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Master's Thesis (Action Research Report)

The Effects of Earth-Conscious Art Materials on Early Childhood Montessori Students’ Environmental Awareness

Available from: St. Catherine University

Action research

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Abstract/Notes: This action research project investigates the effect of providing earth-conscious materials in the art curriculum on early childhood Montessori students' environmental awareness. The participants for this study were seven preschool students at a private, home-based Montessori school in the urban Western United States. The research design was qualitative and quantitative, utilizing field notes, observational notes, behavioral tally sheets, and group conversational questionnaires to gather information on students' environmental awareness. The students' mean eco-affinity responses increased by 16%, while their mean environmental awareness responses increased by 23%. The frequency of material usage positively correlated with the frequency of environmental actions. The findings suggest that earth-conscious art materials have a positive effect on student environmental awareness. The researcher realized that increased environmental awareness does not indicate increased ecological stewardship. The conclusion of this study urges educators to reconsider the role that art curriculum and materials play on student environmental awareness.

Language: English

Published: St. Paul, Minnesota, 2020

Creating a Balanced Literate Environment for the Multi-Age, Multi-Ability, Primary Classroom through Staff Development.

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Abstract/Notes: A practicum was designed to increase the expertise of primary teachers in the creation of developmentally appropriate reading/writing curriculum for the multi-age, multi-ability, primary classroom through literacy training staff development sessions. The system of literacy training was constructed over a period of eight months with 34 primary teachers from three elementary schools. Staff development training sessions on early literacy and authentic assessment using the running record were developed. Pre/post questionnaires, change assessment scales for administrators, a literacy plan of action for local schools, running record scripts for assessment training, literacy lessons, and developmentally appropriate curricula were administered or developed. Analysis of the data revealed that after the staff development training on early literacy and authentic assessment, the primary teachers were able to create a developmentally appropriate curriculum for reading and writing in the

Language: English

Published: Fort Lauderdale, Florida, 1994

Master's Thesis

Benefits and Challenges of Inclusion in an Early Childhood Montessori Classroom

Available from: Westminster College

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Abstract/Notes: This study indicates the benefits and challenges of inclusion in an early childhood Montessori classroom. The research has been significant due to limited resources on inclusion linked to Montessori education. This study was done in a private inclusive Montessori school in an early childhood classroom. Through observations, interviews and assessments, the results of inclusion in a Montessori setting were discovered. Meaningful relationships between peers and teachers are critical in the development of the child. The prepared environment is a unique feature of an inclusive Montessori environment that enables children to learn naturally by manipulating materials in the classroom with a hands-on approach. This engages academic success. It was also found that inclusion in a Montessori setting does not work effectively for every child with a disability. To have inclusion work successfully within this classroom environment, three teachers were mandatory: Two certified Montessori teachers and one special educator. This presents a challenge because the majority of schools cannot afford this luxury. Transitions, inconsistency and too much freedom are a challenge with inclusive Montessori education. However, inclusive Montessori education will benefit children in learning acceptance and respect for humanity. Further studies should be done on this topic with larger sample sizes, longer duration of time, various disabilities and different locations.

Language: English

Published: Salt Lake Ciy, Utah, 2014

Doctoral Dissertation

Pre-Kindergarten Classroom Practices in Oklahoma Public Schools: Influence of Teacher and Principal Beliefs and Characteristics

Available from: SHAREOK

beliefs, dispositions

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Abstract/Notes: The purpose of this study was two-fold: 1) to examine the relations between pre-kindergarten (pre-K) teachers' characteristics, belief in developmentally appropriate practices (DAP), and DAP classroom practices and 2) to examine the relations between principals' characteristics, DAP and testing beliefs, and preferred pre-K classroom practices. Sixty-six principals and 63 pre-K teachers from public schools in small districts (districts with only one elementary school) in Oklahoma participated. Principals and teachers completed questionnaires containing DAP, demographic, and time allocation information. Data were analyzed using correlations and regressions.Findings and Conclusions: In the study of teachers, number of child development courses taken (r=-.29) and number of years experience teaching pre-K (r=.30) were related to DAP beliefs. The relation of DAP beliefs to DAP classroom practices was moderated by teacher's beliefs in the importance of obedience; DAP beliefs and practices were positively related for teachers with lower belief in the importance of child obedience. In the study of principals, principals' ECE courses taken (r=.36), ECE state test certification (r=.59), elementary certification (r=.34), number of years as a principal (r=-.25), years teaching preschoolers (r=.35), experience teaching 4th to 6th grades (r=-.35), and years teaching 4th to 6th grades (r=-.30) were related to principals' beliefs in DAP. Principals' ECE state certification (r=.41), ECE courses taken (r=.27), and years teaching 4th to 6th grades (r=-.33) were related to preferred DAP classroom practices and experience teaching 1st to 3rd grades (r=-.29) was related to use of workbooks and worksheets. DAP beliefs (r=.60) were significantly related to preferred DAP classroom practices. Testing beliefs were not related to principal characteristics or preferred classroom practices. The relation between the number of early childhood courses taken by principals and preferred DAP classroom practices was mediated by principals' beliefs in DAP.

Language: English

Published: Stillwater, Oklahoma, 2010

Master's Thesis (Action Research Report)

Building a Cohesive Classroom: The Effects of Music on Cooperation and Community in a Public, Lower Elementary, Montessori Classroom

Available from: St. Catherine University

Action research, Lower elementary, Montessori method of education, Public Montessori

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Abstract/Notes: The following research assesses how the daily integration of singing and listening to music helps to construct a socially cohesive, cooperative and joyful classroom during clean up time. This study combined group singing opportunities, a music listening station and music played during clean up time. The songs used for this study included lyrical themes of cooperation, happiness, overcoming obstacles and/or friendship. The thirty-day study involved twenty-one participants between the ages of six and nine at a public, Montessori school in Missouri. Each individual completed a pre- and post-survey, as well as a survey each time they used the music listening station. During clean up time, observations were taken daily to record instances of helpful behaviors and joy amongst the participants. Results of the surveys showed that the intervention was successful at increasing positive experiences during clean up time and including a Music Listening Station as an available work choice. The intervention was not successful in creating positive experiences when singing together as a group. Further research may include the use of other mediums to promote community and collaboration like the fine arts, sports or other group oriented activities.

Language: English

Published: St. Paul, Minnesota, 2019

Article

Prepared Environment, Peaceful Environment

Available from: University of Connecticut Libraries - American Montessori Society Records

Publication: Public School Montessorian, vol. 6, no. 1

Pages: 4-5

Public Montessori

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Language: English

Article

Authentic Montessori: The Dottoressa’s View at the End of Her Life Part I: The Environment

Available from: University of Kansas Libraries

Publication: Journal of Montessori Research, vol. 5, no. 1

Pages: 1-18

Angeline Stoll Lillard - Writings, Classroom environment, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Prepared environment

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Abstract/Notes: Maria Montessori developed a form of education in the first half of the last century that came to be called by her surname, and research indicates it often has positive outcomes. In the years since its development, tens of thousands of schools worldwide have called their programs Montessori, yet implementations vary widely, leading to confusion about what Montessori education is. Although there are varied opinions, here we use Dr. Montessori’s books and transcribed lectures to describe the conclusions of her work at her life’s end. We term this final conclusion authentic in the sense of “done in the traditional or original way,” (the primary definition of the adjective in Oxford English Dictionary, 2019). We do not claim that the original is superior to variants; this is an issue for empirical science. Our overarching goal is to provide researchers, policy makers, administrators, teachers, and parents with a benchmark from which to measure and evaluate variations from the education method Dr. Montessori bequeathed at the end of her life. In the ongoing search for alternative educational methods, the time-honored and burgeoning Mon­tessori system is of considerable interest. Dr. Montessori conceptualized the system as a triangle for which the environment, the teacher, and the child formed the legs. Part I of this two-part article examines Dr. Montessori’s view of what constitutes the environment, in terms of its material, tem­poral, and social features. An appendix to Part II summarizes the features. In the ongoing search for alternative educational methods, the time-honored and burgeoning Montessori system is of considerable interest. Dr. Montessori conceptualized the system as a triangle for which the environment, the teacher, and the child formed the legs. Part I of this two-part article examines Dr. Montessori’s view of what constitutes the environment, in terms of its material, temporal, and social features. An appendix to Part II summarizes the features.

Language: English

DOI: 10.17161/jomr.v5i1.7716

ISSN: 2378-3923

Article

An Analysis of Classroom Management in a Montessori Environment

Publication: The National Montessori Reporter, vol. 24, no. 2

Pages: 12–15

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Language: English

Article

In the Classroom: Six Exercises for a Sensorial and Creative Movmeent Curriculum in a Montessori Pre-school Environment

Available from: University of Connecticut Libraries - American Montessori Society Records

Publication: The Constructive Triangle (1974-1989), vol. 3, no. 1

Pages: 50-56

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Language: English

ISSN: 0010-700X

Article

Out of the Classroom . . . Into the Garden: An International Symposium on the Prepared Outdoor Learning Environment

Publication: Tomorrow's Child, vol. 2, no. 1

Pages: 10–13

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Abstract/Notes: Sponsored by The Montessori Foundation and the American Horticultural Society, August, 1994

Language: English

ISSN: 1071-6246

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