control groups in self-help skills and social emotional development subscale scores, while according to parents’ opinions, there were significant differences in the self-help skills subcale and overall development scores. DP-3 results revealed significant differences between the children in experimental and control groups in the adaptive behavior subscale according to teachers’ opinions, and physical development, cognitive development and communication subscale scores, as well as, overall development scores of the DP-3 according to parents’ opinions.

Language: Turkish

ISSN: 2458-777X

Book

Az erkölcsi nevelés alapelvei Montessori rendszerében [Principles of Moral Education in the Montessori System]

Ethics, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc.

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Language: Hungarian

Published: Szeged, Hungary: Ablaka G. Könyvnyomdája, 1938

Book

Montessori-musiikkikasvatus: Montessori-menetelmän mahdollisuudet musiikkikasvatuksessa [Montessori music education: the possibilities of the Montessori method in music education]

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Language: Finnish

Published: Helsinki, Finland: Yliopistopaino, 1991

ISBN: 951-570-097-3

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Montessori Education at a Distance, Part 2: A Mixed Methods Examination of Montessori Educators' Response to a Global Pandemic

Available from: University of Kansas Libraries

Publication: Journal of Montessori Research, vol. 7, no. 1

Pages: 31-50

Americas, COVID-19 Pandemic, Montessori method of education, North America, Remote learning, United States of America

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Abstract/Notes: This study offers a contextualized understanding of the distance-learning experiences of Montessori educators and students in the spring of 2020 in the wake of the COVID-19 global pandemic. In this article, we build on results reported in a separate article published in this issue of the Journal of Montessori Research. First, we analyzed qualitative data from social media and national virtual gatherings designed to support teachers as they faced the challenges created by the abrupt shift to distance learning. Second, we employed a convergent mixed-methods design to integrate these qualitative findings with the survey results reported in the previous article to provide a richer and more complete perspective on the situation. In our results, we found substantial evidence to support the resilience and durability of the Montessori Method, even in the face of adverse conditions created by a global pandemic. Despite the challenges of adaptation, Montessori educators demonstrated a commitment to the key tenets of Montessori philosophy, such as following the child and employing a holistic perspective on learning and development. While serving the whole child’s growth and development remained front and center, Montessori teachers’ approach to academics looked very different under distance learning. Still, the ongoing attention to children’s social-emotional needs will benefit both teachers and children when they return to the classroom, undoubtedly with lasting effects from pandemic-related isolation and hardship.

Language: English

DOI: 10.17161/jomr.v7i1.15123

ISSN: 2378-3923

Book

Montessori no kyoiku-ho: Foundation of Montessori education: kiso riron

Maria Montessori - Writings

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Language: Japanese

Published: [S.I.]: s.n.], 1992

Edition: [Ed. Japanese]

ISBN: 4-7544-0093-3

Article

Montessori Step by Step [Step by Step Montessori Center, Northfield, MN]

Publication: Montessori Education, vol. 7, no. 2

Pages: 41–42

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Language: English

ISSN: 1354-1498

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Peran Musikalisasi Puisi Dalam Meningkatkan Kosakata Siswa Tunarungu di SLB-B Frobel Montessori [The Role of Musicalization of Poetry in Increasing the Vocabulary of Deaf Students in SLB-B Frobel Montessori]

Available from: Prime Identity House

Publication: SUBSERVE: Community Service and Empowerment Journal, vol. 2, no. 1

Pages: 8-17

Asia, Indonesia, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Montessori schools, Southeast Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Kurangnya perbendaharaan kosakata dan ketidakmampuan dalam mengucapkan suatu kata merupakan tantangan signifikan bagi siswa tunarungu, dimana keduanya menjadi elemen krusial dalam proses komunikasi. Tujuan dari Program Kreativitas Mahasiswa (PKM) dalam bidang pengabdian kepada masyarakat ini adalah memanfaatkan musikalisasi puisi untuk meningkatkan kosakata siswa tunarungu di SLB-B Frobel Montessori yang dibantu dengan media ajar berbentuk flashcard. Metode yang digunakan berupa ceramah, demonstrasi, dan praktik serta penggunaan media ajar flashcard. Metode penelitian ini adalah penelitian kuantitatif dalam bentuk Pre-Experimental Design dengan jenis One Group Pretest-Posttest. Hasil menunjukkan bahwa pengujian data melibatkan uji hipotesis telah sesuai diterapkan pada siswa tunarungu dan diharapkan dapat efektif meningkatkan kosakata mereka. Dengan demikian, program PKM pengabdian masyarakat berhasil memecahkan masalah siswa tunarungu dalam meningkatkan kosakata.

Language: English

DOI: 10.36728/scsej.v2i1.7

ISSN: 3021-7059

Article

Montessori-Schule: Kompromisse in der Montessori-Praxis, die den Erfolg beeinträchtigen

Publication: Montessori-Werkbrief (Montessori-Vereinigung e.V.), vol. 29, no. 3-4

Pages: 137-146

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Language: German

ISSN: 0722-2513

Book

En el centenario de la primera Casa dei Bambini (1907-2007): investigación histórica sobre: la visita de la Dra. Montessori a Argentina (1926) el primer jardín infantil Montessori y la primera formación de jardineras Montessorianas en Chile (1926)

Americas, Argentina, Chile, Latin America and the Caribbean, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Montessori method of education, South America

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Language: Spanish

Published: Santiago, Chile: Universidad Central de Chile, 2007

ISBN: 978-956-7134-86-1

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