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Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Dlaczego w przedszkolach Montessori dzieci pracują, a nie bawią się? / Why do Children in Montessori Kindergartens Work and Not Play?

Available from: Jesuit University Ignatianum in Krakow

Publication: Edukacja Elementarna w Teorii i Praktyce / Elementary Education in Theory and Practice, vol. 13, no. 1 (whole no. 47)

Pages: 69-87

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Abstract/Notes: Play and work are, besides science, two basic forms of human activity. Play is not only the basic form of the activity of a small child, but also the organization of the educational process in a kindergarten. Therefore, the purpose of the article is to answer the question of why Maria Montessori calls a child’s activity work and not play. The explanation of this issue is carried out in two stages. The first is a literature review, on the basis of which the most important issues of the contemporary understanding of the concept of play and work are formulated. The second is an analysis of M. Montessori’s views and comparing them with the assumptions about play and work. The work of a child according to M. Montessori leads to their independence, allowing them to build relationships with others and discover the meaning of their actions, as well as objects in their immediate vicinity. The intention of M. Montessori was to appreciate the child’s actions, which promote holistic and integral development. Her views can be considered as convergent with contemporary concepts in primary education, focusing on subjectivity. She created a well-prepared environment for the child to be able to choose their own activity, termed as work. / Zabawa i praca są, obok nauki, dwiema podstawowymi formami działalności ludzkiej. Zabawa jest nie tylko podstawową formą aktywności małego dziecka, ale też organizacji procesu wychowawczego w przedszkolu. Dlatego celem artykułu jest udzielenie odpowiedzi na pytanie, dlaczego Maria Montessori nazywa działalność dziecka pracą, a nie zabawą. Wyjaśnienie tego zagadnienia jest realizowane w dwóch etapach. Pierwszy to przegląd literatury, na podstawie której sformułowano najważniejsze kwestie współczesnego rozumienia pojęć zabawy i pracy. Drugi to analiza poglądów M. Montessori i porównanie ich z założeniami dotyczącymi zabawy i pracy. Praca dziecka według M. Montessori prowadzi do jego samodzielności, pozwala na budowanie więzi z innymi oraz na odkrywanie i nadawanie sensu swojemu działaniu, jak i przedmiotom znajdującym się w najbliższym otoczeniu. Intencją M. Montessori było dowartościowanie działania dziecka, które sprzyja holistycznemu i integralnemu rozwojowi. Jej poglądy można uznać za zbieżne ze współczesnymi koncepcjami edukacji dziecka, stawiającymi na podmiotowość. Włoszka tworzy odpowiednio przygotowane otoczenie do tego, by dziecko mogło dokonywać wyboru własnej aktywności, która została nazwana pracą.

Language: Polish

DOI: 10.14632/eetp.2017.13.47.69

ISSN: 1896-2327, 2353-7787

Master's Thesis

Zgodnje poučevanje in učenje angleščine v Montessori vrtcu [Teaching and Learning English in the Montessori Kindergarten]

Available from: Digital Library of the University of Maribor (DKUM)

Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, Language acquisition, Montessori method of education, Montessori schools, Teacher-student relationships

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Abstract/Notes: V magistrski nalogi smo združili področji angleškega jezika in predšolske vzgoje. Osredotočili smo se na sodobne pristope poučevanja tujega jezika v vrtcu Montessori ter želeli ugotoviti, kako predšolski otroci usvajajo tuj jezik. V teoretičnem delu smo pregledali teorijo pedagogike Montessori in značilnosti učenja ter poučevanja tujega jezika v predšolskem obdobju. Empirični del smo zastavili tako, da je združil obe področji. V Hiši otrok Antonina v Biljah pri Novi Gorici smo s pomočjo opazovalnega lista pridobili potrebne informacije, s katerimi smo odgovorili na že prej zastavljena raziskovalna vprašanja ter potrdili oziroma zavrnili zastavljene hipoteze. Pri opazovanju smo se osredotočili na strategije poučevanja angleškega jezika, metode dela, tematike učnih ur, raznolikost dejavnosti, uporabljene materiale, aktivnost otrok, uporabo angleškega jezika, odziv vzgojitelja na napake otrok in na napredek otrok ob večkratni ponovitvi individualnih in skupinskih dejavnosti. Ker sta vzgojiteljici med učenjem angleščine nenehno uporabljali angleški jezik, so se otroci poleg besedišča učili tudi melodijo in ritem jezika, kar jim bo pomagalo pri nadaljnjem učenju angleščine. Koncept Montessori poskuša otroke izoblikovati tako, da bodo v nadaljnjem življenju samostojni, odgovorni in potrpežljivi. Otroci se preko različnih pravil in dejavnosti tega učijo. [In this Master's thesis we combined English language and preschool education. We focused on modern ways of teaching and learning a foreign language in Montessori kindergarten. In theoretical part we took a look at theory of Montessori pedagogy and theory of learning a foreign language in kindergarten. In empirical part we combined these two together. In Hiša otrok Antonina in Bilje near Nova Gorica we organised an observation of a group of children from the second age group in kindergarten. In our observations we used observation sheets. With those, we obtained the information we were interested in. During our ten observations we focused on seventeen points of our observation sheet. The first part contained basic information like the name of the observer, the name of the teacher, number of children, age group, theme and lesson aims, goals of the activities, methods used, didactic materials, the language of instructions, comprehension of instructions, teacher's reaction to children's mistakes, teacher's usage of English language, whether the children waited for a specific material or they focused their attention on something else, whether children were active during different tasks, whether children returned to the same material and an observation of individual's and group's multiple usage of the same material.]

Language: Slovenian

Published: Maribor, Slovenia, 2017

Book

Montessori for the New Millennium: Practical Guidance on the Teaching and Education of Children of All Ages, Based on A Rediscovery of the True Principles and Vision of Maria Montessori

Available from: Taylor and Francis Online

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Abstract/Notes: Although Montessori's name is almost universally known in education circles today, and there are countless nursery schools throughout the world using the "Montessori Method," the real core of her thinking has remained largely misunderstood. Most people regard the method as a system for the education of very young children. And most who have some direct experience of it, either as parent or teacher, would regard it as involving a certain set of procedures and specialized educational materials with clear and elaborate instructions for their use. However, the essence of Montessori's philosophy of education is in reality far broader than this, and contains a powerful message for educators everywhere. What is less well-known about Montessori's work is that she began by establishing the effectiveness of her approach at the pre-elementary level, but also strongly encouraged the extension of her method to the higher levels of education. Wentworth's purpose in writing this book is to elucidate this vital aspect of Maria Montessori's life's work and to show how it applies to real-life teaching situations. She believed that by transforming the process of children's education she could help to transform the attitudes of the adults they will later become, and so those of society and the world at large--a message she promoted as vitally relevant to the future of humankind as a whole.

Language: English

Published: New York, New York: Routledge, 1999

Edition: 1st

ISBN: 978-1-4106-0440-8

Article

Maria Montessori nel Ticino [Maria Montessori in Ticino]

Publication: L'Àdula: Organo Ticinese di Cultura Italiana, vol. 10, no. 4

Europe, Italy, Southern Europe, Switzerland, Western Europe

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Language: Italian

Book

Montessori at Home: A Complete Guide to Teaching Your Preschooler at Home Using the Montessori Method

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Language: English

Published: Rossmoor, California: American Montessori Consulting, 1988

ISBN: 0-929487-00-1

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Matematika u Predškolskom i Školskom Razdoblju Prema Mariji Montessori [Mathematics in Preschool and School Years According to Maria Montessori]

Available from: Hrčak - Portal of Croatian scientific and professional journals

Publication: Poučak: časopis za metodiku i nastavu matematike, vol. 19, no. 75

Pages: 42-56

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Language: Croatian

ISSN: 1332-3008, 1849-1650

Article

Montessori - A Special Education: The Autistic Spectrum: Autism, Asperger Syndrome (AS) and Semantic Pragmatic Disorder (SPD) - A Practical Montessori Response

Available from: Casa Vera Montessori School

Publication: Montessori International

Asperger's syndrome in children, Autism in children, Children with disabilities, Inclusive education

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Language: English

ISSN: 1470-8647

Article

Presenza di Maria Montessori: atti dell'11. Congresso internazionale Montessori, Roma, 26-28 settembre 1957

Publication: Vita dell'Infanzia (Opera Nazionale Montessori), vol. 6, no. 10

Pages: 6-8

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Language: Italian

ISSN: 0042-7241

Article

Maria Montessori y las casas de párvulos [Maria Montessori and nursery schools]

Publication: Revista de Educación: Dedicada al Estudio de la Pedagógia y sus Ciencias Afines, vol. 1, no. 6

Pages: 1-9

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Language: Spanish

Article

A Montessori Summer School Will Be Held by the Montessori Training College at Ewhurst...

Available from: The Times Educational Supplement Historical Archive - Gale

Publication: The Times Educational Supplement (London, England)

Pages: 269

Claude Albert Claremont - Biographic sources, England, Europe, Great Britain, Montessori Training College (London, England), Montessori method of education - Teacher training, Northern Europe, Teacher training, United Kingdom

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Language: English

ISSN: 0040-7887

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