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873 results

Doctoral Dissertation

Formative Evaluation of a Bilingual Montessori Preschool Program

Available from: ProQuest - Dissertations and Theses

Assessment, Bilingual education, Bilingualism, Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, Montessori method of education - Evaluation

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Abstract/Notes: This study describes and evalutes the first year of a bilingual Montessori early childhood program implemented at two sites in central Texas. In-depth descriptions are provided of two program components--oral language development and classroom management. Hypotheses related to changes in students' language proficiency and classroom behavior were tested, using the James Language Dominance Test to measure comprehension and production of Spanish and English, and the Coping Analysis Schedule for Educational Settings to assess changes in students' behavior. The description of the oral language development component of the program includes instructional activities for vocabulary enrichment, isolating the sounds of language, and clarifying the functions of words. Adaptations of the Montessori method for implementation in a bilingual setting are presented, along with the discussion of two unexpected findings--the inhibition of the use of Spanish by many Mexican American children, and the association of one language or the other with a particular set of materials. The description of the classroom management component of the program includes the preparation of the environment, observation and record-keeping practices, the basic techniques for presenting materials, and "grace and courtesy lessons." Maria Montessori's views on the nature of education, the role of the teacher, and the concept of discipline and behavior change are discussed and compared to more modern theorists. The results of the formative evaluation reveal that children made significant improvements in English and Spanish comprehension and production. Behavior changes observed included positive shifts in percentage of time spent in self-directed activity, in paying attention to the task at hand, and in positive social interaction. The results of the study are basically descriptive, since only the children in this program were tested and observed. The results indicate that the program goals for the first year were met, and point to a number of possible changes for program improvement, including the use of more Spanish, the recruitment of more Spanish-dominant students, the development of separate sets of materials for Spanish and English instruction, and the sharing by teachers of their particular classroom management strategies.

Language: English

Published: Austin, Texas, 1980

Article

Preschool Math and the Didactic Materials

Publication: Montessori Life, vol. 7, no. 2

Pages: 20–21

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Language: English

ISSN: 1054-0040

Article

Projects and Provocations: Preschool Curriculum Ideas from Reggio Emilia

Publication: Montessori Life, vol. 3, no. 1

Pages: 26–28

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Language: English

ISSN: 1054-0040

Article

What Infants, Toddlers, and Preschoolers Learn from Play: 12 Ideas

Available from: ProQuest

Publication: Montessori Life, vol. 18, no. 1

Pages: 16-21

Child development, Children, Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, Play

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Abstract/Notes: In this article, the author presents the 12 benefits of playing as a reference and guide for teachers in helping young children develop their cognitive skills, motor ability, socio-emotional, and academic development during play time. The following 12 benefits are described: (1) Play Enhances Bodily Gracefulness; (2) Play Promotes Social Skills; (3) Play Sharpens Cognitive and Language Skills; (4) Play Teaches Gender Roles; (5) Play Develops Understanding of Number and Time Concepts; (6) Play Promotes Spatial Understanding; (7) Play Prompts Causality Reasoning; (8) Sociodramatic Play Clarifies the World of Pretend Versus Real; (9) Play Enriches Sensory and Aesthetic Appreciation; (10) Play Extends Attention Span, Persistence, and Sense of Mastery; (11) Children Express Emotions through Play; and (12) Play Deepens a Child?s Sense of Serenity and Joy.

Language: English

ISSN: 1054-0040

Article

Preschool Second-Language Acquisition: A Parent Involvement Program to Reinforce Classroom Learning

Available from: ProQuest

Publication: Montessori Life, vol. 15, no. 2

Pages: 23–24

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Language: English

ISSN: 1054-0040

Article

Characteristics of High Quality Preschool Assessment

Publication: Montessori Leadership, vol. 1, no. 3

Pages: 25–28

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Language: English

Article

Universal Preschool: Gift Horse or Trojan Horse?

Publication: Montessori Leadership, vol. 1, no. 1

Pages: 38

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Language: English

Article

An Imaginative Response to a Functional Brief: Montessori School and Yarralumla Preschool, Canberra

Available from: JSTOR

Publication: Landscape Australia, vol. 20, no. 3

Pages: 210-212

Architecture, Australasia, Australia, Australia and New Zealand, Montessori schools, Oceania

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Language: English

ISSN: 0310-9011

Article

The preschooler

Publication: Gifted, no. 71

Pages: 8-?

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Language: English

ISSN: 1038-5266

Article

Universal Preschool: Why Montessorians Need to Support It

Publication: Public School Montessorian, vol. 19, no. 1

Pages: 24-25

Public Montessori

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Language: English

ISSN: 1071-6246

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