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730 results

Book

De Westerweelgroep en de Palestinapioniers: non-conformistisch verzet in de Tweede Wereldoorlog

Europe, Holland, Joop Westerweel - Biographic sources, Montessori method of education - Teachers, Montessori schools, Nazism, Netherlands, Teachers, Western Europe, Westerweel Group

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Abstract/Notes: Dit boek beschrijft de fascinerende geschiedenis van de door de links-socialistische onderwijzer Joop Westerweel aangevoerde verzetsgroep, die bestond uit niet-Joodse linkse activisten en zogeheten Palestinapioniers. Dit waren merendeels Duitse Joden die zich voorbereidden op hun vertrek naar Palestina. Beide groepen hadden een marginale maatschappelijke positie, waardoor zij buiten de kaders van het verzuilde Nederlandse bestel konden opereren. Door samen te werken met uiteenlopende religieuze en sociale kringen slaagde de organisatie erin ongeveer 250 Joden in veiligheid te bren-gen. Het non-conformisme van de groep bleek ook uit de ongebruikelijk op-lossingen voor de onderduik. Een tiental pioniers reisde met valse papieren naar Duitsland. Van de 150 Joden die in Frankrijk onderdoken, slaagden er 70 in Spanje te bereiken. De Westerweelgroep betaalde een zware prijs voor zijn werk. Joop Westerweel stierf voor een vuurpeloton. Andere leden kwamen terecht in concentratiekampen, wat van grote invloed was op hun verdere leven. [This book describes the fascinating history of the resistance group, led by left-wing socialist teacher Joop Westerweel, which consisted of non-Jewish left-wing activists and so-called Palestine pioneers. These were mostly German Jews preparing to leave for Palestine. Both groups had a marginal social position, which allowed them to operate outside the framework of the pillarized Dutch system. Working with diverse religious and social circles, the organization managed to get about 250 Jews to safety. The group's non-conformity was also apparent from the unusual solutions for going into hiding. A dozen pioneers traveled to Germany with false papers. Of the 150 Jews who went into hiding in France, 70 managed to make it to Spain. The Westerweelgroep paid a heavy price for its work. Joop Westerweel died before a firing squad. Other members ended up in concentration camps, which had a major impact on their further lives.]

Language: Dutch

Published: Hilversum, Netherlands: Verloren, 2015

ISBN: 978-90-8704-497-8 90-8704-497-6

Article

Managing the Use of Resources in Multi-Grade Classrooms

Available from: African Journals Online

Publication: South African Journal of Education, vol. 39, no. 3

Africa, Classroom environment, Montessori materials, Montessori method of education, Montessori schools, Nongraded schools, Prepared environment, South Africa, Southern Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa

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Abstract/Notes: This study examined how teachers in multi-grade classrooms manage and use available resources in their classrooms. The study focused on multi-grade classrooms in farm schools in the Free State province of South Africa that cover Grades 1 to 9. The concepts “multi-grade classrooms” and “resources” are explained below. The availability and utilisation of resources in multi-grade classrooms is discussed in some depth. A qualitative research design was used to collect data. Interviews were conducted with 9 teachers who worked in multi-grade classrooms. The data reveals that the availability of resources has improved somewhat in the multi-grade classrooms surveyed; however, textbooks specifically meant for multi-grade classrooms are still lacking. The data also points to several other trends. For example, most multi-grade schools in the sample have insufficient resources. Where available, the resources are either under-utilised or used improperly. Furthermore, it is usually the case that learners are required to share resources across various grades. Moreover, teachers often use their personal resources to get their work done, and in this regard, smartphones play an important part. Finally, the study also reveals that teachers do try to use various types of resources to cater for different learning styles.Keywords: activity centres; classroom organisation; Montessori educational theory; multi-grade classrooms; resource corners; resources

Language: English

DOI: 10.15700/saje.v39n3a1599

ISSN: 2076-3433

Book

Westerweel Group: Non-Conformist Resistance Against Nazi Germany: A Joint Rescue Effort of Dutch Idealists and Dutch-German Zionists

Available from: De Gruyter

Europe, Holland, Joop Westerweel - Biographic sources, Montessori method of education - Teachers, Montessori schools, Nazism, Netherlands, Teachers, Western Europe, Westerweel Group

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Abstract/Notes: This book about the Westerweel Group tells the fascinating story about the cooperation of some ten non-conformist Dutch socialists and a group of Palestine Pioneers who mostly had arrived in the Netherlands from Germany and Austria the late thirties. With the help of Joop Westerweel, the headmaster of a Rotterdam Montessori School, they found hiding places in the Netherlands. Later on, an escape route to France via Belgium was worked out. Posing as Atlantic Wall workers, the pioneers found their way to the south of France. With the help of the Armée Juive, a French Jewish resistance organization, some 70 pioneers reached Spain at the beginning of 1944. From here they went to Palestine. Finding and maintaining the escape route cost the members of the Westerweel Group dear. With some exceptions, all members of the group were arrested by the Germans. Joop Westerweel was executed in August 1944. Other members, both in the Netherlands and France, were send to German concentration camps, where some perished. Translation of: "De Westerweelgroep en de Palestinapioniers: non-conformistisch verzet in de Tweede Wereldoorlog".

Language: English

Published: Berlin, Germany: Walter de Gruyter GmbH, 2019

ISBN: 978-3-11-058000-6 978-3-11-058270-3 978-3-11-058014-3 978-3-11-073682-3

Series: New Perspectives on Modern Jewish History , 11

Article

Dr. Montessori Will Lecture for Adults

Available from: NewsBank - San Diego Evening Tribune Historical

Publication: San Diego Evening Tribune (San Diego, California)

Pages: 8

Adelia Pyle - Biographic sources, Americas, Anna Fedeli - Biographic sources, Edith Little - Biographic sources, Helen Little - Biographic sources, Helen Parkhurst - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Mario M. Montessori - Biographic sources, North America, Panama-California Exposition (1915, San Diego, California), United States of America

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Abstract/Notes: Includes a list of individuals assisting Montessori with her work in San Diego. Also, reports on a 10-lecture series Montessori provided: "For the benefit of mothers, teachers and all others interested, Dr. Montessori has decided to offer a short course of ten lectures and two demonstrations of the use of the didactic appareatus, to begin Wednesday, July 7th, at 3:30 p.m. in the lecture room, at the normal school. Those interested in this course should make personal application on Monday and Tuesday, between the hours of 2 and 3, in the afternoon, in Dr. Montessori's office at the normal school, where they may learn the nature of the work and the requirements for admission. This short course has been arranged in response to the many requests that have been made for it by persons unable to take the advanced course which was begun in Los Angeles and will be continued in San Diego and, later, in San Francisco, for about four months. The first public address by Dr. Montessori will be given at the exposition on the afternoon of July 12, which has been set aside by the exposition management as 'Education Day.'"

Language: English

Article

Transgresje w biograficznych doświadczeniach wybitnych pedagogów: Marii Montessori i Janusza Korczaka [Transgressions in the biographical experiences of outstanding educators: Maria Montessori and Janusz Korczak]

Available from: University of Gdańsk

Publication: Podstawy Edukacji [Fundamentals of Education], vol. 10

Pages: 13-32

Janusz Korczak - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources

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Abstract/Notes: Transgressions are innovative and creative activities. They allow people to go beyond the limits of their current functioning, thus gaining new areas of activity or creating new values. Motivation specific to transgression is hubristic motivation. The article analyzes the biographical experiences of outstanding pedagogues. – Maria Montessori and Janusz Korczak. Maria Montessori – Italian physician, education system creator and Montessori pedagogy based on the needs of the child. Transcendental biography of Janusz Korczak – doctor, pedagogue, writer, journalist, visionary. Biographies contain different spaces of transgressive activities: personal, professional, social, creative, literary. They concern the concept of education, methods of pedagogical work with the child. The accomplishments of outstanding pedagogues include immutable values.

Language: Polish

ISSN: 2081-2264

Book Section

Die Montessori-Bestrebungen im Kanton Zürich [Montessori Endeavors in the Canton of Zurich]

Book Title: Hundert Jahre Montessori-Pädagogik, 1907-2007: Eine Chronik der Montessori-Pädagogik in der Schweiz [One Hundred Years of Montessori Education, 1907-2007: A Chronicle of Montessori Education in Switzerland]

Pages: 117-134

Annette Güntensperger - Biographic sources, Europe, Hilde Steinemann-Stahli - Biographic sources, Marianna Augsburger-Käser - Biographic sources, Martha Meyer - Biographic sources, Montessori method of education, Montessori schools, Selina Chönz-Meyer - Biographic sources, Switzerland, Western Europe

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Language: German

Published: Bern, Switzerland: Haupt Verlag, 2007

Edition: 1st edition

ISBN: 978-3-258-07092-6

Book

America's Early Montessorians: Anne George, Margaret Naumburg, Helen Parkhurst, and Adelia Pyle

Available from: Springer Link

Adelia Pyle - Biographic sources, Americas, Anne E. George - Biographic sources, Helen Parkhurst - Biographic sources, Margaret Naumburg - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Montessori method of education, Montessori schools, North America, United States of America

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Abstract/Notes: This book traces the early history of the Montessori movement in the United States through the lives and careers of four key American women: Anne George, Margaret Naumburg, Helen Parkhurst, and Adelia Pyle. Caught up in the Montessori craze sweeping the United States in the Progressive era, each played a significant role in the initial transference of Montessori education to America and its implementation from 1910 to 1920. Despite the continuing international recognition of Maria Montessori and the presence of Montessori schools world-wide, Montessori receives only cursory mention in the history of education, especially by recognized historians in the field and in courses in professional education and teacher preparation. The authors, in seeking to fill this historical void, integrate institutional history with analysis of the interplay and tensions between these four women to tell this educational story in an interesting—and often dramatic—way.

Language: English

Published: Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan, 2020

ISBN: 978-3-030-54834-6

Series: Historical Studies in Education

Article

In Memoriam [Eileen Roper Ast, Jane Dutcher, Hannelore Engelman, Dennis Schapiro, Hildegard Solzbacher]

Available from: ProQuest

Publication: Montessori Life, vol. 26, no. 3

Pages: 20

Dennis Schapiro - Biographic sources, Eileen Roper Ast - Biographic sources, Hannelore Engelman - Biographic sources, Hildegard Solzbacher - Biographic sources, Jane Dutcher - Biographic sources, Obituaries

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Language: English

ISSN: 1054-0040

Book Section

A Quartet of American Montessori Directresses

Available from: Springer Link

Book Title: America's Early Montessorians: Anne George, Margaret Naumburg, Helen Parkhurst and Adelia Pyle

Pages: 3-35

Adelia Pyle - Biographic sources, Americas, Anne E. George - Biographic sources, Helen Parkhurst - Biographic sources, Margaret Naumburg - Biographic sources, Montessori method of education - History, Montessori schools, North America, United States of America

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Abstract/Notes: America’s Early Montessorians tells the history of the introduction and implementation of Montessori education in the United States, through the careers of Anne George, Margaret Naumburg, Helen Parkhurst, and Adelia Pyle who Maria Montessori trained as directresses. The chapter provides parallel biographies of George, Pyle, Parkhurst, and Naumburg before their enrollment in Montessori’s training courses. Anne Everett George (1878–1973), the first American trained as a directress, was America’s pioneer Montessori educator. Born in Missouri, George became a private school teacher and taught in Maryland, New York, and Chicago’s Latin School. Adelia McAlpin Pyle (1888–1968) the daughter of a wealthy manufacturer, James Tolman Pyle, was born in New York and educated by private tutors. She was fluent in French, German, Italian, and Spanish. Helen Parkhurst (1886–1973), who was born in Wisconsin, earned her degree in education from the Wisconsin State Normal School in River Falls in 1909. Parkhurst taught in public elementary schools in Wisconsin and Washington and became the Director of Primary Training in Wisconsin’s State Normal School at Stevens Point. Margaret Naumburg (1890–1963), born in New York, received her elementary and secondary education in private schools including the Horace Mann School and the laboratory school at Columbia University’s Teachers College. She was awarded her B.A. degree in June 1912 from Barnard College and did graduate study at the London School of Economics.

Language: English

Published: Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan, 2020

ISBN: 978-3-030-54835-3

Series: Historical Studies in Education

Book Section

A Study in Personality: Montessori and George, Naumburg, Parkhurst and Pyle

Available from: Springer Link

Book Title: America's Early Montessorians: Anne George, Margaret Naumburg, Helen Parkhurst and Adelia Pyle

Pages: 59-68

Adelia Pyle - Biographic sources, Americas, Anne E. George - Biographic sources, Helen Parkhurst - Biographic sources, Margaret Naumburg - Biographic sources, Montessori method of education - History, Montessori schools, North America, United States of America

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Abstract/Notes: This chapter analyzes the personal interactions of the principal characters—George, Naumburg, Parkhurst and Pyle—and an over-powering fifth woman, Maria Montessori. The analysis of the interplay, the personal relationships, and the tensions between these principals, is integrated with the institutional history of educational organizations, schools, and events. George, Naumburg, Parkhurst, and Pyle arrived at the Montessori training courses believing their instructor, the greatest educator in the world, was truly “an educational wonder worker.” A complex multidimensional person, Montessori, determined to control what she had created, expected total loyalty, almost fealty and submission, from her trainees. Montessori’s demanding personality caused tension with her four students that affected the establishment of her method in the United States.

Language: English

Published: Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan, 2020

ISBN: 978-3-030-54835-3

Series: Historical Studies in Education

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