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Master's Thesis (Action Research Report)

"What are the Effects of Goal-Setting on Motivation and Academic Achievement in a Fourth Grade Classroom?"

Available from: St. Catherine University

Action research

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Abstract/Notes: The purpose of this action research was to study the effects of goal-setting as a strategy on student motivation and academic achievement in a fourth-grade classroom. The study was performed at a rural public elementary school in South Carolina, consisting of eighteen students in a general education classroom. This study used a preassessment/post-assessment set-up in order to collect data for math achievement and reading comprehension. An attitude survey was used to collect data on student’s motivation towards academic work. The data shows that the goal-setting strategy had a positive effect on math achievement and motivation towards academic work and may have an effect on reading comprehension.

Language: English

Published: St. Paul, Minnesota, 2019

Undergraduate Thesis

Implementasi metode montessori dalam pembelajaran Matematika anak usia 3-4 tahun di PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi [Implementation of the Montessori method in learning Mathematics for children aged 3-4 years at PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi]

Available from: Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Ampel Surabaya Digital Library

Asia, Australasia, Indonesia, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Montessori method of education - Evaluation, Southeast Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Penelitian ini dilatar belakangi oleh kemampuan matematika anak usia 3-4 tahun di PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi, dengan kemampuan matematika yang dimiliki anak lain, secara umum anak masih bergantung pada orang tua atau guru dalam memahami pembelajaran yang diberikan guru. Jika dilihat pada anak usia 3-4 tahun yang ada di PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi, mereka sudah memperlihatkan kemampuan yang dimilikinya mulai dari mengenal bilangan melalui jumlah benda sampai dengan anak mampu menyelesaikan tugas yang diberikan guru. Pada dasarnya dengan memberikan kesempatan kepada anak untuk mencari pengalaman secara langsung dapat menambah kemampuan matematika pada diri anak. Maka metode pembelajaran seperti apakah yang dilakukan di PG-TK Ar-Raudhah sehingga kemampuan matematika anak usia 3-4 tahun dapat berkembang dengan baik. Rumusan masalah penelitian ini adalah (1) Bagaimana kemampuan matematika anak usia 3-4 tahun PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi Waru Sidoarjo, (2) Bagaimana Implementasi metode Montessori dalam kemampuan matematika anak usia 3-4 tahun di PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi Waru Sidoarjo. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dan pengambilan data dilakukan dengan menggunakan metode observasi, wawancara, dan dokumentasi. Analisa yang digunakan yakni model Miles dan Huberman dimana dalam proses analisanya dimulai dari mereduksi data, kemudian menyajikan dan verifikasi. Teknik keabsahan data yang digunakan yakni metode triangulasi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa implementasi metode Montessori dalam pembelajaran matematika khususnya di PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi berkembang cukup bagus karena anak mulai mampu mengenal bilangan sampai dengan memahami konsep dan mampu menyelesaikan tugas yang diberikan guru dengan sedikit atau tanpa bantuan sama sekali, hal ini menunjukkan bahwa startegi guru dalam menerapkan metode montessori dalam meningkatkan kemampuan matematika yang dimiliki anak sudah mulai berkembang dengan baik. Begitu juga dengan implementasi yang telah dilaksanakan di lembaga PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi sudah sesuai dengan tahapan yang ada pada metode Montessori mulai dari tahapan menunjukkan bilangan, tahapan mengenalkan dengan media pembelajaran kongkret sampai dengan tahapan mengingat kembali pembelajaran matematika yang sudah diberikan guru sebelumnya, sehingga anak dapat meningkatkan kemampuan matematika yang dimilikinya dengan baik. [This research is motivated by the mathematical ability of children aged 3-4 years in PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi, with the mathematical abilities of other children, in general children still depend on their parents or teachers in understanding the learning given by the teacher. If you look at children aged 3-4 years in PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi, they have shown their abilities ranging from recognizing numbers through the number of objects until the child is able to complete the tasks given by the teacher. Basically, by providing opportunities for children to seek direct experience, they can increase their mathematical abilities. So what kind of learning method is used in PG-TK Ar-Raudhah so that the mathematical abilities of children aged 3-4 years can develop well. The formulation of the research problem is (1) How is the mathematical ability of children aged 3-4 years at PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi Waru Sidoarjo, (2) How is the implementation of the Montessori method in the mathematical abilities of children aged 3-4 years at PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi Waru Sidoarjo. This study used a qualitative approach and data collection was carried out using the methods of observation, interviews, and documentation. The analysis used is the Miles and Huberman model where the analysis process starts from reducing data, then presenting and verifying. The data validity technique used is the triangulation method. The results showed that the implementation of the Montessori method in learning mathematics, especially in PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi developed quite well because children began to be able to recognize numbers to understand concepts and were able to complete tasks given by the teacher with little or no help, this shows that the teacher's strategy in applying the Montessori method in improving children's mathematical abilities has begun to develop well. Likewise, the implementation that has been carried out at the PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi institution is in accordance with the stages in the Montessori method starting from the stage of showing numbers, the stage of introducing concrete learning media to the stage of recalling mathematics learning that has been given by the previous teacher, so that children can improve their mathematical abilities well.]

Language: English

Published: Surubaya, Indonesia, 2020


Montessori Mathematics in Early Childhood Education

Available from: Gale Academic Online

Publication: Curriculum Matters, no. 3

Pages: 6-28

Australasia, Australia and New Zealand, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., New Zealand, Oceania

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Abstract/Notes: Mentioned in AMI 2009 - The Montessori movement recently celebrated a century of international education, spanning from early childhood through to tertiary experience. The first Casa dei Bambini, or children's house, was opened in Rome, Italy, on 6 January 1907, and within three years the influence of Montessori education began to reach New Zealand shores. This article outlines the Montessori approach to early childhood curriculum in general, and discusses findings from a small research project examining mathematical concept development in children prior to school entry. Initial findings of the project indicate that the Montessori approach may have a positive impact on children's numeracy knowledge and strategies at age five. This research arose from the involvement of the authors of this paper in the development and delivery of teacher education degrees at early childhood education (ECE) and primary levels that include a Montessori specialty in their final year. Our experience in sharing both the Numeracy Development Project and the Montessori mathematics curriculum has resulted in many discovery moments for our students. This has led us to suggest that wider understanding and dissemination of Montessori curriculum ideas may help to progress discussion on early mathematics development.

Language: English

DOI: 10.18296/cm.0086

ISSN: 1177-1828, 2253-2129


Extensions in the Mathematics Area of the Children's House

Publication: NAMTA Journal, vol. 19, no. 1

Pages: 11-23

Arithmetic, Early childhood education, Mathematics education, Montessori method of education

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Abstract/Notes: Presents guidelines for designing and using extensions, which are exercises that follow or extend the basic presentation of an idea, in the mathematics area of the Montessori program to give children more experience and depth as they explore key mathematical concepts. Describes extensions that address counting, sorting, and working with decimals. (BB)

Language: English

ISSN: 1522-9734


Observations on Attitudes of Young Children Toward Mathematics

Available from: JSTOR

Publication: Mathematics Teacher, vol. 43, no. 6

Pages: 252-263

Mathematics education, Montessori materials, ⚠️ Invalid DOI

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Language: English

DOI: 10.2307/27953577

ISSN: 0025-5769


The Psychology of Mathematics [An address given to the Cambridge Education Society at Trinity College, on October 16, 1935]

Publication: Communications (Association Montessori Internationale, 195?-2008), vol. 1971, no. 3

Pages: 5-7

England, Europe, Maria Montessori - Speeches, addresses, etc., Maria Montessori - Writings, Mathematics education, Northern Europe, United Kingdom, ⛔ No DOI found

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Abstract/Notes: Address delivered on the occasion of the publication of the Spanish edition of Psicoaritmetica and Psicogeometria. (per Grazzini, Algebra, p. 93.) The Psychology of Mathematics An address given to the Cambridge Education Society at Trinity College (Cambridge, England), October 16, 1935. Also publshed in Montessori Notes, v2 n15 167-168 November

Language: English

ISSN: 0519-0959

Doctoral Dissertation

Math Play: Growing and Developing Mathematics Understanding in an Emergent Play-Based Environment

Available from: University of California eScholarship

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Abstract/Notes: This project explores how mathematics growth and development can be supported, documented and assessed in an emergent play-based early childhood education environment inspired by the practices and principles of Reggio Emilia. Using the California Preschool Learning Foundations as a framework, Math Play includes developmentally appropriate activities and environments that support cognitive development within the mathematics domain. This curriculum documents how a classroom's emergent themes were interwoven into activities and environments that did not oppose the practices and principles of the approach. Math Play successfully documented each child's mathematic understanding as well as areas needing further growth and development. With the California Preschool Learning Foundations as a framework, teachers can use Math Play to establish a child's level of understanding within this domain that plays one of important roles in assessing a child's school readiness. Math Play provides examples of how teachers can use authentic formative portfolios for assessment of growth and development. Math Play provides an alternative for standardized assessment in an emergent play-based environment that authenticates the experiences that preschool children are having while growing and developing in a Reggio Emilia inspired environment. After implementation of Math Play the following two findings were deduced : 1. Children engaged and demonstrated a range of mathematic growth and development that corresponds with the eighteen sub-strands of the California Preschool Learning Foundations. 2. Authentic formative portfolios provided an effective way to discuss individual child mathematic growth and development with assistant teachers and parents. In addition to these findings the children who were involved in this research continued to grow and develop by engaging in activities that furthered their mathematic foundation after Math Play implementation

Language: English

Published: San Diego, California, 2012


Influencia del método Montessori en el aprendizaje de la matemática escolar / Influence of the Montessori Method on Learning School Mathematics

Available from: Universidad Pedagógica y Tecnológica de Colombia

Publication: Revista de Investigación, Desarrollo e Innovación, vol. 11, no. 3

Pages: 555-568

Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, Mathematics education, Montessori method of education

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Abstract/Notes: Actualmente, el aprendizaje de la matemática escolar se ha constituido en un problema latente, generado por diversos factores, entre ellos, los métodos usados por el profesor. El objetivo de la investigación consistió en establecer la influencia que tiene el método Montessori en el fortalecimiento del pensamiento lógico-matemático en los infantes de grado tercero, en una Institución educativa colombiana. La metodología fue cuantitativa, con diseño cuasi-experimental; la información fue recogida en un diario de campo por observación directa y una prueba de entrada-salida; los datos se procesaron con el software SPSS y las hipótesis se comprobaron con la prueba de Wilcoxon. Los resultados mostraron que el método Montessori plasmado en una secuencia didáctica, influyó de manera significativa en el aprendizaje estudiantil asociado a las operaciones de adición y multiplicación con números naturales. Se concluye que este método promueve el aprendizaje significativo de los escolares, basado en experiencias y descubrimientos. / Currently, the learning of school mathematics has become a latent problem, generated by various factors, including the methods used by the teacher. The objective of the research was to establish the influence of the Montessori method in strengthening logical-mathematical thinking in third grade infants, in a Colombian educational institution. The methodology was quantitative, with a quasi-experimental design; the infor-mation was collected in a field diary by direct observation and an entry-exit test; the data were processed with the SPSS software and the hypotheses were verified with the Wilcoxon test. The results showed that the Montessori method, embodied in a didactic sequence, significantly influenced student learning associated with the operations of addition and multiplication with natural numbers. It is concluded that this method promotes meaningful learning in schoolchildren, based on experiences and discoveries.

Language: English

DOI: 10.19053/20278306.v11.n3.2021.13354

ISSN: 2027-8306, 2389-9417


Una Experiencia Didáctica a Través del Ambiente Montessori en la Enseñanza de la Matemática / A Didactic Experience Through the Montessori Environment in the Teaching of Mathematics

Available from: Red Iberoamericana de Pedagogía (REDIPE)

Publication: Revista Boletín Redipe, vol. 10, no. 11

Pages: 198-215

Mathematics education, Montessori materials, Montessori method of education

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Abstract/Notes: En didáctica de la matemática se ha realizado diversos estudios que buscan mejorar el proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje; un sistema escolar alternativo como el método Montessori, tiene sólidos resultados socioemocionales y académicos en los niños, prácticamente no ha cambiado en más de un siglo, puede aplicarse en todos los años de la educación primaria y secundaria. La presente investigación tuvo como objetivo general implementar el Ambiente Montessori para el aprendizaje de cuerpos tridimensionales. Se enmarcó en una metodología cuantitativa. La muestra fue de 9 estudiantes y el instrumento fue una encuesta de satisfacción estudiantil. En los resultados más relevantes se observó que según una categoría de Sobresaliente el entorno cumple con las características del ambiente Montessori, de igual forma los materiales para el aprendizaje de cuerpos tridimensionales. En conclusión, el ambiente Montessori mejoró el rendimiento académico de los estudiantes, esto en contradicción con algunas investigaciones que ven al sistema como formador de un ser asocial, el mismo permite fortalecer relaciones interpersonales y con la naturaleza. / In didactics of mathematics, various studies have been carried in order to improve the teaching-learning process; an alternative school system such as the Montessori method, it has strong socio-emotional and academic results in children, it has not changed for more than a century practically, it can be applied in all years of primary and secondary education. The present investigation has as general objective to implement the Montessori Environment for the learning of three-dimensional bodies. It was supported in a quantitative methodology. The sample was constituted by nine students and the instruments were a participant observation sheet and a student satisfaction survey. In the most relevant results, it was observed according to a category of Outstanding, the environment complies with the characteristics of the Montessori environment, in the same way the materials for learning three-dimensional bodies. In conclusion, the Montessori environment improved the academic performance of the students, this research is in contradiction with some investigations that see the system as a trainer of an asocial human being, it allows to strengthen interpersonal relationships and with nature.

Language: English

DOI: 10.36260/rbr.v10i11.1527

ISSN: 2256-1536


Mathematics Learning Media and the Need for Montessori Media Development for Students with Mild Mental Retardation in Class IV at SLB Makassar City

Available from: Atlantis Press

Publication: Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research, vol. 657

Pages: 113-117

Asia, Australasia, Children with disabilities, Indonesia, Indonesia, Mathematics education, Montessori method of education, Southeast Asia

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Abstract/Notes: This research is motivated by problems in children with mild mental retardation 4th graders at SLB Makassar city who still do not understand basic mathematical concepts in calculating addition. This study aims to determine the needs of mathematics learning media to find out the learning media used in SLB Makassar and to find out the need for learning media based on the montessori method. This study uses a descriptive qualitative approach. Subjects studied in this study are 10 teachers who teach in several special schools in Makassar. The data collection technique used is a questionnaire with nine questions. This study uses a qualitative descriptive analysis technique. The results showed that the learning media used in schools still using 2D and 3D Montessori media and still requires Montessori-based media to be innovated and developed. So, can be concluded that the need for the development of learning media with media more modern, more interesting and keep up with technological developments and implemented with fun games and cognitively stimulating mild mentally retarded class IV students. Appears to be from a special issue of the journal dedicated to the, "International Seminar on Innovative and Creative Guidance and Counseling Service (ICGCS 2021)."

Language: English

DOI: 10.2991/assehr.k.220405.020

ISSN: 2352-5398

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