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Doctoral Dissertation

A institucionalização do método Montessori no campo educacional brasileiro (1914-1952) [The institutionalization of the Montessori method in the Brazilian educational field (1914-1952)]

Available from: Federal University of Santa Catarina - Institutional Repository

Americas, Brazil, Latin America and the Caribbean, Montessori method of education - History, South America

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Abstract/Notes: Montessori constituiu, em 1907, em Roma, uma escola pública para crianças em situação de risco, a Casa dei Bambini, embasada numa educação integral alicerçada na liberdade, na atividade e na individualidade. Durante aproximadamente quatro décadas, Montessori realizou pesquisas sobre o desenvolvimento infantil, cujos resultados foram difundidos transnacionalmente, configurando práticas e pensamento educacional inovadores fundamentados na relação entre o professor, o aluno e um ambiente de aprendizagem promotor da paz, da autoeducação, da autonomia, do respeito ao outro e do espírito científico e crítico. Com isso, também empreendeu uma didática para professores e a venda em série dos materiais que idealizou. O objeto desta narrativa historiográfica respaldada em Certeau (2014), Chartier (2010) e Magalhães (2004) foi a institucionalização do Método Montessori no Brasil, no âmbito cronológico das cinco primeiras décadas do século passado. Objetivou: reconhecer as formulações teóricas que permitiram identificar a origem do Método Montessori e cotejá-las com os projetos brasileiros desenvolvidos entre 1914-1952 apontando permanências e contribuições à educação brasileira; historicizar o processo de institucionalização da Pedagogia montessoriana no Brasil; problematizar a sua forma de apropriação na Educação Infantil e Ensino Primário, identificando por que o método é relacionado principalmente ao uso de materiais didáticos específicos e de mobiliário adequado ao tamanho das crianças. Foi constatado que a primeira escola montessoriana no Brasil, proveniente da vertente educacional estadunidense, atendeu ao público infantil, em São Paulo, no ano de 1915, num investimento particular de Ciridião Buarque e Mary Buarque. Esta pedagogia se irradiou por intermédio das apropriações realizadas pelos docentes da Escola Normal da Praça, em São Paulo, estado que possuía, desde 1924, legislação que indicava o uso de materiais didáticos de Montessori e de Froebel, mas de forma desarticulada dos princípios pedagógicos. No Paraná, a educação montessoriana foi institucionalizada na legislação educacional da Pré-escola em 1915 e investimentos foram realizados em 1924, quando Lysímaco Costa adquiriu os ?enxovais montessorianos? para quatro Jardins de Infância. Em Curitiba, em 1927, durante a Primeira Conferência Nacional da Associação Brasileira de Educação (ABE) foram apresentadas teses com base montessoriana. Ainda no Paraná, no final da década de 1940, a utilização do método ocorreu no ensino público no Programa da Pré-escola e do Ensino Primário e em 1952 foi inaugurada a Escola Experimental Montessoriana Rural para crianças do Ensino Primário, por iniciativa de Eny Caldeira. Ela e Piper de Lacerda Borges, presidente da Associação Montessori do Brasil, fizeram curso com Montessori, na Itália, em 1951. Já na Bahia, em 1927, efetivaram-se cursos de férias para formação de professores durante os quais foram disseminadas pelos docentes da Escola Normal de Salvador concepções montessorianas e a ressignificação dos materiais, tanto para a Pré-escola como para o Ensino Primário. O teor destes cursos foi divulgado por revistas pedagógicas. No mesmo local, em 1924, Alípio Franca traduziu o Livro Pedagogia Científica. No Rio de Janeiro, materiais e frações do método montessoriano se disseminaram para a Educação Infantil por meio da legislação educacional, em 1921 e em 1929. Evidências da utilização do Método Montessori em perspectiva não restrita ao uso de materiais didáticos foram encontradas nos programas infantis radiofônicos realizados por Mary Buarque, em São Paulo, a partir de 1936; no vínculo do método com a assistência social e teosófica, na década de 1950, disseminado por Piper de Lacerda Borges; no reuso dado ao método pelo lusitano Agostinho da Silva, também nos anos 1950, na criação de algumas universidades. Conclui-se que, entre 1914 e 1952, o processo de institucionalização do método Montessori no Brasil foi capitaneado por diversos sujeitos, em diferentes lugares do país, com apropriações e representações. [Abstract : Montessori established, in 1907, in Rome, a public school to children at risk, The Casa dei Bambini, which since then preserve the Montessori method characteristics, advocating the integral education based on freedom, action and on the individuality. For approximately four decades, Montessori researched about Children development, whose results were spread abroad, defining practices and innovative educational thoughts grounded on the relationship between teacher, the student and the learning environment advancing peace, self-education, self-correction with autonomy in sight, mutual respect, critic and the scientific spirit. The Objective of this study is the Montessori method establishment in Brazil, on the chronologic aspect along the first five decades from the last century. It?s a biographical research and documentary with a historical focus. The analysis is grounded in Certeau (2014), Chartier(2010) e Magalhães(2004). Objective: Recognize the formulation of the Montessori method in projects of its establishment in Brazil between 1914-1952; To Problematize political conditions, social, economical and cultural to set up the Montessori method in Brazil and its Educational applicability, questioning the reductionist mode relating to its use as specific materials and its adequate child-sized furniture. It has been verified that The First Montessori-based in Brazil served the children?s audience, in São Paulo, in the year of 1915, coming from the American strand, in a private enterprise of Ciridião Buarque e Mary Buarque. Such pedagogy irradiated by the mediation of these appropriation and representations made by teachers of the Escola Normal da Praça. São Paulo possessed, since 1924, laws that indicated the use of Montessori and Froebel?s course-ware, mas in a inarticulate way to the pedagogical principles. In Paraná, the Montessori-based education was established in the child education legislation in 1915 and investments were performed in 1924, when Lysímaco Costa acquired the ?montesorri layettes? to 4 Kindergarden. In Curitiba, in 1927, at the First National Conference of The Brazilian Association of Education (ABE), were presented thesis with Montessori bases. Still in Paraná, at the end of 40s, the method utilization occurred in the public education in the Preschool Program and Primary School and in 1952 was opened in Curitiba The Rural Montessori Experimental School to primary school, by the enterprise of Eny Caldeira.Piper Borges de Lacerda and Eny Caldeira speeches, whom realized in 1950 a course with Montessori in Perugia.In 1927, in Bahia, were realized vacation courses to teachers complementary training which were disseminated by the teacher of the Normal School of Salvador the Montessori concepts and the course-ware new meanings to the child education such as primary education. The matters discussed in these courses were spread by pedagogical magazines. In 1924, Alípio Franca translated The Method of Scientific Pedagogy applied to the Child Education at the Boys? House. In Rio de Janeiro, course-wares and parts of Montessori method were spread to Children education by education law, in 1921 and in 1929. Evidences of the Montessori use in perspective non-restricted to materials were found in children radio shows performed by Mary Buarque, in São Paulo, from 1936, whereupon self-education, the independence, the knowledge of child development phases, the singers freedom movement and the minimal intervention of the adult tutor made part of the proposal. In a mystic perspective, there was a link with the method and the social and theosophic assistance, in the 50 decade, disseminating in Rio de Janeiro and Paraná, by Piper Lacerda Borges and his husband. In the reuse given to the Agostinho da Silva method, also in the 1950, were present in the some universities creations, such as the Federal University of Santa Catarina as well from Paraíba and The University of Brasilia. Concluded that between 1914 and 1952, the establishment process of the Montessori method in Brazil was lead by several different individuals, from different parts of the country, with appropriations and personal representations.]

Language: Portuguese

Published: Florianópolis, Brazil, 2017

Article

Arquitetura Vernácula e Sustentabilidade Arquitetura Montessoriana e Características Vernaculares Brasileiras [Vernacular Architecture and Sustainability Montessorian Architecture and Brazilian Vernacular Characteristics]

Available from: Brazilian Journals

Publication: Brazilian Journal of Development, vol. 6, no. 1

Pages: 2076-2083

Americas, Architecture, Brazil, Latin America and the Caribbean, South America, Sustainability

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Abstract/Notes: O presente trabalho tem como objetivo fazer a análise das possibilidades que a arquitetura vernacular, em suas relações com materiais, espaços e inserção cultural, traz para o aprendizado dentro de uma perspectiva montessoriana. Analisando as premissas educacionais propostas pela médica Maria Montessori para um ambiente de escolas infantis, procura-se estabelecer uma relação entre o valor que é dado para o ambiente preparado para a evolução e aprendizado individual de cada aluno, com a cultura, a sustentabilidade e utilização de materiais ligados à arquitetura vernacular. Neste sentido, a partir de uma pesquisa da literatura referente à interação do indivíduo com o edifício e com a arquitetura vernacular brasileira, procurou-se identificar a relação existente entre as características do aprendizado montessoriano e os materiais e técnicas aplicados em edifícios com arquitetura ou recursos vernaculares. A partir da pesquisa é possível vislumbrar os benefícios que um incentivo de utilização de técnicas e materiais utilizados na arquitetura vernacular podem trazer em termos de potencial para promover o aprendizado, considerando as premissas montessorianas. [The present work aims to analyze the possibilities that vernacular architecture, in its relations with materials, spaces and cultural insertion, brings to learning within a Montessori perspective. Analyzing the educational premises proposed by the doctor Maria Montessori for an environment of nursery schools, we seek to establish a relationship between the value that is given to the environment prepared for the evolution and individual learning of each student, with culture, sustainability and use of materials linked to vernacular architecture. In this sense, from a literature search regarding the interaction of the individual with the building and with Brazilian vernacular architecture, we sought to identify the relationship between the characteristics of Montessori learning and the materials and techniques applied in buildings with vernacular architecture or vernacular resources. From the research it is possible to glimpse the benefits that an incentive to use techniques and materials used in vernacular architecture can bring in terms of potential to promote learning, considering the Montessori premises.]

Language: Portuguese

DOI: 10.34117/bjdv6n1-149

ISSN: 2525-8761

Article

Perspectives in Early Childhood Education: Belize, Brazil, Mexico, El Salvador and Peru

Available from: ERIC

Publication: Forum on Public Policy Online, vol. 2012, no. 1

Pages: 1-27

Americas, Belize, Brazil, Central America, Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, El Salvador, Latin America and the Caribbean, Mexico, Peru, South America

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Abstract/Notes: Early childhood education (ECE) provision is becoming a growing priority. During the past twenty years, Latin America has shown a growing recognition in the provision of educational programs for young children, birth to age eight, is essential. Urban and rural populations intimated in 2009, that many countries utilizing equitable access to quality early childhood programs is often seen by policy makers as a means of achieving economic and political goals (United Nations, 2012). Unfortunately, a pre-occupation with economic and political goals may conflict with the provision of quality programming for young children. In a number of Latin American countries provisions for educating young children exist as intent to provide quality services. The continuing challenge is to finance, organize and regulate those well-meaning intentions. The objective of this article is two-fold. First, to describe national policy efforts that regulate the education of young children consistently. And, second, to reflect the status of early childhood education programming; and to examine the possibilities for the improvement of the quality and accessibility of an education for all young children. Five Latin American nations have been chosen for examination, including: Belize, Brazil, El Salvador, Mexico, and Peru. (Contains 4 tables.)

Language: English

ISSN: 1938-9809

Article

The Children of the Favelas [Brazil]

Publication: Montessori International, vol. 10, no. 1

Pages: 24–26

Americas, Brazil, Latin America and the Caribbean, South America

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Abstract/Notes: Includes sidebar on Oxfam campaign

Language: English

Article

News from the Regions [Mexico, Brazil, Paraguay]

Publication: Public School Montessorian, vol. 18, no. 1

Pages: 26

Americas, Brazil, Central America, Latin America and the Caribbean, Mexico, Paraguay, Public Montessori, South America

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Abstract/Notes: El Boletin, September 2005

Language: English

Book

Renovação educacional católica: Lubienska e sua influência no Brasil [Catholic educational renewal: Lubienska's influence in Brazil]

Americas, Brazil, Hélène Lubienska de Lenval - Biographic sources, Latin America and the Caribbean, Montessori method of education, South America

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Language: Portuguese

Published: São Paulo, Brazil: Cortez & Moraes, 1978

Series: Coleção Educação universitária

Article

Carving New Ground: Training Brazilian Teachers In Elementary Curriculum

Available from: ProQuest

Publication: Montessori Life, vol. 16, no. 3

Pages: 54-55

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Language: English

ISSN: 1054-0040

Article

Montessori Teacher Education in Brazil, 2004

Available from: ProQuest

Publication: Montessori Life, vol. 16, no. 2

Pages: 51–52

Americas, Brazil, Latin America and the Caribbean, South America

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Language: English

ISSN: 1054-0040

Article

Montessori in Brazil

Publication: Montessori International, vol. 68

Pages: 28–29

Americas, Brazil, Latin America and the Caribbean, South America

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Language: English

Article

Hunger Zero in Brazil

Publication: Montessori International, vol. 68

Pages: 30–31

Americas, Brazil, Latin America and the Caribbean, South America

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Language: English

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