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Book Section

Die Montessoribewegung in Berlin während der Weimarer Republik und der Konflikt zwischen Clara Grunwald und Maria Montessori [The Montessori movement in Berlin during the Weimar Republic and the conflict between Clara Grunwald and Maria Montessori]

Book Title: Montessori-Pädagogik

Pages: 98-111

Clara Grunwald - Biographic sources, Europe, Germany, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Montessori method of education, Montessori movement, Western Europe

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Language: German

Published: Baltmannsweiler, Germany: Schneider-Verlag Hohengehren, 2005

Edition: 2nd corrected and revised ed.

ISBN: 3-89676-949-9 978-3-89676-949-7

Series: Reformpädagogische Schulkonzepte , 4

Book Section

Madame Montessori e la scuola attiva [Maria Montessori and the active school]

Book Title: Maria Montessori e il pensiero pedagogico contemporaneo [Maria Montessori and contemporary pedagogical thought]

Pages: 81-90

Conferences, International Montessori Congress (11th, Rome, Italy, 26-28 September 1957)

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Abstract/Notes: This speech was delivered on September 26, 1957 at the 11th International Montessori Congress (Rome, Italy).

Language: Italian

Published: Roma, Italy: Vita dell'infanzia, 1959

Book

La formazione dell'uomo nella ricostruzione mondiale: atti dell'8. Congresso internazionale Montessori presieduto da Maria Montessori, San Remo, 22-29 agosto 1949

Conference proceedings, Conferences, International Montessori Congress (8th, San Remo, Italy, 22-29 August 1949)

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Language: Italian

Published: Roma, Italy: Ente Opera Montessori, 1950

Article

11. Congresso internazionale Montessori: Maria Montessori e il pensiero pedagogico contemporaneo

Publication: Luce (Azione cattolica delle Plaghe di Varese, Busto Arsizio e Legnano)

Conferences, International Montessori Congress (11th, Rome, Italy, 26-28 September 1957)

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Language: Italian

Article

Nouvelles Diverses; Résolutions présentées par Mmes Montessori et Rotten et adoptées à l'unanimité par le 6. Congrès Montessori international 1937 [Resolutions presented by Ms Montessori and Ms Rotten and unanimously adopted by the 6th International Montessori Congress 1937]

Available from: Université Caen Normandie

Publication: Pour l'ère nouvelle: revue internationale d'èducation nouvelle, vol. 16, no. 134

Pages: 28-29

Conferences, International Montessori Congress (6th, Copenhagen, Denmark, 1-10 August 1937)

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Abstract/Notes: The cover of this issue is incorrectly numbered "132" - this is issue number 134.

Language: French

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Sprawozdanie z konferencji "Metoda Montessori Senior – Montessori Lifestyle® w praktyce", Warszawa, 15–16 czerwca 2019 roku [Report from the conference "Montessori Senior Method - Montessori Lifestyle® in practice", Warsaw, June 15-16, 2019]

Available from: Central and Eastern European Online Library

Publication: Psychologia Rozwojowa, vol. 24, no. 3

Pages: 99-101

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Language: Polish

ISSN: 1895-6297

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Eğitimcilerin Montessori yaklaşımına ilişkin yeterliklerinde Montessori eğitimci eğitim programının etkisinin incelenmesi / Investigation of the effect of the Montessori educator training program on educators' competencies regarding Montessori approach

Available from: Association for the Development of Early Childhood Education in Turkey

Publication: Erken Çocukluk Çalışmaları Dergisi / Journal of Early Childhood Studies, vol. 6, no. 1

Pages: 5-22

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Abstract/Notes: The research was conducted with 56 educators (28 experimental and 28 control group) in order to evaluate the effect of the Montessori Educator Training Program (METP) on the competencies of the Montessori approach. The research was carried out in experimental design. In experimental process, the METP was applied to the experimental group. Findings revealed that there was no significant difference between the pretests of groups; but also a significant difference between the posttests. And it’s also showed that there is a significant difference; however, there was no significant difference between the pretest and posttests of control group. These findings showed that Program is effective on the thoughts, feelings and behaviors related to Montessori philosophy. According to the findings, it can be suggested that the trainings should be disseminated and that the trainings should be given by people who have knowledge of Montessori philosophy and practice and who have received training from international organizations. / Montessori Eğitimci Eğitim Programının, eğitimcilerin Montessori yaklaşımına ilişkin yeterliklerine etkisini değerlendirmek amacıyla yapılan araştırma 56 (28 deney ve 28 kontrol) eğitimci ile gerçekleştirilmiştir. Araştırma, ön test son test kontrol gruplu 2x2 faktöriyel desende yürütülmüş, veriler araştırmacılar tarafından geliştirilen Genel Bilgi Formu ve Montessori Eğitimine İlişkin Eğitimci Değerlendirme Anketi ile toplanmıştır. Deneysel süreçte deney grubundaki eğitimcilere 160 saatlik Montessori Eğitimci Eğitimi Programı uygulanmıştır. Araştırma bulguları, deney ve kontrol grubunun ön test puanları arasında anlamlı bir fark olmadığını; bunun yanında son test puanları arasında anlamlı bir fark olduğunu göstermiştir. Deney grubunun ön test ve son test puanları karşılaştırıldığında anlamlı bir fark olduğu; buna karşın kontrol grubunda ön ve son test puanları arasında anlamlı bir fark olmadığı belirlenmiştir. Söz konusu bulgular Montessori Eğitimci Eğitiminin Montessori felsefine ilişkin düşünce, duygu ve davranışlar üzerinde etkili olduğunu göstermiştir. Bulgular ışığında eğitimlerin yaygınlaştırılması, eğitimlerin Montessori felsefesi ve uygulamasına hâkim, uluslararası kuruluşlardan eğitim almış kişiler tarafından verilmesi önerilebilir.

Language: English

DOI: 10.24130/eccdjecs.1967202261383

ISSN: 2564-7601

Article

Montessori-Lyzeum in Rotterdam / Lycée Montessori à Rotterdam / Montessori secondary school in Rotterdam

Available from: Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule (ETH) - e-Periodica

Publication: Bauen + Wohnen / Construction + Habitation / Building + Home: Internationale Zeitschrift, vol. 13

Pages: 383-387

Architecture, Europe, Holland, Montessori Lyceum Rotterdam (Netherlands), Netherlands, Western Europe

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Language: English, French, German

DOI: 10.5169/seals-330152

ISSN: 1663-0629

Bachelor's Thesis

Perbedaan tingkat kemandirian anak Prasekolah di sekolah Montessori dengan sekolah non Montessori [Differences in the level of independence of preschool children in Montessori schools and non-Montessori schools]

Available from: CORE

Asia, Australasia, Comparative education, Indonesia, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Montessori method of education - Evaluation, Southeast Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Kemandirian adalah kemampuan seseorang untuk melakukan segala sesuatunya sendiri sesuai dengan tugas perkembangannya yang didasari oleh inisiatif, keinginan, kontrol diri dan kepercayaan pada kemampuannya sendiri. Anak perlu dilatih kemandiriannya sejak usia dini supaya tugas perkembangan dapat berkembang secara optimal. Sekolah memiliki peran penting untuk meningkatkan kemandirian anak. Menurut Santrock (2002:242), lingkungan bermain sangat penting dalam optimalisasi perkembangan anak. Salah satu sekolah dengan pendekatan seperti di atas adalah sekolah Montessori. Pendekatan Montessori menerapkan agar anak belajar mandiri dan tidak bertanya kepada guru atau menunggu jawaban (Hainstock 2008:38-40). Anak yang dididik dengan pendekatan Montessori diberi kesempatan untuk bekerja sendiri dengan material-material yang ada di lingkungannya, mengungkapkan keinginannya untuk memilih aktivitas, mengembangkan disiplin, dan anak perlu mengetahui apa yang baik dan buruk. Apabila hal-hal ini telah dipenuhi, maka kemandirian anak akan terbentuk (Modern Montessori International n.d.:40-41). Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui secara empiris ada tidaknya perbedaan tingkat kemandirian anak prasekolah di sekolah Montessori dengan sekolah non Montessori. Subjek penelitian (N=28) adalah anak prasekolah berusia 3-4 tahun yang bersekolah di sekolah Montessori “X” dan sekolah non Montessori “Y” Teknik pengambilan sampel menggunakan seluruh populasi playgroup 2. Pengambilan data menggunakan rating scale terhadap kemandirian anak di sekolah Montessori maupun di sekolah non Montessori. Data dianalisis dengan teknik Uji t (t-test). Nilai t = 0.364, dengan p = 0.720 (p > 0.05) yang berarti hipotesis penelitian ditolak. Hal ini berarti tidak ada perbedaan signifikan tingkat kemandirian anak prasekolah di sekolah Montessori “X” dengan sekolah non Montessori “Y”. [Independence is a person's ability to do things on their own in accordance with their developmental tasks based on initiative, desire, self-control and belief in their own abilities. Children need to be trained to be independent from an early age so that developmental tasks can develop optimally. Schools have an important role in increasing children's independence. According to Santrock (2002: 242), the play environment is very important in optimizing children's development. One of the schools with such an approach is the Montessori school. The Montessori approach applies so that children learn independently and do not ask the teacher or wait for answers (Hainstock 2008:38-40). Children who are educated with the Montessori approach are given the opportunity to work alone with materials in their environment, express their desire to choose activities, develop discipline, and children need to know what is good and bad. If these things have been fulfilled, then the child's independence will be formed (Modern Montessori International n.d.: 40-41). This study aims to determine empirically whether there are differences in the level of independence of preschool children in Montessori schools and non-Montessori schools. The research subjects (N=28) were preschoolers aged 3-4 years who attended Montessori schools "X" and non-Montessori schools "Y" The sampling technique used the entire playgroup population 2. Data collection used a rating scale on the independence of children in Montessori schools. as well as in non-Montessori schools. The data were analyzed by using the t-test technique (t-test). The value of t = 0.364, with p = 0.720 (p > 0.05) which means the research hypothesis is rejected. This means that there is no significant difference in the level of independence of preschool children in Montessori schools "X" with non-Montessori schools "Y"]

Language: Indonesian

Published: Surabaya, Indonesia, 2009

Doctoral Dissertation

Montessori e a mídia contemporânea: análise discursiva de textos midiáticos estadunidenses sobre o método Montessori publicados entre 2000 e 2015 [Montessori and the contemporary media: a discursive analysis of american media texts about the Montessori method published between 2000 and 2015]

Available from: Universidade de São Paulo

Americas, Montessori method of education, North America, United States of America

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Abstract/Notes: O método Montessori, como se convencionou chamar a perspectiva pedagógica derivada do trabalho de Maria Montessori (1870-1952), foi desenvolvido, principalmente, ao longo da primeira metade do século XX. Até hoje, no entanto, há escolas, publicações e cursos para professores sendo criados em todo o mundo. Desde o início de sua história, a pedagogia montessoriana aparece frequentemente na mídia de vários países do mundo, e, em alguns momentos da história, representou tanto um fenômeno midiático quanto editorial (KRAMER, 1988). Esta pesquisa trabalhou com um arquivo de textos midiáticos, publicados desde 1911 nos Estados Unidos da América e dedicou-se à análise e à interpretação de um corpus de textos da mesma natureza. Uma ênfase da análise foi dada aos textos publicados entre os anos 2000 e 2015. O aporte teórico das análises e das reflexões expostas aqui é a Análise de Discurso filiada aos estudos do inconsciente e da ideologia, iniciada na França, por Michel Pêcheux, e desenvolvida e ampliada no Brasil por autoras como Eni Orlandi. A história da perspectiva pedagógica de que tratamos já foi explorada antes por diversos autores (STANDING, 1962; KRAMER, 1988; POVELL, 2010, entre outros), mas poucos tangenciaram o trabalho da mídia quanto a essa pedagogia, embora mencionem a importância desta mesma instância de produção, e nenhuma das publicações emprega a perspectiva discursiva, que pode oferecer outros pontos de vista e permite a interlocução de diversas áreas de estudo. Os resultados obtidos com esta pesquisa apontam para uma direção previsível e duas bifurcações importantes desta. Em primeiro lugar, como propõe a teoria da Análise de Discurso, a produção discursiva é atravessada pela ideologia, e, assim, os textos com que trabalhamos fazem parte de um conjunto de sentidos e proposições que harmonizam com o verdadeiro, como operado pela ideologia dominante. Isso tem duas consequências específicas para este corpus. Por um lado, os sentidos que caracterizam o método Montessori são vinculados a valores não estranhos ao neoliberalismo e ao discurso empreendedor: fala-se muito de diversão, e, ao mesmo tempo, de alto desempenho, liberdade, sucesso, escolha individual e liderança. Por outro lado, há uma contradição muito presente entre caracterizar-se Montessori como uma pedagogia alternativa e dizer-se que Montessori é só uma via diversa para se alcançar os mesmos fins: alto desempenho acadêmico e sucesso financeiro. Em segundo lugar, notamos a proeminência do ponto de vista adulto sobre o possível ponto de vista infantil. Os textos, especialmente a partir de 2011, fazem sentido, com frequência, construindo as vantagens que a pedagogia montessoriana representa para o adulto, segundo uma perspectiva corporativa ou empreendedora. Por meio de nossa análise, pudemos caracterizar a configuração do discurso midiático sobre o método Montessori nos Estados Unidos e compreender como os sentidos se articulam para fazer de Montessori uma perspectiva válida e positiva, ao mesmo tempo, silenciando os sentidos que, ligados a ela, poderiam ser desarmônicos e, até mesmo, arriscados para a hegemonia do verdadeiro sobre a criança e sobre a educação. [The Montessori method, as the pedagogical perspective derived from the work of Maria Montessori (1870-1952) is usually called, was developed mainly during the first half of the twentieth century. To this day, however, there are schools, publications and courses for teachers being created around the world. From the beginning of its history, Montessori pedagogy has frequently appeared in the media of several countries, and at some moments in history has represented both a mediatic and editorial phenomenon (KRAMER, 1988). This research relies on an archive of media texts published since 1911 in the United States of America and is focused on the analysis and interpretation of a corpus of texts of the same nature. Emphasis was given to those texts published between the years 2000 and 2015. The theoretical foundation for the analyzes and reflections exposed here is the Discourse Analysis affiliated to the studies of the unconscious and the ideology, initiated in France by Michel Pêcheux, and developed and expanded in Brazil by authors such as Eni Orlandi. The history of the pedagogical perspective that we have dealt with has already been explored by several authors (STANDING, 1962, KRAMER, 1988, POVELL, 2010 and others), but few have touched on the work of the media in relation to this pedagogy, although they recognize its relevance, and none of the publications adopts the discursive perspective, which can offer other points of view, allowing the interlocution with several areas of study. The results obtained with this research point to a predictable direction, and two important and novel bifurcations. First, as the theory of discourse analysis proposes, discursive production is traversed by ideology, and thus the texts we work with are part of a set of meanings and propositions that harmonize with the truth, as operated by the dominant ideology. This, in turn, has two specific consequences for this corpus. On the one hand, the meanings that characterize the Montessori method are linked to values not unfamiliar to neoliberalism and entrepreneurial discourse: much is said of fun, and at the same time high performance, freedom, and success, individual choice, and leadership. There is a very present contradiction between characterizing Montessori as an alternative pedagogy and saying that Montessori is only an alternative way to achieve the same ends: high academic performance and financial success. Secondly, we notice the prominence of the adult point of view over the possible infantile one. The texts, especially as of 2011, often make sense from the advantages that the Montessori pedagogy represents for the adult, from a corporate or entrepreneurial perspective. Through our analysis, we have been able to characterize the configuration of the media discourse on the Montessori method in the United States and to understand how the senses are articulated to make Montessori a valid and positive pedagogical perspective, while silencing the meanings that could, if linked to that, be disharmonious, and we would say risky, for the hegemony of the truth about the child and about education.]

Language: Portuguese

Published: São Paulo, Brazil, 2019

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